Philosophy of Religion

In: Philosophy and Psychology

Submitted By KevinBrady
Words 831
Pages 4
RST3709
Assignment 1

Write an essay on the God of the philosophers. Who or what is God according to traditional Classical philosophy? Refer in your answer specifically to Plato and Aristotle’s objective idea of God. Also refer to Augustine’s response to Classical philosophy. Conclude your essay with your own critical assessment. Do you agree or disagree with the philosophers?

Use Chapter 4 of your prescribed textbook (‘The God of the Philosophers’) in order to answer the question.

Contents

1. Brief summary of the God of the philosophers 2. The traditional God and gods 3. Plato and Aristotle’s objective ideas of God 4. Conclusion 5. References

1. Brief summary of the God of the Philosopher:

In the book ‘God: A guide for the perplexed’ Keith Ward goes into fascinating debate and detail of ancient philosopher, their writings and the way the world understood them. Each philosopher mentioned in Chapter 4; Socrates, Plato, Aristotle and Augustine had their own image and debate on what the godswere and how they perceived them and how they believed they came to be and what they are capable of. Plato, when learning about the Greek gods, never understood why they were there or where they came from. He believed that good was the only essence that mattered in all the beliefs and religions and ways of life. He believed in a god that was faultlessin everything he did and that is why the universe was created. (Ward 2002: 145)
Socrates on the other hand denied that there were even gods at all. For this statement he was sentence to death. (Ward 2002: 136)
Augustine however based the foundations of Christianity on some of Plato’s writings by adding the Greek gods under one God in a hierarchical order. Between the two of them they lay the system in which 31.5% (wiki) of the world population believed in a God
2. The traditional gods and God:…...

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