Free Essay

Social Anxiety Disorder

In: Philosophy and Psychology

Submitted By jamewelganit
Words 2183
Pages 9
Chapter II
Presentation of Data

A. Definition of social anxiety disorder or social phobia was defined by different sources. 1. In 400 BC, Hippocrates described the overly shy person as someone who loves darkness as life and thinks every man observes hi. During the second edition of Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSMII), social fears were described as a specific phobia of social situations or an excessive fear of being observed or scrutinized by others and in the third edition, it was described as a fear of performance situations. Lastly, it is described in the fourth edition as a marked and persistent fear of one or more social or performance situations in which the person is exposed to unfamiliar people or possible scrutiny by others. 2. A social phobia is a fear of being observed by others acting in a way that will be humiliating or embarrassing. It is an irrational and intense fear that one’s behavior in a public situation will be mocked or criticized by others.

3. Social phobia is an irrational fear of being judged, watched or evaluated, or of embarrassing or humiliating themselves. Fear of scrutiny by other leading to avoidance of social situations.
B. There are scientific concerns regarding social anxiety disorder. 1. The signs and symptoms of social phobia were subdivided into four, the physical, emotional and behavioral, associated personality traits and the cognitive aspect. a. Blushing, profuse sweating, trembling or shaking, nausea, stomach upset, difficulty in talking, shaky voice, muscle tension, confusion, palpitations, diarrhea, clammy hands, difficulty in making eye contact are the physical signs and symptoms of social phobia. b. The emotional and behavioral signs and symptoms of social anxiety disorder are intense fear in situations with unknown people, fear of being judged, worrying about embarrassment or humiliation, fear that one will notice anxious or awkward behavior, anxiety that disrupts daily routine, work, school, or other activities, fear of being the center of attention. c. Associated personality traits in those with social anxiety disorder may include low self-esteem, trouble of being assertive, negative self-talk, hypersensitivity to criticism, and poor social skills. d. In cognitive models of social anxiety disorder, people with social phobia experience dread over how will they present themselves to others. In this aspect, many times, prior to the social situations where they suffer social phobia, sufferers may carefully review what could go wrong and how to deal with each unexpected cases. After the event, they might have the perception that they performed unsatisfactorily. 2. Doctors and psychologists said that social anxiety disorder is treated through psychotherapies and medications. a. Social anxiety disorder is treated through medications. (1) Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs), a class of antidepressants that became as the first choice medication for generalized social phobia. General side-effects of SSRIs are common during the first weeks while the body adjusts to the drug. Symptoms may include headaches, nausea, insomnia and changes in sexual behavior. (2) Benzodiazepine is an alternative to SSRIs Benzodiazepines possess anti-anxiety properties and can be useful for the short-term treatment of severe anxiety. b. It has shown that psychotherapies are effective in treating social anxiety disorder. (1.) There are two main components of CBT. In the case of social anxiety, the first one is the cognitive component wherein it can help the patient question how he or she can be so sure that others are continually watching and harshly judging him or her. Second one is the behavioral component that seeks to change people’s reactions to anxiety-provoking situations. (2.) Acceptance and commitment therapy (ACT) is also a treatment for social anxiety disorder. ACT emphasizes accepting unpleasant symptoms rather than fighting against social phobia. ACT is a second line treatment for this disorder if CBT is ineffective. 3. A national survey was done to know in what situations do a person experience social fear. And the following situations are the result, public speaking with 30.2%, talking in front of a small group with 15.2%, talking with others with 13.7%, using a toilet away from home with 6.6%, writing while someone watches with 6%, eating or drinking in public with 2.7%, and 38.6% in other situations.
C. Research into causes of social anxiety disorder or social phobia is becoming broader and broader, to cover multiple perspectives from neurosciences to sociology.
1. If an individual has a first-degree relative who have social phobia, the individual has a greater risk of having a social phobia. This is due to genetics. A study of identical twins who was raised by different families has indicated social phobia due to genetics, one twin developed social phobia, then the other was between 30 to 50 percent more likely to develop this disorder. 2. A previous negative social experience can trigger a social phobia. For around half of those people who are diagnosed with social anxiety disorder, a specific trauma or humiliating social event was confirmed to be associated with the onset or worsening of the disorder. This disorder is caused by being bullied, rejected or ignored in the past. 3. Research has indicated the role of unconditional negative beliefs and conditional beliefs nearer to social phobia. Problems in developing social skills or social fluency just like either inability or lack of confidence to interact socially and gain positive reactions and acceptance from others can be a cause of social phobia. Children appear more likely to develop social phobia if their parents emphasizes the importance of other’s opinions and use shame as a disciplinary strategy. 4. Excessive alcohol misuse can cause panic disorder to develop or worsen during alcohol intoxication and especially during alcohol withdrawal syndrome. Alcohol initially relieves social phobia but immoderate misuse can worsen the symptoms of social phobia. 5. Family difficulties such as lack of close relationships with parents and conflict between parent are the identified childhood difficulties and their relationship to the after development of social phobia. Involvement with immature and child welfare systems, physical and sexual abuse in childhood, violent behavior, school difficulties, and running away from home are also identified. D. Effects of social anxiety disorder can severely limit your ability to live daily life. 1. Social anxiety disorder involves extreme anxiety. If it is left untreated, it may result to severe psychological disturbance, emotional detachment, severe low self-esteem, irrational thoughts and perception, excessive self consciousness, severe depression, emotional outbursts and panic attacks may be the psychological effects of social phobia. 2. Social anxiety disorder can also directly affect your ability to relate to others socially. The effects of social phobia on one’s social life include avoidance of social events or functions, difficulty in sustaining and initiating relationships, isolation from others due to extreme shyness, inability to establish intimacy in relationships, decreased performance in work or school and marital or familiar conflicts due to low self-esteem. 3. Racing heart or tightness in chest due to nervousness, difficulties in occupational functional, shortness of breath, nausea or gastrointestinal upset, dizziness or faintness, muscle tension and profuse sweating or shaking are the common physical effects of social phobia that may be experienced. 4. People with social anxiety disorder may avoid eating or drinking in public, for fear they will make noises when they eat, drop food or otherwise embarrass themselves.
E.Social phobia can be prevented in different ways as stated by researchers.

