Prison Systems

In: Other Topics

Submitted By ladylynttp
Words 1074
Pages 5
Prison Systems
Linda Hester
CJS 230
December 12, 2010
Hiram Porter

Prison Systems
Prison is just one of a number of sanctions available to the courts to deal with those who commit criminal offenses. The United States corrections systems have been in effect for many years. The idea of these systems came from England and the concentration was on punishment more than anything else. However, over the years, like everything else, state and federal prisons have changed. This includes the growth, different types of institutions, the security levels, and types of criminals. These changes however, come with two downfalls, the committing of more crimes and prisons have become overcrowded. Even though overcrowding in prisons is a problem, the state and federal prison systems are effective because they punish those who break the law and they keep the rest of society safe.
The state prison systems have been around for more than 200 years, and there use is to confine inmates who will be serving time for more than one year. The jails in use were to confine inmates with no regard of their well being and they were dirty. However, all this changed with the first state prison opening in the late 1700s and it was the Walnut Street Prison in Philadelphia. The Walnut Street Prison design and the way it was run was to keep prisoners in solitude so they could reflect back on what they had done. Because this prison kept the inmates in solitude and did not offer work programs in the beginning, inmates did not have a chance for rehabilitation. The Quakers believed solitude would be the rehabilitating factor. However, compared to other prisons before Walnut Street Prison, this prison seemed to be not only safer for the inmates but also cleaner. This new prison had a traditional layout of large rooms for the inmates (Johnston, PhD, 2010). All of this has changed except…...

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