Salvador Dali the Disintegration of the Persistence of Memory

In: Other Topics

Submitted By nuriye
Words 1583
Pages 7
RESEARCH PAPER
FFD 122: History of Art and Design 2, Spring 2010

GUIDELINES

1. PURPOSE OF THE RESEARCH PAPER:

One of the aims of History of Art and Design is to develop a historical and critical sensibility about artistic and cultural production.

To test this ability, you will prepare a research paper about an object of art or design of your choice, based on the “Five Contexts of Art and Design” topics of this semester: MAKING, STYLE, IDEOLOGY, USE and MEANING.

2. CONTENT OF THE RESEARCH PAPER:

Your chosen artwork/design CAN NOT be from an artist or an example that has been discussed in class. Check the course syllabus for a list of all works that are in the lectures. You are advised to choose a well-known work of a famous artist/designer so that you can easily find sources related to that work.

You are discussing your chosen object, NOT its photograph. Do not talk about your object’s image but its ACTUAL three-dimensional reality, as much as you can understand it.

Keep in mind the sub-themes for each of the themes of the semester because you will write about ONE sub-theme from each theme.

| | |
| |MATERIALS: How the choice of materials made by the artist or designer influences the form of the end |
| |product. |
|MAKING: |TOOLS AND TECHNIQUES: How the tools and techniques used by the artist or designer influences the form of the|
|how objects |end product. |
|are produced |PROCESS: How the design process used by the…...

Similar Documents

Memory

...MEMORY Memory is one of the most important concepts in learning; if things are not remembered, no learning can take place. Futhermore, memory has served as a battleground for opposing theories and paradigms of learning (e.g., Adams, 1967; Ashcraft, 1989; Bartlett, 1932; Klatzky, 1980; Loftus & Loftus, 1976; Tulving & Donaldson, 1972). Some of the major issues include recall versus recognition, the nature of forgetting (i.e., interference versus decay), the structure of memory, and intentional versus incidental learning. According to the early behaviorist theories (e.g., Thorndike, Guthrie, Hull), remembering was a function of S-R pairings which acquired strength due to contiguity or reinforcement. Stimulus sampling theory explained many memory phenomenon on the basis of statistical outcomes. On the other hand, cognitive theories (e.g., Tolman) insisted that meaning (i.e., semantic factors) played an important role in remembering. In particular, Miller suggested that information was organized into "chunks" according to some commonality. The idea that memory is always an active reconstruction of existing knowledge was championed by Bruner and is found in the theories of Ausubel and Schank. Some theories of memory have concerned themselves with the nature of the processing. Paivio suggests a dual coding scheme for verbal and visual information. Craik & Lockhart proposed that information can be processed to different levels of understanding. Rumelhart & Norman describe three...

Words: 9956 - Pages: 40

Surrealism and Salvador Dali

...Surrealist poems and other art works as direct manifestations of the unconscious, when they were indeed highly shaped and processed by the ego. In this view, the Surrealists may have been producing great works, but they were products of the conscious, not the unconscious mind, and they deceived themselves with regard to what they were doing with the unconscious. In psychoanalysis proper, the unconscious does not just express itself automatically but can only be uncovered through the analysis of resistance and transference in the psychoanalytic processFreud initiated the psychoanalytic critique of Surrealism with his remark that what inte Surrealism is known as the most influental movement of twentieth century art, with influences of Salvador Dali and Man Ray....