1. Social anxiety disorder cannot be prevented but seeking help as soon as symptoms arise, it can help make treatment more effective. 2. Completion of prevention on programs just like the use of cognitive behavioral therapy and related techniques may decrease the number of children with social phobia. 3. You can take steps to reduce the impact of symptoms of one’s anxiousness. a. Get help early You must seek a person who is responsible in treating social anxiety disorder when you experience symptoms. b. Keep a journal. Keeping track on your personal life can help you and your mental health provides and identify what’s causing you stress and what seems to help you feel better. c. Prioritize issues in your life. You should carefully manage your time and energy to reduce anxiety. d. Avoid unhealthy substance use. If you’re addicted to these kind of substances, quitting can help you fight anxiousness. If you can’t quit on your own, see your doctor or find a treatment program or ask for a group to help you. F. Many people who are shy do not have the negative emotions and feelings that accompany social phobia. They live a normal life, and do not view shyness as a negative trait. While many people with social phobia are shy, shyness is not a pre-requisite for social phobia. If we treat everyone who is simply “shy” as having a disorder, it leads to stereotyping and waste of resources. If we under-diagnose social anxiety disorder, then people with the symptoms will not receive needed treatment. Whereas social anxiety disorder and shyness have similarities, there are distinct differences between the two. Consider the definitions of both terms: Shyness: anxiety, inhibition, reticence, or a combination of these in social and interpersonal situations, and nervousness or anxiety about evaluation by others. Shyness is considered a normal facet of personality that combines the experience of social anxiety and inhibited behavior, but is also described as “stable temperament.”Shyness is classified as a personality characteristic. Social Anxiety Disorder is classified as a significant amount of fear, embarrassment or humiliation in social performance-based situations, to a point at which the affected person often avoids these situations entirely, or endures them with a high level of distress.

