Reconstruction and the West

In: Historical Events

Submitted By kimokeisha
Words 751
Pages 4
Reconstruction and the West

After the Civil War in the south, the south met many new challenges. The south needed to reinvent its economic, political and cultural environment. In November 1868 Ulysses S. Grant was elected president. Grant would not have won the election without the votes of former slaves who were given the right to vote post- Civil War. Congress passed the 14th and 15th Amendments to protect the rights of all people if born a naturalized citizen to have equal protection of the laws, and the freedom to vote regardless of race in the United States. Congress Reconstruction plan dramatically changed politics in the south (Reconstruction, 2013). Congress provided many programs, such as social services for the people of the south. They opened hospitals, schools, and assisted with the railroad expansion, allowing Blacks to take part in these government programs. The government also improved the lights and telephones systems also the sewer systems. Many industrial jobs became available in the south. Textile, iron, steel, southern coal, oil, and timber industry are just some of the industrial jobs created for the south to assist with reconstruction efforts. The government created new programs in the south the only problem was they wanted the rich to pay for them by implementing new rules. Many landowners did not agree with the new Constitutional guidelines set for the southern region. The landowners did not want to pay higher taxes to support the schools, hospitals, and other government programs introduced by Congress. This created a backlash by the landowners of the south; the Klu Klux Klan was formed to…...

Similar Documents

Reconstruction and the West

...Reconstruction and the West The post-Civil War South has been called the “New South.” In what ways did it succeed in reinventing itself? In what ways did it fail? The south’s reconstruction failed for many reasons in my opinion. First off many states rejected the 13th Amendment. Furthermore, many of the southern states had no intentions of giving Blacks any type of true freedoms. Many states tried to make the African Americans as property-less as possible. They were not given the right to be on a jury. The second problem was the president and congress was not seeing “eye to eye” on how the reconstruction should be conducted. Many states were electing prominent military leaders along with political leaders from the war. Johnson knew this of course but buckled under the pressure because he wanted to hurry up and get reconstruction completed. The moderate republicans wanted the same things as the radical republicans but did not want to give the southern blacks too much power. They thought that giving the blacks in the south the power to vote that it would give an unfair advantage to the south. However, many moderate republicans did think that the south was too hard on their black populations and wanted some form of regulation. As a moderate republican they did not want to clash with the president or have a social revolution in the south. That is why the in 1865 the congress revamped the Freedmen’s Bureau to give emergency food and care. The......

Words: 356 - Pages: 2

Reconstruction

...Reconstruction: The Post War Era Lindsay Pone Professor Goldstein History 105 Strayer University 01/30/2013 Reconstruction: The Post Civil War Era Friday April 12, 1861, America embarked into war with its biggest adversary; America! The American Civil War broke out, and what was believed to be a quick battle by the North, turned out to be a long bloody four years and left the country devastated. President Abraham Lincoln, the 16th president of the United States, successfully lead this country through its greatest constitutional, military and moral crisis. Everything he did was in the best interest in preserving this nation to what it is today. If President Lincoln task of preserving the union would have failed, our nation would be a split nation today. All the events of the Civil War are what truly shaped the face of America today. The President knew that if he wanted to preserve this nation as a whole, not only would he have to win the war, but he would have to have a plan in place to immediately fix the nation to help it move forward from war. During his time in the white house and towards the end of the war, when it was evident the North would prevail, he worked on a reconstruction plan to get the South up and moving. During the war, the northern armies had gone through the South destroying everything that would help the south to prevail in the war. The agricultural belt that was the strength of the was nothing more than ashes......

Words: 1366 - Pages: 6

Reconstruction

...Reconstruction The time period known as the Reconstruction was a turbulent, unstable, and scary one. The Southerners believed in white supremacy at all costs while the Northerners believed that all men should be free and equal. The problems that arose during this time are many. The ones that caused the most trouble in the deliverance of peace to all involved and the rebuilding of the south were the disagreements about how the reconstruction of the south should be handled between both the Republican and Democrat parties, there was also the belief that white supremacy should be put above all else in the white Southerner’s minds, and last but not lease was the violence that the newly freedmen and women faced as they tried to take advantage of the new rights that they had been given. The ‘New South’ was new in some ways but still the same old south in many ways. The president, Andrew Johnson, was an impediment to how the south was to be rebuilt. He was a Southern gentleman and was devoutly against the black man having any rights since according to him they would “relapse into barbarism” (p.8). They didn’t know how to govern themselves and wouldn’t know where to start. He refused to offer any support to the newly freed African Americans while they tried to avail themselves of their right to vote. It was fear and pride and the white supremacy that kept Andrew Johnson from enforcing the Klan Act that was passed. The ideas of......

