Philosopher and Philosophy

In: Philosophy and Psychology

Submitted By bbcompany
Words 517
Pages 3
SOCRATES’ PHILOSOPHY AND THE SOCIAL ISSUE OF PROSTITUTION
“It is not living that matters, but living rightly”
-Socrates

To live is a big adventure but living rightly is the biggest adventure. It’s not just important to live life, anyone can go on living, but it is on how you live life. In today’s terms, I would say it would be to live life to the fullest and be a good citizen, for some, this may to follow doings as their religion says, for others, it may just to participate in one’s community, for me, it is to live life a happy and prosperous life without much wrong-doing and to follow a life believing in God. Prostitution is one of the rampant social issues here in the Philippines. It is not just an issue of the society, but it is also an issue of morality. Having sexual intercourse to anyone to make a living is definitely evil. Prostitution is spreading uncontrollably and it really sounds deplorably bad. In this complex world, we are living in a never ending competition in order to survive, but doing such act of prostitution does not justify the idea of the survival of the fittest. We have to consider the morality of our actions because even if the consideration or the money you get of doing such prostitution is for the sake of the needs of your family, it will not apparently justify your means. Yes, you do live and survive, but the question is, did you live rightly? No of course, wrong way of life cannot be lived rightly. We can live happily and at the same time survive without doing bad acts if we only persevere to do things the right way. As Mahatma Gandhi supported, “the main purpose of life is to live rightly and act rightly, the soul must languish when we give all our thoughts to the body”.

FERRY ANN CLAIRE V. OPTINA

SOCRATES
BACKGROUND
The Greek philosopher Socrates was born 470/469 B.C. in Athens, and died in 399 B.C. The Greek philosopher…...

Similar Documents

Philosophy

...Philosophy LueAnn Wolaridge PHL/215 February 03, 2010 Steve Elder Philosophy According to Moore, Philosophy means “to love wisdom,” the tract on which one travels seeking answers to questions of knowledge, existence, moral judgment, and society. One cannot define philosophy in one compact, single minded definition. Philosophy is to broad and thought provoking field of study to seek one concrete definition. Philosophy in my mind is an attempt to understand how we all connect in the universe. Philosophers ask questions that make one go “umm.” Because there are no wrong answers in philosophy. Each answer can provoke question after question and still not present the answer one seeks. Take the question “if a tree falls in the woods and no one is there to hear it do it make a sound?” First thought would be to say yes it does make a sound. But philosophers may argue the question, how do we know it makes a sound, it was not heard. “What is sound?” “Is sound produced only if one can hear it?” “Does falling produce sound or did the tree produce sound?” Philosophical questions are speculative, which give philosophers the road to examine different avenue of study at once. Philosophy tends to overlap other areas of study from physic, art, science, to any other subject that one can name. Any subject can be study philosophically when the right questions are asked. Questions are categorized in different areas of study. Epistemology deals with the questions......

Words: 579 - Pages: 3

Philosophy

...Philosophy Philosophy is the study of general and fundamental problems, such as reality, existence, knowledge, values, reason, mind, and language. Discussed in this paper will be the most prominent individuals in each time period and their ideas, starting with the “Pre-Socratic” philosophers and ending in the era of post modernism. The time period in ancient Greece between the end of the seventh century B.C. and the middle of the fourth century B.C. is what is known as the “Pre-Socratic Era”. The thinkers known as the “Pre-Socratic Philosophers” used the four basic elements (water, earth, fire, and air) as their foundations for their ideas. Thales and most of the other Pre-Socratic philosophers limited themselves mostly to inquiring the nature of existence, being, and the world. They were mostly Materialists, believing that all things are composed of material and nothing else, and were mainly concerned with trying to establish the single underlying substance of which the world is made up. They used this idea of “Monism” without resorting to supernatural or mythological explanations. To these men even the commonest of phenomena like lightning, water freezing to ice, and natural disasters would have appeared miraculous. Empedocles, first of the pluralists, who proposed that reality, is composed of an irreducible plurality of elements. He also documented the first theory of evolution. Democritus developed the extremely influential idea of Atomism (that all of reality is......