A key difference between the two definitions is that social anxiety disorder is not considered a “normal” facet of personality, or a personality characteristic, whereas shyness is. In fact, people who are shy may view this condition as a positive quality, whereas a person with social anxiety disorder would not describe their condition positively. ` They are different in both qualitative and quantitative ways. If there was only a quantitative difference, it would require all people with social anxiety disorder to be shy, and this is not the case. Only about one half of those diagnosed with social anxiety disorder report having been shy. Looked at another way, less than 25% of shy persons meet the criteria for social anxiety disorder3, meaning that many people are shy without having fear, anxiety, and distress about it. Qualitatively, a diagnosis of “social anxiety disorder” is associated with: greater presence of co-existing or additional disorders with reference to an initial diagnosis (i.e., comorbidity with other anxiety disorders, depression, dysthymia, etc.), greater severity of avoidance, and impairment in life, poorer quality of life.

--------------------------------------------
[ 2 ]. Cuncin, Arlin, A Brief History of Social Anxiety Disorder available: socialanxietydisorder.about.com/od/overviewofsad/a/history.com [ 3 ]. Richard P. Halgin, Abnormal Psychology: Clinical Perspectives on Psychological Disorders (New York: McGraw-Hill Companies, 2007) p. 176
[ 4 ]. Ibid., p. 157
[ 5 ]. Cuncin, Arlin, Overview of Social Anxiety Disorder available:socialanxietydisorder.about.com /od/overviewofsad.com
[ 6 ]. ICD-10 Version:2010 available:Apps.who.int/classifications/icd10/browse/2010/en#/F40.1
[ 7 ]. “Social Anxiety Disorder Symptoms and Effects” available:www.timberlineknolls.com/mood-personality/social-anxiety/signs-effects
[ 8 ]. Ibid.
[ 9 ]. Ibid.
[ 10 ]. Shyness and Social Anxiety Treatment available:en.m.wikipedia.org/wikiSocial_anxiety_disorder
[ 11 ]. Stuart A. Montgomery and Hans Den Boer, SSRIs in depression and Anxiety available: en.m.wikipedia.org /wiki/Social_anxiety_disorder
[ 12 ]. Westenberg, HG , “Facing the challenge of social anxiety disorder” available: en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Social_anxiety_disorder
[ 13 ]. Kashdan, T.B. and Rottenberg, J., “Psychological flexibility as a fundamental aspect of health” loc.cit.
[ 14 ]. Bluett EJ., et.al., Acceptance and commitment therapy for anxiety and OCD spectrum disorders: an empirical review loc.cit
[ 15 ]. Op.cit., p. 190
[ 16 ]. Kendler, K.,Karkowski, L., and Prescott, C., “Fears and phobias: reliability and heritability” loc.cit. [ 17 ]. Ibid.
[ 18 ]. Causes of Social Anxiety Disorder loc.cit
[ 19 ]. Mineka, S. and Zinbarg, R., Conditioning and ethological models of social phobia loc.cit.
[ 20 ]. Okano, K., “Shame and Social Phobia: a transcultural viewpoint” loc.cit.
[ 21 ]. Tera,M., Figueira, I. and Barros, H., “Impact of alcohol intoxication and withdrawal syndrome on social phobia and panic disorder in alcoholic inpatients” loc.cit.
[ 22 ]. Op.cit., p. 159
[ 23 ]. Jacquelyn Ekern, “Social Anxiety attack Causes, Statistics, Signs, Symptoms And Side effects” available: www.addictionhope.com/mood-disorder/social-anxiety
[ 24 ]. Ibid.
[ 25 ]. Ibid.
[ 26 ]. Hoeksema, Susan, Abnormal Psychology ( New York: McGraw-Hill Companies, 2004) p. 189
[ 27 ]. “Can social anxiety disorder be prevented?” available: www.sociaanxietyforum.org/social-fear-sad-good/89683 [ 28 ]. Drake, Kelly L. and Ginsburg, Golda S., “Family factors in the Development, Treatment, and Prevention of Childhood Anxiety Disorders” loc.cit.
[ 29 ]. Mayo Clinic Staff, “Diseases and Conditions: Social anxiety disorder (social phobia) “ available: www.mayoclinic.org/disease-conditions/social-anxiety-disorder/basics/prevention/com-20032524
[ 30 ]. Ibid.
[ 31 ]. Ibid.
[ 32 ]. Ibid.
[ 33 ]. Richards, Thomas, Ph.D, “Shyness… or Social Anxiety Disorder?” available http://socialanxietyinstitute.org/welcome-dr-thomas-richards [ 34 ]. ibid.
[ 35 ]. Ibid.
[ 36 ]. Ibid.
[ 37 ]. Ibid.…...