Words: 834 - Pages: 4

Salvador Dali

...Salvador Dali Salvador Dali’s bizarre nature and talent made him the most dominant figure of the surrealist movement and widely recognized artists in the world. Throughout his art, he clearly elaborates on juxtaposition, disposition and the morphing of objects. He created images that were nonexistent to mankind. He was born May 11, 1904 in Figures, Spain in the foothills of the Pyranies Mountains, sixteen miles from the French border. Dali had an older brother, less then a year older then him, also named Salvador, who died of gastroenteritis. When Dali turned five, his parents brought him to his brother’s grave; he figured he was a recreation of his older brother. Dali reminisced, "[we] resembled each other like two drops of water, but we had different reflections." He "was probably a first version of myself, but conceived too much in the absolute."
 During the summer, Dali and his family would often spend time in their second house in the coastal village of Cadaques. This scenery is very apparent in most of Dali’s works because this was where his talent started to emerge. As a child he was encouraged to practice his art, his parents even built an art studio, so he can advance within an academy. When Dali was sixteen his mother passed away, due to breast cancer, and this had a profound affect on him. The biggest tragedy was that she was going to be forgotten, and he vowed to never be forgotten. In 1922 he moved to Madrid, and studied in the Academia de Fernando. He...

Words: 611 - Pages: 3

The Disintegration of the Persistence of Memory

...goal and persistence of voluntary behaviour. To motivate employees, employers must have a good relationship with employees and uncover the driving force that pushes them on. To realise this, Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs differentiates the 5 levels of needs that an individual must meet in order to achieve the next level. The first level refers to an employee’s needs of having a good salary and working conditions. This can be achieved through punctual salary payment in a company, which is brought out in “The Disintegration of the Persistence of Memory”, an oil painting by renowned Spanish surrealist Salvador Dali. The painting shows several clocks, where all are synchronised to show 6 o’clock. Timing is of importance in several aspects. It signifies precision and accuracy, both of which can be related to when and how plans are implemented. Time is also an important factor when employees are recognised for their efforts; employers are constantly reminded to reward employees for their contribution to ensure that trust is built up between employers and employees. Should an employee have to wait for ages for his salary or incentive, he may feel neglected or even manipulated, which may cause adverse effects on an employee’s performance. Therefore, by ensuring punctuality, companies can fulfill the lowest level of need of an employee and thus motivate them. With that, employees then need to feel a sense of belonging in the company. Referring to “The Disintegration of......

Words: 1993 - Pages: 8

Salvador Dali the Disintegration of the Persistence of Memory

...Salvador Dali The Disintegration of the Persistence of Memory MAKING: Select and write about ONE of the MAKING topics – process, education, materials or tools & technology – in 50-100 words. Salvador Dali used same painting elements as we all know today. If we would like to talk about his tools and techniques, the paintings are about “Hand-Painted Decam photographs”, he crisped about the details and used almost invisible brush work style. He gave importance to photographic realism. He contributed in the technical tradition of early Flemish and early Venetician painting. In his process, he used a jeweler’s glass for mainly close work, and small round gable brushes because of these, he had debt to Geargis de Chirico and Yvas Tanguy and they founded the use of perspective. STYLE: Choose and write about ONE of the STYLE topics – period, change, individuality or geography – in 50-100 words. Painted in 1931, The Persistence of Memory is one of the most celebrated and recognized paintings of the 20 th Century. The Persistence of Memory is filled with interesting and meaningful images even the ants, the fly, the olive tree, the steps, the amorphous shape on the beach but none are, nor ever have been, as compelling or as plump with significance as the watches themselves.Thus,it indicates his style to us. IDEOLOGY: In 50-100 words, write about the ideology that matches with your chosen work. It does not have to be an ideology discussed during the semester. In......

Words: 410 - Pages: 2

Memory

...learn it. However, memory has a use-it-or-lose-it quality: memories that are called up and used frequently are least likely to be forgotten. Although transience might seem like a sign of memory weakness, brain scientists regard it as beneficial because it clears the brain of unused memories, making way for newer, more useful ones. 2. Absentmindedness This type of forgetting occurs when you don’t pay close enough attention. You forget where you just put your pen because you didn’t focus on where you put it in the first place. You were thinking of something else (or, perhaps, nothing in particular), so your brain didn’t encode the information securely. Absentmindedness also involves forgetting to do something at a prescribed time, like taking your medicine or keeping an appointment. 3. Blocking Someone asks you a question and the answer is right on the tip of your tongue — you know that you know it, but you just can’t think of it. This is perhaps the most familiar example of blocking, the temporary inability to retrieve a memory. In many cases, the barrier is a memory similar to the one you’re looking for, and you retrieve the wrong one. This competing memory is so intrusive that you can’t think of the memory you want. Scientists think that memory blocks become more common with age and that they account for the trouble older people have remembering other people’s names. Research shows that people are able to retrieve about half of the blocked memories within just a......

