Rebuttal to Michael Craig's "Weak Nations' Pose Greatest Threat"

In: Social Issues

Submitted By sajkm
Words 558
Pages 3
Rebuttal to Michael Craig's "Weak Nations' Pose Greatest Threat"

On April of 2009, Michael Kraig, director of Policy Analysis and Dialogue at the Stanley Foundation in Muscatine, Iowa, released a controversial article titled, “Weak Nations Pose Greatest Threat”, instigated by a pirating off the coast of Somalia. Kraig furthers in his article that the world is undergoing a dramatic ideological, political, international and economic transformation. Kraig claims that the United States’ new political and economic “threats” stem from a new source; failed states such as Somalia, Pakistan, Iran, Afghanistan, and Nigeria, as opposed to conventional superpowers such as Russia, China, Japan, or the former Soviet Union. Kraig backs his claim by citing multiple civil conflicts that indirectly effect oil prices and our economic way of life in addition to the threat of small arms and a future attack on the homeland. Initially, it is noticed that Michael Kraig has numerous fallacies in his argument that failed states pose a greater threat to the U.S. than stable nations, for one he doesn’t recognize that the threats he cites can be traced to stable nations. Many of the nations Kraig cites, including terrorist organizations are funded and supplied by Russia and China. According to the Stockholm International Peace Research Institute, Russia and China sell arms to every single nation the United States labels as a “Rogue State” or “State Sponsor of Terrorism”. Furthermore, the Congressional Research Service on August 25, 2005, listed multiple dubious transactions involving Russia, including “Russia signing an agreement with Iran to finish construction of the Bushehr nuclear power reactor, a transaction worth $800 million or more”, in 1995. Additionally, in 1996, “reports surfaced of Russian entities providing ballistic missile assistance to Iran, including training; testing…...

Similar Documents

Ireland Michael Collins

...1916-1922? Michael Collins played a key role within the IRA in the Irish war of independence as well as an elected member of Sinn Fein. Many people believe Collins was the best man available for the task in hand of leading Ireland in the quest for independence, ‘One day he'll be a great man. He'll do great work for Ireland’ was a quote from Michael Collins’ father on his deathbed. Collins was first active during the Easter rising of 1916 fighting alongside Patrick Pearse as part of the Irish Republican Brotherhood occupying the General Post Office for several days before surrendering. The rising was a military failure but left a legacy and sense of national pride which Collins was willing to utilise. ‘The greatest result of the rising is the complete and revival of Irish nationality. WE have been...now we have awakened to the knowledge that we really are a separate nation. ‘ That quote is an extract from Moira Reagan’s story in the New York Times, September 1916. I believe the source to be reliable as the story was published in a trustworthy newspaper at the time and the women who told the story lived in the period and understood the mood and patriotism of the Irish population. The majority of the leaders of the rising were executed, many members of the rising joined the nationalist party Sinn Fein and Collins quickly rose through the ranks of the organisation thanks to his intellect and self-confidence. A Dublin surgeon summed Collins up by saying Michael possessed......

Words: 1946 - Pages: 8

China Saper Threat

...Weak USA Cyber Policy vs China’s Security Threat to the USA? Abstract A cyber spy network based mainly in China hacked into classified documents from government and private organizations. One of the biggest questions still remains unanswered. Should the U.S. Congress conduct an in depth assessment of Chinese cyber spying and consider imposing tougher penalties on companies that benefit from industrial espionage. In this paper I will review china’s cyber threat and possible USA solutions to protect against the threat. Could Weak USA Cyber Policy be the cause of China’s Security Threat? U.S. corporations and cyber security specialists have reported an daily attack of computer network intrusions originating from China. Of the seven cases that were adjudicated under the Economic Espionage Act in 2010, six involved a link to China. U.S. corporations and cyber security specialists have reported a huge increase of computer network intrusions originating from China. Some of these reports have alleged a Chinese corporate or government sponsor of the activity, but the U.S. intelligence community has not been able to confirm these reports. In a study released in February, McAfee attributed an intrusion attempt they labeled Night Dragon to a Chinese Internet Protocol (IP) address and indicated the intruders stole data from the computer systems of petrochemical companies (Minnick, W. 11 Dec, 2011).” So could the problem be U.S. Cyber policy? I believe congressional......