Similar Documents

Premium Essay

Anxiety Disorder

...  Influence of Early Life Experiences on Anxiety disorders Anxiety disorder is a mental health description for all forms of uneasiness, excessive worry,and phobias of life events. Such fears can based on events that happened or just imagination and it affects the physical well-being of a person. Different studies have shown that anxiety disorders in different family members overlap. This may be due to the factors experienced while growing up, family factors and genetic transmission. A Childs needs and issues are diverse but a general assessment would indicate that all early experiences can lead to psychological problems. For example, a need to over-achieve, an anxiety disorder of a generalized nature or dysthymic disorder (mood disorder characterized by chronic depression). Such disorders can be traced to a long standing inability to derive satisfaction from one’s life alongside the family issues that worry people, the expectations from the society that leave one apprehensive and a person’s coping strategies which mostly are maladaptive (Corey, 2012). The details do not present a clear diagnosis as to anxiety disorder’s root cause in many cases, hence the need to be cautious when deciding on a therapeutic course of action. Everyone’s unique experiences bring up psychosocial challenges which may become the main focus of the clinical therapies. People may experience phase-of-life issues; present parent-child problems while at the same......

Words: 3185 - Pages: 13

Free Essay

Anxiety Disorder

...Anxiety disorder is a mental illness that causes people to be scared and distress in certain situations. Anxiety disorders can cause depression, low self esteem, alcohol abuse; drug abuse and isolation from love ones. Anxiety disorders are the most common mental illnesses in America: they affect around 20 percent of the population at any given time. Fortunately, there are many good treatments for anxiety disorders. Unfortunately, some people do not seek treatment for their illness because they do not realize how severe their symptoms are or are too ashamed to seek help. Furthermore, these disorders are often difficult to recognize for friends, family and even some doctors (Nami, 2012). I am sure everyone has experienced some form of anxiety. In my anxiety assessment, I was asked questions such as: Am I troubled by excessive worrying about events at work, school or home. It also asked was I bothered by at least three of the following, being easily tired, restlessness, and irritability. Do I feel sad, depress or worthless about anything. My responses to all of these questions was no. I only had one question that I answered that was yes. I do have problems concentrating at times. My results of my assessment were a score of a seventeen. Zero through twenty results was that there were no presents of anxiety. Twenty one through forty meant low anxiety. Forty-one through sixty resulted that is some form of anxiety related systems. Sixty-one through eighty, you should go to a......

