Strategy Management (in Vnese)

In: Business and Management

Submitted By PINHPONG
Words 23828
Pages 96
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CHƯƠNG 6. CHIẾN LƯỢC CÔNG TY: HỘI NHẬP DỌC, ĐA DẠNG HOÁ CÁC CHIẾN LƯỢC LIÊN MINH KHÁI QUÁT Tập trung vào một lĩnh vực kinh doanh đơn lẻ Hội nhập dọc Tạo giá trị thông qua hội nhập dọc Bất lợi của hội nhập dọc Chi phí quản lý và các hạn chế của hội nhập dọc CÁC PHƯƠNG ÁN HỘI NHẬP DỌC Các hợp đồng ngắn hạn và đấu giá cạnh tranh Các liên minh chiến lược và hợp đồng dài hạn Thiết lập các mối liên hệ hợp tác dài hạn Khai thác nguồn bên ngoài chiến lược và công ty ảo. ĐA DẠNG HÓA Tạo giá trị thông qua đa dạng hóa Chi phí quản lý và giới hạn của đa dạng hoá Thất bại của đa dạng hoá Đa dạng hoá liên quan và không liên quan CÁC LIÊN MINH CHIẾN LƯỢC

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KHÁI QUÁT Chiến lược ở cấp công ty chủ yếu nhằm tìm kiếm lĩnh vực kinh doanh mà công ty có thể tham gia để cực đại hóa khả năng sinh lợi dài hạn. Mỗi công ty có thể có nhiều lựa chọn về lĩnh vực kinh doanh để tham gia cạnh tranh. Tất nhiên, điều đó có nghĩa là nó có thể chọn chỉ tập trung vào một lĩnh vực kinh doanh; hoặc có thể đa dạng vào một số lĩnh vực kinh doanh khác nhau; và trong chuỗi giá trị nó cũng có thể hội nhập dọc ngược chiều để tự sản xuất các đầu vào cho mình hay xuôi chiều để phát tán các đầu ra. Nếu công ty chọn đa dạng hoá vượt ra khỏi một ngành đơn lẻ và vận hành kinh doanh trong nhiều ngành, nghĩa là nó phải sử dụng chiến lược đa dạng hoá cấp công ty. Chiến lược đa dạng hoá cấp công ty cho phép sử dụng các năng lực cốt lõi của nó để theo đuổi các cơ hội từ môi trường bên ngoài.1 Đặc biệt, trong trường hợp sự hội tụ giữa các ngành này đang tạo ra một cơ hội cần phải sử dụng đến chiến lược đa dạng hoá. Các chiến lược đa dạng hoá đang đóng vai trò quan trọng trong các công ty lớn.2 Trong công ty đa dạng hoá sẽ tồn tại hai cấp chiến lược tách bạch, đó là: chiến lược kinh doanh (hay chiến lược cạnh tranh) và…...

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