Pain and Hypnotherapy

In: Philosophy and Psychology

Submitted By galandriel
Words 1891
Pages 8
Alison Farrall Module Eight Word Count 1871

Choose a medical condition that interests you and research it. Write about the possible uses of hypnosis in the treatment of the condition as you see them.

For this assignment I have chosen to discuss fibromyalgia
Fybromyalgia simply means pain (algia) coming from muscles (my) and fibrous tissues (fibro) such as tendons and ligaments. It is usually accompanied by other symptoms in addition to the pains and is sometimes called fibromyalgia syndrome. It is a chronic persistant condition.
“ The cause of fibromyalgia is not known....research has shown that people with fybromyalgaia have certain subtle changes in some chemicals in the brain and nervous system.....there seems to be a minor change in the level of neurotransmitters, the chemicals responsible for transmitting messages between nerves and brain cells. Research studies have shown that there is also an increased amount of a chemical substance called substance P in the cerebrospinal fluid and that this may be involved in the way pain messages are transmitted.”
As the cause of fibromyalgia is thought to be from the processes in the brain and spinal cord there is little evidence that the disease is due to a problem with the peripheral muscles, tendons and ligaments although the pain is often felt there.
Fybromyalgia affects one in fifty people, it usually develops between the ages of twenty five to fifty five and is more common in women.
Common symptoms of fibromyalgia are pain, particularly in the neck and back, sensitivity to touch, joint sorenesss, tiredness, and problems sleeping.
“ People diagnosed with fibromyalgia often experience chronic pain that can be very debilitating to their lives and careers. As many as 30% of people with fibromyalgia report having trouble simply doing their work.”…...

Similar Documents

Useof Hypnotherapy to Treat Osteoarthrithis

...joint to become unstable. * Occupational overuse of a joint. For example, OA of the knee may be more common in elite athletes and elbow OA may be more common in people working with pneumatic drills. Who is likely to get osteoarthritis? OA causes joint pain in around 8.5 million people in the UK. Primary OA develops in previously healthy joints. Most cases develop in people over 50. By the age of 65, at least half of people have some OA in some joint(s). It is mild in many cases, but about 1 in 10 people over 65 have a major disability due to OA (Mainly due to OA of one or both hips or knees). Secondary OA develops in joints previously abnormal for a variety of reasons. For example, it may develop in injured or deformed joints. This can occur in younger people. Which joints are affected? Any joint can be affected by OA but the hips, knees, finger joints, thumb joints and lower spine are most commonly affected. The shoulders, elbows, wrists, ankles, and toe joints are less commonly affected. In many cases, just a few joints develop symptoms with one or two becoming the most troublesome. In some people, OA develops in many joints. What are the symptoms of osteoarthritis? * Pain, stiffness, and limitation in full movement of the joint are typical. The stiffness tends to be worse first thing in the morning but tends to loosen up after half an hour or so. * Swelling and inflammation of an affected joint can sometimes occur. (But ......

Words: 2770 - Pages: 12

Hypnotherapy Case Study

...10. She did not have hypnotherapy for weight loss, tried some diet but because of her hectic lifestyle she did not managed to follow them. I explained that the key to keeping weight off is to make changes to her diet and lifestyle that she can stick to, and hypnotherapy can help to make and maintain these changes. To find out the reasons why Miss W overeats we used the chart in the Hypnosis for Change book (pages 63-65) and examined when, why and where she was overeating. We also looked at new options and alternative activities instead of eating. She eats more in groups, at business lunches and at social events. Miss W treats herself to a meal whenever she needs a reward or to relax. We were able to see clearly that her “danger areas” – the situations when she is more likely to eat excessive amount of food – are the gatherings, hence she will monitor herself how much does she eat at the next occasion. I also looked for any hidden agenda in her case. I asked a lot of open question and also used the chart mentioned above, but I was not able to identify any at the first consultation. I will keep an open eye on it and look for any veiled motive or intention, because sometimes the clients are not consciously aware of their hidden agendas and for an effective therapy these need to be discovered. I also assessed her modality, learning style, individual needs to be able to write a personalised screed for her. Because she is also working for her hypnotherapy diploma she tried a......

