Ob Notes 1

In: Business and Management

Submitted By jzs525
Words 588
Pages 3
CH-1

Organizational Behavior * Organizational Behavior * A field of study that investigates the impact that individuals, groups, and structure have on behavior within organizations * The aim is to apply such knowledge toward improving organizational effectiveness

* Organization * A consciously coordinated social unit that: * Composed of a group of people * Functioning on a relatively continuous basis * To achieve a common goal or set of goals

Organizations are made up of 3 levels * Individual Level * Individual Differences * Personality characteristics, perception, values, and attitudes * Job Satisfaction * A positive felling about one's job resulting from an evaluation of its characteristics * positively related to productive * positively related to engage in OCB * negatively related to absenteeism and turnover * Motivation * Behaving Ethically * Ethical Dilemmas & Ethical Choices * Situations in which individuals are required to define right and wrong conduct * Ethics * The study of moral values or principles that guide our behavior and inform us whether actions are right or wrong

* Group Level * Working with Others * Developing good interpersonal skills * Workforce Diversity * The mix of people in organizations in terms of gender, race, ethnicity, disability, sexual orientation, age, and demographic characteristics such as education and socio-economic status.

* Organizational Level * The Use of Temporary Employees * Organizations face the challenge of motivating employees who do not feel as connected to the organization as do full-time employees. * Improving Quality and Productivity * Productivity = Effectiveness + Efficiency * a performance measure including effectiveness and efficiency * Effectiveness * the…...

Similar Documents

Acc100 Chapter 1 Notes

...ACC 100 - 201 Chapter 1: Accounting Communication - An Introduction (Pages 1-21, 25-26) Focus On Financial Results Canadian National Railway Company (CN) * Generated $7.9 billion in revenues; $2.2 billion in income after expenses and income taxes * Owed $5.6 billion to creditors; Assets of $23.5 billion Organization - a collection of individuals pursuing the same goal or objective. Ex: Student groups, a government, a business, a club, or a charity * Need financial information to describe the resources they hold and to support the various financial decisions they make Forms of Organizations Business Entities: * organized to earn an income (also known as profit) Sole Proprietorships - A business with a single owner * Economic Entity Concept - The assumption that a single, identifiable unit must be accounted for in all students; financial statements prepared for a business must not intermingle one's personal affairs with the affairs of the entity. * The Canada Revenue Agency does not recognize the separate existence of a proprietorship from its owner. It is not a taxable entity; any income earned by the business is taxed on the tax return of the individual. Partnerships - A business owned by two or more individuals and with the characteristic of unlimited liability. Ex: PricewaterhouseCoopers * Starting out, partners need an agreement as to how much each will contribute to the business and how they will divide the income * Not a......

Words: 1900 - Pages: 8

Midterm 1 Notes

...CTCS 466 LECTURE NOTES 1/17: John Dies At the End * CTCS 466 * Former Professors * Arthur Knight * Charles Chaplin * Former Students * Ron Howard * Robert Zemeckis * 16 mm/35 mm * Brotherly Love (Popeye), Max Fleischer * Original song * Made for adults as well as children * Take place in cities * As opposed to the barnyard settings of early Disney * Classic cartoon * Postmodern cartoon (The Simpsons) * Digital Cinema Print (DCP) * Ted Mundor, Landmark Theatres * Career * Monsters Magazine Film Fan Monthly (13 y.o.) * Movies on TV & TV Movies (17 y.o.) * American Society of Cinematographers (ASC) * Gene Shalp, The Today Show * Bruce Cook, Entertainment Tonight * Theme: Great Moments from Movie Musicals * “Somewhere Over the Rainbow”, The Wizard of Oz * Only a few cuts * Simplicity requires confidence * Contrast with the circus of Les Miserables * Remains in character without melodrama * Impression that she actually is singing * She is very much still Dorothy Gale, not Judy Garland * John Dies At the End * Phantasm * Bubba Hotep * Horror + Fantasy + Comedy * Based on novel of the same name * Don Coscarelli (Director/Producer) *......