Words: 793 - Pages: 4

Report to Nations

...REPORT TO THE NATIONS O N O C C U PAT I O N A L F R A U D A N D A B U S E 2012 GLOBAL FRAUD STUDY Letter from the President & CEO More than 15 years ago, the ACFE’s founder and Chairman, Dr. Joseph T. Wells, CFE, CPA, conceptualized a groundbreaking research project to study the costs, methodologies and perpetrators of fraud within organizations. The result was the 1996 publication of the ACFE’s first Report to the Nation on Occupational Fraud and Abuse. Since then, we have released six additional Reports that have each expanded our knowledge and understanding of the tremendous financial impact occupational fraud and abuse has on businesses and organizations. We are proud to say that the information contained in the original Report and its successors has become the most authoritative and widely quoted body of research on occupational fraud. The data presented in our 2012 Report is based on 1,388 cases of occupational fraud that were reported by the Certified Fraud Examiners (CFEs) who investigated them. These offenses occurred in nearly 100 countries on six continents, offering readers a view into the global nature of occupational fraud. As in previous years, what is perhaps most striking about the data we gathered is how consistent the patterns of fraud are around the globe and over time. We believe this consistency reaffirms the value of our research efforts and the reliability of our findings as truly representative of the characteristics of occupational......

Words: 5423 - Pages: 22

Identify the Contextual Influence That You Believe Will Pose the Greatest Challenge

...A company’s competitiveness faces many challenges. The contextual influence that I believe to pose greatest challenge to companies’ competitiveness is the federal protective legislation. Prior to the 1930s, employees did not possess the right to negotiate with their employers over terms and conditions of employment. But now employment legislation acts protect workers’ right and status. Employers expect workers to be as productive as possible and produce the highest quality of products and services. Employees want their financial security, safety, better benefits, and suitable working condition. Employers have to watch over these factors. They can’t only concentrate on profit maximization but they also have to protect employee rights. Fair Labor Standards Acts of 1938 deal with minimum wage, overtime pay, and child labor provision. Equal Pay Act of 1963 is a remedy of employment discrimination. This act based on a simple principle: man and women should receive equal pay for equal work. Title VII of the Civil Right Act is the most pertinent to compensation. Age Discrimination in Employment Act, Pregnancy Discrimination Act, Americans with Disability Act of 1990, Family and Medical Leave Act of 1993, Internal Revenue Act, Employee Retirement Income Security Act of 1974, Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996, Pension Protection Act of 2006 are some other legislative acts which protect employee rights. Before these laws were passed employers didn’t care......

Words: 263 - Pages: 2

Rebuttal

...Rebuttal: Ten reasons why abortion is evil & not Pro-Choice The article I read is broke into ten reasons as to why the author believes that abortion is evil and not Pro-choice. Although there are some valid points made I do not agree that abortion is evil and not pro-choice. In my rebuttal I will address most of the authors’ reasons not only with my argumentative opinion but facts. Abortion offends God (TFP, 2010), this is the first argument used in the article against abortion. This is an open statement. Depending upon your religious beliefs or group, this may not be an offensive action towards your god. American Baptist Churches, American Jewish Congress, the Presbyterian Church and Unite Methodist Church all believe that abortion at times is acceptable. Isaiah 55:7 - Let the wicked forsake his way, and the unrighteous man his thoughts; let him return to the Lord, and He will have mercy on him; and to our God, for He will abundantly pardon. The Unnoticed War (TFP, 2010) Peace abroad is meaningless without peace at home. (TFP, 2010). The author believes that we as a country are doing our best to protect our own. This scourge is as horrible as anything terrorists can fathom, because it strikes at the very core of humanity and our country: the family. By destroying the most basic human bond of all—that between mother and child—abortion dissolves the precious glue that binds our nation together. (TFP, 2010). There are thousands of organizations that are standing up for and...