Words: 2667 - Pages: 11

Philosophy

...HZT4U1 Mrs. Faria February 13, 2014 Philosophy Reflection Essay What is Philosophy? Philosophy is more than simply a school subject, it is a worldview that involves complex and contemplative ways of thinking. It can also be considered as a hypothesis, the love of wisdom, law, equation, and major part of it, science and religion. As Socrates once said " philosophy is a quest for wisdom- an unrelenting devotion to uncover the truth about what matters most in one's life." As mentioned above, Philosophy according to Socrates is a process of proving the truth and validity of certain visual ideas. Philosophy branches out. To understand Philosophy, we need to know what makes someone a philosopher, which helps to determine analytic philosophy. Along with this, we need to understand the method of philosophy which leads us to the true value of philosophy. The study of philosophy is a discipline that develops analytic thought and, ultimately, autonomy. To understand philosophy, and how it leads up to autonomy through analytic thought, we must understand what makes someone a philosopher. in the article " What makes someone a philosophy" by Mark Warnock, she helps to define the subject. Warnock clearly defines a philosopher through her articles. She says "Professional recognition is unimportant: what matters is that a philosopher is someone who thinks at a high level of generality, has 'explanatory ambition' and most importantly, provides arguments in support of his or her views.......

Words: 1215 - Pages: 5

Early Philosophers

...as in the spirit, by writing verses as well as by cultivating philosophy. Tell this to Evenus; and say that I would have him follow me in death.' 'He is not at all the sort of man to comply with your request, Socrates.' 'Why, is he not a philosopher?' 'Yes.' 'Then he will be willing to die, although he will not take his own life, for that is held to be unlawful.' Cebes asks why suicide is thought not to be right, if death is to be accounted a good? Well, (1) according to one explanation, because man is a prisoner, who must not open the door of his prison and run away—this is the truth in a 'mystery.' Or (2) rather, because he is not his own property, but a possession of the gods, and has no right to make away with that which does not belong to him. But why, asks Cebes, if he is a possession of the gods, should he wish to die and leave them? For he is under their protection; and surely he cannot take better care of himself than they take of him. Simmias explains that Cebes is really referring to Socrates, whom they think too unmoved at the prospect of leaving the gods and his friends. Socrates answers that he is going to other gods who are wise and good, and perhaps to better friends; and he professes that he is ready to defend himself against the charge of Cebes. The company shall be his judges, and he hopes that he will be more successful in convincing them than he had been in convincing the court. The philosopher desires death—which the wicked world will insinuate that he......

Words: 46205 - Pages: 185

Philosophy

...Department of Philosophy / Programs / Undergraduate Program / What is Philosophy? What is Philosophy? Quite literally, the term "philosophy" means, "love of wisdom." In a broad sense, philosophy is an activity people undertake when they seek to understand fundamental truths about themselves, the world in which they live, and their relationships to the world and to each other. As an academic discipline philosophy is much the same. Those who study philosophy are perpetually engaged in asking, answering, and arguing for their answers to life’s most basic questions. To make such a pursuit more systematic academic philosophy is traditionally divided into major areas of study. Metaphysics At its core the study of metaphysics is the study of the nature of reality, of what exists in the world, what it is like, and how it is ordered. In metaphysics philosophers wrestle with such questions as: Is there a God? What is truth? What is a person? What makes a person the same through time? Is the world strictly composed of matter? Do people have minds? If so, how is the mind related to the body? Do people have free wills? What is it for one event to cause another? Epistemology Epistemology is the study of knowledge. It is primarily concerned with what we can know about the world and how we can know it. Typical questions of concern in epistemology are: What is knowledge? Do we know anything at all? How do we know what we know? Can we be justified in claiming...

