Free Essay

Rock Climbing

In: Other Topics

Submitted By lwoods
Words 468
Pages 2
Rock-climbing involves working alone or in a group with the aim to ascend and descend a steep object usually in the form of a natural rock face or an artificial rock-climbing wall.
This activity is usually carried out by participants within a group who are aided with specialist equipment such as a carabiner, a harness, ropes, a belay and a helmet to ensure the maximum amount of safety possible. Participants who attempt rock-climbing for the first time are usually taught the correct way to rock-climb by a fully qualified rock-climbing instructor who is responsible for the safety of that participant and ensuring that the participants know all the correct procedures whilst climbing. This sort of rock-climbing is usually practiced on artificial climbing walls within a rock-climbing centre, for example the Pinnacle Centre within Northamptonshire which is a public climbing centre which provides climbing lessons as well as holding climbing competitions.
Rock-climbing can be practiced in many locations not just indoor climbing centres. Popular places to carryout rock-climbing include locations such as the Peak District and the Lake District which are done on natural rock faces.
This type of activity is seen to have a wide range of different types of participants due to its easy accessibility. Rock-climbing can be performed by anyone of any age depending on their physical ability to do so, regardless of if they want to participant just for a bit of fun or if they want to participate in competitions. This sport appeals to a wide spectrum of people compared to other sports, and this can be proven by the ability of disabled people to participate in this sport. Some climbing centres have the design which gives people with disabilities the opportunity to take part in rock-climbing to the same extend that people without disabilities do. To be able to give this experience the rock-climbing centre changes the severity of the activity and increases the level of support given to the participant.
There are several different types of providers of rock-climbing including public climbing centres which allow people of all abilities to climb; these centres usually provide climbing lessons to anyone regardless of ability provide climbing lessons. Private climbing centres are similar to public climbing centres in the way that they allow people to climb regardless of ability; however they may only allow certain people to do so. For example the centre may have a club/institution where only those within it can climb at that centre.
Participants of rock-climb carryout this adventurous sport for many different reasons. Some may choose it for socialising with friends, some may choose it just for exercise and some may choose it to take part competitively and take part in rock-climbing competitions.…...

Similar Documents

Free Essay

History of Rock

...History of Rocks As explained in Visualizing Geology, rocks are the words that tell the story of Earth’s long history and minerals are the letters that form the words. While this report will not be discussing minerals, it will introduce the history of rocks and how they are affected by plate tectonics. The focus of this report is on two of the three types of rocks, igneous and metamorphic rocks. Plate tectonics plays a key role in the life of these types of rocks. So let’s get started by first explaining igneous rocks. Next metamorphic rocks will be explained. Lastly, plate tectonics and the affect this theory has on both types of rock. Igneous rocks are rocks that form from magma that has been cooled and solidified. Igneous rocks have a structure that is made up of crystals. Igneous rocks are placed into to categories. As stated before, rocks are created by minerals. The process of a liquid forming into a solid is known as crystallization. The first category is extrusive or volcanic. These rocks are cooled on the top of the Earth’s surface. Extrusive rocks have microscopic crystals because it cools relatively quickly and the crystals do not have a chance to become as large as they could be. Extrusive rocks are formed by lava cooling. The second category is intrusive or plutonic. These rocks are cooled below the Earth’s surface. Intrusive rock is formed by the cooling of magma. Intrusive rocks have crystals that can be seen with the naked eye because the cooling process is......

Words: 965 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Climbing the Ladder Analysis

...Climbing the Ladder Analysis For generations, the American Dream has continued to stand as a vision that so many people have strived for in America. It is what attracts countless foreigners to come to the U.S and what also keeps them there. All these people are filled with ongoing motivation to eventually reach this dream. Yet, the Dream and its steps to success are not a definite list. In fact, the very idea of how to achieve such a dream has been debated for generations. Andrew Carnegie, a famous humanitarian and industrialist for his time, provided a very unique perspective of this American Dream. Carnegie was a very harsh but honest man. He truly believed that everyone had the opportunity to achieve the American Dream, regardless of social class, if they set their mind to it. So if people lived in poverty their entire life, he believed they deserved it and did not work hard enough for success. This shows that the American Dream was achievable to anyone and Carnegie did not believe it discriminated on social class. There were no shortcuts in his philosophy and in order to reach true success in the Dream, a lot of rules had to be met. One must dedicate their entire life’s purpose toward their goal of the American Dream and must avoid any distractions that might arise in the meantime. Carnegie consistently brought up the phrase “advance in life” and as a result gave the impression that the American Dream was a sort of race. The consumption of alcohol and attention......

