The Basics of Philosophy

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Summary of Chapter II: The Basics of Philosophy Everything we learn in life is related to philosophy. According to Weiner Heisenberg and Karl Popper, philosophy and knowledge are dependent on each other. The question here of course is, why? What is philosophy? Is it important? Chapter 2 discusses the basics of philosophy. Specifically on the definition of what philosophy actually is, the branches of philosophy, as well as the schools of philosophy. That is what this summary will focus on. First of all, what is philosophy? The word philosophy was derived from the Greek word philosophos. Philos means wisdom, while sophos means love. So philosophy basically means the love for wisdom. Philosophers observed the nature of objects and sought the truth. The study of philosophy is a never-ending process that keeps on developing until this very day. Philosophers try to understand the existence of everything there is thus making the study of philosophy limitless. However, the study of philosophy is more than just understanding things, it isn’t as simple as that. It’s a long process and takes effort to understand things critically, radically and systematically. The study of philosophy is divided into three general areas/branches of study, which are ontology, epistemology, and axiology. Ontology is then divided into two smaller groups; ontology (a more specific definition) and metaphysics. Ontology is the study of everything that exists and can be seen and/or perceived by the human senses. Whereas metaphysics is the study of things that exist, but its presence is still doubted (for example the existence of God, our souls, etc.). The second branch is epistemology. Epistemology is the branch of philosophy that examines the theories about the nature and limits of knowledge. This branch basically studies the process of how humans obtain knowledge. Epistemology is…...

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