P1- Research Project on Child Abuse

In: Other Topics

Submitted By Sophia0205
Words 3889
Pages 16
How childhood abuse can impact on the child

Abstract
“Child abuse is the term used when an adult harms a child or a young person under the age of 18. Abuse is always wrong and it is never the child/young person’s fault” (NSPCC) Child abuse can come in many forms like the physical maltreatment to sexual molestation. Child abuse can result in actual or potential harm to a child in many ways such as their development, health, dignity etc. It can occur because of many reasons. The parent/guardian may have a lack of support if they are just one family i.e. no extended or huge family to help, the child’s guardian may feel isolated. Another reason why it can occur is stress. If there are financial issues, work-related stress, medical problems etc. this can cause a parent/guardian to lash out and resort to abuse. If the child has a disability, the parent/guarding may find this very stressful and abuse the child. A big issue that can cause child abuse is drug or alcohol intake. This can affect how an individual acts and thinks so this may limit a parent's ability to meet their children's needs. Lastly, another harm to a child in many ways such as their development, health, dignity etc. It can occur because of many reasons. The parent/guardian may have a lack of support if they are just one family i.e. no extended or huge family to help, the child’s guardian may feel isolated. Another reason why it can occur is stress. If there are financial issues, work-related stress, medical problems etc. this can cause a parent/guardian to lash out and resort to abuse. If the child has a disability, the parent/guarding may find this very stressful and abuse the child. A big issue that can cause child abuse is drug or alcohol intake. This can affect how an individual acts and thinks so this may limit a parent's ability to meet their children's needs. Lastly, another reason for why child…...

Similar Documents

Child Abuse

...CHAPTER ONE 1.0 INTRODUCTION 1.1 Background of the Study Child abuse is a global problem that has received tremendous attention in Western Countries. Not until recently was it confirmed that child abuse really existed in Africa generally and Nigeria in particular. The term “Child Abuse” refers to intention acts that result in physical or emotional harm to children. Child abuse covers a wide range of behaviour from physical assault by parents or other adult caretakers to neglect of child basic need. Traditionally, parent or adult have been entrusted by the society with the responsibility of caring for and guiding their children best interest. Observations have shown that parents or guardians differ in their ability to care for and protect their children. Thus the extent of child abuse is difficult to measure, culture around t he world have different standards in dealing in what constitutes child abuse. In Sweden, for example, the law prohibits any physical punishment of children, including spanking. By contrast, in some countries of Asia, Africa and the Caribbean parents are expected to punish their children by hitting them. Ordinarily, there is nothing wrong with that, but in cases where families or adults engage in practices that interfere with or inhibits a child, generally welfare and educational development, calls for serious concern in Africa in general cannot be left out in this performance problems. Often, feelings of guilt violation and lowered self esteem......

Words: 11743 - Pages: 47

Child Abuse

...Child abuse and maltreatment is not limited to a particular age and can occur in the infant, toddler, preschool, and school-age years. Choose one of the four age groups (infant, toddler, preschool, or school age) and discuss the types of abuse that are most often seen in this age. Discuss warning signs and physical and emotional assessment findings the nurse may see that could indicate child abuse. Discuss cultural variations of health practices that can be misidentified as child abuse. Describe the reporting mechanism in your state and nurse responsibilities related to the reporting of suspected child abuse. Include in-text citations and references for each of the scholarly sources used. Respond to other learners' posts in a manner that initiates or contributes to discussion. Every walk of life in our society is plagued with child abuse, which comes in many forms. According to the U.S. Health Department, of the children who experienced maltreatment or abuse, over 78% experienced neglect; more than 17% were physically abused; just under 10% were sexually abused; approximately 8% were psychologically maltreated; and just over 2% were medically neglected. Culturally some rituals are considered abusive. Geographic and demographic differences can influence what is considered abuse as well. However sexual abuse is one that would not be considered socially acceptable in any walk of life. Teenage girls are most affected by this form of abuse. They are more likely than males to......