Words: 688 - Pages: 3

Dali’s Contribution to Surrealism Is Married by Controversy. for Many Critics, He Exploits Rather Than Complements the Ideas in the Manifesto.

...the Manifesto. Discuss this statement in relation to The Great Masturbator (1929), The Persistence of Memory (1931), and Destino (2003). I will start explore this statement from author of the Manifesto of Surrealism. Andre Breton was a French psychiatrist who was using Freud theory to heel his patient during the First World War. When war was coming to end he come up with an idea that science was not a solution to give peace to the world. He discovers that the answer could exist in our subconscious mind. He founded a group of artists focused on exploration of the world of dream and subconscious mind. On the beginning of the movement Breton defines principles of Surrealism in Manifesto of Surrealism. “Surrealism is based on the belief in the superior reality of certain forms of previously neglected associations, in the omnipotence of dream, in the disinterested play of thought. It tends to ruin once and for all other psychic mechanisms and to substitute itself for them in solving all the principal problems of life.” (Breton, 1969) Dali painting The Great Masturbator done in 1929, same time when he join Surrealists group and meet his future wife Gala. Painting is considered the first surrealist work, Dali symbolize his sexual fascinations, at the same time, highlights the mystical and sensual change that Hi had just gone through as a result of Gala’s presence in his life. (Leal, n.d.) For Dali masturbation and erotic fantasies were the only sexual experiences he accepted.”......

Words: 1422 - Pages: 6

Hieronymus Bosch vs. Salvador Dali

...Hieronymus Bosch vs. Salvador Dali Thesis Statement: Hieronymus Bosch is like a 15th century version of Salvador Dali. Dali is a 20th century version of Bosch. The Idea of fantasy and surrealism has been around as long as man has. Hieronymus Bosch, famous for his fantastical, often monstrous, hybrid creatures, might in some ways be seen as a forerunner of the Surrealists. However, while the Surrealists played in the realms of dreams and the unconscious, Bosch was steeped in the religiosity of his age and the worlds he conjured up demonstrated what were believed to be the very real, and sobering, consequences of earthly behavior. The life of Bosch is an intriguing mystery – little is known of his early life, or where he studied in painting and arts. He wrote little in the form of letters and had no diaries accompanying his work – in fact all we know of him is either through his paintings, or through brief references to him through other people’s writing – we don’t even know for certain when he was born. Part of the Early Renaissance, Bosch lived all of his life in the Netherlands, and is known to have come from a family of artists and painters, though none of their works can be found today. But the mystery isn’t all that makes him so interesting – his art is a marvel to behold, and in my opinion his work is the most detailed and interesting I’ve ever seen. He was fond of triptychs, a series of paintings that slotted in beside each other to create a combined scene,......

Words: 1319 - Pages: 6

Memory

...Memory 1. Describe STM and give an example Short-term memory, also known as primary or active memory, is the information we are currently aware of or thinking about. In Freudian psychology, this memory would be referred to as the conscious mind. The information found in short term memory comes from paying attention to sensory memories. A good example would be to write down a spoken telephone number before it is forgotten. 2. Describe and give an example of LTM Long-term memory refers to the continuing storage of information. In Freudian psychology, long-term memory would be call the preconscious and unconscious. This information is largely outside of our awareness, but can be called into working memory to be used when needed. Some of this information is fairly easy to recall, while other memories are much more difficult to access. A good example would be recalling the date of your wedding anniversary or families birthdays’. 3. Describe the multi-store model of memory Multi-store Model of Memory: Atkinson & Shiffrin (1968) This model builds on the idea of three memory stores and tries to explain how they work together. Components Sensory Memory stores the incoming information from the senses. The model assumes that these are modality specific that is there is a separate store for each of the five senses. The store is very brief and the vast majority of information is lost here. Only information that is relevant or important is attended to and......