Words: 697 - Pages: 3

Article Rebuttal Paper

...Article Rebuttal Paper Carrington Ethridge 4/14/2014 Dr. Linda Vallejo Should Marijuana Be a Medical Option? In 1972, the US Congress placed marijuana in Schedule I of the Controlled Substances Act because they considered it to have "no accepted medical use." Since then, 21 US states Nations Capitol have legalized the medical use of marijuana. Supporters of medical marijuana argue that it can be a safe and effective alternative treatment for the symptoms of cancer, AIDS, multiple sclerosis, pain, glaucoma, epilepsy, and other conditions. There are multiple studies from credible sources from prominent medical organizations, major government reports, and the use of marijuana as medicine throughout world history that support this. Non-Supporters of medical marijuana like the FDA argue that it is too dangerous to use as an alternative treatment for various reasons. One example would be that legal drugs make marijuana use redundant. They also say marijuana is addictive, a gate way to use other illegal drugs, interferes with fertility, and other physical and mental illnesses. They say that medical marijuana is used as front for the legalization of a banned substance. I believe medical marijuana should be legalized in all 50 states for alternative treatment. I feel if there is more supportive evidence supporting my beliefs on this topic then there is unsupportive evidence. Plus with man-made drugs they usually have a......

Words: 1045 - Pages: 5

Earthquakes and Other Tectonic Disturbances Pose One of the Major Physical Threats to Civilisations Particularly in Developing Countries

...Earthquakes and Other Tectonic Disturbances Pose One of the Major Physical Threats to Civilisations Particularly in Developing Countries The major factors to this will be looking at tectonic activity, the earthquakes they cause aswell as the distribution of these developing civilisations in order to ascertain whether the major threat to their final goal of civilisation is plausible or not. Earthquakes are defined in the Oxford dictionary as: a sudden release of energy in the earth's crust or upper mantle; usually caused by movement along a fault plane or by volcanic activity and resulting in the generation of seismic waves which can be destructive. Tectonic plates are defined as: A theory explaining the structure of the earth’s crust and many associated phenomena as resulting from the interaction of rigid lithospheric plates which move slowly over the underlying mantle; by the same dictionary. Finally, civilisations are defined as: The process by which a society or place reaches an advanced stage of social development and organization. The largest cities tend to be in developing countries due to the fact they have not yet reached stage 5 of the Demographic Transition Model and many of the pull factors that cause cities to grow still exist. MEDC’s tend to have reached a point whereby people move out of major cities in order to find a suitable environment for family life. Thus from this we can see that already LEDC’s are most at risk from tectonic activity. Earthquakes......

Words: 748 - Pages: 3

Rebuttal

...Article Rebuttal NV BCOM/275 July 7, 2014 Article Rebuttal We need a ‘Reparation Superfund’ ( (n.d.). . Retrieved July 8, 2014, from http://www.nytimes.com/roomfordebate/2014/06/08/are-reparations-due-to-african-americans/we-need-a-reparations-superfund), states Mary Frances Berry the former chairwoman of the United States commission on civil rights. Mary Frances Berry believes that ex-slave pension and bounty movement back in 1887 should be followed through. “Whose membership forms stated the number of years they had been working as slaves, along with the names of their slave owners in the plantations on which they lived”. Unfortunately a lot of the ex-slave pension bounty movement individuals have long since passed, “individuals who can prove the identity of slave ancestors, whether they sought reparations in the 19th century are not, could also be eligible.” People who read this article may wonder who will step up to pay these respirations to the individuals who can prove slave ancestry. “Monies could come from corporations that profited from slave labor in from banks and insurance companies that practiced racial discrimination”, states Mary Frances Berry. This ’Reparation Superfund’ is ridiculous and inappropriate. I among millions of Americans are truly saddened by the history of our great country. Tragedy has stung most countries on this planet when it comes to slavery. Slavery dates back to 6800 B.C. “world’s first city grows up in Mesopotamia” (Home - Free......