Words: 2457 - Pages: 10


... Quotes about pain from Who, except the gods, can live time through forever without any pain? - Aeschylus The injuries we do and the injuries we suffer are seldom weighed on the same scales. - Aesop The greatest evil is physical pain. - Augustine, St. The moment an ill can be patiently handled, it is disarmed of its poison, though not of its pain. - Beecher, Henry Ward And God shall wipe away all tears from their eyes; and there shall be nor more death, neither sorrow nor crying, neither shall there be any more pain. [Revelation] - Bible To banish cares, scare away sorrow and soothe pain is the business of the poet and singer. - Bodenstedt 1 There has never been a great athlete who died not knowing what pain is. - Bradley, Bill Pain dies quickly, and lets her weary prisoners go; the fiercest agonies have shortest reign. - Bryant, William C. The great art of life is sensation, to feel that we exist, even in pain. - Byron, Lord It is easier to find men who will volunteer to die, than to find those who are willing to endure pain with patience. - Caesar, Julius All pain is either severe or slight, if slight, it is easily endured; if severe, it will without doubt be brief. - Cicero, Marcus T. The injuries that befall us unexpectedly are less severe than those which are deliberately anticipated. - Cicero, Marcus T. 2 After great pain, a formal feeling comes. The Nerves sit ceremonious, like......

Words: 1391 - Pages: 6


...2,147 words Hypnosis as it is practised refers to an interaction between two people, one of whom is identified as the hypnotist, the other as the subject/client, (P2 Hypnotherapy handbook, by Heap and Dryden). Hypnosis is a process in which psychological, mental emotions, reactions and behaviour are changed to improve health and positive wellbeing. During this essay I will talk about the history and what the psychological and physical aspects of hypnosis are. Further to that I will be discussing the role of relaxation in hypnotherapy, why some of us are more susceptible and how hypnosis has been used in medicine, as well as the comparisons to hypnosis today. We have all been in a hypnotic state however most do not notice it because, at the time, it seemed a natural state of mind. However, the hypnotic state is natural for all humans and many animals. Neurologists believe that the left side of the brain is where the logical control centre of the brain exists (conscious mind), and the right side of the brain controls creativity (subconscious mind)(.website ,, hypnosis how does it work, clinical hypnosis and memory: guidelines for clinicians and forensic hypnosis by D. Corydon Hammond) This supports the idea that under hypnosis the conscious mind takes a back seat and the sub conscious mind takes over, e.g. when you are driving yourself along a familiar road past your exit, or you suddenly became aware of yourself behind the wheel and wondered where you were......

Words: 2202 - Pages: 9

Diabetes and Hypnotherapy

...Hypnotherapy & Counselling Skills Year 1 (July 2013) Module 8 (Word Count 1,873) Choose a medical Condition that interests you and research it. Write about the possible uses of hypnosis in the treatment of the condition as you see them. I have chosen diabetes as a subject of interest; partly because this condition has more recently become prevalent in my own extended family, and partly because I‘m interested to explore the impact that hypnosis may have upon what is now classified as a worldwide epidemic The problem in people with diabetes is that either they don’t produce enough insulin, or the insulin they do produce doesn’t work properly, or their cells don’t respond properly to insulin. The net result is that glucose isn’t cleared from their bloodstream. Their blood glucose levels are then too high and the body tries to clear them away by various compensatory methods, such as increased urination. Insulin helps to reduce the glucose levels produced by the breakdown of carbohydrates in food. As more studies have been conducted, medical professionals now understand that diabetes brings with it the hidden risk of depression. In fact, diabetes can increase the odds of a person developing depression by 50% With depression comes a distancing of relationships, difficulty in the workplace or in school, and an overall sense of doom and defeat. Considering that 35% of all diabetics have significant depression and 11% have major......