Words: 815 - Pages: 4

Free Essay

History of Rocks

...Material History of Rock Worksheet Leah Bechtel 12/09/2012 SCI/245 Robert Dillon Write a 500- to 750-word explanation regarding the role of plate tectonics in the origin of igneous rocks. The role of plate tectonics in the origin of igneous rock is extremely important. Igneous rock is formed from magma that reaches the continental and oceanic crust or through hot spots that are around the world. There are three different places where igneous rocks can form; where the lithospheric plates pull apart at mid ocean ridges, where plates come together at seduction zones, and where continental crust is pushed together making the crust thicker and allowing it to heat to a melting point. The word igneous comes from the Latin word for fire, igneous rocks start off as a hot, fluid material which is usually erupted from the Earth’s surface as lava, or magma at shallow depths or deep depths. Magma is a mush like material that can carry a load of minerals, but people often think of lava and magma as a liquid like material of molten metals. The three types of igneous rocks are extrusive, intrusive and platonic rocks. Extrusive rocks are rocks that form and cool on the crust of the Earth whether it is on the continental crust or the oceanic crust. Extrusive rocks cool quickly, within a few seconds to months and they have invisible or very small grains; extrusive rocks have an aphanitic texture. Intrusive rocks are rocks that form within already existing rocks causing sills......

Words: 957 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Rocks

...ultimate legal question of nonobviousness, beyond stating that it depends on the identified underlying factual considerations.32 Identifying the differences between the patent claims at issue and the prior art is one question. Determining the amount of inventiveness a person of ordinary skill in the art would need to bridge these differences, and whether such an amount meets the nonobviousness threshold, are separate issues. The Supreme Court’s application of its new nonobviousness framework to the facts in Graham likely exacerbated the problem created by the lack of a definitional basis for the nonobviousness standard. The patent at issue in Graham concerns a spring for a plow shank, which allows the plow shank to move upwards when it hits rocks or other obstructions in the soil, thereby reducing damage to the plow.33 The Court engaged in a detailed factual analysis of the relevant prior art in plow shanks and the differences between the prior art and the claims at issue.34 The Court did not, however, analyze the Graham, 383 U.S. at 17. Sakraida v. Ag Pro, Inc., 425 U.S. 273, 280 (1976); Graham, 383 U.S. at 17. 30 Graham, 383 U.S. at 17-18. The Federal Circuit has subsequently held that it is “error to exclude [secondary consideration] evidence from consideration.” Stratoflex, Inc. v. Aeroquip, 713 F.2d 1530, 1539 (Fed. Cir. 1983). 31 Sakraida, 425 U.S. at 280; Graham, 383 U.S. at 17. 32 FED. TRADE COMM’N, supra note 10, ch. 4, at 9 (“Although the Court lists the key......

Words: 31121 - Pages: 125

Premium Essay

Metamorphic Rocks

...Metamorphic Rocks University Of Phoenix By: Laurea Pruitt August 29, 2010 Where do metamorphic rocks originate? Metamorphic rock is produced from pre-existing rock that is altered, but not melted by heat and pressure deep below the earth's surface. Common metamorphic rocks include marble, which forms from limestone, and slate from shale or mudstone. If the pressure and heat increase to the point where the rock melts, magma forms to produce new igneous rock. They originate from non-metamorphic rocks which get changed in some way; for example through pressure and temperature. Typically rocks that form near surface undergo progressive burial or seduction, exposing rocks to higher temperature and/or pressure conditions than they saw at formation. The changes in pressure and temperature cause the minerals to deform and recrystallize, and even involves changes in bulk chemistry addition or removal of chemical constituents like water and carbon dioxide. When you find metamorphic rocks at the surface of the earth, that means that either a lot of rock has eroded, exposing the rocks that were once much deeper in the crust, or there has been some really significant fault movement that has brought the rocks from deep in the crust toward the surface. Metamorphic rocks are formed from Igneous or sedimentary or both type of rocks due to excessive heat. The rocks first change their shape and size and then due to pressure, they become metamorphic rocks, Most metamorphic rock......