Words: 558 - Pages: 3

Child Abuse

...Running Head: EXAMINING CHILD ABUSE & FOSTER CARE Examining Different Types of Child Abuse and the Effects of Foster Care Kelsey D. Hill Northeast Alabama Community College Abstract All children have the right to live in an environment free from abuse and neglect. According to Muda & Alwi (2012), “The safety of children is the paramount concern that must guide child protection efforts”. There are four main types of abuse: Physical, sexual, emotional, and neglect. Physical abuse and emotional abuse are similar and different in many ways. Physical abuse can be seen on the outside of a child, while emotional abuse is more of a mental abuse and can harm a child majorly. This paper examines abuse and factors that may help children who are abused. Examining Different Types of Child Abuse and the Effects of Foster Care There are several different types of abuse that undeniably occur in children. Physical abuse, sexual abuse, emotional abuse, and neglect are the four main forms of abuse. Abuse can physically and mentally abuse a person permanently. A child’s development stage is the most crucial and needs serious attention from parents as well as teachers in order to assure their growth into healthy and mature adults (Noh & Wan, 2012). One of the factors that may hamper a child’s growth is child abuse. It could cause serious emotional effects to a child throughout their lifetime. Although some children would disagree, foster care and human resources......

Words: 1626 - Pages: 7

Child Abuse

...TITLE OF THE ESSAY : Child Labour : The Abuse of Girl Child * Siddharth Sharma (2ND YEAR B.A.LLB STUDENT AT NLIU, BHOPAL) TABLE OF CONTENTS 1. INTRODUCTION 2. WHY A GIRL CHILD GETS MORE VICTIMIZED? 3. SEXUAL ABUSE AND CHILD LABOUR? 4. DO WE HAVE A SOLUTION? INTRODUCTION “Born to parents who themselves were uneducated child workers, many child worker are forced to continue a tradition that leaves them chained to a life of poverty” Child labour violates a nation’s minimum age laws, threatens children’s physical, mental, or emotional well-being, involves intolerable abuse, such as child slavery, child trafficking, debt bondage, forced labor, or illicit activities, prevents children from going to school and above all, uses children to undermine labor standards. In this regard The Child Labour (Prohibition and Regulation) Act was enacted in 1986. The constitution of India also recognizes the right of children and safeguards their right to survival, protection and development. Article 14 of the constitution bestows right to equality. Article 15(3) empowers state to make special provision in favour of children. Article 23 prohibits traffic in human being. Article 14 prohibits employment of children below 14 years in any factory or mine or hazardous occupation. Article 39 prohibits abuse and exploitation. Article 45 provides compulsory education up to 14 years. India has recently finally left the company of seven other countries that still legally......

Words: 2299 - Pages: 10

Child Abuse

...When Is Discipline, Child Abuse? Many people have noticed that parents are starting to get more frustrated with with their lives and are taking it out on their children. Parents start to under think their actions and instead of disciplining their children, they are abusing their children. There are many precautions that should be taken when dealing with situations like these. Many experiments can be done in order to determine if abuse is taking place in the home. In order to determine child abuse, authorities usually look for bruises or broken bones in bad families but child abuse is determined by factors that are sometimes unknown. Child abuse is defined by internet dictionaries as physical, emotional, or sexual mistreatment of children. OkKids released documents on the case of Naomi Whitecrow and her child abuse story taken to the extreme (OkKids). Naomi Whitecrow was taken from her biological mother in February of 2008 and was sent to a foster home in September of 2008. Naomi died January 20th of 2009 from severe child abuse while in foster care. While people may think that children get bruises all the time, Naomi had bruises on her chest, face, back, legs, buttock, and head from Amy Holder, her foster mother. Although it was believed to be Amy Holder who was the cause of Naomi’s death, the defense argued that Holder brought Naomi to the doctor five days prior because she was a “concerned mother”. This case also shows that Holder brought in a “texas expert” to......