Words: 1850 - Pages: 8

Uses of Hypnotherapy to Treat a Medical Condition

...Uses of Hypnotherapy to treat a medical condition Introduction The purpose of this essay is to describe and explain the uses of hypnotherapy in the treatment of a medical condition. For this essay I have chosen to look at a chronic life limiting illness called Motor Neurone Disease. This is a disease that can affect many different aspects of a person’s life and is very aggressive in its symptoms. I have met quite a few people with this condition whilst working in the Neurophysiology department at the QMC, where all the nerve and muscles studies and EMG’s are performed. It not only changes the person’s life but also the lives of the people around them. I found this research both upsetting and informative. MND is a progressive degenerative disease which sadly has no known cure and sufferers will usually die within 5 years of the onset of the disease, there is no way to tell that you have this disease but there are many warning signs such as difficulty with speech, walking and dropping things due to not being able to grip correctly. MND is an unusual disease that damages nerve cells that the brain would usually use to send messages to the muscles and spinal cord where the upper and lower motor neurones are negatively affected. This then alters the muscle strength and can result in muscle loss. Theses neurons also if not working correctly will affect the messages sent to the brain giving the commands the body needs to enable walking, swallowing and any other muscle use. This...

Words: 1984 - Pages: 8

What Is Hypnotherapy?

...What is Hypnotherapy? Describe the psychological and physical aspects of hypnosis and discuss the role of relaxation in Hypnotherapy. This essay will offer a definition of hypnotherapy and then proceed into a brief history of hypnosis. Afterwards, the aim is to describe what psychological and physical aspects appear within hypnosis including a few examples for illustration. The latter part of this essay will focus on the role of relaxation within hypnotherapy, finishing with an overall conclusion. To answer what is Hypnotherapy, firstly the term ‘hypnosis’ must be understood. Hypnosis is “a different state of consciousness which you can naturally enter so that, for therapeutic purposes (hypnotherapy), beneficial corrections may be given directly to your unconscious mind”, according to the BSCH at (2007). Therefore, Hypnotherapy appears to be the therapeutic work done between the client and the Hypnotherapist in order for advantageous changes to occur within the clients (unconscious) mind. Ancient history highlights Hypnosis used by the Egyptians through pictorial evidence of people standing over another making what is assumed hypnotic hand motions, but interpretation of such is difficult, (Waterfield 2004). Modern history starts with Franz Anton Mesmer’s (1733-1815) early notions on ‘universal gravitational fluid’ whereby the planets influence fluid inside the human body. Initial healing used magnets owing Mesmer to change his......

Words: 2236 - Pages: 9


...Introduction Hypnosis comes from the Greek work “Hypnos” which means sleep , trance like state and is termed as a state of mental and physical relaxation enabling someone to access the subconscious mind, which is the part of the mind that expresses the way people automatically feel, think and act. The hypnosis theory has proven to effectively access the subconscious mind, and determine the conflicts in the mind causing the desired change either in behaviour, emotionally, physically and psychologically. Hypnosis has become essential in the clinical aspects, mainly in the pain management with positive results . This is due to the success of many laboratory studies and research, and the ability to observe the behaviour of the client, reinforcing the theory of hypnosis. HISTORY Modern Hypnosis began with Franz Anton Mesmer (1734-1815) an Austrian doctor who used magnets and the view of transferring fluid in order to cure illness without medicine or surgery. As there was no scientific evidence to his work, Mesmer’s believed that it was magnetism, rather than the patient's own mind that determined the outcome. His first attempt to test his theory and practice in 1774 was with Franziska Osterlin and in 1777 he restored a blind girl’s sight. His method of fluid transfer was disregarded and declared as individual fantasy by King Louis in 1785. However, Mesmer’s theory had stirred interest even after he died, a result of which saw other theories emerge. James......

