Usa Superpower

In: Philosophy and Psychology

Submitted By mamacita222
Words 470
Pages 2
Le travail, la technique

Spécificité du travail humain
Le travail est-il une malédiction? Dans la Bible, le travail est une malédiction. Du mot latin labor, signifie travail et peine. La travail est aussi une loi (pr survivre). Aristote: toute action imposée par la nécessité est naturellement fâcheuse. Pour Kant, un monde sans travail : tout les talents seraient enfouis (ex Arcadie). Libérant l’homme du besoin, travail permet accès à la culture/plaisir. Permet de participer à une communauté. La travail est libérateur.
Seul l’homme travaille. Seul l’homme travaille (instinct des animaux). Transformation de la nature par l'intermédiaire d’outils. Le travail est donc conscient (usage des outils, techniques), et il nous permet d’atteindre un but. Le travail est pénible car il nécessite de la volonté et une attention soutenue.
L’outil est une médiation. Il y a une notion de technique. Le facteur technique détermine le degrés d’évolution du travail.
Le travail matériel est l’application de l’activité de la pensée. Aujourd’hui, travail intellectuel est un travail, mais seul le manuel est productif.
Le travail et la technique
La division du travail République de Platon, c’est l’impuissance d’un homme à satisfaire tout ses besoins qui donne naissance à une cité. 3 besoins : habitation, nourriture et vêtement. 2 solutions possibles : chaque travailleur effectue toutes les travaux pour lui même, ou chaque travailleur se spécialise : division sociale du travail (avantages : dvp adresse du travailleur, épargne du temps). Adam Smith a montré l’importance du la DST dans Traité des richesses de la nation (1 vie pour 1 montre).
Le travail exploité - l’esclavage
La loi du plus fort. Dualisme entre les activités intellectuelles et le travail (imposé par force ou nécessité). Pour Aristote : production matérielle et technique sont pour les esclaves. 2 types…...

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