Words: 557 - Pages: 3

Philosopher

...ˈniːt͡sʃə]; 15 October 1844 – 25 August 1900) was a German philologist, philosopher,cultural critic, poet and composer. He wrote several critical texts on religion, morality, contemporary culture, philosophy and science, displaying a fondness for metaphor, irony and aphorism. Nietzsche's key ideas include the Apollonian/Dionysian dichotomy, perspectivism, the Will to Power, the "death of God", the Übermensch and eternal recurrence. One of the key tenets of his philosophy is the concept of "life-affirmation," which embraces the realities of the world in which we live over the idea of a world beyond. It further champions the creative powers of the individual to strive beyond social, cultural, and moral contexts.[3]Nietzsche's attitude towards religion and morality was marked with atheism, psychologism and historism; he considered them to be human creations loaded with the error of confusing cause and effect.[4] His radical questioning of the value and objectivity of truth has been the focus of extensive commentary, and his influence remains substantial, particularly in the continental philosophical schools of existentialism, postmodernism, and post-structuralism. His ideas of individual overcoming and transcendence beyond structure and context have had a profound impact on late-twentieth and early-twenty-first century thinkers, who have used these concepts as points of departure in the development of their philosophies.[5][6] Most recently, Nietzsche's reflections have been......

Words: 3395 - Pages: 14

Philosophy

...Za’Qoya Richardson The term philosophy derives from the Greek terms philein (love) and Sophia (knowledge). Philosophy means the love of knowledge. People quite often find themselves questioning what we know to be reality. If we went our whole lives without knowing the factual detail of our society, the world would be chaotic. People would make up their own rules and there would be little structure. Back then during the Greek period anyone who sought knowledge was considered a philosopher. With that being said what would our history be like without scientists who have answered many philosophical questions in theory? Would there even be a history? These questions can be examples of philosophical questions. People have the misconception that if two people have opposing views on a certain subject, then one has to be correct and the other is incorrect. Philosophy proves that there can be multiple solutions or answers to the same issue at hand. People have their own philosophy. Some people misconceive philosophy with opinion (only). Philosophy uses one’s opinion to support good reasoning. Philosophy is supporting your position with an argument to create something logical. Philosophy can correlate with debate. Philosophers have to be willing to take criticism from opponents. Philosophy has paved the way for a lot of higher offices and leadership roles. Government officials and politicians use their philosophy to manipulate what is going on. They have to deal with......

Words: 314 - Pages: 2

Letter to a Philosopher

...Letter to a Philosopher Helene Torres PHI 105 March 4, 2013 Randall Knighton Letter to a Philosopher Dear John Dewey, I am so delighted that a very significantly philosopher of such great magnitude, as yourself, will take time out to read my letter. I wanted to express my sincere respect as well as support concerning your philosophies, which have been accepted by people all over the world and endured the test of times. The principle regarding ‘Pragmatism Philosophy’, specifically, which accurately details a notion that rejects thoughts, which are not complete reality. For instance, “There is [no] such thing as a fixed, absolute truth” (Moore & Bruder, 2011, p. 206). This truth being relative to time, place, purpose, and is always modifying in light of new statistics, that being facts. As a philosopher, many have recognized you as being America’s notable philosopher of your time. In addition I had read that you were not satisfied to bring forth theories; but instead came forward to accentuate your own concepts of liberalism, and, with the resolution of a champion, you were prepared to provide your title and status to foundations that were scowled upon by demure society. I believe there is no other way things should be seen in life, if not reality. For you to support those that look scowl upon these societies only gives me more respect for you, not only as a philosopher, but a human being. To be pragmatic, in philosophy or in ordinary life, is, above......

Words: 701 - Pages: 3

Philosophy

...Thinking about Philosophy ! The word philosophy refers to both a discipline and a mindset. At its essence, philosophy implies the mindset of critical thinking, a quest to find out the truth and the discipline to have a good argument. Derived from the Greek words Philos - loving and Sophia - meaning wisdom and the the love of wisdom. Philosophy can be broken down into many categories. Included in theses subsets are metaphysics, ethics, epistemology, aesthetics and logic. Metaphysics encompasses the why and how of reality and being. Ethics incorporates morality moral systems. Epistemology explains ways of individual knowing. Aesthetics lends elements of beauty and the arts. Lastly, logic contributes the attributes of logic and reasoning. Philosophers pursue fundamental questions - questions that make sense but cannot be answered by relying on common sense or scientific procedures. Pythagoras defines philosophy as “too modest to wish to be called wise, he said he was not a wise man, but only a lover of wisdom”. According to Descartes, philosophy is the highest wisdom that could be achieved by logic; it taught the reason how to set about obtaining knowledge of as yet unknown truths. Frances Bacon described philosophy as the universal science, from which all other sciences grew like branches of a tree. Philosophers do not do experiments, they use priori - truths derived from a direct intuitive understanding of the truth. Many people misuse the word Philosophy. You will......

