Opium War

In: Historical Events

Submitted By tweetie5355
Words 769
Pages 4
Opium War
There were two Opium Wars. The first one was from 1839-1842. This war was fought between China and Britain. This war was fought over the two not seeing eye to eye on a lot of things. The second Opium War was from 1856-1860. In this war the British forces fought toward the legalization of the Opium trade. The reason they did this was to be able to expand coolie trace, to be able to open all of China to British merchants, and also to be able to expand foreign imports from internat transit duties. This was when France then joined the British. In this essay we are going to cover both of the Opium Wars.
The expansion of European imperialism in Asia was all economic. In the British market there was a high demand for Chinese tea, also Chinese silk, and also Chinese porcelain. But, Britain did not have the right amount of silver to be able to trade with the Qing Empire. So, a system of barter and trade was put into effect, which was based on the Indian Opium which was created to help bridge the payment problems that Britain was having. Because of the “the subsequent exponential increase of opium in China brought about a generation of addicts and social instability.” (He, T.). This caused the British merchants and the Qing government to clash, which led to the Opium Wars. So as a “result, the British were given the island of Hong Kong and trading rights in the ports of Canton and Shanghai.” (He, T.).
The first Opium War was over their conflicting views and points of their diplomatic relations, on trade, and also on the administration of justice for foreign nationals. While, the second Opium War was over just about the same issues as the first Opium War. The main reason for both of these wars was because of the Opium that Britain had introduced to the Chinese. The Chinese Empire did not like the idea of their people being addicted to Opium, so this started two…...

Similar Documents

Opium

...“[Opium] is a poisonous thing. Its growth is in no way beneficial to the country. It produces an effect which demoralizes the people. Physical growth is deteriorated and children are affected also.” Babu Kshetra Nath Mukerjee argues the cultivation of poppy, the plant from which opium is derived, is extremely detrimental to the entire Indian population. But is Opium consumption really any worse than alcohol? And is there any solution that can simultaneously protect Indian zemindars, lower consumption, shelter habitual users, and ensure Indian prosperity? Babu and Shbikh Raza Husain Khan certainly believe so, and offer insight to each of their own thoughts concerning Opium. Aside from medicinal uses and the addictive nature of opium, Babu claims there is no reason to cultivate the drug. Opium use is “most injurious to the persons who use it and has its evil effects upon the children also.” Still, because of its euphoric high and high demand, poppy seems the perfect cash crop to cultivate. Contrary to this belief, “Tobacco or sugarcane crops are better paying crops than poppy.” “In reality,” Buba continues, “cultivators lose 36 rupees per ‘bigha’ from growing poppy.” Buba, a landowner and cultivator himself, stresses these findings in his book and agricultural publications. Nonetheless, Indian consumption exceeded nearly 900,000 pounds of opium every year. 1 Buba conveys his concerns not out of desire for personal gain, but to ensure the general welfare and well-being of his......

Words: 1103 - Pages: 5

The Opium Wars

...Introduction People have blamed corporate greed for many social and economic problems, such as the pollution of our resources, the unfair pay for the working class, major recessions, and many more. It seems that some people are unaware of how much influence corporations have when war is involved. Corporations have a heavy hand in war profiteering when it comes to oil, weapons, and even essential items such as water and food. There are many examples of corporate greed’s influence on war, although I had never heard of a war directly funded or coerced by corporations until I did some research on China’s Opium Wars. Britain and China’s First Encounter The relationship between the Chinese and the British has been unstable from the beginning. Their first encounter resulted in an immediate attack on each other on the high seas. Nevertheless, on August sixth of 1793 a fleet of ships came to shore carrying an important passenger, the British Ambassador, Lord Macartney. The objective was to open trade between Britain and China. Lord Macartney brought with him many gifts for Emperor Chi’ien Lung that had been selected to represent the best that Britain had to trade. Lord Macartney met with Emperor Ch’ien Lung in a large horsehair tent chosen by the Emperor to show he was meeting with simple barbarians rather than equals. Foreigners are required to wear Chinese clothing and practice the Kowtow. The Kowtow is a ritual of......

