Resourcce Utilization in Africa

In: Business and Management

Submitted By Kingsley11
Words 5280
Pages 22
Resources abound in africa but how to manage them well to take advantage of absolute and comparatives cost ADVANTAGES is the problem.

Introduction
Africa is endowed with a rich diversity of environmental resources. Some of these are geographical, terrestrial, aquatic and country-specific resources while others transcend national boundaries of two or more countries within the region or continent. Since World War II, Africans have embarked on the massive utilisation of their environmental resources for improving their quality of life and that of their global business partners (Frobel et al. 1988; French 2000). In spite of the abundance of these resources, local communities, predominantly smallholder farmers and pastoralists, whose production systems are based on Traditional Environmental Knowledge Systems (TEKS), are now unable to meet their basic needs, sustain environmental productivity and even have an equitable share of the global wealth (ADALCO 1990). The predominance of international trade over local needs fostered, among other things, specialisation in spatial production and exchange of goods and services on a global scale, what evolved today as theories of Absolute and Comparative Advantage. Consequently, it is evident that in some geographical areas, natural resources are still sustainably utilised, while in others there is evidence of environmental degradation or inefficient utiliatization (Stebbing 1935; Timberlake 1985; Blaikie 1989; Juma and Ford 1992; Rugumamu 1993; Boyce 2002).

Yes! The resources are available in Africa; but in the light of some challenges
Africa has a large quantity of natural resources including oil, diamonds, gold, iron, cobalt, uranium, copper, bauxite, silver, petroleum and cacao beans, and even woods and tropical fruits. According to the 2012 BP Statistical Energy Survey, Africa had proved oil reserves of 132.438 billion…...

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