Rule Compliance and Conformity

In: Philosophy and Psychology

Submitted By raynuggs
Words 892
Pages 4
This study is aimed at understanding and observing rule compliance between men and women. It examines the gender difference in compliance and/or conversion with people placing their rubbish in provided bins within a food court environment, as hypothesised women were more likely to be compliant with disposing their rubbish.

Social influence is vital to gage individual’s behaviour. There is long-standing evidence in social psychology that people strive for consistency within their attitudes, beliefs, and behaviour (Festinger, 1957). Therefore to uphold this level of consistency individuals must comply with the group or majorities attitudes, beliefs and behaviours. It is an important force keeping groups together and facilitating communication (Bond & Smith, 1996). Disposing of rubbish in a bin is a pro-environmental behaviour which can be categorised as a positive social norm. Social norms are defined as ‘rules and standards that are understood by members of a group, that guide and/or constrain social behaviour without the force of law’ (Cialdini & Trost, 1998). Adhering to these social rules is described in terms of conformity or adversely conversion. Various social norms can alter an individual’s response to a specific situation depending on their environment and individual gains from doing so. For example to judge whether a person will dispose of their rubbish one must account for their personal norms and perceived social norms within the culture. Cialdini et al., (1991) developed the norm focus theory stating that only those norms which are focused on a given situation predict behaviour. For example if a person in a food court see’s a ‘Don’t waste Victoria, do the right thing’ then they have the focus of rubbish and the willingness to abide by the social rules to dispose of their waste. Even considering recycling in the home, social norms have been…...

Similar Documents

Conformity

...According to Leon Mann, conformity means "yielding to group pressures". Everyone is a member of one group oranother and everyone expects members of these groups to behave in certain ways. If you are a member of an identifiable group you are expected to behave appropriately to it. If you don"t confirm and behave appropriately you are likely to be rejected by the group. Like stereotypes, conforming and expecting others to conform maintains cognitive balance. There are several kinds of conformity. Many studies of conformity took place in the 1950"s which led Kelman to distinguish between compliance, internalisation and identification. Compliance is the type of conformity where the subject goes along with the group view, but privately disagrees with it. Internalisation is where the subject comes to accept, and eventually believes in the group view. Identification is where the subject accepts and believes the group view, because he or she wants to become associated with the group. Leon Mann identifies normative conformity which occurs when direct group pressure forces the individual to yield under the threat of rejection or the promise of reward. This can occur only if someone wants to be a member of the group or the groups attitudes or behaviour are important to the individual in some way. Apart from normative conformity there is informational conformity which occurs where the situation is vague or ambiguous and because the person is uncertain he......

Words: 1378 - Pages: 6

Describe and Evaluate Conformity

...The Power of Conformity Conformity refers to an individual’s behavior that is performed because of group pressure, even though that pressure might not involve a direct request. Many people want to think that they are conformist enough so that they are not looked upon as strange to others and nonconformist enough to demonstrate that they are capable of thinking by themselves. For many years, psychologists have been interested in human conformity. Usually when people are in groups, they behave according to how those in the group behave. That indicates that conformity can affect a person’s behavior and make a person do things that may be against their ethics, attitudes, and morals. The study of conformity was first studied in the 1950s by Solomon Asch. His experiments were very important to the study of conformity. Asch wanted to find out how conformity could influence behavior. He did not want to focus on the general concepts like ethics, morals, attitudes, and belief systems. Instead, he focused on a more obvious concept which was perceptional conformity. Since he performed the experiment on a simple task, he was able to study conformity in a controlled environment. Asch wanted to apply group pressure to the experiment so he could manipulate a person’s behavior. For the experiment, he made three pairs of cards with three different lengths of vertical lines on one side. On the other side, there was a single line that was the same length ... Conformity and Obedience in......

Words: 1049 - Pages: 5

Conformity and Obiedence in Public Services

...CONFORMITY IS A CHANGE IN AN INDIVIDUALS BEHAVIOUR ACCORDING TO CERTAIN ACCEPTED STANDARDS WITHIN SOCIETY AS WELL AS THE INFLUENCE OF OTHERS WHETHER THIS BE A REAL OR IMAGINARY INFLUENCE. THERE ARE 2 KEY CONCEPTS OF CONFORMITY, ACCEPTANCE OR COMPLIANCE. ✓ Acceptance - Many people conform to social norms in order to feel accepted in the society they live in. ✓ Compliance - This is acting in accordance with something that is requested or following rules etc. Compliance is normally passed down the ranks in the public services Factors which influence conformity People tend to conform more if they have a low self esteem or they feel they need to be socially accepted. A single person is also more likely to conform to feel part of a group of people than two or more people. The strength of the influence as well as the immediacy and the number of sources of influences are also factors of conformity according to THE SOCIAL IMPACT THEORY. Conformity= Compliance with common practices Compliance means doing what other people in our social standing do in our daily lives. Most people, in most social groups, conform in everyday things like speech, dress codes, eating habits etc. This kind of conformity is known as " social control"- the numerous pressures as individuals grow turns them from babies into members of our society. The main agencies of social control are the family, the peer group, the media, religion, employment and the law. All of these encourage conformity of one...