Words: 1052 - Pages: 5

Reconstruction and the West

...Reconstruction and the West Anthony Webb College of Humanities His/120 Version 5 U.S. History 1865 to 1945 Resolution/Sociology 110 February 16, 2013 Elizabeth Jewell Reconstruction of the South According to Eric Foner (2008), “even though Reconstruction failed to meet the goals of Radical Republicans, painlessly rebuild the South, and give the freed blacks complete rights, Reconstruction did give African Americans some new chances and a brief taste of a free society ("Was Reconstruction a," 2008). Public schools were instituted; blacks became citizens, and some whites even offered support with the civil rights movement. However, every opportunity that was given to the free blacks was met with much opposition. As a result, more could have been done. The late 19th century was a troubling time, and although freed slaves were negatively impacted, Whites, and Indians were also affected by the economical hardships. Several events occurred which gave me cause to agree with Eric Foner’s description of the Reconstruction as a “splendid failure”. Blacks did not receive all their rights until 100 years after the war. Furthermore, Northern-born white men who moved south after the Confederacy defeat were called carpetbaggers by Southerners, and Southern-born white Republicans were given the name scalawag; Blacks held fewer governmental positions and was smaller than their proportion in the population; Indians suffered from the white Americans’ racism...

Words: 878 - Pages: 4

Reconstruction

...Reconstruction was the time period after the Civil War, were rebuilding and equality was goal. The rebuilding part was a success while equality in the lives of blacks and whites were not. The failure of reconstruction to bring social and economic equality of opportunity for formers slaves were because of Anti-black violence groups, scandals in the government, and economic turmoil's. The most prominent founded social club for Confederate veterans formed an organization or group called The Ku Klux Klan or KKK, which started in Tennessee. The goal of the KKK was to restore white superiority and to turn the Republicans who had established the Reconstruction governments out of power. Their methods were mainly to keep blacks from using their political power which includes voting rights. The KKK was not the only organization with the same goals in mind. The KK and other secret groups killed thousands of men, women and children; they also burned down schools, churches and property's not only of blacks but whites who tried to help them. Due to scandals plagued in Grant administration attention was took away from circumstances in the South. Grant often choice friends and associates as appointees which frequently turned out to be dishonest. During 1872 long-simmering scandals took place on with a construction company that had ripped off large profits from a government railroad contract. A group angered by all the scandals, the Liberal Republican party set out to drive out Grant for......

Words: 323 - Pages: 2

Reconstruction

...Reconstruction Ramon Diaz HIS/125 12/8/2013 Kristopher Daniels 1. Columbian historian Eric Foner (1983) quotes W. E. B. DuBois in calling Reconstruction a “splendid failure (p. 16).” After studying the events of the late 19th century, defend whether or not you agree with his position. What are the long-term implications? After having an opportunity to research and study the facts of the events of the late 19th century, I definitely have to agree with W. E. B. DuBois quote, which calls Reconstruction a “splendid failure”. When President Lincoln introduced the Proclamation of Amnesty and Reconstruction in 1863, the three main goals were to restore the Union, transform southern society, and enact some type of progressive legislation protecting the rights of blacks. Soon after the Civil War ended the process of reconstruction began and some progress was made. A number of new liberal laws and amendments were enacted by Congress that protected the rights of all blacks under constitutional law. This laws and amendments included; the Thirteenth Amendment abolishing slavery, the Civil Rights Act of 1866 and the Fourteenth Amendment which granted blacks citizenship, the Fifteenth Amendment which gave black men the right to vote, and the Civil Rights Act of 1875 which banned racial discrimination in all public places. By the end of the 19th century, the Nation was reunited once again, and all the states in the south had abolished slavery in their own individual......

Words: 932 - Pages: 4

Reconstruction and the West

...Reconstruction and the West Tajah Rubiera HIS 120/U.S History 1865-1945 January 20, 2014 Nick Weeks Reconstruction and the West The South “Some historians argue that Radical Reconstruction was not radical enough” (HIS 120 syllabus). Many would argue saying that the Radical Reconstruction was not radical enough because it did not “redistribute land to freed slaves, it did not provide black people with guaranteed access to education, it did not forbid racial segregation, and it did not call for absolute racial equality for black and white people” (Shultz, 2012). However, the Radical Reconstruction made some great progress and radically forced the south into submission. It also lead to the adoption of the 14th and 15th amendments. The Radical Reconstruction began when Congress overrode President Johnson’s veto over the Civil Rights bill. This would be the start of many overriding vetos made by the men in Congress. The first order of business was to create and introduce what would be known as the Fourteenth Amendment. This amendment “barred Confederate leaders from ever holding public office in the United States, gave Congress the right to reduce the representation of any state that did not give black people the right to vote, and declared that any person born or naturalized in the United States was, by that very act, an American citizen deserving of equal protection of the law” (Shultz, 2012). After congress passed this amendment it went to the states for ratification....