Words: 311 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

The Rock

...English 1301 21 Feb 2013 The Rock He is a three-time world wrestling federation champion and a two time intercontinental champion. He was born on May 2, 1972 is 6’5 and weighs 275 pounds. He goes by the name Dwayne Johnson, calls himself the “People’s Champion” and otherwise known as “The Rock.” Other than having the pretty face that Hollywood was looking for, The Rock had to go through many steps as an “actor” before he became well known. However, the rock graduated from the University of Miami as an all -American Football player. Right away, he was entered into the realm of entertainment. This in turn was called a secondary effect because The Rock being a football player was entertainment and attracted the media’s attention. He was ready to enter the world of a celebrity and a star. The public considers the Rock to be a celebrity being that he has gone from music, to commercials, to sports, and journalism. He has starred on Saturday Night Live, That 70’s Show, and will soon be featured in the sequel to “The Mummy” as the Scorpion King. He is an entertainer who loves performing for the crowd. As he himself said, “Always entertaining the fans and knowing that I’m entertaining them-that’s the goal, to entertain the fans and noth compares to that.” Each time he appears somewhere knew it adds to his popularity more and more. You start to conform to this so- called “reality.” The Rock plays many different roles and has many different names that one might wonder which he...

Words: 717 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Saturday Climbing

...The novel Saturday Climbing by W.D.Valgardson is based on the relationship between a single father and his daughter. The narrator has argued many determinate issues of what issue has made the relationship unstable. The barrier between main characters are caused by over cares, over attentions, and lack communicates. But comprehend and trust each other could be the solutions to these family conflict. In the family relationship, parenthood is always caring, because of his wife was passed away, the single father Barry has handled all the responsibility of keeping over his daughter Moria. In the novel says, “His daughter, eighty feet below, seemed so small that Barry felt he could lift her into his arms.”(Valgardson, P56) As the time goes by Moria grows up, Barry still sees Moria as his little girl, he used to put too much cares to Moira, and control over all the situation on hand. But Moira though she is old enough to reach her own goal, she does not want to require her father’s protection. The over cares form Barry has given her pressures and takes the freedom away from her. This constant argue and many other invalid communicate has break apart the relationship. As Moria becomes independent, Barry had tried to communicate with her, but Barry chose the wrong way to describing his caring of his daughter. Because of Barry can’t be with Moria all the time, so when Moria is going out late for dates and parties, he has questioned her abilities. This over attend communications has......

Words: 270 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

Climbing the Stairs

...Climbing The Stairs: Vidya’s Maturity Maturity is the state of full development, being in perfect condition and being able to respond to the environment around oneself in an appropriate manner (dictionary.com). In the novel Climbing the Stairs by Padma Venkatrama, the protagonist Vidya faces many difficulties throughout her life as an adolescent which allows her to grow, and mature into an adult and make appropriate decisions in her daily life. In order for Vidya to develop into the proper Indian woman that society expects and Vidya wants to become, she must learn how to properly fight battles without creating huge conflicts. Three main conflicts that Vidya faces are: her negative views on marriage and the thought of having to risk her education to get married. She also faces the fact that she is very impulsive and is quick to judge when in difficult situations. Lastly she has to come to terms with her father’s accident in order to achieve inner peace with herself and progress in her life. It also shows Vidya’s transition through maturity. The Battle between Vidya and marriage helps voice her opinions and views which allows her to grow. Throughout the novel she continuously asks her family to keep her from getting married because she doesn’t want to sacrifice her education. An example of this is when Vidya says “I mean, I don’t want to get married until I finish school.” (Venkatrama, 39) During dinner with Periappa they had discussed Malati’s upcoming wedding which had......

