Trial

In: Other Topics

Submitted By adeetdobhal
Words 9237
Pages 37
2/27/2016

Tata Engineering & Locomotive Co. ... vs The Registrar Of The Restrictive ... on 21 January, 1977

Main Search Advanced Search Disclaimer
Citedby 17 docs ­ [View All]
Mahindra & Mahindra Ltd vs Union Of India & Anr on 24 January, 1979
Hindustan Lever Ltd., Bombay vs The Monopolies & Restrictive ... on 17 April, 1977
Rajasthan Housing Board vs Smt. Parvati Devi on 3 May, 2000
State Of Uttar Pradesh vs Gir Prasad And Ors on 25 February, 2004
State Of Uttar Pradesh vs Gir Prasad And Ors on 25 February, 2004

Mobile View

Get this document in PDF Print it on a file/printer View the actual judgment from court

Supreme Court of India

User Queries

Tata Engineering & Locomotive Co. ... vs The Registrar Of The Restrictive ... on 21 January, 1977

trade practices

Equivalent citations: 1977 AIR 973, 1977 SCR (2) 685
Author: A Ray
Bench: Ray, A.N. (Cj)

telco

restrictive trade restrictive trade practices dealership exclusive dealership section 38

PETITIONER:

dealership agreement

TATA ENGINEERING & LOCOMOTIVE CO. LTD., BOMBAY

tata urban area

Vs.

ashok leyland ltd ansari RESPONDENT:

monopolies

THE REGISTRAR OF THE RESTRICTIVE TRADEAGREEMENT, NEW DELHI

apprentices agreement act

DATE OF JUDGMENT21/01/1977

exclusive dealing restricted definition

BENCH:
RAY, A.N. (CJ)

the monopolies and restrictive trade practices BENCH:

ashok leyland

RAY, A.N. (CJ)

service provider

BEG, M. HAMEEDULLAH
SINGH, JASWANT
CITATION:
1977 AIR 973

1977 SCR (2) 685

1977 SCC (2) 55 CITATOR INFO : D

1977 SC1285 (26)

R

1979 SC 798 (4,7,12,13,14,15,17,19,20)

ACT:

Monopolies & Restrictive Trade Practices Act, 1969‐‐ss.

2(0) and 33‐‐Scope of.

Agreement‐‐If amounts to a…...

Similar Documents

Trial of Technology

...Group 301 Kalbaeva Zh Trial Technology Humans in today’s world are progressing in terms of new technology. Technology is a body of human knowledge that can be passed along from one place to another and from one generation to the next. Technology in many ways has made our lives easier and which clearly reflect on peoples life styles both positively and negatively. This essay focuses on some pros and cons of the trial technology Technology provides countless visible advantages for human beings. Moreover, people are much relay on the benefits of this and a life without computers, vehicles and other tech-applications is unable to imagine. Also technology helps improve school. At home, technology helps doing some of daily chores so that time can be spent on more important things. In school, technology is used as tools to improve student learning ability However, at the same pace technology brings some threats to people. For instance, the inventions of weapons especially nuclear war gadgets are extremely dangerous for the existence of the entire life forms on earth. In addition to that, an increased use of motor vehicles causes of our ecosystem, which directs certain problems such as global warming and unsteady climates. To my mind, the appropriate use...

Words: 264 - Pages: 2

The Scopes Trial

...Evan Boiko HIS 112-005 10-16-11 The Scopes Trial The Scopes Trial was one of the most famous trials in the history of the United States due to the intense passion and concern that people had for it. The defense was defending personal freedom and democracy while the prosecution imposed on these values. In the end, even though John Scopes and his defense team lost the trial, they won in the long run by influencing decisions made in the future regarding free speech in the classroom and what teachers were required to teach. Many people had intense feelings for the Scopes Trial. These feelings and concern people had for the trial made it one of the most famous trials in America. Some people simplified the trial to Darwin vs. the Bible. This issue made the Scopes trial a large concern to many because Darwin undermined the literal reading of the bible. Darwin's theory of evolution more specifically struck at two major parts of the Bible, the seven days of creation story, and the story of Adam and Eve and how they were the first humans on earth. Many people also considered Darwin's theory to be a "moral outrage" because of how the process of natural selection worked. For natural selection to occur, the unfit of the species were killed off in extremely large numbers. With this information, Darwin was suggesting that "nature revealed a God who was cruel and wasteful or absent altogether." This particular notion created strong opposition to Darwin's theory because of the......

