Solutions That Will Reduce Pollution, Erosion & Ecosystem Degradation of Jamaica Bay

In: Science

Submitted By rosalia22
Words 734
Pages 3
Solutions that will reduce pollution, erosion & ecosystem degradation of Jamaica Bay

Climate change has affected many specimens and their habitats all around the world. Many have impacted ecosystems as well as societies in endless amounts of ways. This can include many results, such as frequent severe storms with greater damage, an increase in floods or droughts, rising sea levels, oceans becoming acidic, increase or decrease in rain fall, altering ecosystems, damaging wetlands, economic problems and many more. There are local governments and organizations in which are currently working towards preparing the impacts of climate change through sustainable developments, laws, and policies. My research project with be consisted of identifying solutions that will reduce pollution, erosion, and ecosystem degradation of Jamaica Bay. In addition, Jamaica bay is one of the largest areas of open space with New York City. This serves as a significant natural area within one of the nation’s most populous urban centers.
Due to this, it is located within the circumference of a heavily populated region and is acceptable to receive modifications from humanity. The Jamaica Bay is one of the primary components to The Gateway National Recreation Area (Gateway NRA), whereas it is a large body of water which drains portions of Queens, Brooklyn, and Nassau counties of New York, and discharges into the Atlantic Ocean. The Jamaica Bay Unit is approximately 6,500 hectares (16,000 acres) in area, about 75% water and wetlands and 25% uplands. The bay is protected by a barrier beach and it connects with the sea through Rockaway as its Western end. The Jamaica bay contains numerous marshy islands which is very important. The salt marshes of Jamaica Bay provide important ecological services, including wildlife habitat, support for the food web, shoreline erosion control, and water…...

Similar Documents

Mitigation Plan for Land Degradation

...Mitigation Plan for Land Degradation Environmental issues are a major concern for everyone in the world. The environmental sustainability of natural resources is in danger. The consequences of human activities are affecting the quality or quantity of the air, the water, and the land. Each of these contributes to environmental balance and is vital for humans continued existence. Land, a terrestrial resource, has a role in the nutrient cycle of the environment, the growth of food sources, and the water quality. Soil consists of minerals, organic matter, and living organisms. Land degradation disrupts the ecological balance of the soil, which in turn threatens the sustainability of the environment. Land degradation is the deterioration of soil by erosion; pollution; and land use changes. Erosion is the loss of soil. Less soil leads to limited plant growth. Plants hold the soil in place and play a part in the carbon cycle. Not only does limited plant growth expand erosion, but it also interrupts a process that is essential to the entire environment. Sediment from erosion affects the water quality and aquatic habitats. Run off into bodies of water can contain pesticides, fertilizer, or waste residue. Once contaminated the water supply infiltrates the area damaging every element of the environment. Soil pollution is the introduction of contaminants such as hazardous waste and chemicals into the ground. Pollution makes the soil useless. The land becomes unable to support life.......

Words: 1469 - Pages: 6

Earth Pollution

...EARTH POLLUTION By: GLEIDI B. LEOGAN (BSE-1A) TO: DR. ROSEL W. DELES (ENG.2) I. INTRODUCTION Pollution is a major global concern because of its harmful effects on the person’s health and on the environment. Everyone is affected as we are all inhabitants of this one and only place we call home, our planet Earth. Each person has something to contribute to prevent its further deterioration, to help ourselves, the children and ensuring a sustainable future for generations to come. We can help combat pollution in our own immediate environment if we are aware of the nature and form of pollutions and its effects on us and the environment. A pollutant is a waste material that pollutes air, water or soil. Three factors determine the severity of a pollutant, its chemical nature, the concentration and the persistence. There are two main categories of pollutants. Biodegradable pollutants are materials, such as sewage, that rapidly decompose by natural processes. These pollutants become a problem when added to the environment faster than they can decompose. Non-degradable pollutants are materials that either do not decompose or decompose slowly in the natural environment. Once contamination occurs, it is difficult or impossible to remove these pollutants from the environment. I. SOURCES OF EARTH POLLUTION A. AIR POLLUTION SMOG OVER SANTIAGO Set in an......