Words: 1243 - Pages: 5

Dali

...Salvador Dali had an improbable outlook on artistic creations and an amazing ability to create magnificent portraits. He began painting while in school, and much of his work was admired by his fellow students and teachers. It would be in 1931 when Dali would create one of his most memorable pieces of work to date –the Persistence of Memory. Dali, also created arts such as Metamorphosis of Narcissus in 1937 and The Elephants in 1948. The Metamorphosis of Narcissus retells the story of the tragic fate of Narcissus and Echo. Elephants on the other hand were specially selected animals which Dali used to contrast the difference between weight and structure, with the elephants carrying huge weight on their backs on top of brittle legs which were vastly elongated in order to substantially distort reality and strengthen the symbolism in his painting. Although Dali was a great artist, it was his unusual way of thinking and deep concern for dreams that gained him the most notoriety. Salvador Dali was born in 1904 in Figueres, Spain. In 1921, his mother passed away, and drew Dali closer to the arts. At first influenced by futurism, in 1924 Dalí came under the influence of the Italian painter de Chirico while in art school in Spain and by 1929 he had become a leader of Surrealism. His precisely realistic style enhances the obsessively nightmarish effect of many of his paintings. Among his best-known works is Persistence of Memory with its strangely melting clocks. In 1940 Dalí......

Words: 1347 - Pages: 6

Memory

...MEMORY AND FORGETTING Memory – the ability to store information on our mind so that it can be used at a later time. Also, it refers to the way facts are impressed in our mind, retained and later recalled. And defined also as the process by which information is encoded, stored and retrieved. Process of Memory - Encoding refers to how you transform a physical, sensory input into a kind of representation that can be placed into memory. - Storage refers to how you retain encoded information in memory. - Retrieval refers to how you gain access to information stored in memory. Encoding, storage, and retrieval often are viewed as sequential stages. You first take in information. Then you hold it for a while. Later you pull it out. Before information can be stored in memory, it first needs to be encoded for storage. Even if the information is held in our short-term memory, it is not always transferred to our long-term memory. So in order to remember events and facts over a long period of time, we need to encode and subsequently transfer them from short-term to long-term storage. It was Herman Ebbinghaus, a German psychologist who pioneered the studies involving memory. He found out that materials and situations can easily be learned and remembered longer if they are meaningful and relevant. CONTENTS OF MEMORY Memories exist in the brain tissue. According to Karl Spencer Lashley, a neurophysiologist, he found out that the brain consist of an engram which contains......

Words: 1329 - Pages: 6

“Surrealist Artists, Joan Miró, Salvador Dalí and Pablo Picasso Were Clearly Influenced by Their Experiences of the Spanish Civil War” to What Extent Is This Statement Accurate?

...“Surrealist artists, Joan Miró, Salvador Dalí and Pablo Picasso were clearly influenced by their experiences of the Spanish Civil War” To what extent is this statement accurate? The rise of a revolution in 1930 Spain provoked artistic nightmarish visions in many European artists. Individual Surrealist artists responded differently, some abandoned peaceful propaganda for weapons and violence, while others, like Joan Miró, involved their artistic innovation directly in the service of the war efforts. However, artistic expressionism was the main forum by which Surrealist artists such as Joan Miró, Salvador Dalí and Pablo Picasso expressed their opinions and depictions regarding the Spanish Civil War. The artists explored diverse views of fascism, death, despair, desire and hope through intricately detailed paintings heavily influenced by the war. 1930s Spain was deeply politically divided between the Nationalist and the Republicans. Generals Franco and Sanjujo led the Nationalists, right wing, with the support of the cities of Madrid, Barcelona, Bilbao and Valencia. Whereas the Republican parties, left wing, led by Azana were supported by the cities of Cadiz, Saragossa, Seville and Burgos. Nationalists embodied monarchists, landowners, employers, the Roman Catholic Church and the army, whereas Republicans consisted of the workers, trade union, socialists and the peasantry. The Great Depression took a heavy economic toll on Spain causing the collapse of the military......