Words: 1901 - Pages: 8

Opium War

...Revolution take home essay The Opium War The Opium War lasted from the late 1830’s until 1860, encompassing a series of conflicts between China and the British Empire over trade and diplomacy. Basically what happened was China traded a lot of goods including tea, and in return China gained opium that the British Empire imported from India. However, when China realized that opium was ruining their nation through mass addiction, China outlawed opium. This lead to war with The British Empire, because the British didn’t want to be pushed out of this important trade that they had with China. The British ultimately won because they had a navy and China did not. Through these naval conquests the British acquired the small fisher island of Hong Kong and made it into a large trade port under British rule. Somewhat were some of the deeper issues of these wars and why were they unavoidable? Who stood to benefit most in this lopsided war and why didn’t the Chinese win? From the beginning, the ruling Tang dynasty opposed the importation of opium into its territory and actively discouraged its use by placing a stigma of immorality on those who used the drug. However, the British importers saw opium, as merely a product for which there was a strong demand for in China. Opium did not have anything to do with morality or lack thereof in the British mind. These two divergent viewpoints......

Words: 531 - Pages: 3

War on Drugs

...War on Drugs 1 Running Head: WAR on DRUGS: EFFECTS of DRUGS War on Drugs: Effects of Drugs Matthew Boone Camden County College War on Drugs 2 Abstract This paper will attempt to explore the effects of the War on Drugs by showing the way drugs have effects on people and been classified. This researcher will show how effects of drugs plays a major factor in today’s society. It will explore the cost of incarceration that play apart of today’s economy and how it has increased since the War on Drugs. This paper will also explore the term drug interdiction and how it has affected the War on Drugs. Drug interdiction is the process of confiscating illegal drugs from traffickers smuggling drugs into the United States borders. War on Drugs 3 War on Drugs Drugs have been around for years, being used for their medicinal uses, for their hallucination affects and other reasons. The same drugs are still being used today. Some argue that certain drugs should be legal considering that they are mainly plant based and therefore natural. The problem with it is people are learning ways to modify and condense the chemicals that are producing the affects wanted and making the affects stronger. Drugs are also being combined to create new drinks and drugs to be used, known as designer drugs. These new combinations can become lethal due to the drugs being condensed to intensify the effects. The United States has been fighting a war on drugs for over 100 years. ......

Words: 2701 - Pages: 11

Religion as the Opium of the People

...“The abolition of religion as the illusory happiness of the people is required for their real happiness.” – Karl Marx Upon reading the article of Karl Marx on “Religion is the Opium of the People”, I have come to realize that it is somewhat true that religion is created by men, it is not imposed by God, because then that kind of God would just like be a dictator. Man creates religion as their source of happiness, to ease their sufferings in the real world, to numb the pain and miseries of reality, to feel secure and to belong in society. This is a projection of false happiness, it is only illusory because man escapes reality and its consequences, and he does not face the challenges in life. In my opinion, this is one of the reasons which greatly contribute to the stunted growth of humanity. Man becomes idle and becomes dependent to a being that is a projection of his own mind, an abstract reality. He turns to a fatherly-figure God, who, in his own perception, will always be there to pick him up whenever he falls, to save him from his miseries and sufferings, and to be his refuge. Man needs to grow and to be responsible for his own actions. Man needs to make a move on his own, to take action to cure the epidemic of laziness and dependency spreading in society. Thus, I also agree that the eradication of religion will lead to the true happiness of man. Since man created religion, they use this and the name of God as their defense and reason for everything that they......