Words: 10501 - Pages: 43

Acct1501 Chapter 1 Notes

...ACCT1501 Chapter 1 – Introduction to Financial Accounting Use and Preparation of Accounting * Financial accounting has value because the information it produces is used in a variety of ways. * People study accounting to learn how to use information effectively and do their jobs better. * Accounting information is produced by a large set of people, activities and computers. To be effective users of the information, people need to know how and why the information is prepared. * An accountant’s expertise is all about how and why. Financial Accounting * Accounting is a process of identifying, measuring and communicating economic information to allow informed decisions by the users of that information. There are two types of accounting systems: * Financial accounting systems – * This is where periodic financial statements are provided to external decision-makers (such as investors, creditors and customers, such as government, small and large businesses). * Financial accounting measures an enterprise’s performance over time and its position at a point in time. * Financial performance means generating new resources from day-to-day operations over a period of time. * Financial position is the enterprise’s set of financial resources and obligations at a point in time. * Financial statements are reports which describe financial performance and position and help to measure whether the enterprise is in......

Words: 3324 - Pages: 14

Ob Chapter 1

...1. Demonstrate the importance of interpersonal skills in the workplace. 2. Describe the manager’s functions, roles, and skills. 3. Define organizational behavior (OB). 4. Show the value to OB of systematic study. 5. Identify the major behavioral science disciplines that contribute to OB. 6. Demonstrate why few absolutes apply to OB. 7. Identify the challenges and opportunities managers have in applying OB concepts. 8. Compare the three levels of analysis in this book’s OB model. IMPORTANCE OF INTERPERSONAL SKILLS IN THE WORKPLACE: * Over the past 3 decades business faculty have come to realize the role that understanding human behavior plays in determining a manager’s effectiveness, and required courses on people skills have been added to many curricula. * Regardless of labor market conditions, outstanding employees are always in short supply. MANAGERS: An individual who achieves goals through other people. ORGANIZTION: A consciously coordinated social unit composed of two or more people that functions on a relatively continuous basis to achieve a common goal or set of goals. PLANNING: A process that includes defining goals, establishing strategy, and developing plans to coordinate activities ORGANIZING: Determining what tasks are to be done, who is to do them, how the tasks are to be grouped, who reports to whom, and where decisions are to be made. LEADING: A function that includes motivating employees, directing others,......

Words: 456 - Pages: 2

Ob and Peds Notes

...to push comes (Ferguson reflex) ~3rd Stage: Placenta -from the delivery of the baby to the delivery of the placenta -usually occurs within 10 min -uterus changes shape; globular right before it detaches; sudden gush of blood; cord lengthens ~4th Stage: Post partum Recovery -1st hour after birth -Post partum period: 1st 6 weeks *Cardinal Movements: ~Descent: head enters the pelvis ~Flexion: occurs as head meets resistance ~Internal Rotation: head rotates L to R ~Extension: head extension as it goes under the symphysis pubis ~Restitution: shoulders enter pelvis and head rotates; neck twists then untwists and head aligns with back ~External Rotation: shoulder rotates; head is turned farther to 1 side ~Expulsion: anterior shoulder moves under symphysis and is delivered; then posterior shoulder, then rest of body * Gravida: # times woman has been pregnant * Para: # times woman had pg. that reached viability * Multipara (M): has had a baby before * Primipara (P): first time having a baby * Contractions are timed from the beginning of one contraction to the beginning of the next! ~Frequency ~Duration ~Intensity (mild, moderate, strong) *Fetal Position: 3 Magic Letters: 1st letter: mother’s left or right Middle letter: presenting part -O= occiput (vertex) -M= mentum (face) -S= sacrum (breech) Third letter: pelvis quadrant -A= anterior -P= posterior -T=transverse * Station:......

