Nature vs Nuture

In: Philosophy and Psychology

Submitted By arvinsugz
Words 459
Pages 2
One of the oldest arguments in the history of psychology is the Nature vs Nurture debate. Each of these sides have good points that it's really hard to decide whether a person's development is predisposed in his DNA, or a majority of it is influenced by this life experiences and his environment. As of now, we know that both nature and nurture play important roles in human development, but we have not known yet whether we are developed majorly because of nature or due to nurture.


The coding of genes in each cell in us humans determine the different traits that we have, more dominantly on the physical attributes like eye color, hair color, ear size, height, and other traits. However, it is still not known whether the more abstract attributes like personality, intelligence, sexual orientation, likes and dislikes are gene-coded in our DNA, too.

One of the hottest issues against nature theory is that there may be an existing "gay gene", which explains that gays are actually born that way. Another issue is that the criminal acts, tendency to divorce and aggressive behavior causing abuse can be justified by the "behavioral genes" once the researchers have proven their existence.

On the other hand, the behavioral genes are somewhat proven to exist when we take a look at fraternal twins. When fraternal twins are reared apart, they show the same similarities in behavior and response as if they have been reared together.


The nurture theory holds that genetic influence over abstract traits may exist; however, the environmental factors are the real origins of our behavior. This includes the use of conditioning in order to induce a new behavior to a child, or alter an unlikely behavior being shown by the child. According to John Watson, one of the strongest psychologists who propose environmental learning as a dominating side in the nature vs…...

Similar Documents

Nature vs Nuture

...Riddle 1 Leanna Riddle Psychology 201 Ms. Brown March 20, 2011 Nature Versus Nurture Debate For ages now, the Nature Versus Nurture Debate has been debated. Whether Nature, dealing with your heredity, or Nurture, referring to life experiences and the environment, has more of an impact on who we are today. When talking about Nature Versus Nurture, you have your genotype which influences your Nature and your phenotype which influences your Nurture. Your genotype is provided by your genetic code. It is your genetic make-up and is determined by the sequencing of chemicals in your DNA. Your phenotype is how you physically manifest yourself from environmental circumstances and experiences. I’ve grown up having pets and always being around animals. My favorite place to go when I was a little girl was the Zoo. I’m very obsessed with animals. My Nurture is always having a pet and taking care of animals. I’ve always known the responsibility of taking care of animals. It is very natural for me to be around animals and constantly find other ways of helping them. My Nature would come genetically from my parents who both are also animal lovers and have had pets their whole lives. I was raised to love animals and it’s very obvious now because I’m going to school to work with animals. Growing up I had a cat named was Pandora. She belonged to my mother before my older sister was even born. She lived to be 17 in human years. After she died the house Riddle 2 wasn’t the......

Words: 379 - Pages: 2

Nature vs. Nuture

...Nature vs. Nurture The nature versus nurture is about the importance of people natural qualities versus personal experiences. Personal experiences are nurture. It’s the different between in distinguishing the differences in a person actions, such as physical and behavioral traits. People mostly get all of their behavior from nurture. Both of these terms play a role in development. EDITNature vs nurture in personality traits Personality is a frequently cited example of a heritable trait that has been studied in twins and adoptions. Identical twins reared apart are far more similar in personality than randomly selected pairs of people. Likewise, identical twins are more similar than fraternal twins. Also, biological siblings are more similar in personality than adoptive siblings. Each observation suggests that personality is heritable to a certain extent. However, these same study designs allow for the examination of environment as well as genes. Adoption studies also directly measure the strength of shared family effects. Adopted siblings share only family environment. Unexpectedly, some adoption studies indicate that by adulthood the personalities of adopted siblings are no more similar than random pairs of strangers. This would mean that shared family effects on personality are zero by adulthood. As is the case with personality, non-shared environmental effects are often found to out-weigh shared environmental effects. That is, environmental effects that are typically......

Words: 789 - Pages: 4

Nature vs Nurture

...Nature vs. Nurture Homosexuality, Addictions and Intelligence There have always been disputes on whether the decision to be homosexual or heterosexual was based on biological or environmental factors. These disputes are known as the Nature vs. Nurture argument. The two sides argue over how gender is chosen within a person. Based on reproductive organs, sex is easily determined at birth: male or female. Gender, however; is the sexual identity an individual takes on. It is possible for sex and gender to be different. For an example of nurture children who were both born with an injured or damaged reproductive organ, males usually can be raised successfully as females. In order to understand which factor is the deciding factor of a person’s gender, both sides of the case must be fully evaluated. DNA studies which appear to prove that gender is a genetic trait. Researchers have analyzed the makeup of the human brain of homosexuals and heterosexuals seeking a connection between gender and the brains physiology. They found when studying the part of the brain directly related to a persons’ sexual drive, that homosexuals had an enlarged hypothalamus, whereas heterosexuals had a normal one indicating a direct correlation between the brain and gender selections (AllPsych). In researching DNA’s role in gender identity, some scientist have identified the gene that determines a person’s sexual preference. Although there are mounting evidence of the existence of a “gay...

