Smart City

In: Computers and Technology

Submitted By rajeeshwaran
Words 4212
Pages 17
Five ICT Essentials for Smart Cities
A Whitepaper for Business

Executive Summary
More than half of the population of the Earth now live in urban areas (United Nations, 2012).
Modern cities face many challenges and opportunities because of this. The challenges range from providing a good quality of life for citizens to ensuring appropriate socio-economic development year on year, while the opportunities can be seen in businesses becoming more efficient and innovative, to the reduction of crime through the use of ICTs in policing. The concept of making cities “smart” has grown out of the need for cities to meet these challenges and opportunities.
Based on an analysis of the literature on Smart Cities1, Future Internet2 and Open Living Labs3, this paper examines, from the perspective of Information and Communication Technology (ICT) usage, what the essential components are for making a city “smart”. It outlines five essential ICT elements that cities need to acquire or develop on their path to becoming smarter. The paper then comments on the non-material essentials that also make up a good ICT strategy for smart cities. It argues that along with the five ICT essentials outlined in this paper, cities must develop sustainable partnerships and cooperation strategies among main stakeholders to ensure the effective sharing of common city resources among citizens and businesses. If this is achieved, urban and regional innovation ecosystems can develop, in turn, speeding up the process of becoming a "smart city".

1

http://www.eu-smartcities.eu/ http://www.future-internet.eu/ 3 http://www.openlivinglabs.eu/ 2

Introduction
Information Technology is changing the evolution of cities. The notion of
“growing”

cities

based

on

implementing correct urban planning is being replaced with the idea of making a city “smart”. The Internet…...

Similar Documents

Smart Growth

...Smart Growth Douglas Broadwater GEOG 101 December 7, 2012 Stephen Buckman Smart Growth Stapleton International Airport in Denver Colorado was first opened in 1929, and operated continuously until it closed in 1995. After 66 years of operation, upgrades, and expansion the airport had five concourses, six runways up to 12,000 feet in length and covered nearly 4,700 acres of land. From 1995 on the site sat largely abandoned while investor attempted to find vendors to set up shops in the empty concourses, in 1997 a hail storm punched holes in the roof of the terminals causing extensive water damage, the decision was made to tear down all the structure except for the 12 story control tower that is hoped to serve as an airport monument, developer want to turn it in to anything from a museum, restaurant or recreation center although its final destiny has yet to be determined("Denver Urban Renewal Authority", n.d.). In 1999 the City of Denver selected Forest City Stapleton Inc. as a master developer for Stapleton’s Sustainable Development Plan. This would generate economic development, enhance existing neighborhoods and businesses and offer high quality attractive homes to people with all different ranges of incomes. (Smartgrowth in action, n.d.) Stapleton covers 4,700 acres and is just fifteen minutes from downtown Denver. The project was estimated to take 15-20 years until full completion. Upon being complete they are expected to have 30,000 residence, and 35,000......

Words: 732 - Pages: 3

Smart Grid

...Exploring the imperative of revitalizing America’s electric infrastructure. the SMART GRID: an introduction. How a smarter grid works as an enabling engine for our economy, our environment and our future. prepared for the U.S. Department of Energy by Litos Strategic Communication under contract No. DE-AC26-04NT41817, Subtask 560.01.04 DISCLAIMER This report was prepared as an account of work sponsored by an agency of the United States Government. Neither the United States Government nor any agency thereof, nor Litos Strategic Communication, nor any of their employees, make any warranty, express or implied, or assumes any legal liability or responsibility for the accuracy, completeness, or usefulness of any information apparatus, product, or process disclosed, or represents that its use would not infringe privately owned rights. Reference herein to any specific commercial product, process, or service by trade name, trademark, manufacturer or otherwise does not necessarily constitute or imply its endorsement, recommendation or favoring by the United States Government or any agency thereof, or Litos Strategic Communication. The views and opinions of authors expressed herein do not necessarily state or reflect those of the United States Government or any agency thereof. PRINTED IN THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA. PREFACE It Is A ColossAl tAsk. But It Is A tAsk thAt must BE donE. The Department of Energy has been charged with orchestrating the wholesale ......

