Philosophy

In: Philosophy and Psychology

Submitted By MimiTheCow
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1: Philosophy, sophism/sophistry, “pilosopo”

1

[Published in Rolando M. Gripaldo, ed. 2004. Philosophical landscape.
Manila: Philippine National Philosophical Research Society.]

PHILOSOPHY, SOPHISM/SOPHISTRY,
“PILOSOPO”
Rolando M. Gripaldo
PHILOSOPHY: Ancient
Philosophy literally means “love of wisdom.” In contemporary philosophy there are as many definitions of philosophy as there are schools of philosophy.1 What is interesting is that one school defines philosophy to the exclusion of other schools. For instance, the analytic school defines philosophy as the clarification of the meanings of words, phrases, and sentences, and it rejects metaphysical propositions as cognitively meaningless. Its emphasis is logic and language. On the other hand, the continental school defines philosophy in terms of the meaning of life and one’s relationship with the world and the Other (other human beings and/ or God). It considers the activities of the analytic tradition as meaningless to one’s life. Its emphasis is life. It is therefore advisable to just leave the definition of philosophy in its original etymological meaning, although even this is not safe.
Quite recently, Hans-Georg Gadamer (1989), an hermeneute, has rejected epistemic wisdom as within the realm of human control. The ancient
Greeks defined philosophy as love of (epistemic) wisdom. Thales, who is traditionally considered the father of philosophy, was interested in
“knowing” the ultimate reality, or the funadamental/basic stuff out of which everything comes into being and to which everything eventually returns.
Metaphysics is the study of ultimate reality, but to “know” the ultimate reality is to engage in an epistemological inquiry as a part of metaphysics.
In other words, the wisdom to know the ultimate reality is an epistemic wisdom. Following Aristotle’s distinction, Gadamer…...

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