Negative Language Transfer W H E N L E a R N I N G Spanish as a Foreign Language

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NEGATIVE LANGUAGE TRANSFER W H E N L E A R N I N G SPANISH
AS A FOREIGN LANGUAGE

NURIA CALVO CORTÉS
Universidad Complutense de Madrid
RESUMEN. Este trabajo se centra en la influencia negativa de la transferencia lingüística en el aprendizaje del español como segunda lengua. Está dividido en dos partes: una teórica y un análisis práctico. La primera incluye los distintos aspectos que se tienen que tener en cuanta a la hora de considerar la transferencia lingüística. La segunda analiza distintos ejemplos de transferencia negativa que se han extraído de textos escritos por varios estudiantes británicos que están aprendiendo español. La conclusión mostrará que el análisis de estos errores puede ayudar a predecir algunos de estos errores. PALABRAS CLAVE. Influencia negativa, transferencia lingüística, español como segunda lengua, dos partes: una teórica y un análisis práctico, transferencia negativa, predecir errores. ABSTRACT. This paper focuses on the negative influence of Language Transfer on the learning process Spanish as an L2. It is divided into two main parts; a theoretical one and a practical analysis. The former includes the different aspects considering language transfer, whereas the latter analyses different mistakes due to negative transfer, which have been taken form texts written by several British students when learning Spanish. The conclusion will show that the analysis of these mistakes may help predict some of these mistakes. KEY WORDS. negative influence, language transfer, Spanish as a L2, theoretical part and practical analysis, negative transfer, predict mistakes..

1. THEORETICAL PART
1.1. SOME PRELIMINARY CONSIDERATIONS Whenever one is learning a new language, there are certain aspects that have to be considered in order to achieve a good knowledge of that new language. Among these aspects several concepts should be defined before…...

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