Words: 883 - Pages: 4

Philosopher Profile

...theory of language, language games James -physcology, empiricism,pluralism, pragmatism -passive, ineffable, noetic, transient -Philosopher/ Phychologist -rel exp has mental dimension, not just this -truth is in the results! Otto -Wholly Other Schliemacher -emotional experiences Buber -I thou relationship Feuerbach - God is man in large letters Freud - God stems from childhood Jung -rel exp is a result of collective unconscious Alston -rel exp may be the same as normal exp? Broad -blind society Hume -“transgression of a natural law” = miracles -miracle occurred Vs witnesses mistaken? (whats more likely?) -practical case against miracles (insane,supernatural, ignorant,pluralism) Holland -“too coincidental to be a coincidence” G.Moore - no one did it = God did it! Gunkel -look at CONTEXT of miracle stories Swinburne -physical traces of miracles! -principle of credulity/testimony -laws of nature can be relaxed- God like a parent -God is “backwardly eternal...he is forwardly eternal” -omniscience is knowing everything LOGICALLY possible to know -need freedom to damn ourselves -everlasing, God moves in time, only do what is logically possible! C.S Lewis -supernatural elements to miracles - 2+2=5 – NOT PROPER THINGS Wiles -single miracle = creation -partisan/arbitrary Kierkgaard -“leap of faith” Luther -“philosophy is the devil’s whore” Augustine - use reason carefully -humans free will, God foresees -soul deciding, monist,......

Words: 588 - Pages: 3

Philosophy

...1 WHAT IS PHILOSOPHY? The word philosophy is derive from the compilation of two Greek word which are the word Philo which means love and the word Sophia that represent wisdom. So, philosophy is refer to “the love of wisdom”. (Sejarah Falsafah, Edisi Kedua, pg.9, para.1) Pythagoras was the first man who call himself a philosopher which means one who is attempting to find out. According to him, men and women of the world could be classified into three groups which are; [1] those that love pleasure [2] those that love activity [3] those that love wisdom. (Sejarah Falsafah, Edisi Kedua, pg.10, para.2, 3) Basically, philosophy is the study of general and fundamental problems such as those connected with existence, knowledge, values, reason, mind and language. (Sejarah Falsafah, Edisi Kedua, pg.25, para.2) Chambers Concise Dictionary Philosophy is the rational attempt to formulate, understand and answer fundamental questions. It also search for truth and knowledge concerning the universe, human existence, perception and behaviour, pursued by means of reflection, reasoning and argument. On the other hand, philosophy is a set of principles that serves as a basis for making judgements and decisions. The Oxford Companion to Philosophy Philosophy in its shortest meaning is thinking about thinking. Philosophy itself, is a......

Words: 360 - Pages: 2

Philosophy

...1: Philosophy, sophism/sophistry, “pilosopo” 1 [Published in Rolando M. Gripaldo, ed. 2004. Philosophical landscape. Manila: Philippine National Philosophical Research Society.] PHILOSOPHY, SOPHISM/SOPHISTRY, “PILOSOPO” Rolando M. Gripaldo PHILOSOPHY: Ancient Philosophy literally means “love of wisdom.” In contemporary philosophy there are as many definitions of philosophy as there are schools of philosophy.1 What is interesting is that one school defines philosophy to the exclusion of other schools. For instance, the analytic school defines philosophy as the clarification of the meanings of words, phrases, and sentences, and it rejects metaphysical propositions as cognitively meaningless. Its emphasis is logic and language. On the other hand, the continental school defines philosophy in terms of the meaning of life and one’s relationship with the world and the Other (other human beings and/ or God). It considers the activities of the analytic tradition as meaningless to one’s life. Its emphasis is life. It is therefore advisable to just leave the definition of philosophy in its original etymological meaning, although even this is not safe. Quite recently, Hans-Georg Gadamer (1989), an hermeneute, has rejected epistemic wisdom as within the realm of human control. The ancient Greeks defined philosophy as love of (epistemic) wisdom. Thales, who is traditionally considered the father of philosophy, was interested in “knowing” the ultimate reality,...