Words: 3357 - Pages: 14

Earth Pollution

...EARTH POLLUTION By: GLEIDI B. LEOGAN (BSE-1A) TO: DR. ROSEL W. DELES (ENG.2) I. INTRODUCTION Pollution is a major global concern because of its harmful effects on the person’s health and on the environment. Everyone is affected as we are all inhabitants of this one and only place we call home, our planet Earth. Each person has something to contribute to prevent its further deterioration, to help ourselves, the children and ensuring a sustainable future for generations to come. We can help combat pollution in our own immediate environment if we are aware of the nature and form of pollutions and its effects on us and the environment. A pollutant is a waste material that pollutes air, water or soil. Three factors determine the severity of a pollutant, its chemical nature, the concentration and the persistence. There are two main categories of pollutants. Biodegradable pollutants are materials, such as sewage, that rapidly decompose by natural processes. These pollutants become a problem when added to the environment faster than they can decompose. Non-degradable pollutants are materials that either do not decompose or decompose slowly in the natural environment. Once contamination occurs, it is difficult or impossible to remove these pollutants from the environment. I. SOURCES OF EARTH POLLUTION A. AIR POLLUTION SMOG OVER SANTIAGO Set in an......

Words: 3357 - Pages: 14

The Effects of Pollution and How Students Can Help to Reduce Pollution ?

...The effects of pollution and how students can help to reduce pollution ? |   | Pollution means contamination and there are many different types of pollution such as environmental pollution and noise pollution. Environmental pollution is the biggest challenge facing humanity as pollution of the air and sea directly affects our lives. The human existence can come under threat if pollution level increases to hazardous level. In fact, some country frequently faces the haze-related pollution yearly due to wild fires in their neighboring country aggravated by the practice of open burning in our country. Factories too are culprits as they emit pollutants and hazardous waste substances either into the air or into the sea. The increasing number of vehicles which emit the dangerous carbon monoxide and green house gases add to the danger we face from pollution.The earth's atmosphere is constantly being exposed to hazardous materials due to rapid development and human activity to advance their lives. The industrial west like America and Europe is the biggest culprit as they are the world's biggest polluters.Students can play a ole in helping to reduce pollution and create a healthy atmosphere for us to engage in activities without fear for our health. They can contribute to reducing the emission of harmful gas into the air by either walking or cycling to school. Most students go to school either by car or school bus and the carbon monoxide released by these vehicles is very harmful......

Words: 530 - Pages: 3

Who Is Most Responsible for Environmental Degradation?

... Who is most responsible for environmental degradation? Name: Yichang(Kathy) Chen Course: YUELI DY Instructor: Ben Collins Nowadays, environmental degradation has become the current greatest issue all over the world. Many scientists warn that if environmental degradation can not be prevented, one day the earth will suffer destructive disease such as natural diseases and the end of earth without any early warning. A great number of environmental problems now have a serious effect on our world. As globalization is booming, which causes the earth’s natural problems to change into international issues, all nations will suffer great damage and need to keep a watchful eye on environmental degradation. There are some urgent problems which are now affecting the world, and which we need to solve quickly, are acid rain, air pollution, global warming, hazardous waste, ozone depletion, smog, water pollution and so on. It is easy to see that environmental degradation is a serious issue for the whole international community. If we want to solve it, the most principle point we need to research is what causes it. As we know, human beings and nature itself need to carry on the responsibility of environmental degradation as two main parts in the world. Although environment can be changed over time by natural process, it is not ignorable that human activities have great impacts on environment. According to many scientists, compared with......

