Philosophy Precis

In: Philosophy and Psychology

Submitted By alixsinger
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* * In John Locke’s The Casual Theory of Perception the idea of perception versus what is real is examined and analyzed in great detail. The main focus of this writing is that there is an outside world (made up of real and wholesome objects), and there are ideas about the world (perceptions produced in us by the objects). This main focus is repeated and explained in multiple aspects and ways within Locke’s writing. Going into detail, Locke feels, or rather feels that he knows, that there are three sorts of qualities to be considered in respects to bodies (physical objects). Firstly, there are Primary qualities – otherwise known as real or original qualities - which include certain physical properties such as bulk, size, figure, number, situation, and motion. The reason Locke calls these real or original is because these properties are there regardless of our perceptions and regardless of if we are there. These characteristics are within the object itself, independent of our existence. An example of this would be a boulder. The boulder is made out of elements and has a large bulkiness in the shape of a cylinder. While we can see this, it is an inherent part of the boulder, and will not change based on our experiences around the boulder. Secondly, there are primary qualities – otherwise known as sensible qualities – which include the characteristics of color, taste, smell, and sound. These are all the qualities given off by an object but not intrinsically coming from within or part of that object. According to Lock, these qualities produce in us the different ideas we have of the object. An example of sensible qualities, which Lock uses on page 219, is the example of a fire. When one thinks of a fire, they may think of a warm color such as red, or just the plain thought that a firs is warm or hot. Both of these statements are…...

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