Words: 3853 - Pages: 16

Philosophy

...power over everything within it. He is unique and exalted above everything. He creates, and His greatness cannot be compared to His creation. | Man | Men had the dominant role in public life in ancient Greece. They were engaged iin politics and public events, while women were often encouraged to stay in the home. | For the Chinese then, Philosophy is the translation of words into action or the application of theory into praxis. Thus for the Chinese, philosophy singles out a person to live on what he says/teaches thus, a man/woman of integrity who has word/s of honor. | In Hindu tradition, Manu is the name accorded to a progenitor of humanity being the first human to appear in the world in an epoch after universal destruction. | He has been created to live on it only for a probationary period, and, in due course, he will return to his Lord, to be judged according to the way he has spent that period. | World | | | | Babor (2007) further expounded that Islamic philosophers in their falsafa (philosophia), through the concept of hikma, view the world and humanity as “intrinsically and substantially unified” “…that Islamic philosophers seek to establish an understanding of the spiritual wholeness of the world and humanity.” Therefore, the world and humanity are interconnected. | Response | Greeks are very advance since the very beginning. They have many Gods and they truly believed in it. They are strong and intelligent people. | Chinese have very strong beliefs. Their......

Words: 1762 - Pages: 8

Hypatia the Philosopher

...Hypatia the philosopher (Agora Movie) * Philosopher * Mathematician * Scientist Theon Father of Hypatia Christian tried to eradicate the pagans from the earth. Pagans fought and unfortunately they were too many since they were the poor. Pagans retreat to their library no one can leave or enter, they ran out of food and water. They asked help from the Prephet (mayor) Library Alexandria, province of Rome in Egypt, he forgave them for attacking them but the condition was to give up the library and give it to the Christians. They burned them and destroyed everything. They don’t want the knowledge to be passed down to the next generation. YouTube – Agora-Hypatia – last moments of the Library of Alexandria Describe how Christians destroyed the scrolls. Statues were destroyed as well. When Hypatia died, Alexandria stopped being the focal point of philosophy. Hypatia * pushed the idea that the earth revolved around the sun in a shape of an elipse * skinned alive using oyster shells, stoned, dragged to the city of Alexandria * accused of witch craft and ungodliness * killed by a mob * provoking her students or the masses in what they believe Pagan * non Christian, non Jew, non Muslim, during the ancient Roman times * first religion * Christians accused pagans of devil worship (rituals revered the devil) * A horned-god named Pan * Not Christian you will be stoned to death, in Alexandria Soldiers of Christ ...

Words: 720 - Pages: 3

Philosopher Paper, Introduction to Philosophy

...Laura Galan (DRAFT) Introduction to Philosophy Philosopher Paper - Chuang-Tzu "The Chinese philosopher Chuang Tzu (ca. 369-ca. 286 BC), also known as Chuang Chou, was the most brilliant of the early Taoists and the greatest prose writer of his time." http://www.bookrags.com/biography/chuang-tzu/ "Not much is known of the life of Chuang Tzu. The Shih Chi (Historical Records, written about 100 BC) tells us that he was a contemporary of King Hui of Liang (370-319) and King Hsüan of Ch'i (319-301). Thus Chuang Tzu seems to have been a contemporary of Mencius (372-289), but neither was mentioned by the other in his extant writings. The Shih Chi also says that Chuang Tzu was born in Meng on the border of Shantung and Honan and that he held a petty official post for a time in Ch'iyüan. However, he seems to have lived most of his life as a recluse, "to be intoxicated in the wonder and the power of Nature." http://www.bookrags.com/biography/chuang-tzu/ It is said that Chuang Tzu did not desire material things and had little interest in occupying positions of high status. He rather cared, enjoyed and was mystified by dwelling in natures surroundings as well as the personal freedoms that it offered. He cared little for anything relating to positions of higher office. "When Chuang Tzu was about to die, his disciples expressed a wish to give him a splendid funeral. But Chuang Tzu said, With the heavens and earth itself for my coffin and shell; with the sun, moon, and...

Words: 2745 - Pages: 11