Words: 1904 - Pages: 8


...What is Hypnosis ? Describe the psychological and physical aspects of hypnosis and discuss the role of relaxation in hypnotherapy. To many people the word hypnosis will often conjure up images of swinging fob watches and dramatic stage shows where people are compelled to behave in strange ways. Whilst very entertaining, the popular performance of stage hypnosis is very different to the essence of modern hypnosis and is mainly responsible for many misconceptions about hypnotism and hypnotherapy. (Waterfield 2004) In order to understand modern hypnosis, it is necessary to look to the past in order to identify and trace its origins. Waterfield writes about examples from history thought to be an indication of early hypnosis in many different cultures, including ancient Egypt, ancient Greece, India and even Australia, but dismisses many of these as unrelated and unproven in many cases. Modern hypnosis in the Western Hemisphere is believed to have started with Franz Anton Mesmer. Born in Iznang, which is now part of Germany, in 1734, Mesmer studied philosophy, theology, music, maths and law before deciding on a medical career. He worked extensively in Vienna and as a result of influences by the mystic physician Paracelsus he began to develop ideas of an invisible fluid in the body which affected health. Initially, he used magnets to manipulate the fluid and ‘magnetise’ his patients. Healing sessions with individual patients progressed to group sessions and Mesmer......

Words: 1874 - Pages: 8


...Patient, Population, Problem - Hospice patient receiving medication as standard. The medication is noted to reduce respirations. I - Intervention - Collaborate with hospice nurses to order morphine as a individualized medication and not automatically used for protocol C - Comparison with other interventions, if applicable Research to be done to do comparison, O - Outcomes that include metrics for evaluation - The outcome of hospice staff coordinating care with staff personnel. 7. Initial EBP question? How best can staff nurses and hospice nurses collaborate on the administration of morphine 8. List possible search terms, database to search, and search strategies? Hospice Morphine Euthanasia Palliative Care Pain 9. What evidence must be gathered? Literature search Standards Guidelines Expert opinion Patient/Family preference Clinical expertise Organizational data...

Words: 294 - Pages: 2


...From Pain to Pleasure: Three Steps to Quality Writing On the list of fun things to do, many students rank writing an essay somewhere between getting a root canal and studying for finals.  But why does writing get such a bum rap?  Perhaps it is because students frequently get back marked up papers with lower-than-expected grades and, therefore, cringe whenever the next essay comes along.  This experience, however, is completely avoidable.  By learning to master essay organization, idea development, and basic formatting guidelines, most students can take the three biggest steps toward more successful writing.   In the typical five-paragraph essay (like this one), the writer organizes his or her work around a thesis statement and three body paragraphs.  Look how this essay starts with a sentence designed to generate some interest and to engage the reader.  By the end of that introduction paragraph, the writer gets to his thesis statement: the best one- or two-sentence summary of the essay as a whole.  Because this thesis statement mentions that there are three main steps to improving writing (organization, development, and formatting), the reader should expect one body paragraph for each of those three main ideas.  Likewise, please note that this paragraph is solely about organization—the first of those three ideas mentioned. While organization is crucial, the element that really separates excellent writing from decent writing is development.  Good writers do not just......

Words: 628 - Pages: 3


...history and any other therapies they may have already had, especially any medical history you may need to know about such as previous mental states and any medications they may be taking. Although most therapists offer the initial consultation for free, it is also a good time to set out a contract based on agreed costs, number of sessions and confidentiality policy. You can also make sure you do not know the client in any way that may create a dual relationship such as a family member or someone you may have worked with before. Perhaps the most important is to make sure there is no sexual attraction between you and the client, as this will have a definite effect on any further sessions. And although the initial consultation is not a full hypnotherapy session, you can begin the process of “seeding” the client for ready acceptance of future work. However, there are some cons to holding an initial consultation. Some clients may take advantage of a free session and try to obtain treatment without paying. As well as giving away half an hour to an hour of your time for free, there are also legal issues involved in offering free consultations. It could be argued that using a free consultation as a sale’s pitch could be aimed at more vulnerable clients and would not be in their best interests. As this session is the baseline for all future therapy, it is important that the relationship is built in a positive way from the start. If the client does not leave the consultation feeling......