Words: 13792 - Pages: 56

Smart Car

...enthusiastic, disciplined, respectful, and have integrity. The Smart Cars mission is reflected in the marketing strategy by many things. They are marketing a product that is superior to its competitors and very innovative. They also market their cars globally. The smart car delivers value to consumers by offering many different models and sizes of the car; and it has good gas mileage, 33 mpg city and 41 mpg highway. The strengths of the Smart Car are good gas mileage, low CO2 emissions, and they are cost efficient. The weaknesses of the smart car are its slow, it can only fit two people, and it requires premium fuel. The opportunities of the smart car are it already has a 100% electric car and can produce more, as gas prices rise people will be looking for more fuel efficient vehicles or alternative fuel vehicles and Smart provides them both, and they are looking to create even more innovative technology for the Smart car. The threats of the smart car are increasing competition, many similar cars with more room inside, and many other cars with better safety designs. The Smart Car has many competitors including the Nissan Leaf. The Smart car also has an all-electric vehicle on the market. They both get about 100 miles per charge. The Smart car is positioned more to be for commuters and business, while the Nissan Leaf seems to be more of a family car. Another competitor to the Smart Car is the Mini-cooper, The Smart car is more business orientated and the Mini-Cooper is......

Words: 698 - Pages: 3

Be Smart

...English! This can be a challenging and fun exercise for the mind. (Note, try to be patient and positive when studying a language as it may take time to reach the level you desire.) Always ask questions. Asking questions and questioning everything around us constantly is what makes us smarter. There's nothing wrong with not knowing the whys or the hows! Everybody has something that they don't know. But by developing a healthy habit about asking when you don't know something, you'll find yourself getting smarter and smarter. Always learn. There are many sources of information out there. For example: books, documentaries, and the internet. School is just one source of information. If you have straight A's, that doesn't mean that you are smart. Exercising an open mind will make you more intelligent and constantly learning will help you get there....

Words: 597 - Pages: 3

Smarts

...Intelligence I have this theory about intelligence. It's an over-simplified theory but here it is... There are three basic levels of intelligence. The first level consists of people who are not smart enough to know anything about the complexities of the universe and the deep suffering humanity has endured since its beginning. These people, unaware of the dark or disappointing aspects of existence, take blissful pleasure in small, insignificant things like a sunny day or a blueberry waffle. They spend their days with dumb looking grins on their faces, talking about unimportant, simple pleasures. The second level of intelligence is made up of people who are smart enough to have a notable understanding of those complexities of the universe and that deep suffering that humanity has endured. With their grasp on the bleakness of existence, they see no emotion in a sunny day, knowing full well that emotions are nothing more than chemical reactions in our brains, triggered by our environment to help dictate our actions in ways that might benefit our species. They fail to see the point in that blueberry waffle, knowing that at any given time, uncounted people around the world are dying of hunger caused by corruption. People within the third level of intelligence are also aware of these detailed and dreary points of our world. They understand the moral failure that so much of our planet endures. They know about the distant, permanently undiscovered details of the universe......

Words: 317 - Pages: 2

Book Smart or Street Smart

...Stephanie Collado Professor Gronsky ENG 103 Book smart or Street smart From when we were little kids to grown adults it is put in our heads that education is the most important experience to have in our life. It lets you be able to achieve any dreams and goals that you want. On the other hand there are people who are successful without school education and succeeded in receiving their careers with talent and hard work. This is what people call street smarts, things that people learn from their own personal experiences or what they see markets more in the social world. People argue that if you don’t go to college and get a degree you won’t have success or wealth, and some people argue that not going to college gives you more freedom and is less time consuming. Having street smarts helps people understand each other better on a more personal level then being judged on how smart or dumb the person is based on a degree. College isn’t accessible to everyone; some people have to be really smart or born into a wealthy family to attend. Having a college education gives people a professional look and the confidence to get a good paying job that will help support their lifestyle. College also lets people express themselves, letting them become comfortable in being social and speaking in front of large groups of people. When going to college some people don’t realize that they are taking out a loans and debts that they’ll have to set an exact plan......

Words: 940 - Pages: 4

Smart Grid

...Smart Grid Policy As we briefly reflect on the inspiring amount of progress achieved over the past century we notice just how dependent modern civilization has become on these fairly new technological advancements. We are currently living in an age of convenience. We are continually creating more comfortable and convenient environments to further disconnect ourselves from nature. Though these modern advancements have advanced civilization by leaps and bounds we have evolved into a dependent population. We no longer fetch our own water, build our own homes, or even prepare our own meals, simple chores that were part of everyday life a short time ago. As we lay back and enjoy the convenience of online shopping and call in Chinese, we often forget that a natural disaster can bring it all to a screeching hault. The Northeast blackout of 2003 gives us good example of just how reliant we are to our electrical grids. In just two days without electricity New York City encountered a host of problems ranging from communication, transportation, financial, and industrial. The blackout was due to a software bug the infiltrated the outdated power grid of the region leaving over a dozen states and even parts of Canada in the dark. Our current power grid was constructed in the early 1900’s and has continuously been patched up over the years. Though our grid continues to keep the lights on to this day we must adopt a Smart Grid system that allows for our digital technology communicate with...