Words: 1046 - Pages: 5

Free Essay

Anxiety Disorders

...Anxiety disorders are a type of psychological disorder that is characterized by feelings of fear and apprehension, and include such features as hyperactivity, motor tension, and apprehensive thoughts and expectations. There are several types of anxiety disorders, including panic disorder, generalized anxiety disorder, phobic disorder, obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) and post-traumatic disorder. People with general anxiety disorders may be unable to remain still for long periods of time and may engage in fidgeting behaviors such as crossing and uncrossing their legs or arms or playing nervously with their hair or clothing. An unexpected sound, such as a honking horn or the ringing of a telephone causes unexplained anxiety, rapid heartbeat, or quickened breathing. Other anxiety disorders are characterized by different symptoms. For example, individuals with panic disorder experience a sudden onset of intense terror, and may suffer from an impending feeling of doom. Individuals who suffer from this disorder may experience severe chest pains, dizziness, shortness of breath, trembling and sweating. Some experts contend that biological factors may play a role in panic disorders. Individuals with a phobic disorder have an unexplainable, irrational, overwhelming, and persistent fear of a particular object or situation. Individuals with phobia disorders will go to almost any lengths to avoid the thing that scares them. Individuals with Obsessive-Compulsive disorders have......

Words: 301 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

Anxiety Disorder

...General Anxiety Disorder Aloha Galimba HCA/240 June 30, 2013 General Anxiety Disorder can happen to anyone. It affects about 3.1 percent of Americans adults that are age 18 and older in a year (2013, National Institute of Mental Health). General Anxiety Disorder is diagnosed by its certain characteristics that is spanning for more than six months. Characteristics are as follows; worry about every day life, expect disaster at any given moment, can’t stop worrying about health, money, family, and work. Most people who think about GAD have come to think they are just always worried, however with several testing it is proven that they are experiencing the General Anxiety Disorder. There are several myths in regards to GAD that seem over the top. For instance there is a myth that if you are experiencing GAD, you must always avoid stress and situations that may you feel stressful. While this statement is true, everyone is bound to come to a stressful situation one way or another. This myth was debunked by stating, it all depends on how you handle the stressful situation. GAD can be diverted as long as you know how to handle certain situations. Another myth or misconception that has been brought up was the cause of anxiety disorder is rooted in childhood; therapy would be needed to focus more on this time period. There have been studies where anxiety does not root from childhood. In fact, anxiety can happen to anyone at any time. Another myth that has......

Words: 1114 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Evidence Base for Anxiety Disorders

...brief overview of evidence based psychological treatments for anxiety disorders. It addresses the following questions: • How common are anxiety disorders? • What psychological treatments have empirical support? • What recovery rates can be achieved with these treatments? • How enduring are their effects? • Is there value in combining psychological treatments with medication? Psychological treatments can be delivered in a variety of formats. This paper restricts itself to the traditional, and most extensively researched, format of face-to-face contact with a fully qualified therapist. For most anxiety disorders the therapy sessions are once weekly for 60-90 minutes spread over a period of 8-20 weeks, with homework assignments in between. However, in specific phobias, the strongest outcomes have been obtained with a single, long (3-5 hour) session with a therapist, followed by a briefer follow-up session a week or so later. 2. How common are anxiety disorders? The most recent British Psychiatric Morbidity Survey1 estimates that 16.4% of the population have a diagnosable anxiety and/or depressive disorder. The diagnostic system that was used in the survey (ICD-10) is different from the diagnostic system (DSM-IV) that has been used in most trials of psychological treatments. For this reason, it is difficult to be precise about the number of individuals in the UK who have anxiety disorders for which there is an evidence based psychological......

Words: 3279 - Pages: 14

Free Essay

Anxiety Disorders

...Anxiety is the most common mental illness in the United States. Almost 40 million American adults are affected by these disorders. These illnesses can cause everyday life to be an incredible struggle. Anxiety is a clash of desire and inhibitions. It is an unpleasant emotional state, which is usually characterized by physical arousal, feelings of tension, apprehension and worry. Anxiety can originate from very minor everyday threats and worries, and with these threats and worries increasing, the anxieties get worse. There are many different ways to recognize that people have anxiety. This is also tied in with what type of anxiety disorder the person may have. There are 3 types of anxiety, which are, reality anxiety, neurotic anxiety, and moral anxiety. Reality anxiety is when an individual is threatened by something in the external world. An example of reality anxiety is, an individual is attending a pool party, the party gets ruined because of rain and the individual becomes extremely overwhelmed because they have no control over the situation. There are not many treatments for this type of anxiety, mostly due to the fact that it is the most basic form of anxiety and is almost minor enough to not even be considered a mental illness. The best way to treat reality anxiety is just to remove the individual from the feared situation. Other anxieties may have more serious effects on a person, which would require a more serious treatment. Neurotic anxiety is when an......

