Vietnam

In: Philosophy and Psychology

Submitted By litality
Words 5547
Pages 23
document
Che Guevara

Vietnam must not stand alone

Now is the time of the furnaces, and only light should be seen.
JOSÉ MARTI

Twenty one years have already passed since the end of the last world conflagration; numerous publications, in every possible language, celebrate this event, symbolized by the defeat of Japan. There is a climate of apparent optimism in many areas of the different camps into which the world is divided. Twenty one years without a world war, in these times of maximum confrontations, of violent clashes and sudden changes, appears to be a very high figure. However, without analysing the practical results of this peace (poverty, degradation, increasingly large exploitation of enormous sectors of humanity) for which all of us have stated that we are willing to fight, we would do well to inquire if this peace is real. 79

It is not the purpose of these notes to detail the different conflicts of a local character that have been occurring since the surrender of Japan, neither do we intend to recount the numerous and increasing instances of civilian strife which have taken place during these years of apparent peace. It will be enough just to name, as an example against undue optimism, the wars of Korea and Vietnam.
In the first one, after years of savage warfare, the Northern part of the country was submerged in the most terrible devastation known in the annals of modern warfare: riddled with bombs; without factories, schools or hospitals; with absolutely no shelter for ten million inhabitants.
Under the discredited flag of the United Nations, dozens of countries under the military leadership of the United States participated in this war with the massive intervention of US soldiers and the use, as cannon fodder, of the South Korean population that was enrolled. On the other side, the army and the people of Korea and…...

Similar Documents

Vietnam

...Vietnam: A History By : Stanley Karnow | April 4 2012 | This paper is about Vietnam: A History a novel on America’s involvement on the war in Vietnam and the policies and feelings surrounding the war. | Book Report | Works Cited Karnow, Stanley. Vietnam: A History. New York: Penguin, 1997. Print. The Vietnam War was not just of interest to the government but the world took great interest as a whole. It was like trying to figure out a magician’s illusion. Before reading this book I only had vague general knowledge of the Vietnam War and how the conflict transpired. I knew about the communist insurgents, the Gulf of Tonkin, Saigon and Ho Chi Mihn. I knew about Presidents Johnson and Nixon, posttraumatic stress disorder and demonstrations. What I did not fully understand was why. Why were the North Vietnamese so resilient? Why did the US make such poor judgment? Why were we really there? What was Vietnam's history prior to our arrival? “History is an organic process, a continuity of related events, inexorable yet not inevitable.” (pg 11) The roots of America's involvement in Vietnam were nurtured by what Professor Daniel Bell has called America's concept of its own “exceptionalism.” George Berkeley, an Anglican bishop and philosopher stated in 1726 as he departed from England to America, “Westward the course of empire.” The phrase, “manifest destiny”, was......

Words: 2296 - Pages: 10

Vietnam

...email: recruitment@pizzahut.vn | Hạn nộp hồ sơ | 15/04/2013 | | | Người tìm việc lưu ý PIZZA HUT VIETNAM Địa chỉ | 506 Nguyễn Đình Chiểu, Quận 3 | Điện thoại | 38181868 | Quy mô | Trên 500 người | Website | pizzahut.vn | Mô tả | Pizza Hut - a part of Yum! Brands - is the largest and most successful pizza restaurant chain in the world. Pizza Hut Vietnam established in 2006 with 100% foreign-invested funds and just celebrated the opening of the 30th restaurant at the end of 2012. Working at Pizza Hut Vietnam is about finding the place where you belong - where you can be yourself and excel both professionally and personally. *********************************************************** Pizza Hut là chuỗi nhà hàng pizza lớn và nổi tiếng nhất thế giới, trực thuộc tập đoàn Yum! (www.yum.com). Pizza Hut có mặt tại Việt Nam từ năm 2006 và đã đánh dấu nhà hàng thứ 30 vào cuối năm 2012. Không ngừng ở đó, chúng tôi sẽ phát triển mạnh mẽ hơn nữa trong tương lai trên khắp Việt Nam. Gia nhập vào Pizza Hut Việt Nam là bạn sẽ tìm thấy đam mê trong công việc, nơi bạn tìm thấy khả năng của chính mình, cơ hội phát triển toàn diện bản thân và xây dựng nghề nghiệp. | Lưu ý: Yêu cầu Ghi rõ bìa hồ sơ và trong hồ sơ gửi đến Nhà tuyển dụng Nguồn thông tin tại TimViecNhanh.com vị trí: Tuyến Gấp: Shift leader Nhà Hàng Pizza Hut Quang Trung - Gò Vấp - PIZZA HUT VIETNAM Hạn nộp hồ sơ: 15/04/2013 theo TimViecNhanh.com Nhà tuyển dụng sẽ không nhận hồ sơ sau khi thông tin......

