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1. Snakebites are often treated by administering specific “anti-venom”. Explain how “anti-venom” may work.

Snakes are cold blooded animals that are found in tropical and subtropical countries. Snakes have some glands in their mouth that produce very poisonous substance and its even worst through their bites. The seriousness or extend of the poison depends on various factors. One is the body tissue where the venom is injected. It’s more serious when the poison is injected directly to the blood vessels meaning it spreads very quickly through blood transmission in the rest of the body. The extent of the poison also depends on the part of the body where the snake bites. Snake bites that occur on parts of the body with a lot of adipose tissue are less poisonous than in the parts with less adipose tissue. This is because these tissues are low in blood supply hence they end up delaying transmission or the spread of poison to the rest of the body (Timbrell, 2009) Specific anti-venom is used in treating snake bite since the severity of the poison depends on the snake type and other factors. Since the venom is injected in the blood the anti-venom should also be administered to the blood In order to neutralize the poison. This means that it might have some side effects if not well used since its injected directly to the blood. The anti-venom neutralizes the poisonous venom injected by the snake hence causing venom release from the receptor site. Since venom causes blockage of these receptor sites the anti-venom helps in freeing them hence they can interact with acetylcholine molecule hence resuming normal respiration. Both the venom (neutralized) and anti-venom are then excreted from the body (Timbrell, 2009) 2. What symptoms exist between the effects of exposure to…...

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