Words: 1647 - Pages: 7

Clinical Trials

...------------------------------------------------- Clinical trial From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia | This article may be too long to read and navigate comfortably. Please consider splitting content into sub-articles and using this article for a summary of the key points of the subject.(October 2010) | Clinical trials are a set of procedures in medical research and drug development that are conducted to allow safety (or more specifically, information about adverse drug reactions and adverse effects of other treatments) and efficacy data to be collected for health interventions (e.g., drugs, diagnostics, devices, therapy protocols). These trials can take place only after satisfactory information has been gathered on the quality of the non-clinical safety, and Health Authority/Ethics Committee approval is granted in the country where the trial is taking place. Depending on the type of product and the stage of its development, investigators enroll healthy volunteers and/or patients into small pilot studies initially, followed by larger scale studies in patients that often compare the new product with the currently prescribed treatment. As positive safety and efficacy data are gathered, the number of patients is typically increased. Clinical trials can vary in size from a single center in one country to multicenter trials in multiple countries. Due to the sizable cost a full series of clinical trials may incur, the burden of paying for all the necessary people and......

Words: 11900 - Pages: 48

Trials

...a hundred years before [Atticus and Scout] started is no reason for [Atticus and Scout] not to try to win" (76). Atticus was demonstrating his courage by proving that no matter how hard things get, you should never give up, and that you should always fight for what you believe in. Atticus is shown as being courageous by demonstrating perseverance and standing up for what is right. Another example of how Atticus is courageous is when at Finch Landing, he explains to Scout that this time he knew that he was " Fighting [his] friends, and no matter how bitter things get, they are still [his] friends and this is still [his] home"(76). Atticus' explanation to Scout was important because he had to reassure her that no matter the outcome of the trial they would still have their friends and there home. Even with all the pressure to quit the case, Atticus was determined to go up against all odds to ensure that justice would prevail. Atticus was a courageous, determined, and compassionate man. Along with Atticus, Mrs. Dubose is another prime example of a courageous person. Mrs. Dubose demonstrated courage when she decided to give up her morphine addiction. Mrs. Dubose died a slow painful death and when she was on her death bed, Mrs. Dubose reminded Atticus carefully, " [Mrs. Dubose] was going to leave this world beholden to nothing and nobody" (111). In this situation most people would not have been able to tolerate the pain and would have given in to the morphine. Mrs. Dubose could......

Words: 668 - Pages: 3

The Trial and the Metamorphosis

...Common grounds of “The Trial” and “The Metamorphosis” Works from the one of the most influential author, Franz Kafka, is like trying to read hieroglyphics. Unless, of course you are Egyptian. It is difficult to comprehend someone that comes from a total different era or background. Usually an author, relates their theme of their works with simple and easy literary devices, such as symbolism. So does Franz Kafka, but on a greater scale. All of the aspects and elements of his works seem unimportant, because of the different interpretations of his works. Most of his works , depicts his own thoughts and dreams. Like some authors, Kafka focuses on a single character symbolizing himself or his life. To fully recognized and understand this method , the audience must study his background and just basic history to understand his motive. He stands out against all these other authors because he goes against the flow of the writing norms. Some of the genre's found in his works are Kafkaesque, Magic Realism,Dystopia,Fantasy,Science Fiction,Modernism,Post Modernism and Existentialism. First time reading one of Kafka's predominant novel, "The Trial" was pretty overwhelming. Personally, I have nothing to compare his works to, other than his own work, in particular, "The Metamorphosis." While these two have some obvious similarities, there are some hidden and usually inconspicuous ones that readers, like myself, don’t usually pick out. Finding some common themes in “The Trial” and “The......