Words: 540 - Pages: 3

Smart Sustainable Taxi Service in Jb City

... 1.1 Need for service There is a pressing need for reliable public transportation in the JB city area. Bus service is not a viable option for many people due to the limited scope of operation of bus service in the certain area. The buses operation does not run very long during the day and they are very restricted as to routes and times during the weekend and off-peak times. As a result, public transportation is always needed for those whom the bus cannot serve. 1.2 Demographics The amount of taxi business in the JB city area is strong and growing. The population in the greater metropolitan area exceeds 500,000 people and the community is dynamic and getting more vibrant with each passing day. The entire area has a low unemployment rate, a diversified economy, and wonderful year round events which attract tourist and people to the region. 1.3 Economic Factors Not only is there a strong and growing industrial base in the region, the city has been quietly developing the downtown area for quite some time. New projects are being planned and built daily and the entire downtown property is expanding at a very fist rate. In the last ten years, there has been an explosion of new venues which have attracted people to the downtown area. The city has recently seen the implementation of several tourist attractions, expanded shopping complex, hotel construction and etc. Johor Bahru is a city of opportunity and that expansion and growth fuels the need for more reliable......

Words: 532 - Pages: 3

Smart Cities

...Smart Cities will be the biggest enabler of Internet of Things Before going on and on about the mentioned subject, a question must be answered. What is a smart city? A smart city is a city where modern technologies and advanced resources are used to uplift the standard of living with the society. The target is achieved with better resource management and adapting methods that are more in accordance with the environment. A smart city is a city which has lower levels of pollution and other adverse effects on the biosphere and environment around it. It might sound something of similitude from science fiction of some perfect utopian future where robots serve as personal comfort assistants of the Human race, people travelling in flying cars or any such levitated contraptions and where we have trade relations with beings from another part of the Universe. To the contrary of the previous sentence, smart cities are not a part of a distant utopian future, but are happening now and the World Wide Web of the Internet has been the greatest tool in achieving it. In fact there are examples of Smart cities in the past such as Bletchley Park, where Professor Alan Turing deciphered the infamous Nazi cipher Enigma machine during World War II. Alan Turing who is often called the father of modern computing, is only fitting that he too once lived in a smart city that changed the course of history and we know and live now. Compared to the early 21st century, our way of living, at least in the......

Words: 727 - Pages: 3

Smart Design

...PpP PpP Smart Design Get more for less space. Written by: Maha Aladdin 120521 Samar Mahanna 118911 Menna Yousry 120360 Smart Design Get more for less space. Written by: Maha Aladdin 120521 Samar Mahanna 118911 Menna Yousry 120360 Table of Contents Executive Summary 2 Company Description 3 Company Profile Description Mission and Vision Company Ownership/Legal Entity Product Description 4 Industry Analysis 4 Industry Description PESTL Analysis Market Analysis 5 Market Segmentation, Target Market, and Positioning Buying Decision Competitors SWOT Analysis Competitive Analysis Grid Product-Branding Strategy Marketing Plan 11 Products Distribution (Place) Price Promotion Strategy Sales Process and Sales Tactics Operations Plan 12 Design and Development Plan 13 Management and Personnel 14 Schedule 15 Risks and Overcome 17 Financial Plan 18 Appendix 19 Executive Summary This document will be discussing the different aspects of the business plan for a new startup company which is about creating a unique furniture manufacturing shop in Egypt. This company would like to be the first to introduce the idea of expandable furniture in Egypt. Expandable furniture is based around the idea of making essential pieces of furniture which can be folded or expanded so it can fit in relatively small spaces without compromising the design of the furniture or using a large space at the same time. Moreover, expandable furniture is......

Words: 4679 - Pages: 19

Book Smarts or Street Smarts

...BOOK SMARTS OR STREET SMARTS THE ON GOING DEBATE TODAY AMONG CORRECTION OFFICERS REBECCA KIRBY PROFESSOR STEPHEN N. KNIGHTS, JR. OCTOBER 18, 2014 INTRODUCTION This paper will be discussing the debate on whether or not higher education in law enforcement officers should be mandatory and the effect it can have in the correctional facilities. It will also have insight from a local police officer on the education debate. As of today, only two states, Minnesota and Wisconsin require a police officer to obtain at least an associate’s degree. Other states carry a much lower standard, only asking for a high-school diploma or a GED to satisfy their requirements. It is often said that the criminal justice system and corrections are a booming business. Over the past two decades, the need for staff has increased and the need for education has also increased. But is it street smarts you need or is it book smarts? TOPIC: WORK ETHICS As a correctional officer there are many things that go into what they do. They have to be professional, understanding, logical, compassionate, intelligent, and reasonable. A correctional officer has many jobs while on duty and the police department asks a lot of them. Determining if an officer needs to have a college education is difficult. Debate on this controversy has led to the study of work ethics surrounding officers who do have some sort of formal education. This research dates back to the 1930s by August Vollmer and......