Words: 1063 - Pages: 5

Reconstruction

...Reconstruction Essay By the time that the civil war came to an end the South was in shambles in just about every area imaginable. Many things were destroyed in the South, entire cities, farms and plantations were destroyed and left the South in much need of being rebuilt. The economy of the South was also very bad, inflation became such an issue that very simple items began to cost hundreds of dollars each and as a result many people died of starvation and couldn’t afford essential items. Taking all of this into account, by 1865 Washington had a pretty daunting task of rebuilding the South. Right after major victories in Gettysburg and Vicksburg in 1863 President Lincoln began putting his plan into action to reunify the North and the South. Lincoln was under belief that the South had never legally seceded from the Union so as a first act to get reconstruction under way he announced the Proclamation of Amnesty and Reconstruction in 1863. Lincoln created another plan to move reconstruction forward and this was the Ten Percent Plan. The Ten Percent Plan specified that a Southern state could be readmitted to the Union after ten percent of its voters swore an oath of allegiance to the Union. This plan effectively and efficiently ended the war quickly although radical republicans clamored for a higher percentage of people to swear an oath to the Union. It was definitely a plan that enticed the South to surrender quickly. Similar to Lincoln, President Johnson wanted to get......

Words: 931 - Pages: 4

His 120 Reconstruction and the West

...Reconstruction and the West HIS/120 The South After the Civil War, the South was pulverized. It had to make huge adjustment to become sufficient again, this was going to take time and allot of money. It succeeded in compositionally and financially to reinvent itself. In about 35 years after the damage was done it succeeded with steel. Southern iron business grew, especially with supplying the Railroads advancements. he Southern economy was engendered and prospered, in spite of the way that it could never thoroughly equal the North in advancements or wages. Without further ado that there were assuredly 4 million liberated slaves living in the South and a monstrous people of poor white people, there was a great deal of terrible work and business visionaries misused authenticity. What kept the South from a robust Industrial change was the frailty of the White men to work adjacent the liberated slaves. State of psyche at the liberated slaves had not transmuted and was disintegrating. Dull Southerners were proscribed from working in current vocations and simply a little rate of White Southerners were utilized in these vocations, thusly advancement couldn't transpire. The South commenced on the right course and for a period of time it looked akin to the Incipient South had climbed yet hate towards the Black Southerners was the mechanical change rout with The South still unequivocally depending after cultivating as the economy stabilizer. Clearly, the Incipient South......

Words: 734 - Pages: 3

Reconstruction and the West

...Reconstruction and the West Patrick Tidwell HST/120 October 15, 2014 Paul Bishop Question: How did western settlement, particularly in terms of railroad expansion and farming, lead to inevitable conflicts with the Native Americans? The thought of having two very different societies collide, the bigger stronger is always going to prevail. With Americas rapid expansion into the plains states, confrontations with Native Americans was inevitable, due to their nomadic nature. The Homestead Act of 1862 opened the way for Americans looking for a fresh start after the Civil War, giving 160 acres to families that took part. With these homesteads came farms, livestock, modernization and fences. The idea of cordoning off a section of land was an unheard of concept for Native Americans. According to "Native American Indian Facts" (2014), “Many of the tribes of the Great Plains were nomadic and followed the buffalo migrations which provided their food. These tribes spent a good part of the year living in camps that could easily be dismantled and moved to follow the buffalo migrations”. The Native Americans had been traveling the plains in search of food for generations before settlers even ventured west. When these nomadic Indians came across these fences in their nomadic pursuit of food, they were ignored which led to confrontations with farmers. The transcontinental railroad had a significant impact with Native Americans and the decline of the nomadic way of life. According......

Words: 885 - Pages: 4

Reconstruction

...freedmen and white refugees. Union general Oliver O. Howard led the bureau. The bureau's greatest success was teaching blacks to read. Because it was despised by the President and by Southerners, the Freedmen's Bureau expired in 1872. Johnson: The Tailor President When Andrew Johnson was in Congress, he refused to secede with his own state of Tennessee. Johnson was listed as the Vice President on Lincoln's 1864 election ticket to gain support from the War Democrats and other pro-Southern elements. Johnson was a strong supporter of state's rights and of the Constitution. He was a Southerner who did not understand the North and a Democrat who had not been accepted by the Republicans. Presidential Reconstruction In 1863, Lincoln released his "10 percent" Reconstruction plan which dictated that a state could be reintegrated into the Union when 10% of its voters in the presidential election of 1860 had taken an oath of allegiance to the United States and pled...

