Psychology Milgram

In: Philosophy and Psychology

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Psychology Homework

4. Quantitative and Qualitative date.
Quantitative
* Every participant gave at least 300 volt * 14 (35%) stopped between 300 and 375 volts * The remaining 65 % went all the way to 450 volts
Qualitative
* Participants felt uncomfortable because they were digging their nails and burying their head in their hands * The stronger the volts the participants gave the quicker they started moving their fingers away from the buttons * The participants became relieved when the investigator took responsibility for the consequences

4b. * It is important to obtain both quantitative and qualitative date because on their own they clearly explain the outcome of the experiment. Qualitative data is needed to understand they way the participants behaved in the way that they did and why they obeyed. Quantitative date is need to give accurate results and so that they can be used to compare the results if the experiment is repeated.
5. One reason why it is important to evaluate studies is to see if they are valid and if they can be generalised to real social situations. Milgram’s study on obedience had no ecological validity as it is only generalising to American adult men, because of this we can’t say that women or people from different ages and nationalities would have acted the same way.
Another reason it is important to evaluate studies is so that we make sure the participants were treated well and if they weren’t, were the finding of the

study worth going against ethical guideline. Milgram’s study did break ethical guidelines as his participants were put under extreme stress and were deceived. It is also important to evaluate to ensure no lasting damage was done to any participant.
6.
* I think that Milgram’s original study only concentrated on the obedience of a certain group of people all in the same…...

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