Words: 606 - Pages: 3

Free Essay

Anxiety Disorder

...In general, an anxiety disorder involves having a feeling of dying or losing control. Symptoms such as heart pounding, shaking, breathing difficulty, and extreme fear can occur without any warning and can last for minutes or hours. Symptoms can also include chest pains, choking, abdominal pain (nausea), dizziness, dread, sweating and a desire to flee (Seligman, 2001). Some anxiety attacks are not precipitated by anything noticeable, and others might be triggered by individual situations such as being in a crowd or even becoming overly stressed. When it comes to treatment of anxiety disorders, there are several approaches. One of them involves educating the patient. Sometimes patients have a passive role in this method, regularly listening to health care experts telling them about their anxiety disorder (Ohman, 2000). The information that is given is more often than not broad and usually overly simplified and not pertinent to the patient. In order to prevent this, patients need to take an active role in the learning process. Another approach involves developing the patient’s awareness of their disorder. This approach actually builds up the patient’s self-confidence (Seligman, 2001). With this knowledge the patient’s symptoms would be reduced, and they would be better equipped to handling their attacks. Any changes in the patient’s self-confidence would result in positive health changes developing. Anxiety disorders are conceivably the most common and frequently......

Words: 768 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Anxiety Disorder

...The mental illness I chose to write about is one that my mom suffers from which would be panic disorder. A panic disorder is a form of an anxiety disorder. The history of anxiety disorders dates back before medical records were recorded. In the sixteenth century, anxiety was known as hysteria. Professional had different opinions on the cause of this disorder, for example, witchcraft, had to do with the uterus until men were found to have the same condition, the person is a hypochondriac, and demons were entering the body. In the eighteenth century panic disorder was known as the “nervous illness." Today we know that panic attacks are a sudden urge of overwhelming fear and anxiety. There are many myths that surround panic attacks such as it is all in one’s head, it is not a real illness, make one face the fear head on, a sign that one is going insane. Other myths include that one will be on medication for the rest of their life, cause internal damage as a heart attack would, there is no treatment, and it is as an excuse. These types of rumors or beliefs can cause one to not seek professional help. Past treatments for anxiety in eighteen seventies were to refrain from exercise as anxiety was considered to be nervous exhaustion and it was straining the nervous system. Other harsher treatments were strychnine, arsenic, and quinine. For severe cases, a hot white iron was applied to the spine. In the year nineteen twenty, exposure to the fear, and radionics was used. It...

Words: 1434 - Pages: 6

Free Essay

Social Anxiety

...Given the opportunity to study an area of psychology I would choose clinical psychology. Helping people with psychological disorders and helping them understand themselves would be a great achievement and the wealth of knowledge can go both ways for the subject and doctor. There are many areas of study when reading about physiological disorders, one stick’s out like a sore thumb and that would be social anxiety disorder. Social anxiety is the fear of interaction with other people that brings on self-consciousness, feelings of being negatively judged and evaluated, and as a result, leads to avoidance. Just the task of public speaking can cause a waterfall of symptoms that can ruin somebody mentally and physically. Social anxiety causes three sets of symptoms which burden the person experiencing the symptoms in terrible ways. The first is emotional symptoms which lead to intense worry for days, weeks, months, and prior to presentation. Extreme fear of being watched or judged by others, especially by people you do not know. And the fear others will know you are nervous. These are just one set of symptoms that can occur naturally and a large hurtle one must overcome. Physical symptoms can also arise along with the emotional playing a big part in feeling distressed. Certain things may occur such as a red face or blushing, shortness of breath, upset stomach, shaking including a shaky voice, racing heart beat and tightness in your chest. Basically you feel like you are having a...

