Operant Conditioning

In: Philosophy and Psychology

Submitted By zeanpor
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According to Skinner’s theory, “Operant” refers to how an organism operates on the environment, and hence, operant conditioning comes from how we respond to what is presented to us in the environment. It can be thought of as learning due to the natural consequences of our actions (B.F.Skinner,1904-1990). Like all the learning theories out there, Skinners operant conditioning theory has both positive and negative (reinforcement & punishment) feature. There are various strengths to this theory, as well as weakness. Operant conditioning explains a broad range of phenomena, such as when a person is rewarded for a behaviour, it is more likely for it occur again.
Many organisation employ the use of positive reinforcement to builds confidence and helps employees have a more pleasurable experience at work. While, avoid the side-effects of punishment or negative reinforcement, such as frustration, anger, anxiety and depression( Kashdan and Fincham,2004,p 484 as cited in Leslie E, Linsey N, Richard, 2012).
Case study, Airbnb.Inc gives all of its employees $2,000 a year to travel anywhere in the world they want to.Besides the awesome travel stipend, Airbnbers allowed to bring their pets to work every day, they go sailing together, have a ping pong table, weekly Yoga classes is provide and get to eat organic lunches on a daily basis(Natalie W,2013). Positive reward will motivates efficient workers to continue to do a good job.In contrast, lack of reinforcement leads to job dissatisfaction. Positive punishment is used to decrease a behaviour and is presenting something unpleasant after the behaviour.First advice him on the negative performance you have noticed about his behaviour in the recently, in a closed door meeting. Try to point out the recent misdemeanors to avoid giving her a chance against you. You don’t need to ask for an apology; it is enough if he…...

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