Words: 2097 - Pages: 9

Thermal Pollution

...------------------------------------------------- Thermal pollution Thermal pollution is the degradation of water quality by any process that changes ambient water temperature. A common cause of thermal pollution is the use of water as a coolant by power plants and industrial manufacturers. When water used as a coolant is returned to the natural environment at a higher temperature, the change in temperature decreases oxygen supply, and affects ecosystem composition.Urban runoff–stormwater discharged to surface waters from roads and parking lots–can also be a source of elevated water temperatures. When a power plant first opens or shuts down for repair or other causes, fish and other organisms adapted to particular temperature range can be killed by the abrupt change in water temperature known as "thermal shock." ------------------------------------------------- Ecological effects Warm water Elevated temperature typically decreases the level of dissolved oxygen of water. This can harm aquatic animals such as fish, amphibians and other aquatic organisms. Thermal pollution may also increase the metabolic rate of aquatic animals, as enzyme activity, resulting in these organisms consuming more food in a shorter time than if their environment were not changed.[4]:179 An increased metabolic rate may result in fewer resources; the more adapted organisms moving in may have an advantage over organisms that are not used to the warmer temperature. As a result, food chains of the......

Words: 786 - Pages: 4

Mangrove and Ecosystems

...ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT REPORT Mangrove ecosystems play an integral role within the stabilisation of coastal intertidal soil by preventing coastal erosion through their complex network of roots (“Teaching about Mangroves, 2013”). Scientifically they are defined as an assemblage of unique tropical plants which are able to survive within variable flooding conditions and withstand high salinity concentration. They do so by a selective combination of structural adaptations such as salt excretion upon leaves, and filtering of absorbed nutrients (“Encyclopaedia of Earth, 2013”). The most healthy and abundant mangrove communities occur in tropical and subtropical areas, between 30o N and 30O S latitude (“Encyclopaedia of Earth, 2013”). An example of a mangrove community presents itself within the Moreton Bay Mangrove community located within South-East Queensland, Australia. The community possesses 8 mangroves species but is predominantly dominated by Avicennia marina (Grey Mangroves) and Aegiceras corniculatum (Black Mangrove) (“Moreton Bay Mangrove, 2013”). The Moreton Bay community provides vital protection and food source for various marine and terrestrial species including wading birds, shrimps and crabs. Structurally it is comprised of coastal environments consisting of numerous river estuaries that extend seaward (“Moreton Bay Mangrove Species, 2013”). 1. BIOTIC INTERACTIONS IN THIS MANGROVE COMMUNITY The biotic......

Words: 2945 - Pages: 12

How to Reduce Pollution

...Environmental pollution is a major problem in today’s world. The damage it is doing not only to our health, but also to the planet is irreversible, since the rise of global warming is detrimental to life on earth. Nowdays we can recycle almost everything, from plastics and glass to aluminium and other metals, passing through clothes, papers and even organic peelings from vegetables. Likewise it is undeniable that “recycling” saves natural resources, reduces land and air pollution as many products require more energy to produce them than to recycle them. Therefore, it contributes to prevent global warming. Nevertheless, “Reusing and recycling everything” and “Recycle whenever and wherever you can” are slogans used by Western governments as an important part of reducing evironmental pollution campaigns without taking into account (even denying) their own responsibility in increasing global warming. To be honest, I’m getting a little bit tired of hearing always the same official advices to tackle global warming head-on when the political classes refuse to sign the Kyoto Protocol to reduce emissions to the atmosphere. Clearly it is urgent that the international community take more aggressive action to reduce greenhouse gases instead of throwing these false campaigns aimed at allaying public opinion. Clean energies from renewable resources is the future if we want to make the world a more sustainable place to live in. The more we use them the more we can reduce......

Words: 251 - Pages: 2

Erosion

...Shoreline depletion by erosion is a natural process that occurs due to a variety of reasons. Shores can be devastated due to short-term events such as storms, wave action, or tides and winds. Shorelines can also be affected by large scale events such as glacier or orogeny cycles that alter sea levels. Tectonic movements also cause coastal land to be depleted or increased. These processes are natural, and the rise and fall of coastlines is just another part of nature, but human activity has drastically depleted shorelines worldwide. Beaches are becoming smaller and smaller, and cities are spending millions of dollars a year on replacing the sand alone (Prasetya). There are many things that humans are doing to devastate the coastlines. Along the coast, activities such as land reclamation, port development, shrimp farming, and construction are leading causes in coastal depletion. Within river catchments and watersheds, activities such as river damming and diversion affect the coast. Offshore events affect beaches as well. Dredging and sand mining are just a few examples of harmful offshore processes. Each of these things, combined with natural forces, put the coasts in dire need(Coastal Managment). It jeopardizes coastal cities and environments’ health. People normally flock to coastal areas to inhabit, and developers now have to deal with the problems of erosion. A strong push has been made by the administration in the areas affected to manage the coastal problems and......