Words: 849 - Pages: 4

Vietnam

...Vietnam has a population of 2,000,000 the population is made up of mainly Vietnamese and Ethnic Chinese. Other minorities include Khmer and Cham descendants that lived in central and southern Vietnam before it was conquered by the Vietnamese. There are a few Tribal groups in Vietnam that make up 7 percent of the population. Their ancestors came from other Asian countries and have settled in in Vietnam. The different ethnic groups get along for the most part, but the Vietnamese have hostility towards the Ethnic Chinese for having dominance in the national economy. 700,000 Vietnamese have entered the United States since 1975. According to the census bureau, 2011, the population for Asians in the United States is estimated at 18.2 million; of that 1.9 million are Vietnamese. States with the largest population of Vietnamese are California, Texas, Florida, Washington, Virginia, New York, and Massachusetts. Together these seven states have 65.7 percent of all Vietnamese born immigrants. California and New York have the largest of the population of Vietnamese; California with 5.8 million and New York with 1.8 million Vietnamese ethnicities. Vietnamese immigrants make up 3 percent of all the immigrants in the United States in 2006 (Census Bureau, 2006). Vietnamese are the fifth largest immigrant group in the United States. Of foreign-born Vietnamese 72.8 percent were naturalized U.S citizens. About two thirds were limited English proficient and 1.4 percent was unauthorized......

Words: 1600 - Pages: 7

Vietnam

...Exam Vietnam and America 1. Discuss the war under Johnson (1963-68). Why did the Johnson administration expand U.S. military in Vietnam in 1965? How did it do this? Were these actions effective? If not, why were they ineffective? In what ways did the Johnson administration deceive the U.S. Congress and the American people about the reasons for increasing American intervention in Vietnam and the tactics the administration employed to fight the war? Vietnam consumed Johnson’s energy and his presidency. Johnson, who believed in containment and the domino theory, saw Vietnam as a test. His foreign policy advisors, many who remained from the Kennedy administration, shared his views. Johnson had been in Congress when China became Communist, and he vividly recalled the domestic political turmoil that followed as Republicans attacked Democrats for “losing” China. He would not, he said, “be the president who saw Southeast Asia go the way China went.” The war was going poorly in South Vietnam and the political situation in Saigon became uncertain as one unstable government succeeded another. Also, the 1964 Tonkin Gulf crisis was a crucial event in the war’s escalation. Out of frustration, President Johnson, acting on the Gulf of Tonkin Resolution, ordered bombings of military targets in North Vietnam. This was known as Operation Rolling Thunder. President Johnson also explained that the reason for being over in Vietnam was to help South Vietnam......

Words: 1971 - Pages: 8

Vietnam

...Vietnam The Vietnam War or conflict as it was known was complex in its origins and followed France’s failure to suppress nationalist forces in Indochina, better known as Vietnam, Laos, and Cambodia, as it struggled to restore its colonial dominion after WWII. Led by Ho Chi Minh, a Communist-dominated revolutionary movement, the Viet Minh, waged a political and military struggle for Vietnamese independence that frustrated the efforts of the French and resulted ultimately in their leaving from the territory (Bowman, J. S.). Vietnam The U.S. Army’s first encounters with Ho Chi Minh were brief and generally sympathetic. During World War II, Ho Chi Minh’s anti-Japanese resistance fighters helped to rescue shoot down American pilots and supplied information on Japanese forces in Indochina. United States Army officers stood at Ho Chi Minh’s side in August of 1945 as he celebrated in the brief contentment of proclaiming Vietnam’s independence. Five years later, however, in a worldwide sense overwrought with ideological and military confrontation between Communist and non-Communist powers. Army advisers of the newly formed United States Military Assistance Advisory Group (MAAG), and Indochina, were assisting France against the Viet Minh. With combat rampant in mainland China and Korea experiencing a recent collapse to the Communists, the war in Indochina now became visible to Americans as......