Words: 2141 - Pages: 9

Influences of Conformity and Obedience Paper

...Conformity and Obedience Psych/555 May 11, 2013 Dr. Anthony Conformity and Obedience Humans are known as social animals as they live life together while forming a variety of groups and try to improve their relationship within groups. Interaction with others is a natural consequence of residing in society. During this process the interaction of society and its rules has social implications of each. If the people face no social impact, like peer pressure, a large portion of them to demonstrate compliance by modifying their behavior, thoughts, decisions, as expected. This paper will discuss the issues of conformity & obedience. Compare and contrast the concepts of conformity and obedience. Conformity is well observed when people are in groups, which exerts pressure in their lives on things they do not normally do in their routine life. When an individual is compatible with group of self, it presents the devotion of the individual to group norms. Gender, culture, personality & other factors have great influence on how individual recover in a group (Fiske, 2010). Conformity has a wide impact, as it refer to people who have a common behavior with peers, and these people are thought to help some social rights to their behavior. In groups, people also believe that correspond to group as their behavior is often inspired by the principal group members. (Martin & Bull, 2008). The chances of people who responded, can only be determined when they are all alone, experience......

Words: 1789 - Pages: 8

Conformity

...Research Report Conformity due to Social Pressure _________________________________ ABSTRACT- Social influences can be a strong cause in conformity. The more people doing a particular thing, the harder it is for more people not to conform. This study explored whether more people would turn another direction if there were only one person facing that other direction and if there were three people facing that other direction. _________________________________ The hypothesis that my group and I tested was that if three or more people were faced another direction in an elevator rather than one person turned a different direction that they were more likely to conform. The independent variable in this experiment would be the control groups of one or three people standing in the elevator that were in on the experiment and the dependent variable would be the people in the elevator conforming due to the independent variable. I think the independent variable (one or three people) will influence the dependent variable (people conforming) by people conforming more to the group of three people rather than the group of one person because there is more social group pressure to conform to more and more people doing it. Experiments have shown that the most people will conform in an experiment with 3-5 people doing it and usually levels off around 10 people. Sometimes in an experiment unanimity will happen where one brave person will resist to the group pressure and if that......

Words: 1877 - Pages: 8

Conformity

...Jeffrey Joseph Adam Levy Social Psychology 31 January 2014 Conformity: Do We Really Have A Choice? It’s Wednesday night. A Duke basketball game is on. I’m sitting on the couch, surrounded by my old roommates, watching the game. Dylan is the only one among us who is a Duke “fan”, but there is nothing else to do on a Wednesday night. The question came up. It always does. Someone asks Dylan, “Why are you a Duke fan? You don’t live anywhere near Duke.” Dylan, upon hearing the question, quickly and defensively answers, “uh…my family always liked them.” No one says anything and we continue to watch and give our critique on the game. I barely paid attention to his answer. I wasn’t interested. I already knew what he was going to say. How did I know what he was going to say? Did I just know him that well? Well, that’s a little bit of the reason, but mainly I knew because there is such a cliché response to that particular question that it is almost automatic. See, there’s this unwritten rule in society that you have to live physically near a sports team to be able to appreciate them and call yourself a true fan. I know, it makes no sense, but since when did society have to make sense? The point is that unless you live close to the team, it’s your alma mater, you or one of your relatives played or does play on the team, you lose all credibility as being a “true fan.” So, Dylan, not having met any of these criteria, took the cliché escape root…the only “get out of jail free” card.......

Words: 695 - Pages: 3

Consequences to Conformity, Compliance and Obedience Pertaining to Social Pressure

...Consequences To Conformity, Compliance and Obedience Pertaining to Social Pressure   Social Influence and Groups "Social influence is the process by which the actions of an individual or group affect the behavior of others" (Feldman, 2013). Many people know from their own experiences the undeniable pain, as well as changes in behavior, that is experienced by submitting to these type pressures, that otherwise, never would have resulted. Social pressures cause people to conform, comply, and obey. Furthermore, these actions and behaviors can have severe negative affects to our personal relationships, which will be address in the following paragraphs. Conformity: Following What Others Do Conformity can be defined as a change in behavior and attitudes that happens because of a need to follow other people (Feldman, 2013). Frequently, people conform to peers and social pressure because of their psychological need to be accepted. Everyone wants to feel loved and accepted. However, when this acceptance comes at the dangerous cost of conforming to social groups, changes occur that are sometimes not thought out and/or unexpected (Encyclopedia for Marriage and Family, 2003). For example, many times people lose their individuality and will not grow as a person because they do not feel they can voice their own thoughts and opinions. This is for fear that in so doing, they will go against their peer groups and become unaccepted. This type conformity usually begins during......