Words: 1194 - Pages: 5

Water Pollution in West Bengal

...SR. NO. | TOPICS | 1 | Acknowledgement | 2 | Introduction OF Water Pollution | 3 | Types of Water Pollution | 4 | Water Pollution Effects | 5 | Ganga River pollution in India | 6 | Extent of problem in West Bengal | 7 | CONSEQUENCES IN KOLKATA AS A RESULT OF WATER POLLUTION | 8 | Water Pollution Solutions | 9 | Water Pollution Preventions | 10 | “Ganga Action Plan” (GAP) | 11 | Conclusion | Introduction Water Pollution India is a land with many beautiful rivers and countryside. In India many of the rivers are considered to be holy, but water pollution in India has caused many of the rivers to be too polluted for use. Water pollution is a very serious problem in India which is the second most populous nation in the world. It is estimated that over 70% of all of India’s surface water is polluted in some way and many of the groundwater reserves have also been contaminated as a result of biological and industrial pollutants. As more and mre water becomes polluted the water pollution in India gets more and more severe. Many rivers have been deemed to be unsafe for human consumption which leads to water scarcity. Water pollution in India also makes irrigating crops difficult. If the water supply is too polluted to drink it should not be used for watering crops. With limited sources of water and pollution increasing every day India is facing a serious water crisis. Water pollution is becoming a huge problem which is faced by all of the human......

Words: 4582 - Pages: 19

Fresh Water Ecosystem

...10, Winter 2003 Issues in Ecology Sustaining Healthy Freshwater Ecosystems Issues in Ecology Number 10 Winter 2003 Sustaining Healthy Freshwater Ecosystems SUMMARY Fresh water is vital to human life and economic well-being, and societies extract vast quantities of water from rivers, lakes, wetlands, and underground aquifers to supply the requirements of cities, farms, and industries. Our need for fresh water has long caused us to overlook equally vital benefits of water that remains in stream to sustain healthy aquatic ecosystems. There is growing recognition, however, that functionally intact and biologically complex freshwater ecosystems provide many economically valuable commodities and services to society. These services include flood control, transportation, recreation, purification of human and industrial wastes, habitat for plants and animals, and production of fish and other foods and marketable goods. Over the long term, intact ecosystems are more likely to retain the adaptive capacity to sustain production of these goods and services in the face of future environmental disruptions such as climate change. These ecosystem benefits are costly and often impossible to replace when aquatic systems are degraded. For this reason, deliberations about water allocation should always include provisions for maintaining the integrity of freshwater ecosystems. Scientific evidence indicates that aquatic ecosystems can be protected or restored by recognizing the following: •......

Words: 11042 - Pages: 45

Chesapeake Bay Water Pollution and Restoration Mitigation Plan

...Chesapeake Bay Water Pollution and Restoration Mitigation Plan Emmett J. Nixon Axia College 2009 Chesapeake Bay Water Pollution and Restoration Mitigation Plan Detailed description of the problem:             For over 300 years, the Chesapeake Bay water system has sustained the area’s economy and defined its traditions and culture (Chesapeake Bay Program Preamble, 2000).  As the most biologically diverse estuary in the U.S., over 3600 species of fish, plants and animals make the Bay their home.  Land uses in 1990 in the 166,000 square kilometer watershed are estimated to be 57% forest, 16% cropland, 8% pasture, 18% urban or developed land, and 1% of land in rivers and lakes (Chesapeake Bay Program, Linker, L.C., Shenk, G.W., Dennis, R.L., and Sweeney, J.S. (1999).  Water pollution makes most people think of factories and industries dumping toxic chemicals and other contaminants into the Chesapeake Bay.  In reality, the main pollutants are excess amounts of nitrogen, and phosphorous.  These nutrients enter the Bay from a variety of sources and cause an explosion of algae growth and sediment.  Airborne nitrogen reaches the land through air deposition and chemical contaminants.  An overabundance of suspended sediment from erosion is the main factor for water stress and poor aquatic life in the Chesapeake Bay and its tributaries.  Protection of its natural and man-made infrastructures is essential over the long-term as indicated in the illustration......