Words: 1673 - Pages: 7

Clinical Trials

...Increasing Recruitment and Retention of Minority People in Clinical Trials Name Course Tutor Date Introduction Clinical trials are faced by numerous problems among them being difficulties in recruitment and retention of minority groups. The challenges that are faced in recruiting and retaining these groups have been well documented through various researches. In order to successfully recruit and retain minority people in clinical trials research in the health fields must undertaken beyond the traditional methods so that the barriers prevalent in the process of recruitment and retention can be overcome. Some of these barriers are related to mistrust and fear of science-based experiments following a history of atrocities committed in the name of science (Area, Alvidrez, Nery, Estes, & Linkins, 2003). This essay is going to highlight the strategies to increase recruitment and retention of minority people participation in clinical trials. Discussion Background Ethical consideration in medical research and clinical trials particularly with regard to humans came into the limelight in the first half of the 20th century following the medical experiments conducted by the Nazis on humans. These experiments saw the development of the Nuremberg code, which began a wide range of regulations that emphasized on the need for the protection of human beings who participated in trials that were prevalent in medical research. Principles that were......

Words: 2811 - Pages: 12

Jury Trial

...Jury Trial Analysis When an individual is charged with a crime, he or she becomes a criminal defendant. The United States Constitution provides these criminal defendants a number of rights that limit the fashion in which the government can investigate, prosecute, and penalize criminal behavior. These include, but are not limited to, the right to a speedy trial, the right to an impartial judge, and the right to an impartial jury. Criminal defendants have the right to a public trial. This ensures that the government will not carry out any hearings in secret that may violate the individual’s constitutional rights. There are times when the court will hold a closed hearing to protect the identity of a victim, such as a minor. A criminal defendant also has the right to be tried by a jury of his or her peers. The type of jury varies from state to states but these juries are made up of members of the community that have been randomly designated by the court and chosen by attorney for both the prosecution and the defense. This leads the criminal defendant into the right to ask for a swift trial. The most intricate premises of the criminal justice system are that when justice is delayed, it is denied. The right to a swift and speedy trial is essential in a structure that places equality and integrity above all else (FindLaw, n.d.). Diligent trials promote civility within the criminal justice system. A speedy trial is one that is without any postponements. The Sixth......

Words: 1137 - Pages: 5

Trials and Verdicts

...Assignment 2: Trials and Verdicts Student: Melissa Harmon Professor: Phylanice Nashe Introduction to Criminal Justice February 18, 2014 TRIALS AND VERDICTS PAGE 1 Our criminal justice system is an intricate one. When crime is committed, law enforcement detains the offender and in most cases holds them until they are seen by a judge. The period between arrest and arraignment is also known as the pretrial procedures; this is a very important aspect of the justice process. At this time, the biggest majority of cases are either resolved and never make it to court. However, some crimes are so serious that they must go the next steps and this could be plea bargaining or trial by jury, both resulting in a sentence ordered by the judge. Here we will take a look at a particular case involving five men who viciously beat another man resulting in his death. What started as a barroom brawl, ended outside of the victim's mother's home in La Jolla, California May of 2007 [L.A. Times 2008]. Emery Kauanui was a 24 year old professional surfer that tragically lost his life three days after being treated for bleeding of the brain, facial fractures, and multiple contusions caused by five individuals. Eric House, 21; Orlando Osuna, 23; Matthew Yanke, 21; Henri Hendricks, 22; and Seth Cravens, 22 who dealt the fatal blow; these are the offenders that each in turn punched and kicked Kauanui until the last punch knocked him to the pavement where he hit his head knocking him......

Words: 1305 - Pages: 6

Trials

...the castle no questions asked. “I wonder where I am,” I thought to myself. When I walked in the unusually huge door I noticed it was actually very nice on the inside. The first room I was in was very spacious and had a black and white checkered floor with walls that were painted a more lively purple. There were three hallways and a staircase between each hallway that leads to an open room with all windows. “I wonder if anyone is here.” I said almost immediately after I heard a large BOOM! And rolling down the hallway in front of him was a giant boulder. I had just enough time to jump out of the way but the boulder was blocking the door. With closer examination I noticed the bolder had something written on the back. It read Trials and Tribulations await you, choose wisely. The next thing I knew was that a tall figure was casting a shadow over him. Swoosh! It took a swing at him with a long axe and just missed him by the skin of my teeth. I looks up and it’s a knight in full armor. I ran towards the nearest of the three hallways which was the one to the left. But then I saw a sign that said exit coming from the middle hallway where the boulder had just came from, so I changed direction and headed there. After running down the hallway I noticed I was at a new room and the knight was no longer chasing him. So I look around and see a person in a suit on a balcony above him and says “Wrong choice,” Right before walking off. “Who are you?! What is this?!” I......