Words: 1370 - Pages: 6

Conformity

...Conformity as it pertains to the Military Baker College 1.0 Introduction Conformity is the practice of involving attitudes, opinions and behavioral characteristics that are applicable to a specific group, in this context the military. It entails the application of these norms to match the culture embedded in the military society. The conduction of such habitual traits assumes the control by the environment and social stimuli. These stimuli manipulate the way in which the military society conditions its performances. The military not only practice conformity in their society, but also to the general public. Conformity pertinence in the military acts a guide to military sociology by enforcing their obedience to the governments in which they serve and to how their conduct their training and operations in their role of ensuring international security of global territories. Conformity is instilled into soldiers in the advent of their recruitment in the forces and the control of their social relations in the military society. 2.0 Indoctrination Process The indoctrination process involves the inculcation of ideologies and attitudes towards a certain notion to change a person’s behavioral characteristics. In the military context, soldiers are stripped their previous personalities and develop new personalities by internalizing new values. Several techniques are applied during the indoctrination process in relation to the social......

Words: 1882 - Pages: 8

Conformity and Disobedience

...deliberate or sometimes occur subconsciously and the individual in question may not be aware of them (Wood, 2000). There are various forms of social influence among which the most important and widely recognised ones are conformity and obedience. They are concepts that put into perspective how individuals’ behaviours are affected or influenced in a group or social circumstances. This essay looks to explore compliance and obedience in detail. It may seem sometimes these two concepts might be slightly similar in how they affect behaviour in such situations; however they are not to be confused for each other. This essay aims to clarify such perception and distinctively point out the similarities and differences between these two concepts by exploring how they come about and factors that influence them using relevant research evidence. Conformity can be defined as the inclination by individuals to modify their attitudes or manner of behaving to suit that of the social standards. It simply means to succumb to pressures of the society (Crutchfield, 1955) However, it does not necessarily mean that their opinion or perception has changed; it simply means that they have changed their behaviour just for the purpose of being considered acceptable by the society. Conformity is also known as the majority influence. It occurs as a result of informational social influence or normative social influence. Informational social influence is one in which individuals tend to change their......

Words: 1576 - Pages: 7

Corporate Compliance

...National Tax Journal Vol 49 no. 3 (September 1996) pp. 421-35 CORPORATE TAX COMPLIANCE AND FINANCIAL REPORTING CORPORATE TAX COMPLIANCE AND FINANCIAL REPORTING LILLIAN F. MILLS * Abstract - The tax law provides varying opportunities for tax planning, and firms have competing incentives to consider in planning a tax reporting strategy, including financial reporting effects. I present preliminary results that Internal Revenue Service audit adjustments increase in the excess of book income over taxable income. This is evidence that firms incur additional costs for reporting higher book income than taxable income. I also investigate the relationship between compliance costs and taxes paid. Existing descriptive research emphasizes the social cost burden of such compliance costs. Preliminary results indicate that firms that spend more on tax research and planning report lower tax expense. results that proposed Internal Revenue Service (IRS) audit adjustments increase as the excess of book income over taxable income increases. This is evidence that firms incur additional costs for reporting higher financial statement income than taxable income. I also investigate how the level of conformity varies as the relative incentives for book income versus tax savings change. Tax regimes that require more conformity between book and tax accounting will likely induce higher tax payments than those firms whose incentives to maintain high book income are the greatest. In addition,......

Words: 7692 - Pages: 31

Conformity

...Outline and evaluate explanations of conformity. (12 marks) Normative social influence says people conform because they feel they need to be accepted and belong to the group. They accept the majorities’ views publicly, but privately they disagree – this type of conformity is compliance. The majority control the other group members, and use the fear of rejection to get others to conform. This is because humans are a social species and need companionship and are afraid of rejection. Research to support this explanation comes from Asch’s experiment, where participants knew the group was wrong privately but chose to conform in order to be accepted. This suggests that normative social influence is a valid theory of why people conform as it states we conform to be part of a social group, not because they believe the group to be right. On the other hand, in real life they aren’t part of that social group so don’t fear rejection, so factors other than the group may influence conformity. Another explanation of why people conform is informational social influence, where the individual changes their opinion both publicly and privately, which is described as internalisation. They do this as they believe the group are right. Conformity tends to increase when the situation is ambiguous, in matters of crisis or if they feel others are better qualified to make decisions. Fein et al found that participant’s opinions of political candidates in a debate were influenced by the......