Words: 1263 - Pages: 6

Child Abuse

...Child Abuse Name Institution Child Abuse Child abuse is when one jeopardizes or damages a child’s health, physical or emotional growth. Basically, it can be explained when one hurts a child with no valid reason and at times, it can be represented with an injury which emerges to be non-accidental (Help, 2010). Child Abuse can be in different forms the first one is sexual abuse. Sexual abuse is when an adult has sex with a child. It also includes child prostitution, exhibitionism or even forcing a child to watch any sexual acts (Help, 2010). The second one is physical abuse this is when one causes an intended injury to a child it also includes biting, burning, hair pulling, kicking, slapping and many others. The third one is emotional abuse it means behaving in a manner that affects the social or mental development of a child. When one screams or yells at a child, it affects their emotional growth. Calling them names or a shaming them affects their social life at a certain level (Help, 2010). The last form of abuse is when one neglects a child. This is when one stops to provide the basic or physical needs (adequate food, housing, medical attention and clothes) of a child it also includes not supervising a child. There has been a number of theories over years trying to explain the history of child abuse. Currently only six theories try to explain the source of child abuse. These theories use two main methods to explain...

Words: 1032 - Pages: 5

Child Abuse

...Child Abuse and Neglect 29 30 Dimensions and Critical Issues of Child Maltreatment in the African American Community: Causation, Consequences, and Prospects Presenter: Respondent: Joyce N. Thomas, R.N., M.P.H. Robert Pierce, Ph.D. Introduction African Americans, the largest minority population in the United States, suffer disproportionately from preventable diseases and deaths—(Department of Health and Human Services, Office of Minority Health, 1994). This statement from the Office of Minority Health not only captures the tragic problem of health related issues of African Americans, it also applies to the social welfare problems of these children and their families. Each year over 2,000 children die at the hands of their parents or caretakers (U.S. Advisory Board on Child Abuse and Neglect, 1995). Abuse and neglect in the home are considered one of the leading causes of death for children four years of age and younger and the largest number of child abuse fatalities is due to severe head trauma. Homicide statistics are only part of the grim reality, with near–fatal abuse and neglect accounting for more than 18,000 permanently disabled children, and approximately 142,000 serious injuries (Baladerian, 1991). Findings from the report, A Nation’s Shame: Fatal Child Abuse and Neglect in the United States, indicate that African Americans are overrepresented in both fatalities and near–fatal injuries (U.S. Advisory Board on Child Abuse and Neglect, 1995). Research shows that...

Words: 8401 - Pages: 34

Child Abuse

...Child Abuse Child abuse is one of the common threats posed during child development. There are multiple types of child abuse such as physical, emotional, verbal and neglect (Santrock, 2013). Studies show child abuse recognized more in economically developed countries than in developing countries. Children, however, have been beaten and abandoned for many thousands of years, based primarily on the belief that children are the property of their parents. Children have always been susceptible to abuse by their parents or other adults for many centuries because laws failed to protect them. In earlier years civilizations usually abandoned deformed or unwanted children. That was past; now, the biggest issue is to combat child abuse and there are many options deployed by the U.S government to protect children right against abuse. In the thirteenth-century both children and parents thought of beatings as in the child's best interest. Children were also beaten by their teachers. In the fourteenth through sixteenth centuries child abuse was still common. However, there was decrease of abuse in wealthy communities. Later in sixteenth- and seventeenth-century fathers commonly placed their children in internships to provide cheap labor. During the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries this tradition continued into the early years of the United States. (THE HISTORY OF CHILD ABUSE , 2013) Child abuse first captured the nation's attention with an eight-year-old orphan......