Words: 1210 - Pages: 5

Enron Trial

...1.What is the type of court, including where it is located, in which the Enron trial was held? The United States Supreme located in Houston Texas, held the Enron Trial. 2. Was the Enron trial a civil trial or a criminal trial? Enron was a criminal trial. 3. How long was the trial expected to take? As stated in the, An Enron Jury Free of Grudges, article it states that the expected to last up to 6 months. 4. a. Who are the defendants in this case? Kenneth L. Lay and Jeffrey K. Skilling b. What were their positions in Enron (be specific)? Former Chief Executives c. Name the charges and how many were brought against each of them? Jeffrey Skilling was charged with 31 counts of conspiracy, fraud and insider trading. Kennethy Lay was charged with 7 counts of fraud and conspiracy. 5. How much was it believed that the defendants would be paying for their defense? It was reported that they would spend a combined total of over $20 million. 6. How many people were in the original jury pool as of Fall 2005? The original pool of jurors had 400. 7. How many people were in the final jury pool prior to voir dire in the courtroom on Monday, January 30, 2006? There were 96 jurors who survived from the original pool. 8. How many pages were in the questionnaire filled out by the people in the jury pool? The questionnaire was 14 pages 9. How many questions were in the questionnaire? There was a total of 76 questions. 10. How many questions in the......

Words: 355 - Pages: 2

Nuremberg Trials

...The Nuremberg Trials by R. D. A student essay from Dr. Elliot Neaman's History 210 class (historical methods - fall 1996) © Elliot Neaman / PHDN Reproduction interdite par quelque moyen que ce soit / no reproduction allowed ________________________________________ The Nuremberg Trials took place during the immediate aftermath of World War II. They were the first trials in history to indict an entire regime for aggressive war crimes. These crimes included invading other nations, violating the Treaty of Versailles and most significantly, "crimes against humanity". These crimes were what later became known as the Holocaust, in which millions of innocent victims were deported, enslaved and systematically executed. The victims were primarily Jewish however many other victims suffered at the hands of the Nazis such as: Poles, Gypsies, the handicapped and the elderly. The Nuremberg Charter "defined war crimes as violations of the laws or customs of war"(Rosenbaum p, 30). Including killing of hostages, ill-treatment of civilians, use of forced labor and looting of public and private property and racial persecution. The International Military Tribunal, the prosecutors consisting of lawyers and judges from the United States, France, England and the Soviet Union had countless evidence of these crimes committed by the Nazis, however to serve justice to every individual for their inhumane actions was impossible. The Nuremberg Trials prosecuted twenty one defendants (all of whom......

Words: 5476 - Pages: 22

Trial Balance

...Structure  6.1  Introduction  Objectives  6.2  Meaning  Self Assessment Questions 1  6.3  Objectives  Self Assessment Questions 2  6.4  Methods of preparing trial balance: Total Method and Balance Method  Self Assessment Questions 3  6.5  Preparation op Trial balance  Self Assessment Questions 4  6.6  Errors and their rectification  Self Assessment Questions 5  6.7  Errors disclosed by a Trial Balance  Self Assessment Questions 6  6.8  Errors not disclosed by Trial Balance  Self Assessment Questions 7  6.9  Steps to locate the errors  6.10  Trial Balance and adjustments  Self Assessment Questions 8  Terminal Questions  Answer to SAQs and TQs  Trial Balance  6.1 Introduction  Journal  and  ledger  are  the  books  containing  the  details  of  business  transactions  which  have  taken  place  during  a  particular  period.  The  purpose  of  these  records  is  preparation  of  final  accounts  –  trading  account,  profit  and  loss  account  and  balance  sheet.  Before  attempting  to  prepare final accounts, a summary of the transactions, as depicted by ledger should be available  in a form  that  is  easy  to  classify  the  assets, liabilities,  expenses and  incomes. While  expenses  and incomes are used to prepare trading and profit and loss accounts, assets and liabilities are  presented in the balance sheet. Trial Balance stands as a bridge between primary and secondary ......