Words: 1184 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Rocks

...Rock Report Exercise Due Date: 4/1/2014 Name: Rianne Richter Class: 1121k Grade: /35 After you have finished Lab Exercises 4, 5, and 7, complete the following questions. You may have to refer to the exercises for assistance to locate specific answers. 1. Match the rock type with the correct statement describing its formation. (3 point). ❖ Found where the atmosphere or liquid water causes erosion and movement of rock pieces. Metamorphic Formation ❖ Found mostly near convergent tectonic plate boundaries where the P/T condition can be very high. Sedimentary Formation ❖ Found in places where the interior is so hot that rock melts and tehn cools again to form new rock. Igneous Formation 2. List the texture and mineral composition of each of the following rocks. (5 points). Granite: Schistosity; Quartz, K-feldspars, biotite. Marble: Non-foliated; Calcite. Sandstone: Clastic; Quartz, feldspare. Gneiss: Compositional Banding; Diorite or granite. Shale: Layered, fine-grained; Quartz. 3. Where would you expect to find the coarser textured igneous rocks, in a laccolith or in a lava flow? Why? (2 points) A laccolith, because rocks that are found in a lava flow cool too fast to form course faces. 4. Which of...

Words: 762 - Pages: 4

Free Essay

Ingenious Rocks

... AND METAMORPHIC ROCKS Rocks are in order to make it easier on people to confirm them in the future. This can be done in a numerous ways. Each rock type has their own specific ways, but there are two different aspect that apply to all. The particular and composition. These two, before with some others help to classify igneous, sedimentary, and metamorphic rocks. The First Group is Igneous rocks are historical first by construction. This is broken down mainly into grain size. First there are intrusive, or plutonic igneous rocks. These types of rocks cool within the crust and form large, visible crystals. The opposite would be extrusive, or volcanic rocks. “These rocks are characterized as either extrusive or intrusive”. Types of Extrusive Rocks Basalt is normally a dense, dark, massive rocks, high in calcium and iron magnesium- bearing minerals and low in quartz content. Andesite is an extrusive rock intermediate in composition between rhyolite and basalt. Andesite lava is of moderate viscosity and forms thick lava flows and domes. Rhyolite is a felsic extrusive rock. Due to the high silica content, rhyolite lava is very viscous. It flows slowly, like tooth paste squeezed out of a tube, and tends to pile up and form lava domes. Intrusive igneous rocks are made from silica and plagioclase. They tend to be grays and browns in color. And then, felsic rocks are light in color and contains with some amphibole and biotitew. Granite is an igneous rock composed mostly......

Words: 734 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

On the Rocks

...Executive Summary: On the Rocks is a soft drinks bar which would be serving its customers with the most stimulating and exotic drinks that they have never tasted before. Our chilled and invigorating drinks would sure refresh the drinkers. On the Rocks provides fizzy drinks which are a combination of various other soft drinks along with other juices and ingredients. On the Rocks promises their customer by providing them with the best quality new flavored fizzy drinks at the fastest possible time. Our combination of different juices and soft drinks would surely make the drinkers feel fanatical. We have set up our business at different shopping malls and departmental stores. We are also available for weddings and parties. We are a small business who presents the drinks as we receive the customer’s order on the counter. Within no time our customers have their drink in their hands. We have basically focused the youngsters and kids who mostly enjoy fizzy drinks and like to try out new flavors. We have set up our business at the shopping malls and departmental stores as we can receive customers at the hub of the mall. We have done our marketing through flyers, brochures, and most probably word to mouth. We have Our competitors are the other stalls which are the hub of the shopping malls like the gola wala, the magic corn, ice cream, etc. We are currently working 10 hours, seven days a week. We intend to provide customer satisfaction in every possible way. In the near future, we......

Words: 1926 - Pages: 8

Free Essay

Rocks and Mineralas

...To geologists, a rock is a natural substance composed of solid crystals of different minerals that have been fused together into a solid lump. The minerals may or may not have been formed at the same time. What matters is that natural processes glued them all together. There are three basic types of rock: igneous, sedimentary, and metamorphic. Extremely common in the Earth's crust, igneous rocks are volcanic and form from molten material. They include not only lava spewed from volcanoes, but also rocks like granite, which are formed by magma that solidifies far underground. Typically, granite makes up large parts of all the continents. The seafloor is formed of a dark lava called basalt, the most common volcanic rock. Basalt is also found in volcanic lava flows, such as those in Hawaii, Iceland, and large parts of the U.S. Northwest. Granite rocks can be very old. Some granite, in Australia, is believed to be more than four billion years old, although when rocks get that old, they've been altered enough by geological forces that it's hard to classify them. Sedimentary rocks are formed from eroded fragments of other rocks or even from the remains of plants or animals. The fragments accumulate in low-lying areas—lakes, oceans, and deserts—and then are compressed back into rock by the weight of overlying materials. Sandstone is formed from sand, mudstone from mud, and limestone from seashells, diatoms, or bonelike minerals precipitating out of calcium-rich water. Fossils......