Words: 640 - Pages: 3

Greatest Threat to U.S. National Security

...Greatest Threat to U.S. National Security Cassandra Black INTL 443 Foreign Intelligence Organizations Instructor: Robert Bier July 25, 2014 INTRODUCTION The United States is considered the most powerful country in the world, so naturally, there are many other countries that are always threatening the country’s natural security. In this paper, we are going to look at three countries that have valid resources in intelligence to be a major threat to the United States. China is a huge threat based on the country’s intelligence resources in HUMINT, SIGINT, and cyber capabilities. Iran’s HUMINT and MASINT intelligence collection methods are highly capable of being a number one contender against the United States. Lastly, Russia has a deep history in HUMINT intelligence with successful espionage and ELINT capabilities that no other European country has used before. These three countries are highly skilled and capable to be a major threat to the world. So which country’s intelligence capabilities is the number one threat? CHINA, IRAN, or RUSSIA? China, Iran and Russia are three countries that are equally capable to be a threat to U.S. national security. As stated above, each country is highly skilled in their respective intelligence collection method. The Chinese Spy Agency is an extremely effective organization that is comprised of twelve different bureaus of intelligence collection. Each bureau collects intelligence from HUMINT, SIGINT, cyber, and so on. China’s......

Words: 1363 - Pages: 6

Two Vulnerabilities in Qwd’s Network Design Pose a Threat to Qwd’s Future

...Two Vulnerabilities in QWD’s Network Design Pose a Threat to QWD’s Future Submitted to: Dean Farwood SE571 Principle of Information Security and Privacy Keller Graduate School of Management Submitted: January 23, 2011 Table of Contents Executive Summary 3 Company Overview 3 Company Vulnerabilities 4 Corporate Website accessible to customers should be on its own web server in a Demilitarized Zone (DMZ). 4 Microsoft SharePoint can potentially allow Remote Code Execution. 5 Works Cited 7 Executive Summary Purpose of this report is to inform of the possible threat that faces Quality Web Design (QWD) as it continues to improve it services to its customers and provide additional accommodation to its employees to meet and exceed the client’s needs in order to meet strategic goals. QWD specializes in Web site and Web content design for all types of businesses. With well over 250,000 proprietary images and graphic design that will enhance most web site’s appeal, QWD is poised to be the number one global leading brand in Web site and Web content design. Yet, two vulnerabilities in QWD’s network design seem to pose a security threat to QWD’s future leadership and competitiveness that must be address before exploited. First, customers are given access to the corporate website such design poses a security risk since the corporate intranet is hosted on the same web server. Should web server come under attack and be infected with a malware this can potentially......

Words: 1046 - Pages: 5

Michael Kors

...Holly Swenson Executing Global Strategy Professor Sarathy 12.3.2014 Michael Kors Fashion is not something that exists in dresses only. Fashion is in the sky, in the street, fashion has to do with ideas, the way we live, what is happening. -Coco Chanel Industry & Environmental Analysis - Intro Fashion is a volatile, ambiguous term that has defined personal style and shaped individuality for centuries. Whether or not one is interested in fashion is irrelevant, for trends that commence with well known upscale brands will be affected by the trickle-down effect that will eventually influence department stores, boutiques, and even more value-conscious chains. This means that style and trends influence consumer behavior, either directly—if you are interested in fashion and what is considered “trendy”—or indirectly—even if you are not interested in fashion, what you buy is still influenced to some degree by what is considered “in style”. This makes fashion an indomitable force that is not as frivolous as a superficial view into the industry might suggest. The fashion industry is unique in the fact that a company may be popular not for pragmatic reasons such as quality or a good price, but because is considered trendy to be wearing the brand due to magazines, celebrities, or peer’s behavior. While fashion and personal style has been prevalent since the modern era, the fashion industry as we know it has come into form fairly recently; it is notorious for being a......

Words: 3841 - Pages: 16

The Greatest Triple Threat

...Director-choreographer Bob Fosse forever changed the way audiences around the world viewed dance on the stage and in the film industry in the late 20th century. Visionary, intense, and unbelievably driven, Fosse was an artist whose work was always provocative, entertaining, and quite unlike anything ever before seen. His dances were sexual, physically demanding of even the most highly trained dancers, full of joyous humor as well as bleak cynicism — works that addressed the full range of human emotions. Through his films he revolutionized the presentation of dance on screen and paved the way for a whole generation of film and video directors, showing dance through the camera lens as no one had done before, foreshadowing the rise of the MTV-era of music video dance. Robert Louis Fosse was born in Chicago, Illinois, on June 23, 1927. Bob was the youngest of six children and quickly learned to win attention from his family through his dancing. It was not long before he was recognized as a child prodigy. His parents sent him to formal lessons, where he immersed himself in tap dancing. A small boy who suffered from nagging health problems, he nevertheless was so dedicated that by the time he reached high school, he was already dancing professionally in area nightclubs as part of their sleazy vaudeville and burlesque shows. The sexually free atmosphere of these clubs and the strippers with whom Fosse was in constant contact made a strong impression on him. Fascinated with......