Words: 1262 - Pages: 6

Vietnam

...Over 2.5 million Americans served in Vietnam Spring 1964 less then 50% of Americans have heard of Vietnam US political involvement in Vietnam began in 1954 August 2 1964 USS Maddox is attacked by 3 north Vietnamese torpedo boats in the gulf of Tonkin August 4 second attack is reported Seen as an act of war by the north Vietnamese August 5 1964 US planes retaliate and attack north Vietnamese coastline facilities August 7th 1964 Congress passes the Gulf of Tokin resolution authorizing president Johnson to take all steps necessary in Southeast Asia Original primary goal was not to engage the enemy but advise the friendly nation and let them engage the enemy Vietcong are “farmers by day and fighters by night” November 1st 1964 Vietcong made surprise attack on US airbase 4 killed First direct assault against the US in Vietnam February 2nd Vietcong strike a second us Airbase 8 killed 126 wounded Bombing campaign authorized in North Vietnam by president Johnson Strategies to cripple the North Vietnamese war effort by destroying military and industrial targets and crush their will to fight by demonstrating the awesome extent of American power Planes in south Vietnam were venerable to Vietcong attack so troops were sent in for protection Bringing troops in looks like a step to a larger war from American and north Vietnam standpoints March 8th 1965 at 8:15 am 3500 marines land in south Vietnam First time since Korean war battle ready troops are setting foot......

Words: 503 - Pages: 3

Vietnam

...Lands 4 wars necessary, therefore that is why we have history and need to understand history. To teach us these very important lessons and to go in the future and where not to go. History makes up the world, the whole world. From foreign countries to ours. It teaches us what we need to know about others and their thoughts. We must know all history so that we can continue forward and continue making history, both good and bad, so that all ancestors and future generations to come will know and understand what is needed in the future to continue history. Visiting Historians in Far Away Lands 5 References Crabtree, D., (2003) - Gutenberg College Great Books. msc.gutenberg.edu/authors/david-crabtree Moss, G. D. (2010). VIETNAM, An American Ordeal (6th ed.) Pearson Education Inc. Upper Saddle River, NJ. The Importance of History - Gutenberg College Great Books. msc.gutenberg.edu/2001/02/the-importance-of-history...

Words: 799 - Pages: 4

Vietnam

...Jasmine Wright Prof. Riveland ENG 102-078 March 4, 2015 War Experiences: Vietnam Between the 1950-1980’s, soldiers were busy with fighting for our country. The Vietnam War had a huge impact on America. It began in 1954 and more than 3 million people were killed. In class, we read three pieces of literature related to the conflict, Things They Carried by Tim O’Brien, Dulce et Decorum Est by Wilfred Owen, and Vietnam: The Loss of American Innocence by Terry Leonard. Two of the literatures giving a feel of what it was like to fight a war or even be living during the time of the war and the last one telling the events that took place during the time of the war. No one that wasn’t living during the time of the war does not know exactly what it was like, but can give an opinion on what it might have been like. In Things They Carried and Dulce et Decorum Est, two stories that convey the experience during the war. Things They Carried conveyed the way of life. The author, Tim O’Brien, kept emphasis on the things they carried, which symbolized things that meant the most to them. He did not incorporate the bad, ugly and terror of the war, but gave an idea when he included Ted Lavender’s death. Family and loved one’s that the soldiers left back home meant the world to them. Lieutenant Jimmy Cross was a character that showed how their loved ones were missed. He was in love with a girl back home, Martha, he kept her letters with him everywhere he went. When Lavender was......