Words: 6414 - Pages: 26

Chapter 1 Notes

...It is designed to be a fair and impartial point of view that is to be adopted in our reasoning about fundamental principles of justice. Rawls was an American philosopher and a leading figure in moral and political philosophy. He held the James Bryant Conant University Professorship at Harvard. His magnum opus A Theory of Justice (1971) is regarded as "one of the primary texts in political philosophy."[1] His work in political philosophy, dubbed Rawlsianism,[2] takes as its starting point the argument that "most reasonable principles of justice are those everyone would accept and agree to from a fair position."[1] Rawls employs a number of thought experiments—including the famous veil of ignorance—to determine what constitutes a fair agreement in which "everyone is impartially situated as equals," in order to determine principles of social justice.[1] Normative ambiguity-two norms competing at the same time, cloudiness affecting your ethics, money is the root of all evil, money is the reward for a life well spent Theory X – see notes Theory Y- see notes CHAPTER 1 NOTES Business Ethics; the study of what constitutes right and wrong, or good and bad, human conduct in a business context. Business: will be used as simply to mean any organization whose objective is to provide goods or services for profit. Businesspeople: are those who participate in planning, organizing, or directing the wok of business. Organization: is a group of people working together to......

Words: 2706 - Pages: 11

Ob Dis 1

...elements. How much capital to invest? What equipment would be needed to purchase, and what areas would have the minerals located. Without having a proper knowledge of this information critical time and money would be wasted, decreasing the profit and the return. Not only that but the employees would get frustrated not seeing any results that could lead to lack of motivation for any future projects. A question to ask is how much knowledge does the executive have? The first story regarding the steel can manufacturing company claims that its' success is based from the ideas of the employees. "The Brazilian company has figured out how to tap into employee knowledge and motivation to fuel its extraordinary productivity and innovation. " (OB, 6th Edition) Not only they require the employees to make suggestions but they are well compensated, making them feel an even bigger part of the organization. With this type of motivation employees are not only using their knowledge but are proud to work there. Having such a wide array of knowledge working as a team, utilization of this knowledge can accomplish any task compared to a single individual....

Words: 266 - Pages: 2

Chapter 1 Lecture Notes

...Chapter 1 Lecture Notes Chapter theme: This chapter describes the larger business environment within which management accounting operates. It is divided into nine sections: (1) globalization, (2) strategy, (3) organizational structure, (4) process management, (5) the importance of ethics in business, (6) corporate governance, (7) enterprise risk management, (8) corporate social responsibility, and (9) the Certified Management Accountant. I. Globalization 1 A. Import/Export Data i. 2 Imports into the United States (in billions) 1. The data reveal an enormous increase in import activity from 1995 to 2007. In particular, imports from Canada, Mexico, and China skyrocketed. ii. Exports from the United States (in billions) 1. The data reveal an increase in exports to Canada and Mexico. Interestingly, the increase in exports to China pales in comparison to the growth rate in imports from China. iii. 4 Internet Usage 1. The internet fuels globalization by providing companies with greater access to 1 3 4 geographically dispersed customers, employees, and suppliers. 2. While the number of internet users continues to grow, as of 2008, more than 78% of the world’s population was still not connected to the Internet. This suggests the Internet’s impact on business has yet to fully develop. II. Strategy A. Definition 5 i. A strategy is a ―game plan‖ that enables a company to attract customers by distinguishing itself from competitors. B. Customer value propositions i....