Words: 822 - Pages: 4

Nature vs. Nuture

...There has been a long debate and much research into the Nature vs. Nurture theories. Being that do we inherit traits from our biological parents or does the environments in which we are raised contribute to how we turn out as adults. Sometimes it seems that that there is no black or white answer to the age-old question of what contributes to human behavior, personality, and psychopathology. There are common traits within biological parents that children can pick up but it seems that in some cases, children can be adaptive to their environment. So we shall examine this curiosity that takes us into finding out whether we are genetically inherit to some of the biological traits of our parents or if living in certain environments develop our social well being. There have been studies into schizophrenia and the genetic traits that may be passed on to the children. The study was conducted to observe children who had biological parents who suffered from schizophrenia and their adoptive parents showed no signs of the illness. The study was also conducted on children from biological parents who showed no signs of schizophrenia adopted by a parent who later showed signs or family history of the illness. The research showed that although there is no definitive answer for what causes schizophrenia, children whose biological parents that suffered from schizophrenia had a higher recidivism rate for contracting the disease. “This study also showed that the adoptees whose......

Words: 610 - Pages: 3

Nature vs Nuture

...Who Killed Nature Vs Nurture Princess J. Waring Strayer University This assignment will discuss nature vs nurture my research will touch on the Nature vs nurture controversy. There is some debate that nature vs nurture is separable and hence as comparable. There are some who believe that nature vs nurture is “transmission of something biological”, the hard inheritance of “fixed entities” rather than “malleable (or soft) particles” {p. 21f}. There is some variation that arises from inherited differences {some parents pass on smart genes to their kids? some parents may pass on books known as environmental difference. {Orr 2003, cited in Keller p. 3} Changing the debate and the question Keller believed in behavior genetics which James Tabery called the “defense-by-distinction’. These were standard response of behavioral geneticists although there critics didn’t believe they were able to make any connection between individual development or cause or differences in a population {Tabery 2007}. This view was of behavioral genetics is based on false opinions of a quantitative report on genetic an environmental contribution sheds some light on the developmental process. There were some findings {that the heritability of personality traits increases over the lifespan}. {Gottlieb 2003, 338} Beyond interactionism and dichotomous thinking As several researcher disbelieve the theory of nature vs nurture had no distinction which was call the......

Words: 527 - Pages: 3

Nature vs Nurture

...Nature and nurture are different in many ways, but they both influence behavior. The way I like to differentiate them is you are born with one and the other is a trait you learn. Both are part of our everyday lives, they just might come at different stages. Nature is the hair color, eye color, and skin color I was born with. It is me being 5’8 and right handed because it runs in my family. On my dad’s side of the family, twins skip a generation and that is why I am a twin. Nature is growing up in a small city in North Carolina instead of a big city like New York City. Weight is another genetic trait that my family has to struggle with. We weren’t blessed to eat whatever we want without the consequences that follow. To overcome this, I had to learn to like exercising, which leads me into Nuture. Nurture is me learning to say “Yes Sir/Ma’am” “No Sir/Ma’am” to anyone that is older than me because that is the norm in the south. It is also saying “please” and “thank you” at the appropriate time. Nurture is my mom and dad teaching me that we speak kind words to each other and that we don’t hit someone when they have done us wrong. Nurture is taking what I learned from my mom on how to be a good wife and mom and using those skills to influence my family. Even though I am a twin and we look alike, I believe that nurture rather than nature had more of an impact on both our lives. Despite our looks, we behave in different ways, like different things, and react to......

Words: 320 - Pages: 2

Nature vs Nuture

...3/24/2014 Nature versus Nurture | [Type the author name] | | Understanding self | UNDERSTANDING SELF Born and raised on the small Caribbean Island of Jamaica. I was born to a wonderful, loving caring mother who sacrificed so much for me. She made me who I am to say the least. She provided more than just a home to live in and food on the table. She instilled a work ethic and a goal oriented mentality that has stuck with me this far. In order to understand me, I wanted to just give a brief review of my upbringing, and then tie it into the person I am today. A young man growing up in urban areas is faced with life’s challenges at rather young ages. Poverty, violence, education, was the three options that seemed to be all I had. My mom along with the help of my family (grandmother, aunts, and uncles) made sure the first two played no part in my upbringing. Growing up in a single parent home as I did, I had to make more of an effort to stay focus than most kids in my neighborhood. It was every evident from an early age that the chances to make it out were limited. One option was education and the other was crime. My choice of path was laid out in front of me by mother. She spent her nights trying to keep my nose in a book as she had hers. The demands she placed on me and the rewards on which I enjoyed even though they were not lavish. Hearing my friends call my name to come outside to play only rivaled my mother’s voice in the back of my head from saying I need......