Words: 1534 - Pages: 7

Child Abuse

...Adult Survivors of Childhood Sexual Abuse | Generalist 241 | Mandie Boster | 4/21/2014 4/21/2014 There have been an increasing number of reported child abuse and child neglect cases rising in the United States. We see them in the headlines and hear of them on the news but very rarely do we hear of stories of adult survivors of child abuse and the treatment or theories that have helped them overcome the trauma. This paper will look at child sexual abuse victims and the adult survivors that have had positive outcomes after treatment or therapy. According to Karakurt and Silver (2014), “childhood sexual abuse (CSA) is any sexual abuse with a child through the use of force, threat or deceit to secure the child’s participation, or any sexual contact with a child who is incapable of consenting by virtue of age, disability, or power differential”. The Social Work Dictionary states (1995), “victims often cannot or are unwilling to understand or resist the advances of the abuser”. Child sexual abuse happens to children of every race, age, and socioeconomic background; perpetrators do not discriminate. According to an article in Healthcare Risk Management (2012), “about 95% of the reported abuse is perpetrated by someone the child knows and trust”. When children are abused by people they love and trust many times they are afraid, ashamed or do not understand how to report the abuse or to whom they should report it to. The cases that are reported are sometimes not......

Words: 4152 - Pages: 17

Child Abuse

...Psy of Personality Child Abuse Child abuse is the physical, psychological, or sexual abuse, or neglect of a child by a caregiver responsible for the child’s welfare (Fryer 80). Although it is easy to see the harms child abuse causes to a child physically, many fail to realize the social and emotional damages that are triggered in early childhood development and continued throughout adolescence and adulthood. Victims of child abuse mature into troubled adults with lasting emotional and psychological problems, along with a sense of rejection and frustration which is passed on to future generations. Child abuse victims need to be treated to prevent not only the possible permanent physical or psychological scarring, but to also break the violence breeding generation cycle (Fontana 9). Children have been beaten, violated, and murdered, and sadly these cases have been increasing during past decades (Fontana 3). This maltreatment occurs among all types of families and is not limited to any particular racial, religious, economic, intellectual, or social group (Fryer 15). There are various forms of child abuse; though the four most prevalent types include physical abuse, sexual abuse, emotional/psychological abuse, and neglect, all of which place very damaging effects upon its victims (Fryer 14). Over the past several decades, however, major concern has shifted from the physical damages of child abuse to the permanent psychological damages that affect the child for the remainder......

Words: 1152 - Pages: 5

Child Abuse

...Child Abuse Abril Smith Albany State University Dr. Ibe Abstract Child Abuse is one of the most unreported crimes in the United States. The crime rate is increasing by the year. There are different types of child abuse. Every type of child abuse is affect in a different way. As you read my paper, you will gain a better understanding of child abuse. Studies have reported that they are finding different ways to help heal children from child neglect. Introduction Throughout this world, there are millions of children who are abused and neglected. Child abuse is one of the most harmful crimes that have a major effect over children. However, Child abuse is a global concern in this country. Child abuse is one of the most underreported crimes in this world. The crime rate is steadily increasing across the world. Child Abuse is basically any sexual contact between a child and an adult or another child. There are many different kind of sexual abuse or assault of a child. Some forms are: actual or attempted penetration of the anus or vagina, oral sexual contact, foundling or touching the child’s private parts of forcing the child to touch other private parts, exposing children to adult sexual activity, and having children to perform in pornographic movies. It has been stated that one in every four girls and one in every six boys will be victim of sexual abuse before the age of 18. There are many places where Child abuse takes place, such as: neighborhoods, ethnic, and......

Words: 1403 - Pages: 6

Child Abuse

...support to children affected by abuse. A total of 34 organisations and individuals were met. Six days were spent in each country, except in Afghanistan, where only three days were spent. The six locations were Peshawar, Islamabad and Karachi. Organisations met included those working on child sexual exploitation and sexual health, and those working with communities of street children, MSM (men who have sex with men), and trafficked women and girls. Many groups could not be visited due to time limitations. Non-governmental organisations (NGOs), university psychology departments, community-based organisations (CBOs), international non-governmental organisations (INGOs) and donor agencies, as well as independent research consultants and a theatre animator | | | were amongst the contacts met. Interviews were held | | | with those at management level, heads of organisations, | | | coordinators of child protection units, trainers, | | | programme officers, field workers, therapists and | | | counsellors. Wherever possible, counsellors, therapists | | | and caregivers working directly with children were | | | interviewed. | 1 | | | | | Objectives The objectives were to: * collect and compile information on organisations working on community-based approaches to combat CSA and to assess their level of psychosocial support, including their structures and mechanisms; and * map sexual health education projects which relate to......

