Woman in Psychology

In: Philosophy and Psychology

Submitted By Sarah89
Words 1363
Pages 6
Woman In Psychology

Sarah Buonarigo

PSY/310

April 4, 2013

Ms. Gina Craft

Woman In Psychology: Mary Whiton Calkins

Mary Whiton Calkins was the first female President of the American Psychological Association and in the American Philosophical Association Mary came from a family who highly valued education. It was no wonder that Mary Whiton Calkins was a pioneer in the field of psychology (Gale, 2001). She was known to invent many research techniques and made important advancements in the area of memory that believed to still be used today. Although Mary did not have an easy entrance in the field of psychology she was able to get her bachelors and continue studying psychology (Goodwin, 2008). Mary Calkins was never considered an official enrolled student at the University of Harvard like she would have wanted in order to obtain her undergraduate degree, however she was able to attend classes as a “guest” of the University of Harvard which still allowed her to receive an education in psychology (Goodwin, 2008).
Background
Mary Whiton Calkins was born March 30, 1863 in Hartford, Connecticut. Mary was the eldest of five children born to Reverend Wolcott Calkins and Charlotte Grosvenor Whiton. Mary took on adult responsibilities at a young age due to her mothers failing mental and physical health. Mary earned a bachelor of arts in the classics from Smith College and began teaching Greek at Wellesley College in 1887 (Gale, 2001). One year later she was offered a new position teaching psychology at Wellesley. In order for her to teach the courses, she had to receive one years training in psychology, which proved difficult because females were seldom welcome in universities (Gale, 2001). Harvard University allowed her to attend classes in psychology and philosophy but denied her entry to the graduate program. In fact, she was denied access to Harvard…...

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