Prevalence of Postural Deviatiom

In: Science

Submitted By ayimizukami
Words 954
Pages 4
© Mizukami, Airisu C.
IV- PT

* CHAPTER 10 * FUNCTIONAL ASSESSMENT USED WITH OLDER ADULTS

Health in Old Age * Is a complex, elusive concept. * Experiencing normal developmental age changes such as gradual changes in endurance, vision, hearing & reflex timing. * Some problems in old age due to a long-term disuse of physical & mental abilities: * Back problems due to lifelong postural habits or long use of sagging mattress. * New widow may struggle to make independent decisions regarding home maintenance. * Traumatic injury may occur such as hip fracture or CVA. * Trauma, whether physical or psychological, occurs in conjunction with chronic & acute disease, normal age changes & changes due to misuse or disuse. * Snow & Rogers describe this complex combination of normal & pathologic changes in old age as a “delicate balance” of adaptation. * The multi-dimensionality of health in old age is reflected in current trends toward multi-dimensional assessment instruments & Geriatric Evaluation Units. * Most multi-dimensional assessments include physical health, functional ability, psychologic health & social parameters.

Functional Assessments Used in Occupational Therapy
Physical Self-Maintenance Scale & Instrumental Activities of Daily Living Scale * The scales represent measures of two level function, competence, the scales represent measures of two levels of function, with the IADL requiring greater neuropsychological organization than the PSMS. * Within each level, the complexity of activities is also arranged hierarchically. * IADL scale focuses on activities that are conceptualized as the next higher level of function. * The PSMS & IADL scales were used in conjunction with a morale scale & a mental status scale to measure function in GEU & control…...

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