Words: 603 - Pages: 3

Religion as the Opium of the People

...Religion as the Opium of the People For Karl Marx, human dignity is grounded in human labor. It transforms nature into a meaningful whole as well as man's life. It gives him his life meaning and purpose, for through labor, it gives man the chance to express his creativity. People encounter life as a chain of complications rather than transcendental qualities. Karl Marx found this in religion. In Marx's “A Contribution to the Critique of Hegel's Philosophy of right,” he made a notion of religion being an opiate or opium, and many others. But what does this religion-opium statement imply? For Marx, he divulges that just as opium intoxicates people with erroneous feelings of well-being without relief, so does religion. Religion promises some cure, some form of shelter form human miseries and a temporary relief, when in reality; life is full of suffering, an affliction. It seems that in religion, when man puts more of himself to God, he loses a part of himself, and when he puts himself into God, he detaches from the reality of life. But here, Marx does not mean that religion drugs the people so as to dull their minds, rather it gives comfort and consoles people who are facing difficulties and suffering. The realization of pain and suffering is shown among the marginalized people. Those among the lower margins of human classes are waiting to be saved. Marx is saying that through class struggle, it is where human consciousness is determined. For the marginalized, he struggles......

Words: 449 - Pages: 2

Chinas First Opium War

...Chinas Opium War By: Zachary Kern In this paper, I will discuss Chinas opium problem within the 1830’s. At this point, the British Empire has established a routine shipping triangle between ports in England to ports in India; here British merchants would pick up large shipments of opium. From India, the merchants headed towards China, Canton in particular. From here the large shipments were sold to merchants using large British clipper ships, who distributed the large shipments of opium to smaller smuggling ships called “fast dragons” to be dispersed amongst the vast provinces of China. I will discuss the impact of this trade triangle for both the British and the Chinese. Also to be discussed is Imperial Commissioner Lin and his anti-opium campaign in China as well as on the British front. The Chinese and British had contrasting views on Lin and his campaign to end the mass profits the British were collecting from poisoning the Chinese community. Ultimately the opium war would conclude with the Nanjing treaty signed by the Chinese in 1842. Britain forced China to sign via threat of military and naval conquest, a tactic called gunboat diplomacy. Before we delve too far into the characters that were directly involved in the diplomacy regarding the opium situation in China, we must get a better understanding of the market conditions that the situation arose from. There is a very clear line that separates the two types of trade between the British and Chinese empires......

Words: 2327 - Pages: 10

The Opium Wars in China

...Sauvik Chakraborty HIST 212 Dr. Ernst Pijning The Opium Wars in China: The upheaval of isolationist China The introduction of foreign commodities in Europe raised consumerist ambitions to a frenetic level of activity as the multitudes of Europeans viewed their possession and consumption, a symbol indicative of status. The throngs of people were engaged in taking advantage of some significant exploratory achievements made by certain trailblazing expeditioners. The trade routes opened up by these explorers exposed Europe to seemingly boundless prospects of trade, which in turn facilitated the meeting of demands raised by the classes favored by such ventures. There were certain commodities that enjoyed considerably higher appeal amongst the masses than certain other commodities. Opium was one such commodity that did not enjoy widespread repute in Europe as Wolfgang Schivelbusch states in ‘Tastes of Paradise’ “[narcotics] have achieved such a tremendous such a tremendous significance in other cultures but never really gained a foothold in Europe.” (205). Opium, as a substance, has been heralded as a useful crop and was adopted as food, for anaesthetic purposes and ritualistic purposes from times immemorial. Schivelbusch states that in 19th century Europe, opium had a “regular place in the family medicine chest” and was quite frequently used as “sedative and painkiller” (206). The use of opium was becoming increasingly widespread as both urban and rural workers were......

Words: 2048 - Pages: 9

War on Drugs

...Combating the Modern Day Drug Problem Deleasa Bell CRJ.362.01.2138 Drugs & Drug Abuse Arthur Acosta May 26, 2015 Is there a drug problem in our society? You bet there is. Are we winning the so call “War on Drugs”? No we are not winning the so called “War on Drugs”. Should something be done to combat the drug problem that exists in our society? You bet something should definitely be done. In addition to outlining the drug problem in society, this proposal will contrast supply side and demand side as it is related to our society’s drug problem and how we can win the “War on Drugs. The illegal use of drugs and the nonmedical use of prescription medications are increasing, and this is largely driven by an increased rate of marijuana use, a survey shows. The survey on drug use was released by the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA). According to the National Survey on Drug Use and Health, which included about 67,500 people in the U.S. aged 12 and up?Continue reading below... * More young adults aged 18 to 25 are using illicit drugs, up from 19.6% in 2008 to 21.5% in 2010. * Rates of nonmedical use of prescription drugs, hallucinogens, and inhalants are around the same as in 2009. There were some signs of hope in this survey: * The number of current methamphetamine users decreased by roughly half from 2006 to 2010. * Cocaine use also declined,......