Words: 810 - Pages: 4

Vietnam

...legislations regarding issues of unemployment to putting a stop to segregation, especially in the south. Kennedy tackled unemployment by providing necessary training programs to advance them in their profession. He brought hope to America when it came to the Space Program, an opportunity for the human race explore beyond the stars. Kennedy also launched the Peace Core program on March 1st, 1961. This new program gave Americans a chance to look beyond their world and into new territory in hopes of providing others with education and western medicine. The Vietnam War was the longest war in American History, lasting over 20 years. This war is also the only war in history where western military was defeated. When thinking back to this time one might associate anti-war rally’s and protests but many fail to remember that this war was supported by most in its early years. In fact only two members of Congress voted against war in Vietnam. The slide I found most interesting was the POW slide. I find it hard to believe that the Vietnamese treated any POW humanely. I could very well be wrong in my assumption but after researching more about the atrocities that occurred between the government and their own people, why would they treat the enemy any better? In the Cold War role play I decided to live the life of an African American who attends a segregated university. While finishing up my spring semester I come to the realization that I am destined for something greater, a chance to show......

Words: 590 - Pages: 3

Vietnam

...Humanities Task Vietnam is a country in Southeast Asia and the labour force is cheap in this country, some companies opened factories and hire a lot of factories in Vietnam. For example: Nike is one of the well-known global brand in the world and this company didn’t produce their product by themselves. They employ many Vietnamese to produce their product. This company pay the salary to the factories and this company export the produce to other. The benefit is the Vietnamese factories accept those salary and they should pay the taxes to the government. The government accept those taxes and those taxes can help Vietnam develop, because those taxes can be use for build new school, develop the environment and it can also improve the skill of medical treatment . The other benefit is when some companies open the factories, there would be some advanced technology in those companies so some local companies can imitate those technology. The third benefit is the companies can provide many jobs to Vietnamese who didn’t have job before. ! There were also some negatives to the Vietnam, the factories maybe could not earn the higher salary and the company maybe use the resource in Vietnam. The most negative thing I think is some factories maybe polluted the environment in Vietnam, because produce some product, it also produce some rubbish, so if the factories just throw them in to the river or some area and didn’t clean them, it will be harm the environment.! If some companies...

Words: 304 - Pages: 2

Vietnam

...Vietnam War: U.S. Involvement increased to the brink of war with the Tonkin Gulf Incident Questions to ponder… 1. Was the growing conflict in South Vietnam an “armed attack” from the North, as the Administration (Johnson) contended? ANSWER: 2. Was it primarily a civil war, provoked by the brutal policies of the regime of Ngo Dinh Diem, which drove desperate peasants, minority tribesmen, and urban intellectuals into the ranks of the NLF? ANSWER: Yes, it was a civil war between the north and south for control of the country. Both sides were equally as brutal, however, the communists were more brutal when push came to shove. 3. Was the NLF itself a creature of Hanoi? ANSWER: I believe that it was. I think it was a direct creature from the north Vietmin. 4. Was the NLF an independent organization truly representative of the aspirations of the people in South Vietnam? ANSWER: No, it was an organization that represented Ho Chi Minh’s asperations to untie the north and the south under communist rule. 5. Had the United States, or the DRV, broken the Geneva Accords? No, in 1954, The United States responded by hastily putting together a humanitarian mission to assist those wishing to move south. A joint US-French naval task force was assembled near Haiphong harbour, while US personnel and aid workers organised refugee camps, food and medical supplies in South Vietnam. The operation – pointedly titled Passage to Freedom – was a successful,......

Words: 474 - Pages: 2

Vietnam

...Kaur Mrs. Dibble CP English / 3rd 5/3/12 Vietnam War Vietnam War primarily fought in South Vietnam between government forces aided by the United States and guerrilla forces aided by North Vietnam. The war began soon after the Geneva Conference conditionally divided (1954) Vietnam at 17° N lat. into the Democratic Republic of Vietnam (North Vietnam) and the Republic of Vietnam (South Vietnam). It escalated from a Vietnamese civil war into a limited international conflict in which the United States was deeply involved, and did not end, despite peace agreements in 1973, until North Vietnam's successful offensive in 1975 resulted in South Vietnam's collapse and the unification of Vietnam by the North. What was it really like to be a soldier in the Vietnam War? The only real way to know was to be there, but the second-best way to find out is to read the stories of men and women who served in the Vietnam War. “On Monday morning, the 15th of November, he died in my arms of tow bullets wounds in the chest. He said, “Ken I can’t breathe.” There was nothing I could do (Bagby, 637).” The author of “Dear Folks”, Kenneth is describing how his best friend died in his long arms, and he could not do anything to save him. “We were crossing………………………………………………….. During the short span of the Vietnamese war, 2.5 million people died, and millions more displaced. The American people wanted nothing to do with the Vietnam War. Having witnessed the unthinkable acts of......