Words: 1062 - Pages: 5

Do Threats to Biodiversity Pose the Greatest Challenge to Humanity for the 21st Century?

...Do threats to biodiversity pose the greatest challenge to humanity for the 21st century? Introduction: The term biodiversity refers to the variety of life on Earth at all its levels, from genes to ecosystems, and the ecological and evolutionary processes that sustain it. Biodiversity includes not only special we consider rare, threatened, or endangered, but every living thing even organisms we still know little about, such as microbes, fungi, and invertebrates. Biodiversity is important everywhere; species and habitats in your area as well as those in distant lands all play a role in maintaining healthy ecosystems. Biodiversity is important because it boosts ecosystem productivity where each species, no matter how small, all have an important role to play. For example, a larger number of plant species means a greater variety of crops. Greater species diversity ensures natural sustainability for all life forms. There are five main threats to biodiversity that I can cover later on in this report are: 1. Invasive alien species 2. Climate change 3. Nutrient loading 4. Water pollution 5. Loss of habitat 6. Overexploitation In this report my goal is to explain what biodiversity is in detail in depth and explain how important it is to the world. Also, to outline if and how these threats pose a threat to humanity in the 21st century. How important is biodiversity? Biodiversity is important for all species' survival. We need a variety of habitats for...

Words: 1062 - Pages: 5

Global Warming: a Global Threat

...Global Warming: A Global Threat Over the period within which human beings have existed, man has been in the forefront of all technological marvels to date. Man has created, destroyed and revived many natural cycles and dynamics that balance the delicate nature of this world. Although global warming is not a recent phenomenon, very few people had knowledge of its existence a decade ago. However, in the last few years, the media started to shed light into the dangers of global warming, and the idea has finally begun to enter the minds of past and the current generations alike. Global warming poses a great danger to planet earth. A harmonious blend of living organisms, human beings and the ecosystem is on the verge of being unbalanced. Within a matter of a few years, the world’s sea levels have risen, animals have become extinct and the delicate balance of nature has almost tipped off. Whether this is a danger to planet earth, is still uncertain, but whatever the effects of global warming may be, there is no doubt that the consequences are going to be massive. Disputes over this topic have reached a boiling point and people and scientists on both sides of the line have begun to wonder if they are right or wrong. Global warming poses a grave danger to man in the form of diseases, food shortages and economic decline. One of the first and obvious dangers of global warming is the effect on human beings in the form of diseases. Diseases are the biggest killers that the world has......

Words: 1581 - Pages: 7

Article Rebuttal

...consumption"("Should The Drinking Age Be Lowered From 21 To A Younger Age?", n.d.). In this rebuttal using valid arguments, supporting data, analyzing the reliability, credibility, and validity of the data used by the author, and identifying any logical fallacies in the argument it will be explained why the minimum drinking age should not be lowered. The legal minimum drinking age was not always 21 for the United States. At one point in time different states had the legal minimum drinking age set to age 20, 19, even 18. The main reason the legal age for drinking should not be lowered is safety." Federal transportation authority's viewed this hodge-podge of state laws as a real highway traffic safety problem. Alcohol-related traffic injuries and fatalities were increasing and some of this was as a result of kids traveling from their home states to neighboring states that had lower drinking ages and then becoming injured or killed as they returned to their home states. These became known as “blood borders.”" (Arnold-Burger, n.d.). This situation got the attention of Congress and President Reagan and the National Minimum Drinking Age Act was put into play. The Act in so many words was a threat that the states will lose 10% of their funds for the federal highway if the state did not agree to change the minimum drinking age to 21. Eventually all 50 states complied and that is why across the nation the minimum drinking age is 21. The article also states "When adolescents are......

Words: 742 - Pages: 3