Words: 1814 - Pages: 8

The War on Drug

...borders are less guarded than the Mexican border it makes it a strategic point for all shipments. Sadly, 20% of all drugs that enters the island stays here to supply for the local consumption. The streets have been flooded with these evil and desperation of these drug users have grown to the point of using horse anesthesia. These new drug is more powerful then methamphetamine and more devastating. The war on drugs The war on drug is a never ending fight, since the 70s when President Richard Nixon declared the war on drugs. The so called war on drugs was created to establish minimum sentences to drug offences and to allocate a bigger budget to the fight. In FY2007 an estimated amount of $193 billon was reported in losses in productivity, health care, and criminal justice for drug related issues. On 2003, $19 billion was spent on the war on drugs by the federal government alone, according to the Office of National Drug Control Policy. In FY2011, the government invested around $168 billion on the war on terrorism and a total of $1283 trillion have been spent since 2001 in the war on terror. The problem and challenges Article 1 of the declaration states “the present generation have the responsibility of ensuring that the need and interest of the present and future generation are fully safeguarded”. These includes education, commonwealth, and development; all rights have to protect from any terror or treat foreign and domestic. Is the future of our nation in jeopardy with......

Words: 1281 - Pages: 6

War on Drugs

... Never Ending War The United States has been involved in several wars and have declared itself the winner in most. There has been civil wars and world wars that have taken troops around the globe to defend democracy and freedom. America has stood up for those whose human and civil rights were threatened, we have supplied small armies with the funds, equipment, and intelligence needed to defeat the enemy. America has a great track record at defeating its enemy and making sure they don’t show their heads anymore, but since being declared an enemy publicly in 1971 this enemy continues to deliver major blows to America and its citizens. This enemy is not a nation of communist, an insane dictator, or a group of extremist, this enemy is drugs. The war on drugs has been the biggest and longest war in my lifetime. Although Richard Nixon is known for launching what we consider the modern day war on drugs, this war was started several years prior to Nixon becoming President of the United States. Some local laws against drugs where established as early as 1860. The first national law was the Harrison Narcotics Act of 1914. This act was to provide registration to all that dealt in the services of opium and coca leaves. Coca leaves once extracted provides the bases for cocaine. In this time cocaine was not illegal and was often prescribed by doctors to patients for ailments such as common headaches or colds. Unknowingly those patients became addicted to cocaine and opium. It was......

Words: 1136 - Pages: 5

The Anti-Drug Campaign and the First Opium War

...Anti-Drug Campaign and the First Opium War In 1930, Chinese officials began to have growing concerns about the increasing trade of opium with the British. China’s social and economic status started to decline due to the opium trade agreement. Chinese addiction to opium became overwhelming and eventually forced China to launch Lin Zexu’s Anti-Drug Campaign in 1839. As a result, this campaign was viewed as a violation of the trade agreement with Britain and helped led to the First Opium War. China isolated themselves from the western world, believing they didn’t need anything from foreign trade. For eight decades, the only port that China opened was called the Canton System. The problem was China only wanted silver in exchange for their exports to Europe. Unfortunately, Europe only traded in gold and silver was hard to come by. Desperate to resolve the foreign trade, Britain realized they can acquire such a commodity in opium from India to exchange for exports in China. The trade of India’s opium started as a medical drug in the early 1800’s between China and Britain. Eventually, it triggered massive dependences throughout China’s society that affected the rich and poor equally. Before long, the demand for the drug was overwhelming, resulting in China importing more opium than exporting trades. Thus, resulting in an imbalanced foreign trade and stability of China’s society. A decree issued in 1810 from the Chinese Emperor stating, “Opium is a poison, undermining our good...