Words: 310 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

Climbing the Legal Ladder

...MGMT 4100 Climbing the Legal Ladder 1. I would expect S&C Associates to feel their structure is fair. The comparisons they would most likely make include starting salaries, pay levels, performance/billable hours, billing rates, performance bonuses, and partner expectations. I expect increased work performance, short-term and long-term reward. 2. With the salary increase of $15,000, new associates are given $15,000 not for performance of work. Fourth year associates work for over a year to receive a pay increase of $15,000. The money should have been distributed throughout the entire pay structure. This makes it unfair to not increase pay of all levels of associates. With the salary increase of $20,000, new employees would be making $10,000 more than a second year associate. The pay increase of $20,000 should be distributed through the entire pay structure. It is unfair for the higher level associates’ salaries to remain the same. 3. Some issues to consider include holding the partner responsible for upholding an important image of the company, and conducting important business from day to day to keep the operation running. The mastery of skills include working their way up the legal ladder, being valuable to the firm, which accounts for the pay difference. 4. The effects a reduction in bonuses will have on current associates include lower employee morale, decreased job satisfaction, and increased performance. The effects of reduction in bonuses......

Words: 356 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Rocks

...water bodies. | Arkose is a detrital sedimentary rock, specifically a type of sandstone containing at least 25% feldspar. | Syenite a coarse-grained gray igneous rock composed mainly of alkali feldspar and ferromagnesian minerals. | Tephrite is an igneous, volcanic (extrusive) rock, with aphanitic to porphyritic texture. | Monolith a large single upright block of stone, especially one shaped into or serving as a pillar or monument. | Peridotite is a dense, coarse-grained igneous rock, consisting mostly of the minerals olivine and pyroxene. | Amphibolite is a coarse-grained metamorphic rock that is composed of amphibole minerals and plagioclase feldspar. | Magnetite is a mineral and one of the three common naturally-occurring oxides of iron. | Rhyolite is an igneous, volcanic rock, of felsic (silica-rich) composition (typically > 69% SiO2 | Pelite is a term applied to metamorphic rocks derived from a fine-grained sedimentary protolith. | Turbidite a type of sedimentary rock composed of layered particles that have originated from the oceans. | Siltstone is a sedimentary rock which has a grain size in the silt range, finer than sandstone and coarser than claystones. | Pumice is a light-colored, extremely porous igneous rock that forms during explosive volcanic eruptions. | Limestone is a sedimentary rock composed primarily of calcium carbonate (CaCO3) in the form of the mineral calcite. | Troctolite is a mafic intrusive rock type. It consists essentially of major but......

Words: 305 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Metamorphic Rocks

...CheckPoint: Metamorphic Rocks Metamorphism occurs when there is a mineralogical, textural, chemical, and structural change in rocks that happens when rocks are exposed to high temperatures and pressures. Metamorphic rocks originate from beneath the earth’s continental curst and above the earth’s mantel (Murck, Skinner, Mackenzie, 2008). This is where the per-exiting rocks are exposed to high temperature and pressure which spaces and forms them into metamorphic rocks. Formation of metamorphic rocks is influenced by the amount of time and at the rate high pressures and temperatures are applied to the rocks, and by the presence or absence of liquid. When rocks are subjected to high temperature some of its minerals began to recrystallize or involve chemical reactions that develop new minerals, however the composition of the rocks does not change (Murck, el at., 2008). As the temperature grade level of the metamorphism rises, new minerals began to form or at higher grade level the minerals disappear again (Murck, el at., 2008). The open space in rocks and sediments are called pores, and are usually filled with water or gas fluids. Fluids in pores expedite chemical reactions in metamorphism process, but if pore fluids are not present or are in small amounts the metamorphism process are much slower. Pore spaces are decreased when pressure builds and the fluid is pushed out of the rock, the fluid that is pushed out is often contain dissolved minerals, which can be......

Words: 425 - Pages: 2