Words: 2101 - Pages: 9

The Best Way to Reduce Air Pollution

...best way to reduce air pollution is that government to raise the cost of fuel of the cars. As more and more people pay attention to environmental protection. Seeking ways to reduce air pollution has become a hot topic in society. Many people the idea that the best way to reduce air pollution is for government to raise the cost of fuel of the cars. In my opinion, this is absolutely not the most effective way to reduce air pollution. So I think the government can't raise the price of fuel to solve this problem. Firstly, it upsets the public that government raises the cost of fuel of the cars. The fuel’s current price is too high to be afforded by common employers. The latest survey shows 10% of private car owners have turned to use public transportation to go to work over the past 5 years. Therefore for the government, to adjust fuel’s price is to ignore the public’s interests. Secondly, our industry send out much waste gases into the air without being dealt with. So I think the government must give severe punishment to those factories. Industrial pollution is clearly one of the biggest contributors to our polluted landscapes because it will not only polluted the air, it’s also polluted water source. So I think the government have to make laws and rules to limit the emission. Because it must be more effective than raise the coat of fuel. In conclusion, I have shown that I still contend that raising the cost of fuel is not the best way to reduce air pollution....

Words: 267 - Pages: 2

Pollution

...Pollution is the presence in or introduction into the environment of a substance or thing that has harmful or poisonous effects to humans or other living organisms, or that damage the environment. Pollution occurs in different forms; air, water, soil, radioactive, noise, heat/thermal or global warming and light. Pollution happens because of the following; we process, consume and throw away a high volume of material resources at a very high rate. Then the nature’s way of reabsorbing these resources back into its structure and effectively neutralizing them is much slower than our rates of production or consumption. Pollution is caused because of excessive production and consumption which are major contributors of man-caused pollution; also inefficient and dirty methods of production and consumptions; careless and thoughtless disposal of post consumption waste resources are the major causes of man-cause pollution. Careless and thoughtless disposal of post-consumption waste resources which could otherwise be recycled also contributes to environmental pollution. There are fundamental drivers of the pollution; these are the major forces behind the surge in levels of air, water and land pollution throughout the globe. These are Industrialization it set in the motion the widespread use of fossil fuels (oil, gas and coal) which are now the mail sources of pollution. Population growth with the exploding increase in the population around the world, the demand for goods and services...

Words: 3032 - Pages: 13

Jamaica Bay Wildlife Refuge - Field Trip Summary

...Field Trip Summary Report Jamaica Bay Wildlife Refuge  Submitted by: C. Turner EAS 201, Spring 2012 INTRODUCTION New York City is home to a diverse grouping of species - a varied assembly of organisms, each with its own form, function, and range of desirable living conditions. The CUNY SPS course “The Nature of New York” invites learners to investigate urban ecosystems, and evaluate the relationship between humans, the environment, and the ability of all living systems to do well on the planet. JAMAICA BAY WILDLIFE REFUGE As part of the natural science program, students were offered a guided tour though Jamaica Bay Wildlife Refuge in Queens, New York, led by Professors George Jackman and Dr. Kwesi Amoa. Wildlife refuges are generally legislatively-protected territories where nature is supported and meant to thrive without the threat of harmful interference.1 The Jamaica Bay Wildlife Refuge was developed as part of President Theodore Roosevelt’s efforts to preserve and protect the nation’s natural resources in the early 1900’s. Currently managed by the National Park Service and part of the Gateway National Recreation Area2, the site is well known for its inhabitance of wild birds, and is home to various terrestrial and marine fauna. The park is surrounded by Jamaica Bay, and its landscape features two large fresh water ponds, a salt marsh and seasonal plant life.3 The weather for our winter field trip was mild (low to mid 40’s). The wind was brisk and the sun was......

Words: 1066 - Pages: 5