Words: 2479 - Pages: 10

Chapter 1 Notes

...Chapter 0 Notes * Windows 8: A multitasking operating system for personal computers, workstations, servers, and mobile devices. This operating system incorporates many of the latest developments in operating system technology. In addition, Windows is one of the first important commercial operating systems to rely heavily on object-oriented design principles. This book covers the technology used in the most recent versions of Windows, known as Windows 8. * Android: Android tailored for embedded devices, especially mobile phones. Focusing on the unique requirements of the embedded environment, the book provides details of Android internals. * UNIX: A multiuser operating system, originally intended for minicomputers, but implemented on a wide range of machines from powerful microcomputers to supercomputers. Several flavors of UNIX are included as examples. FreeBSD is a widely used system that incorporates many state-of-the-art features. Solaris is a widely used commercial version of UNIX. * Linux: An open-source version of UNIX that is now widely used. Web Sites for This Book Three Web sites provide additional resources for students and instructors. There is a Companion Web site for this book at http://williamstallings.com/OperatingSystems/. Chapter 1 Notes An operating system (OS) exploits the hardware resources of one or more processors to provide a set of services to system users. The OS also manages secondary memory and I/O......

Words: 649 - Pages: 3

Ob Notes

...Chapter Seven-Social Behaviour and Organizational Processes What is a Group? * Group- two or more people interacting interdependently to achieve a common goal * Interacting * suggest who is in and who isn’t in the group * need not to meet face to face or verbal communication ie. Telecommute * interdependence * group members rely on each other to accomplish goals all groups have 1 or more goals * Importance of group membership * Group tremendous influence on us * social mechanism by which we acquire many beliefs, values, attitudes and behaviours * provide a context in which we are able to exert influence on others * Formal work groups-group that organizations establish to facilitate the achievement of organizational goals * Intentionally designed to channel individual effort in an appropriate direction * Most common formal groups: a manager and employees who report to manager ie. Production manager, supervisor (who report to manager) * Hierarchy of most organizations is a series of formal interlocked work groups * Task forces-temporary groups that meet to achieve particular goals or to solve particular problems ie suggesting productivity improvements * Committees- permanent groups that handle recurrent assignments outside the usual work group structures * Informal groups- groups that emerge naturally in response to the common interests of organizational......

Words: 3666 - Pages: 15

Ob Lesson 1 Dq 2

...Attitude can be defined as a tendency to respond positively or negatively towards a certain idea,person, or situation. Attitudes are judgments. Attitude is a person's inner thoughts and feelings Attitude influences an individual’s choice of action, and responses to challenge and rewards. Attitude can be changed by considering following things: 1.By understanding what we want to change. The first step for change is understanding what we needs to be changed. The key to succed in any situation is setting our goals. For changing our attitude, we need to do be honest and do self-evaluation so that we can point out which of our traits need to be changed or improved. 2. Looking for a role model and follow them. By finding someone who has the kind of attitude that we want to have, and let his or her life give us inspiration and encouragement to move beyond our temporary failures in our journey towards becoming a better person. 3. Think about how our attitude change will affect our life. To be able to compete through all the difficulties that lie ahead of us in our journey towards self betterment, we need to figure out exactly what this imaginary change could bring to our life. Will changing our attitude mean a happier family or social life? Will a change in our attitude mean a more successful career or business? We need to fix our mind on the things that would come as a result of our attitude change and we will have a greater chance of reaching to our goal. 4. Choose the......

Words: 875 - Pages: 4

Biology Chapter 1 Notes

...Chapter 1 – Invitation to Biology Name Bassam Farid Define BIOLOGY-- The study of life and living organisms Describe 3 Similar Characteristics of Living Organisms 1. Continual inputs of energy and the cycling of materials maintain life’s complex organization 2. Organisms sense and respond to change 3. DNA inherited from parents is the basis of growth and reproduction in all organisms List levels of Life’s organization from smallest to largest.Atom.molecule,cell,organism Understand interactions between producers, consumers, decomposers Energy comes from Nutrients and raw material from environment, and photosynthesis . List 3 important functions of DNA. 1. Grow 2. Develop 3.Reproduce Key Terms: emergent properties energy homeostasis mutation adaptive trait nature natural selection evolution Know the 3 Domains of Life for classification | | | 1.bacteria,archaea,eukaryotes | | | Compare prokaryotes versus eukaryotes--Prokaryotes one celled and Eukaryotes multicellularsdsdsdsdsdsdsPrrrsdsProkaryotes one celled and Eukaryotes multicellularProkaryotes one celled and Eukaryotes multicellularProkaryotes one celled and Eukaryotes multicellular | | | List 4 categories of eukaryotes | | | 1.Animals ...