Words: 9700 - Pages: 39

Child Abuse

...Brittanie Adams Professor Gibson-Lucas 1st Year Seminar 1 October 2015 Child Abuse and Suicide Child abuse and suicide, two of the most well-known topics worldwide for all the wrong reasons. When many people hear the words “child abuse” they easily assume it was some form of physical maltreatment, but child abuse is often sexual molestation of a child (“Sexual Abuse”). Suicide is known as the act of intentionally causing one's own death. Child abuse and Suicide are two completely different topics that are related in many different ways that most people are unaware of. In 1986 there were an estimated 155,900 cases of child sexual abuse identified by scientists, a 221% increase over 1980 (Finkelhor 79). When a perpetrator engages with a child this way, they are committing a crime that can have lasting effects on the victim for years. Child sexual abuse does not need to include physical contact between a perpetrator and a child. Sexual abuse on a child can range from obscene digital interaction to intercourse, even anything causing mental harm to the child/minor. Often times people picture a perpetrator as someone who is a stranger to the child or an adult, but the abuser is many times known by the child or family and has a relationship with the child. As many as 93% of victims under the age of 18 know the abuser (RAINN). Often times people wonder why the victims don’t speak up and it's not because they don't want to, but because the abuser threatens them with a number......

Words: 1190 - Pages: 5

Child Abuse

...Child Abuse Marwa Darwiche Baker College Abstract Child abuse is one of the most traumatic and difficult problem that we are facing today. Child Abuse is wrong and harmful. Many people are oblivious to the fact that many children are getting hurt physically and emotionally. Child abuse has a negative impact on a child’s life. It leads to so many harmful things that parents fear. Hatred occurs when a child is abused. When a child is abused they are more likely to recall it for a long period of time some children will remember it for the rest of their life. Child abuse can cause a child to have suicidal thoughts. Child abuse can cause a child to most likely start using drugs at a very early age. It is despicable to see this occurring and yet nobody tries to put an end to it. Regardless of how close a person is to us if we know that child abuse is involved we need to stop it by calling the cops and reaching out to someone. In conclusion, the most vital thing in this world is a child. CHILD ABUSE Child abuse is a very important aspect in life. Most people highly ignore the amount of children that are being abused every year. Many people do not want to speak about it or hear about it or even interfere. Child abuse is going on all over the world and people hide it. In addition, I have witnessed child abuse and it was awful. I knew I had to do something to stop it because of the horrible outcome to child abuse. In fact, Child abuse can lead to suicidal......

Words: 681 - Pages: 3

Child Abuse

...Child Abuse in the U.S.A Jennifer Bhikarry Barry University Sandra ROBERTS, Ph.D. Barry University Pembroke Pines, FL 33025 ADM 535: Applied Research Methodologies October 10th, 2011 Child abuse in the U.S.A I – INTRODUCTION Introduction Statement of the Problem: Purpose of the study Research questions II- REVIEW OF THE LITERATURE A - AN ADMINISTRATIVE NIGHTMARE, Deel, (1991) 1. A hidden type of abuse: a school leadership issue, Mitchell ( 2010) 2. Ethical or unethical? The Code of ethics of Georgia: a code to be followed. B. FAMILY RESPONSIBILITY 1. Physical child abuse: a cultural problem 2. Physical abuse vs. Discipline C - CHAPTER SUMMARY III- METHODS AND METHODOLOGY Method Sample selection Participants Instrument Implications for School Counselors and parents Results and Limitations IV- REFERENCES Child abuse in the U.S.A I – INTRODUCTION Introduction It has been said that children are our greatest natural resource. As such, children deserve care and protection to keep them from harm. This care currently includes thousands of professionals representing diverse disciplines such as medicine, law, social work, public health and education. Such diverse representation dedicated to this concern is indicative of the complexity of the problem of child maltreatment. Since the publication of The Battered Child in 1962 (Kempe et al), child maltreatment has been "on the radar" of these professionals who have endeavored......

Words: 3691 - Pages: 15