Words: 2137 - Pages: 9


...consultation or they are referred by a medical practitioner, I feel it would be resourceful if the documentation, known as the Notation, is forwarded to the client prior to meeting face to face; allowing the therapist to gain relevant personal details, about the client including their background, occupation and family details plus any medical history and details of any previous sessions. Also what is the purpose of the latest request for attending hypnotherapy? This information gained prior to the consultation can give the therapist an idea of where the client’s state of mind is and where they want to be. However the first meeting there are many more questions which need to be asked which could include the client’s hobbies and leisure activities, fears or dislikes or any issues or worries around finances, relationships or work. It may be useful to ask the client about their childhood listening out for any internal beliefs they may have stored in the subconscious. These questions would be dependent upon the reason the client was attending hypnotherapy. From all this information gathered the therapist will need to have good active listening skills to be able to pick out the relevant information to be used to create an individual screed to help the client achieve their goal which they set out in the initial consultation. It will also support the direction in which you write the screed to make the journey most beneficial to gain the best outcome. It will also highlight if......

Words: 1804 - Pages: 8


...Pain Assessment and Management G u i d e l i n e f o r Marlene Walden, PhD RNC NNP CCNS Sharyn Gibbins, PhD RN NNP P r a c t i c e , 2 n d E d i t i o n Pain Assessment and Management Guideline for Practice, 2nd Edition This guideline is an outline of the pain assessment and management practices that currently are accepted and documented by experts in the field of neonatal care. In addition, it summarizes and recommends pain assessment and management practices based on the best evidence for the nursing care of infants. This guideline does not preclude the use of manufacturers’ recommendations or other acceptable methods of assessing and managing pain in infants. The use of other practices known to improve the quality of neonatal care is encouraged and not restricted by this document. The National Association of Neonatal Nurses (NANN) developed this guideline in response to members’ requests. Broad in scope, it can provide a foundation for specific nursing protocols, policies, and procedures developed by individual institutions. Authors Marlene Walden, PhD RNC NNP CCNS Sharyn Gibbins, PhD RN NNP Reviewers Daniel Batton, MD, American Academy of Pediatrics Sandra Sundquist Beauman, MSN RNC Jim Couto, MA, American Academy of Pediatrics Mary Ann Gibbons, BSN RN Melinda Porter, RNC CNS NNP Ann Stark, MD FAAP, Chair of AAP Committee on Fetus and Newborn Carol Wallman, RNC NNP MS, NANN/AWHONN Liaison to AAP Committee on Fetus......

Words: 13773 - Pages: 56


...Pain one Definitions of pain from medical perspective There are different definitions and descriptions of pain due to different perspectives From medical perspective, pain can be defined as a bothering sensory feeling or emotional experience and is variably described as irritating, sore, stinging, aching, throbbing, or unbearable feeling (Patel 2010). In medical terms there are two categories of pain, including nociceptive and neuropathic (Macintyre &Schug 2007). Medically, according to Macintyre and Schug (2007) the first category of pain is nociceptive pain—a common category reported in clinical settings. This type of pain occurs due to trauma, tissue damage or inflammation that stimulates sensory nerve endings called nociceptors. Intense peripheral nociceptive stimuli will increase excitability of the nervous spinal cord, leading to central sensitisation in the presence of subsequent pain stimuli, increased intensity and lower pain threshold. Macintyre and Schug (2007) also described two types of nociceptive pain: somatic and visceral pain. Somatic pain may be experienced as sharp, hot or stinging pain that is localised to the area of injury. Visceral pain is dull, cramping or colicky pain that is poorly localised. Visceral pain can also be referred to other areas, with associated symptoms, such as nausea and vomiting. The second category is neuropathic pain. It results from serious injury such as in childbirth as stated by Wong (2004) or disease that affects the......

Words: 532 - Pages: 3