Words: 363 - Pages: 2

Ob Theory Study Guide 1

...Chapter 1 (10-11 questions): * How do we “know” what we know about OB? (7 questions) * OB: A field of study devoted to understanding, explaining, and ultimately improving the attitudes and behaviors of individuals and groups in organizations. * Method of Experience: Holding firmly to a belief because it’s consistent with my experience and observations * Method of Intuition: Holding firmly to a belief because it “just stands to reason”---it seems obvious or self-evident * Method of Authority: Holding firmly to a belief because some respective official, agency, or source has said it is so. * Method of Science: Accepting some belief because scientific studies have tended to replicate that result using a series of samples, settings, and methods * Theory: A collection of assertions—both verbal and symbolic—that specify how and why variables are related, as well as the conditions in which they should (and should not) be related * Tells a story and supplies the familiar who, what, where, when, and why elements found in any newspaper or magazine article * Hypotheses: Written predictions that specify relationships between variables * Integrative model of OB (2 questions) * Building a conceptual argument (1 question) * Resource based view states that Rare and inimitable resources are drivers of resource value increase Chapter 2 (12 questions): Many organizations identify task performance......

Words: 1061 - Pages: 5

Ob 401 2011 Session 1 Introduction to Ob

... | | |OB 401 E | | |Organisational Behaviour | DEPARTMENT : MANAGEMENT AND ORGANISATION PROGRAMMES: Advanced Undergraduate Transfer Credit, PGE2 INSTRUCTORS : Don MINDAY, coordinator Slava DMITRIEV Jean-Bertrand LEFEBVRE Sophie HENNEKAM -TREGUIER Inju YANG-McCOURT FORMAT : 3 hours weekly: 1 ½ hr. of lecture, 1 ½ hr. tutorial 2 tutorial groups will follow a weekend seminar format CREDITS : 5 ECTS credits PRE-REQUISITE MODULES: None LEARNING OBJECTIVES : This module is designed to prepare students for their future role as business managers by giving them a conceptual framework which should help them to more effectively understand, predict, and influence behaviour in organisations. It is complementary to the 1st year module "Management relationnel" and the 2nd year module "Cross-Cultural Management" LEARNING OUTCOMES : At the end of this module, each student will be able to: 1. Assess and apply concepts, models, and tools related to the following topics.....

Words: 2975 - Pages: 12

Week 1 Reflection on Ob and Business

...Self-Reflection Week 1 This week I have learned a lot about organizational behavior, organizational effectiveness, and high performance work practices. I have learned what organizational behavior is, and why it is important. It was interesting to compare the company I currently work for to these theories and how they are following these practices. Organizational behavior is described by our text as “the study of what people think, feel, and do in and around organizations” (McShane & Von Glinow, 2010). People study OB for at least 4 reasons. First, it satisfies the need to understand and predict. Second, it helps to test personal theories. Third, it helps to influence behavior and get things done. Fourth, it helps improve an organizations financial health. I learned about the four perspectives of organizational effectiveness. I compared the High Performance Work Practices (HPWPs) from the text to Speedway, which is also the company I currently work for. The HPWP perspective states that effective organizations leverage the human capital potential of their employees. Specific practices have been identified as: employee involvement and job autonomy, employee competence, and performance-based rewards. Speedway regularly involves their employees in projects and activities. They ask employees to complete surveys to provide opinions and input. Speedway also tries to provide job autonomy. Each employee has an opportunity for advancement. There are training guides provided to......

Words: 1036 - Pages: 5