Words: 924 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Separation Anxiety Disorder

...Separation Anxiety Disorder in Children Daphne A Janes American Military University Author Note This paper was prepared for EDUC533 Assessment, Evaluation, and Testing II, taught by Dr. Marie Isom. Abstract Fear in reaction to danger probably ends up to life-saving "fight or flight." Anxiety is intrinsic to fear, and therefore the young baby experiences anxiety throughout the earliest inevitable separations from caretakers. Childhood separation psychological disorder (SAD) has been recently recognized as a precursor of an anxiety disorder, a pacemaker of anxiety and different mental disorders, and could be an extremely frequent disorder. Intensive kinds of treatments are developed recently to any improve treatment effectuality, though cognitive-behavioral medical care (CBT) has proved effective for the cure for youngsters with anxiety disorders, as well as a separation anxiety disorder. This paper was written to have a better understanding of the causes, the prevalence, diagnostic criteria, progression, and lastly the treatment considerations for separation anxiety. Keywords: separation anxiety, causes, prevalence, diagnostic criteria, progression, treatment Separation Anxiety Disorder in Children Causes A psychological health disorder, begins in childhood; once a child is worrying about leaving home or be separated from a loved one. This happens when a child is separated from the primary caregiver (usually the mother) and this happens as part of the......

Words: 3306 - Pages: 14

Premium Essay

Anxiety Disorder

...paper on Anxiety Disorder Jeffrey S. Fletcher, M.A. Kathleen B. Stinger Psychopathology and Counseling, Coun 656 4, May 2014 Author Note Jeffrey S. Fletcher, Student, Liberty University. Correspondence concerning this paper should be addressed to Jeffrey S. Fletcher, Jfletcher1@liberty.edu Abstract This research paper is designed to review articles and books of professional journals in anxiety disorders, definition of anxiety disorder, review of current and past treatments of anxiety disorders, the new section and changes to anxiety disorder in the DSM-5, new treatments for anxiety disorders and medications for anxiety disorders. This paper will show spiritual considerations for treating anxiety disorders and how religion can improve one’s condition. It will show how CBT treatment of anxiety disorders have not been very successful and how medication has its limitations in treatment of anxiety disorders. This paper will also show what this clinician has learned and will take forward into the daily practice of treating adolescents with anxiety disorders. Keywords: anxiety, anxiety disorders, DSM-5, treatment Introduction When we talk about anxiety we have to distinguish between healthy anxiety or normal anxiety and anxiety disorders. It is normal to have a certain amount of anxiety for instance when one is in danger it is normal to become anxious. To have an anxiety disorder your anxiety would have to interfere with your life in a negative way. Anxiety......

Words: 3890 - Pages: 16

Free Essay

Anxiety Disorders

...Texas A&M University Kingsville | Anxiety Disorders: Recognizing the symptoms of six of the most common Anxiety Disorders | | | TAMUK | 10/13/2014 | Summarization and reaction for recognizing the symptoms of anxiety disorders. | Cancro, R. (2007). Anxiety Disorders: Recognizing the symptoms of six of the most common Anxiety Disorders. EP Magazaine, January 2007, 27-30. Summary: There are about 20 million American adults that suffer from anxiety that is chronic, painful, and which becomes worse. The stresses of the world we live in, such as environmental issues, economic situations, personal home issues, competiveness, and our culture can contribute to a person suffering from anxiety. An anxiety disorder interferes with a person’s natural and beneficial adaptive responses, and this interference can happen in varying degrees from mild to incapacitating. There are six common types of anxiety disorders that were described in this article which include: 1. Generalized Anxiety Disorder (GAD): Affects about 4 million American adults. GAD is generally more common in women than in men. GAD continues throughout the day and can lead into the night which leads to sleeping difficulty. 2. Panic Disorder: is an intense fear with a sudden onset that can last about 10 minutes. People begin to feel rapid heart rate, sweating, and the feeling that they are having a heart attack. 3. Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD): OCD affects about three......