Words: 469 - Pages: 2

Vietnam

...American Foreign Policy Leading to the Vietnam War American involvement in the Vietnam War is one of the most controversial issues in our history. However, the United States foreign policies had been dictating our involvement in Vietnam long before the initial deployment of troops into Vietnam. The fear of communism and developments of the policy of containment and the domino theory set the stage for the eventual escalation of the Vietnam Conflict into a war which would claim the lives of thousands of Americans. United States' involvement in Vietnam began as early as World War II, when American forces of the Office of Strategic Services (OSS), the precursor of the CIA, parachuted into the mountains in the northern region of Vietnam. Led by Major Allison Thomas, their mission, "Deer," was to rendezvous with and train a small group of Vietnamese soldiers that were fighting Japanese occupation troops, and were rescuing downed pilots, this group of Vietnamese were known as the Vietminh. This group of Vietnamese soldiers would soon be the communist leaders of North Vietnam, however, at the time American forces were not concerned that Ho Chi Minh and Vo Nguyen Giap were communists because America was still allied with the Soviet Union, a communist state, at that point during World War II (Westheider 2). The Vietminh under leadership of Ho Chi Minh and with training from American OSS forces were simultaneously fighting the Japanese, while at the same time gaining more political...

Words: 2511 - Pages: 11

Vietnam

...Vietnam: risk assessment Sovereign Currency Banking Political Economic Country risk risk sector risk structure risk risk risk June CCC B CCC CCC CCC CCC 2012 Sovereign risk Positive: Although the budget deficit will widen in 2012, rapid nominal economic growth and the recent rise in Vietnam's foreign-exchange reserves will support the fiscal position. Moreover, much of the government's external borrowing has been provided on a concessional basis. Currency risk Stable: In recent months the slowing rate of consumer price inflation has led to an easing of downward pressure on the dong, while the decline in the net foreign asset position of the country's banks has paused. Banking sector risk Stable: The rapid pace of credit expansion in the past few years has raised concerns over the potential for a sharp increase in non-performing loans (NPLs). There are also worries about the accuracy of official data on NPLs. Political risk The Communist Party of Vietnam exerts a tight grip on power, ensuring a high degree of political stability. Rows over land leases are emerging as a cause of popular unrest but are unlikely to threaten the party's hold power. Economic structure risk Lacklustre growth in private consumption will depress imports in 2012, but the trade deficit will expand sharply once domestic demand recovers from 2013. Workers'......

Words: 15386 - Pages: 62

Vietnam

...Vietnam War By Jennifer Rosenberg The Vietnam War was the prolonged struggle between nationalist forces attempting to unify the country of Vietnam under a communist government and the United States (with the aid of the South Vietnamese) attempting to prevent the spread of communism. Engaged in a war that many viewed as having no way to win, U.S. leaders lost the American public's support for the war. Since the end of the war, the Vietnam War has become a benchmark for what not to do in all future U.S. foreign conflicts. Dates of the Vietnam War: 1959 -- April 30, 1975 Also Known As: American War in Vietnam, Vietnam Conflict, Second Indochina War, War Against the Americans to Save the Nation Overview of the Vietnam War: Ho Chi Minh Comes Home There had been fighting in Vietnam for decades before the Vietnam War began. The Vietnamese had suffered under French colonial rule for nearly six decades when Japan invaded portions of Vietnam in 1940. It was in 1941, when Vietnam had two foreign powers occupying them, that communist Vietnamese revolutionary leader Ho Chi Minh arrived back in Vietnam after spending thirty years traveling the world. Once Ho was back in Vietnam, he established a headquarters in a cave in northern Vietnam and established the Viet Minh, whose goal was to rid Vietnam of the French and Japanese occupiers. Having gained support for their cause in northern Vietnam, the Viet Minh announced the establishment of an independent Vietnam with a new...

Words: 1005 - Pages: 5