Words: 271 - Pages: 2

Reconstruction and the West

...Reconstruction and the West HIS/120 Reconstruction * The post-Civil War South has been called the “New South.” In what ways did it succeed in reinventing itself? In what ways did it fail? After the war ended as many as four million slaves were freed. The south had freed slaves and now had a war torn area that needed rebuilding and restructuring. For the next few decades the focus was on creating a railroad expansion and fixing the farm lands. New textile, iron, and steel industries came to be with great success. Farming was a big part of the south and many freed slaves continued to contribute on farm lands for meager wages. The issue with the reconstruction was the newness of the world around everyone. Many white southern slave owners continued with their unfair and brutal treatment of former slaves. With no one around really setting down the new laws many people just did as they pleased. Many people, white and black became homeless and starved to death because there was no system in place to help. Abraham Lincoln was on the right path to fixing the issues the south had after the war. However after his assassination, Johnson took over and pretty much ignored all of Lincolns plans. This was the unraveling of the original reconstruction plan. Johnson had no concern for the freed slaves and their circumstances. This was the unsuccessful part of the reconstruction that seemed to majorly overshadow the small successes. Though the majority of plans for helping the......

Words: 679 - Pages: 3

Reconstruction

...The Reconstruction IB History of the Americas HL November 10, 2014 The Reconstruction from 1865—1877 would prove to be, in many ways, more difficult than the war itself, despite the victory of the Northern States. Furthermore, many questions began to arise regarding post-war reparations. Because there were so many different views of how the Reconstruction was to be accomplished there was tremendous conflict. After four years of war, despite defeat, some of the southerners remained defiant in returning to the Union. In addition, the roles of liberated blacks were also in question. Although there was conflict, the Reconstruction fulfilled its aims to the extent of granting freedom to liberated blacks, restoring the southern states to the Union and reestablishing their political structure, and the establishment of civil rights for liberated blacks. This was executed through the Presidential, Congressional and Military Reconstructions. To begin, the Presidential Reconstruction was the beginning of defining the voice of freedom for liberated blacks after the civil war. Furthermore, the Presidential Reconstruction began the upstart of a political war as principal Reconstruction proposals and plans were beginning to be implemented in order reform the Union. In 1863, Abraham Lincoln introduces his “10 percent” Reconstruction Plan. Although it is eventually replaced by Andrew Johnson’s own Reconstruction proclamation in 1865, it proposed that a state could be readmitted......

Words: 883 - Pages: 4

Reconstruction

...After the end of the civil war in 1865 and the abolition of slavery, a period of reconstruction followed where by the government hoped to seize control of the south and rebuild America. Some historians argue this was a promising period for the newly freed slaves where as others would argue it was a crisis and thus a negative period for the African Americans. When looking at reconstruction one must consider the economic, legal, social and political impacts it had on the African Americans. One argument that suggests that reconstruction was promising for the African Americans was the passing of the 14th amendment. This stated that all persons born or naturalized in America were citizens. Not only did this overturn the black codes but also meant that states could not limit the right of citizenship for African Americans, resulting in them having the full protection of the law. Moreover the passing of this law secured the rights for black children (from two freed slaves) as well as securing the rights for black Americans in the future. Therefore providing strong evidence to why reconstruction was promising for AA’s. Furthermore, the 15th amendment was also passed during the period of reconstructions which intended to secure the voting rights for AA’s. As a result of this 700,000 AA’s registered to vote, not only was this a success for AA’s, some historians argue that it was also a big success for the republican party as it secured the vote of the African Americans,......

Words: 310 - Pages: 2

Reconstruction and the West

...Reconstruction and the West Jennifer Bryan HIS /165 December 9, 2015 Dr. J. Randall III Reconstruction and the West The post-Civil War South has been called the “New South”. In what ways did it succeed in reinventing itself? In what ways did it fail? After the civil war the south was devastated, having most of the war fought on its soil the entire infrastructure was wiped out and nearly 23% of its men had been killed in the war. Something drastic needed to happen to deal with the humanitarian crises that was freed slaves with nowhere to go and no background. During this time newly freedmen tried to purchase land if they could and the number of black churches grew. Their new found freedom was expressed in many ways; some bought guns, while others owned dogs, some sought to get married and enjoyed the ability to move and look for family members they had not seen since brought over from Africa. While congress fought back and forth about a reconstruction plan that was either too lenient or too oppressive the south started to rebuild. Eventually, though the south fell in line with the Military Reconstruction Act and were allowed back into the union and back into the political spectrum. Politics aside, while the North had managed to free the slaves they failed to give them the life they had envisioned for them. “1) they did not redistribute lad to freed slaves; 2) they did not provide black people with guaranteed access to education: 3) they did not forbid racial......

Words: 355 - Pages: 2