Words: 583 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Anxiety Disorders

...The Effects of Patients' Anxiety Disorder on Their Families Courtney Schacherer Utah Valley University Abstract The struggles people diagnosed with anxiety disorders endure are well documented, but the families of those people are often not considered. It is up to the family to be the main support system while at the same time not perpetuating their loved one's symptoms. Forty million adults are affected with some form of anxiety disorder in the U.S. in a given year. That means there is a least an additional forty million people who are affected by watching a loved one deal with the hardships anxiety brings. It is the family who take up the responsibilities that the anxiety suffer is unable to perform. It can have a critical impact on the family's way of life, means of support, caring for children and on the close relationships within the family dynamic. To watch a loved one suffer with an anxiety disorder can be immensely painful, intensely frustrating and overwhelmingly stressful. The toll it can have can seriously damage family relationships if the illness is left untreated or continues for an indefinite period of time. For a person suffering from an anxiety disorder, supportive loved ones can play a key role in their recovery and treatment. But if the loved ones own needs are overlooked, it can be harmful to the treatment process and make a difficult situation worse. The Effects of Patients' Anxiety Disorders on the Families Patient J is a 29 year old stay......

Words: 1604 - Pages: 7

Premium Essay

Anxiety Disorders

...What are Anxiety Disorders? A cover term for a variety of mental disorders in which severe anxiety is a salient symptom. Anxiety disorders are the most common of emotional disorders and affect more than 25 million Americans. Many forms and symptoms may include: • Overwhelming feelings of panic and fear • Uncontrollable obsessive thoughts • Painful, intrusive memories • Recurring nightmares • Physical symptoms such as feeling sick to your stomach, “butterflies” in your stomach, heart pounding, startling easily, and muscle tension Anxiety disorders differ from normal feelings of nervousness. Untreated anxiety disorders can push people into avoiding situations that trigger or worsen their symptoms. People with anxiety disorders are likely to suffer from depression, and they also may abuse alcohol and other drugs in an effort to gain relief from their symptoms. Job performance, school work, and personal relationships can also suffer. Types of Anxiety Disorders Panic disorder People with this condition have feelings of terror that strike suddenly and repeatedly with no warning. Other symptoms of a panic attack include sweating, chest pain, palpitations (irregular heartbeats), and a feeling of choking, which may make the person feel like he or she is having a heart attack or "going crazy." Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) People with OCD are plagued by constant thoughts or fears that cause them to perform certain rituals......

Words: 4285 - Pages: 18

Free Essay

Anxiety Disorder

...Anxiety Disorders Anxiety disorders are a group of relatively common psychological problems, which used to be known collectively as neuroses. The main psychological feature of anxiety disorders is the unhappiness, the tension, and the excessive anxiety believed by their sufferers. Except for their symptomatic behavior individuals with anxiety disorders usually respond appropriately to their surroundings, both cognitively, and emotionally. They are aware that something is wrong, but they are generally able to cope without hospitalization. Their main characteristic is what mental health professionals may call personal distress. The most common anxiety disorders are phobic disorder and generalized anxiety disorder (Phillipchalk & McConnell, 1994). The less common are panic and obsessive-compulsive. These will be discussing ahead next to its causes, symptoms, and treatments according to the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (4th ed., text rev.; DSM-IV-TR; American Psychiatric Association, 2000) recommendations. Each anxiety disorder has different symptoms, but can alter the life of the individual who suffers those. It is possible to have more than one type of anxiety disorder at the same time or simultaneously. Individuals can also have an anxiety disorder with other mental health problems like depression and substance abuse among others. Generalized Anxiety Disorder Generalized anxiety disorder is much more...

Words: 2018 - Pages: 9