Words: 488 - Pages: 2

Conformity and Obedience

...Conformity and Obedience Conformity: Conformity is a type of social influence or compliance in belief or behaviour in order to fit in or it could be known as behaviour in accordance with socially accepted conventions (also known as social norms) which could be standards or regulations within the public services such as dress regulations within the armed forces or the police. Compliance means the act of conforming or obeying an order or request and compliance with common practices is conforming to a common or reoccurring act, an example of this is when a recruit within the armed forces sees other soldiers saluting officers or standing in attention and this act keeps occurring the recruit would soon comply with those common practices. Social norms are what seem normal in a group or society, this could be acts or beliefs. Most people comply with social norms so that they do not feel an outcast within their group and to not seem abnormal within the group. An example of this could be that a group of friends seem to think it is normal to bully people, one of the members may see this as a terrible act but to not feel an outcast like the bully victim, the person complies with the social norm and starts to bully with the rest of the group. Self-esteem is how an individual may see their own worth and how much self-respect and confidence that person has towards themselves, a person’s background or upbringing may have an effect on their self-esteem. Someone who has a low......

Words: 2296 - Pages: 10

Enforced Conformity

...Matthew Boehm Marianne Shabolousky Intro to Psych 1 November 2015 Enforced Conformity Conformity drives people to do crazy things, and in turn, it has sculpted history, but the psychological strategies and effects are rarely recognized. Highly influential individuals have used conformity as a tactic to brainwash and control massive groups of individuals. People such as Adolf Hitler and Jim Jones are notorious for their ingenious ways of causing wide scale conformity. Their schemes affected the way their followers thought, leading to global change. To begin with, Adolf Hitler’s approach to expanding the Nazi population required intense propaganda and brainwashing. In his book, Mein Kampf, he addresses the importance of propaganda and the correct psychological implementation it requires. He states: “Propaganda must always address itself to the broad masses of the people. (...) All propaganda must be presented in a popular form and must fix its intellectual level so as not to be above the heads of the least intellectual of those to whom it is directed. (...) The art of propaganda consists precisely in being able to awaken the imagination of the public through an appeal to their feelings, in finding the appropriate psychological form that will arrest the attention and appeal to the hearts of the national masses.” Hitler clearly understands it is important to reach out to the majority, and the material must be presented in a way that is comprehensive. It must also......

Words: 1483 - Pages: 6

Study Suggests Children’s Rule Compliance Can Be Enhanced by Obtaining Verbal Promises

...Studies conducted on adults have demonstrated the effectiveness of utilising promises to eliminate cheating and these results have been suggested to be a consequence of wanting to maintain consistency between commitments and actions. Children are thought to have difficulty complying with rules when it conflicts with their self interest as a result of their underdeveloped self regulation skills. However, while a study suggested that children younger than seven years old values commitment and holds a negative view of those who break promises, are children also motivated to avoid discrepancies between their promises and actions? Psychologist Gail Heyman and colleagues recently published a study in the Journal of Experimental Child Psychology that tackled this question. They aimed to discover the effect of eliciting verbal promises on rule compliance in children. The experiment consisted of two studies both of which were conducted on Han Chinese children in China. The first study consisted of 240 children, ranging from ages 4 to 7, in two randomly allocated groups: a promise group (where a verbal promise not to cheat was obtained) and a no promise group (where no verbal promise pertaining to cheating was obtained). A rigged card guessing game was played between an experimenter and each individual participant from both groups and a situation was created where upon the child’s last chance of winning the game, the experimenter leaves the room thus creating an......

Words: 471 - Pages: 2

Ethics and Compliance

...Ethics and Compliance David Livingston, Raul Lopez, Robert Morrison, Tyler Norwood FIN/370 Finance for Business University of Phoenix May 7, 2011 Joe Brennan Ethics and Compliance Even though there are federal rules and regulations governing work place behavior, what if there were no boundaries for ethics and compliance, would Amazon continue to follow the same procedures set by the federal laws to ensure ethical behavior within the work place. How does Amazon differ from other organizations when it comes to ethical behavior? One way is because Amazon adheres to a strict conflict of interest policy regarding customers, employees, and Amazon follows strict policies on record keeping and financial integrity. Team C will depict Amazon’s policy and procedures for ethical and SEC compliance, explain the function of monetary markets in the United States, and assess Amazon’s monetary performance for the previous two years by means of financial ratios. Team C will explain Amazon’s financial health in reference to the debt, return of equity, and daily receivable ratios. As part of their code of business conduct and ethics policies, Amazon established basic guiding principles to help steer their employees to do what is ethically and morally right to reassure their investors that they are doing what is right for the investors and the public. Of course Amazon must be in compliance with the governing (a) laws, (b) rules and (c) regulations set forth by local and federal......

Words: 1037 - Pages: 5