Words: 2063 - Pages: 9

Persistence

...He was very persistence at getting what he wanted. The quality that allows someone to continue doing something or trying to do something even though it is difficult. My philosophy of persistence is that everybody needs to be a little persistent in life, from getting a job, in getting an education, or to succeed in what they want in life. How do I persist under difficult circumstances? I persist under difficult circumstances by sticking to the goal that I have set, and not let any setbacks from keeping me from completing the goal. In the story that I have picked there are many setbacks that have happened, from people telling him it couldn’t be done, to an accident that took his business partner/fathers life, and left him paralyzed and unable to speak. But he stuck to his goals and learned to communicate by tapping his wife’s arm they finished building the Brooklyn Bridge. What changes must I make to succeed? The changes that I would have to make to succeed is to accept failure and not let failure get me from stopping what I want, and to be persistent at what I’m doing. By failure and persistence can come success. No matter what kind of setback a cure, from people saying it can’t be done, to death, as long as your persistent you have a good chance in succeeding. Even is your persistent at what you’re doing, always be ready for some kind of failure, because failure is part of success. References (2015), Persistence; Merriam-Webster......

Words: 303 - Pages: 2

El Salvador

...Introduction- background on migration from El Salvador (paragraph 1). • Reasons why Salvadorans migrated to the United States. Mainly focusing on the commercialization of coffee in Central America and the subsequent Salvadoran migration to San Francisco (paragraph 2). • Size of the Salvadoran population in the United States since 1970 (paragraph 3). • Demographics of migrants from El Salvador (paragraph 4). • Locations of Salvadoran communities in the United States (paragraph 5). • Gender influence on the Salvadoran communities in the United States (paragraph 6). • The dangers of migrating to the United States (paragraph 7). • The problems in El Salvador that cause people to emigrate (paragraph 8). • The process of becoming a legal resident in the U.S. (paragraphs 9, 10, 11). • The difficulties Salvadorans face when trying to become legal residents • Explanation of why most Salvadoran immigrants in the U.S. are illegal (paragraph 12). • Job opportunities in the United States for Salvadorans (paragraphs 13,14) • Jobs for men (paragraph 13) • Jobs for women (paragraph 14) • How location impacts job opportunities for Salvadorans (Paragraph 15). • Wages for Salvadoran workers in the United States (Paragraph 16). • Forces causing Salvadorans, especially women, to migrate to the United States. Some come to reunite with family members, while others come alone (Paragraph 17). • Comparison of immigration law for males and females from El Salvador (Paragraph......

Words: 975 - Pages: 4

Memory

...Learning and Memory Humans are continually learning, storing and coding raw information that is sent to us from our sensory registers from the outside world. Because of such an overload of stimuli thrown at us, it is vital and necessary to learn as infants and throughout our lives how to store and process this information. We learn to pay attention to some material, while other data is filtered out immediately. Researchers have spent enormous amounts of time studying the different types of memory: short-term memory, long-term memory, procedural memory and declarative memory. Because the only way we survive, evolve and learn new skills and talents is by developing our minds and adapting to the ever changing demands of life. What scientists have discovered is that learning requires attention, coding and storing of past memories and experiences. In order to live healthy and happy lives, we can stimulate and encourage learning throughout our entire lifetime from infancy to late adulthood providing that our brain is biologically healthy and intact. Most important, scientists are now studying what simple changes can be made to stave off such diseases such as Dementia and Alzheimer’s. The only kind of memory that the world has ever been able to agree on is that one which saves occurrences from the past. Even more limiting is a methodical notion in which the procedure that creates memory (learning) is identified by the modification of the actions of an individual who...

Words: 1686 - Pages: 7