Psychology Reflective Journal

In: Philosophy and Psychology

Submitted By tkm421
Words 814
Pages 4
Tang Ka Man 15072501D
Helping My Father to Quit Smoking in Psychological Ways
My father has been a smoker for a very long time. He started smoking since he was at college age. My family used to blame him for having this harmful habit while my father always find it difficult to quit smoking. We have put a lot of efforts to help him to be out of this dangerous hell, yet all we have done is futile. After attending psychology lessons, I could suggest some reasons on that from a psychological perspective.
To figure out the most suitable methods to help my father quit smoking, it is essentially important to know the reasons why he was addicted to smoking. Nicotine is a drug found naturally in tobacco, which is as addictive as heroin or cocaine (American Cancer Society,
2014). We can regard smoking as a kind of operant conditioning. When people have taken in even just a small amount of this chemical, they can gain pleasant feelings from it. The pleasant feeling acts as a positive reinforcer which encourages people to smoke more.
When my dad tries hard to quit smoking, the distasteful feeling from the lack of nicotine, which act as a negative punishment, prohibits him to abstain from smoking. Thus, it is not surprising that a smoker always find it hard to abandon this noxious habit, even they know this obsession is detrimental.

I have also discovered a interesting phenomenon about the smoking behavior of my dad. I found that my dad is used to attribute his smoking habit as a kind of “social smoking”, which isn’t an unhealthy behavior at all. Nevertheless, he described the teenagers who smoke as naughty guys. I guess these contradictory thoughts of my dad can be explained by “self-serving bias” and he wants to persuade himself to support his bad habit by this way. That’s why his belief of smoking would be such strong(Myers,
2015).

In order to help…...

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