Words: 6085 - Pages: 25

Criminal Trial

...The Court’s Administration: An Analysis of the Roles in the Process of Criminal Trial The Court’s Administration: An Analysis of the Roles in the Process of Criminal Trial Criminal procedure is the process of investigating, prosecuting, and punishing crimes (Scheb & Sharma, 2013). Criminal procedure includes law enforcement activities, including the arrest, interrogation, and identification of suspects. Criminal procedure also involves a process of criminal trial, in which a person is tried for their crime. The trial process can be extensive, but criminal charges can also be settled in the pretrial process. The pretrial process largely determines the outcome of a criminal case; most criminal cases never make it to trial. Charges against the defendant may be dropped or dismissed due to a lack of evidence. The defendant may also plead guilty without trial. Many guilty pleas result from plea negotiations between the prosecutors and defendant or defense attorneys. This pretrial process makes a formal criminal trial unnecessary (Scheb & Sharma, 2013). There are various roles in the criminal trial process, including the judge, the prosecuting attorneys, the jury, and the expert witnesses such as forensic psychologists. The assortment of roles has a high effect on the outcome for the defendant. A prosecutor is responsible for determining what charges to pursue and whether to plea bargain with the defendant. A jury decides a verdict. A judge decides a sentence. A......

Words: 3921 - Pages: 16

The Scopes Trial

...The Scopes Trial By:Wang Congcong The Scopes Trial (Monkey Trial) and its aftermath caused our nation to closely examine the ties between religion and science. The Scopes Trial was the case of a high school biology teacher John Scopes against the state law against teaching Evolution in classroom. The case drew a lot of public attention. Even though the Scopes trial failed, succeeded in getting people to ask themselves, " what should I believe". In 1859, Charles Darwin released his work" Origin of the Species" old man of human are monkeys. Major people are fundamentalist, support the Bible, they believe God created human the story of Garden of Eden. Darwin''s theory subverted the story from Bible.So his speech had problems with church of England, Evolution is a new thing for the whole society, most people thought it 's a joke, and few people really considered became whose try to defend Darwin's theory and spread the ideas of Evolution. In the late days, Darwin's speak of evolutionary adaptation through natural selection became central to modern evolutionary theory, now concept of the life sciences. In 1925, Tennessee passed a law, the Butler Act, that make illegal to teach Darwin's theory of evolution in public school. The American Civil Liberties Union (ACLU) thought the law violated people's rights. " The 1st Amendment to the constitution protects that separation when it says. Congress shall make no...

Words: 701 - Pages: 3

Trial Court

...The difference between trial courts and appellate courts are complex, but are two important entities necessary within the justice system. Trial courts grant the initial pass for a civil or criminal proceeding to have a voice in court. Appellate courts have authority to reassess findings decided on at trial court level. There are four essential parts amidst trial and appellate courts: purpose, evidence, juries, and judges (Ehow.com, 2012). Purpose Trial court focuses on finding the facts in determining the best decision for the case brought forth. The focus for appellate court is quite different since the facts in the proceeding came from trial court level. Appellate court consists of two considerably uncommon aspects. One aspect determines if either group was granted an unbiased hearing. The other aspect establishes if law was properly used in the case and to determine if for any reason to alter the law (Ehow.com, 2012). Evidence In trial court, the two groups show proof in convincing juries or judges that each statement given is convincing enough to take into consideration as the truth. Forms of evidence offered may come as an eye witness as well as an illustration. Additionally, since the establishment of the facts was decided in trial court, no other evidence may enter in the appellate court level. As an alternative, disputing lawyers in appellate court formulate a strategy on the basis of laws and procedure matters (Ehow.com, 2012). Juries ...

Words: 430 - Pages: 2