Safety and Health

In: Social Issues

Submitted By syafini
Words 2930
Pages 12
1. PENGENALAN
Ketidakupayaan merupakan suatu keadaan yang mana seseorang individu tidak dapat menjalani kehidupan yang sempurna kerana kekurangan yang dimiliki olehnya. Ketidakupayaan ini boleh terjadi sama ada dari sejak lahir ataupun selepasnya sama ada melalui kecederaan atau penyakit.
Merujuk kepada Akta Orang Kurang Upaya (2008), golongan orang kurang upaya (OKU) dinyatakan sebagai seseorang yang mempunyai mereka yang mempunyai kekurangan jangka panjang dari segi fizikal, mental, intelektual atau deria yang apabila berinteraksi dengan pelbagai halangan boleh menyekat penyertaan penuh dan berkesan mereka dalam masyarakat.
Menteri Pembangunan Wanita, Keluarga dan Masyarakat, Datuk Seri Rohani Abdul Karim menganggarkan 4.5 juta orang terdiri daripada golongan orang kurang upaya namun sehingga 31 Jan 2015 hanya 341,011 orang kurang upaya yang berdaftar dengan Jabatan Kebajikan Masyarakat melalui Sistem Pengurusan Maklumat OKU (Astro Awani, 2015).
Kementerian Pembangunan Wanita, Keluarga dan Masyarakat melalui Jabatan Kebajikan Masyarakat telah mengklasifikasikan Orang Kurang Upaya kepada tujuh kategori utama seperti berikut: a. Penglihatan b. Pendengaran c. Pertuturan d. Fizikal e. Masalah pembelajaran f. Mental g. Pelbagai (Multiple Disabilities)
Berdasarkan statistik yang dikeluarkan oleh Petubuhan Kesihatan Sedunia (World Health Organization, WHO), kira-kira 15 % daripada jumlah penduduk dunia mengalami ketidakupayaan yang mana ketidakupayaan ini menjadikan mereka minoriti terbesar negara dan sering dipinggirkan dalam semua aspek kehidupan (World Report on Disability, WHO 2011).

Jadual 1: Kategori Golongan Kurang Upaya

Penglihatan | a) Buta kedua-dua belah atau sebelah mata b) Penglihatan terhad di kedua belah mata c) Lain-lain gangguan penglihatan kekal | Pendengaran | a) Tidak dapat mendengar dengan…...

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