Words: 1788 - Pages: 8

Opium in China

...Name Professor Subject Date OPIUM: CHINA’S HISTORICAL CURSE One Opium is a very crucial drug in the medicine field, and it is widely used in many health facilities and hospitals across the globe. The early uses of opium were applied by natives. They used the drug as a sedative, muscle relaxant, and to help reduce congestion. It was also used to heal toothaches and all types of coughs. The modern use of opium has led to the formation of very strong narcotic painkillers. Opium is mainly associated with Morphine and Oxycodone, which are very strong narcotics. Opium is used in the modern age to treat diseases like spasms or diarrhea, although it is not commonly used (Bioweb.uwlax.edu). Opium use for medicinal purposes may have adverse effects on some people. People who have seizure disorders, lung, liver, and heart or kidney problems should inform the doctors about it before opium is administered to them. Opium has many side effects like nausea, constipation, drowsiness or itching. Some of these side effects are short-term while others are long lasting. Opium use overdose can cause anxiety, chills, coma, constricted pupils, depression or usual weakness. It is a very addictive drug, making it very important for proper monitoring of its use (Lovell, 5). Two Opium in China was not first introduced by the British. Opium was first introduced in China by both the Turkish and the Arab traders in the early 7th Century. The British......

Words: 931 - Pages: 4

Social Media: the New Opium of People


...Bahar Arapkirli Writing Sample SOCIAL MEDIA: THE NEW OPIUM OF PEOPLE
 Thanks to the conceptual compositions of two different, Marxist explanation of class struggles and Freudian perspective on authoritative behavior, the critical approach on media and communication have been a growing aspect of our daily life since the second war era in which rulers used the mass propaganda by using media as an ideological state apparatus especially on increasing power of Hitler’s Germany. Today, we live in a world in which this critical approach is the very canon of decreasing the exploitation of ruler class who spend huge amount of money only for media and communication. (Peter and Simmonson 2004)
 From the perspective of working class, the picture seems more colorful than fifteen years ago if we consider this criticism of media and its trustworthiness by the effects of social media and blogging. One may clearly say that “Now we have our own instruments to clarify the fact and enjoy publishing our own opinion.” and even I can nod my head and ignore the “dark side of the moon”1 presented by Karl Marx on the topic of exploitation, however, in this essay, I’m going to follow my ideological ancestors and say “matter a fact, it’s all dark”2 as a rejection to this very uprising idea that alternative media makes us less exploited by ruler class of Turkey because our own counter-hegemony attitudes on social media tricks us into a brand new hegemony, the hegemony that......

Words: 2061 - Pages: 9

Opium

...Opium has been around for over 5,500 years. The Sumerians in the Near East used to call this plant "Hul Gil" or joy plant, apparently referring to its pharmacological properties of bringing about a chemically induced state of euphoria. Over the millennium, the opium poppy (Papaver somniferum) made its way towards the East. In the 1800's India, under British colonial rule was a major producer of opium. Opium trade, during that period was not illegal. Britain, through the East India Company had the monopoly in opium trade. n the late 1920's, Thailand was importing most of the opium in required. Back then, opium smoking was tolerated much like tobacco smoking is tolerated today. In the early 1930's, a British adviser to Thailand's Ministry of Finance developed a plan for the legal production of opium by hill tribe people in the provinces of Mae Hong Son, Chiang Mai and Chiang Rai. The aim then was to by-pass having to purchase expensive opium from India. It is no wonder that Mae Hong Son, Chiang Mai and Chiang Rai provinces produced a large amount of opium. At present, tourists still think that Thailand produces prodigious amounts of the stuff. Since Thailand banned opium in the year 1959, hill tribe people were given a chance to replace their crops with other high-value crops such as cut flowers and sub-tropical fruits. The current area planted to opium in Thailand is but a mere fraction of what it used to be in the past. Most of the opium and heroin that is apprehended in...

Words: 387 - Pages: 2