Work

In: Business and Management

Submitted By aoyoil
Words 3543
Pages 15
PART I: WORLD MAJOR RELIGIONS
CHAPTER 1: BUDDHISM
A SHORT HISTORY OF BUDDHA
Traditional belief is that he was born a prince in Lumbinī, Nepal in the
Terai lowlands near the foothills of the Himalayas. However, considerable archeological evidence now shows that he may have been born in Kalinga, now Orissa in India. He was a member of the Śakyas clan. His father, Suddhodana, was king of the clan. His mother was named Maya.
There is no consensus on the date of his birth. Modern Buddhists of the
Theravada tradition suggest he was born in 623 or 624 BCE. Until recently, many religious historians have preferred birth dates ranging from 567 to 487 BCE. Various modern scholars have suggested dates from 420 to 502 BCE. In short, nobody really knows.
In common with many other great religious leaders, many miraculous stories were associated with his birth. He emerged from his mother's side without causing her any pain. The earth shook as he was born.
As a newborn, he was miraculously showered with water. He stood up, took seven steps, announced that he would be the "chief of the world." He also stated that this would be his last reincarnation.
He was given the name Siddhartha Gautama. Siddhartha means "one who has achieved his aim."
Gautama was his clan name. He was sometimes referred to as Śakyamuni which means "the sage of the
Śakyas." He may have been born into the second of the four Indian castes, the aristocratic warrior caste called Kşatriyas.
His early life in the palace
Śakyamuni was raised as a Hindu. His parents assumed that he would succeed his father later in his life.
His parents were concerned about a prophecy that astrologers gave at the time of his birth. They predicted that he would become either a universal monarch or a monk who would be a great religious teacher. His parents raised him in a state of luxury in the hope that he would…...

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