Words: 1557 - Pages: 7

How Should Singapore and Other Smart Cities Deal with the Increasing Risk of Cyber Threats?

...How should Singapore and other smart cities deal with the increasing risk of cyber threats? Fifty years after its establishment, Singapore is a smart city-state success story at the forefront of a third industrial revolution. Today, the Internet of Things (IoT) increasingly interconnects Singapore’s cyber and physical systems, sensors and smart technology into the digital fabric that links society and critical infrastructures such as transportation, health, finance and defense. Infrastructure investment is expected to grow by 50% to about $30 billion by the end of the decade. But as Singapore and other smart cities become increasingly connected to cyberspace, so too does their risk of cyber threats. For the next 50 years to be as prosperous as the last, Singapore and other smart cities and nations need to develop a cyber-smart workforce, technology, policies and new risk management solutions. Cyber Smart City: Opportunity and Challenge The Cyber Smart City Opportunity of new IoT-inspired products, services and markets could boost the gross domestic product (GDP) of the world’s 20 largest economies by $14.2 trillion in 2030, according to a recent study by Accenture. This trend can be seen in Singapore’s smart buildings, where converged information and operational technologies infrastructures, control systems and sensors integrate multiple electronic systems to support building management and business functions. Smart building technology is increasing energy......

Words: 417 - Pages: 2

Smart Growth

...In this paper, I will be discussing the Smart Growth Programs and how it has and will benefit the people and the city that they live in. It will also include a description on one of the city projects that used this program and the success of it. Then I will be discussing how it would benefit in my home town by using this program. Smart growth has many different meanings to all different people. When I think of smart growth and what it can do, I think of it as helping people, community, economy, and the environment. As it is stated in our text, “These programs encourage governments and private developers to build a range of housing types, create walkable neighborhoods, mix land uses, preserve open space, provide a variety of transportation options, and direct support toward existing communities rather than continuing city sprawl.” (Getis pg-380). The city project I choose to discuss in this paper is, “Abyssinian Neighborhood Project Harlem Community Revitalization” in Manhattan, New York. (http://www.smartgrowth.org/action/). What they did in Harlem and other areas was a great thing, by building additional homes that were affordable for people who could not afford much and to develop an environment that was convenient and save. This was a step up and a good start for the people in Harlem. This addition helped renew the neighborhoods and helped improve the environment by cleaning the area from the streets to the buildings that were left behind to nothing. They also......

Words: 1089 - Pages: 5

Smart Road

...feel safe under these conditions, you ask. Very easily, the way of the future will be Scott Brusaw’s Smart Road. Owned by Virginia Department of Transportation, the Smart Road will lead to safer highways and vehicles, more conventional travel, and less stress behind the wheel. Researchers will get to apply their creative ideas to real-life situations in a low-risk environment, while business developers could gain profitable partnerships and new projects. The Smart Road is a rare, state-of-the-art, full-scale, closed test-bed research facility which features weather-making capabilities, an experimental lighting system, pavement markings, road weather information systems, a signalized intersection, a differential GPS system, road access and surveillance, and a computer-equipped control center. It is the first of its kind with a long history and possibly an even longer future. It all started when the idea and the proposal for a connecting road from Blacksburg to Interstate 81 was introduced in 1985. Roanoke Mayor Noel Taylor favored the idea introduced by Roanoke-Virginia Tech Advisory Council in 1986. The following year the Department of Transportation was asked to consider short and long-term answers for traffic jamming along Route 460. Governor Gerald Beliles’ identified a new road to serve as a direct link between Virginia’s largest university and southwest Virginia’s largest city. In 1988, the study of Route 460 for improvements began and in 1989 a breakthrough was......

Words: 2166 - Pages: 9

Smart Grids

...THE SMART GRID: A PRAGMATIC APPROACH A “State-of-Play” Discussion Paper Presented by the Canadian Electricity Association TABLE OF CONTENTS Executive Summary ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ..2 Introduction. ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ..3 I. Definition and Objectives of the Smart Grid. ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ..5 A) Definition.. ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ..5 B) Objectives ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ..5 II. The Smart Grid’s Five Capabilities .. ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ..7 A) Demand Response .. ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ..7 B) Facilitation of Distributed Generation ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ..7 C) Facilitation of Electric Vehicles . ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ..8 D) Optimization of Asset Use ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ..8 E) Problem Detection and Mitigation ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ..9 III. Building Blocks . ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... A) Hard Infrastructure .. ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ....

Words: 5766 - Pages: 24