Words: 1163 - Pages: 5


...Epigentics vs Nature vs Nurture Santina Wood ENG101 Argosy University 03/4/2014 Instructor Benjamin Atkins Epigenetics -vs- Nature -vs- Nurture The nature vs nurture debate is still ongoing, and within this debate, the world of science and psychology are faced with two new questions. Today we find some researchers asking; "Is development predetermined at birth, by hereditary factors, or do experience and other environ -mental factors affect it?", and "Can the two work together in shaping human development and behavior?" Developmental psychologists still attempt to find the answers to these questions in order to discover the sources of growth in children's cognitive, language, and social skills. Most developmental psychologists believe that nature and nurture combine to influence biological factors playing a stronger role in some aspects, such as physical development, and environmental factors playing a stronger role in others, such as moral development. They are also beginning to acknowledge the role of a variable combination of both inborn factors and social experiences when explaining children's behavior. Scientists and Psychologists have a name for such an occurrence; epigenetics/epigenesis. In this essay, I will be presenting to my audience information on this highly, and sometimes heated debate, as well as the reasons as to why the belief of this dual influence called epigenetics is becoming more fact than theory. For...

Words: 1643 - Pages: 7

Nature vs Nature

...6NW, United Kingdom. He is a Fellow of the British Psychological Society. He received his B.Sc. at the University of Oxford and his Ph.D. from the University of Sheffield. His research interests are in social development, bullying, play, grandparenting, and evolutionary theory. He is coauthor of Understanding Children's Development (Blackwells, 1988, 1991, 1998), and coeditor of Theories of Theories of Mind (Cambridge University Press, 1996) and The Nature of School Bullying (Routledge, 1999). He is on the editorial board of Social Development, Children and Society, and Evolution and Human Behavior. He is currently coordinating a European Commission funded project on "The Nature and Prevention of Bullying" ([->0]). REFERENCES Harris, J.R. (1995). "Where is the Child's Environment? A Group Socialization Theory of Development." Psychological Review 102:458-489. Collins, A.A., E.E. Maccoby, L. Steinberg, E.M. Hetherington, and M.H. Bornstein (2000). "Contemporary Research on Parenting: The Case for Nature and Nurture." American Psychologist 55:218-232. Plomin, R. and D. Daniels (1987). "Why Are Children in the Same Family So Different from One Another?" Behavioral and Brain Sciences 10:1-60. Scarr, S. (1992). "Developmental Theories for the 1990s: Development and Individual Differences." Child Development 63:1-19. Van Ijzendoorn, M.H. (1995). "Adult Attachment Representations." Psychological Bulletin 117:387-403. Source: Politics &......

Words: 1909 - Pages: 8

Nature vs Nuture

...What are your thoughts on the Nature vs. Nurture argument? One of the biggest debates that continue to remain unsolved is the Nature vs. Nurture argument. My opinion is that the answer is not definitely one or the other but a mixture of the two. This argument tries to establish the role of genes and the environment in human nature. In some situations it is obvious that genetics have a greater role in shaping a person. An example of that is a person that desires to drink alcohol. Some people would say that the feeling is pre-determined by their genetics, while some people would believe that outside sources such as manufacturers and peers have a greater influence. This debate turns out to be one that is hard to explain because there are many factors involved. Some people express concerns that could be applied scientifically, some have true legitimacy that may not be answerable, and some just do not make sense. To make things more complex with this debate, it seems that things are blended together and there is no distinctiveness to separate the roles. Another issue is that some of the uncertainty comes from the genetic language itself. It seems like we try to sort out the contributions from nature and nurture when in fact the distinction is between what is in born and what we receive after birth. It will always go back to genes and the environment which keeps the debate on going. It is obvious the truth lies within nature and nurture, but it has been difficult to......

Words: 1037 - Pages: 5

Nature vs. Nuture

...Nature vs. Nurture Troy Crosland WGU Issues in Behavior Science GLT1 Nature vs. Nurture Issues concerning the nature vs. nurture debate are amongst the oldest in science. This debate centers around the argument of biological and genetic contributions as opposed to those imposed on human development from environmental factors. Many scholars such as Descartes and Plato suggest many of our individual traits are inherited from our parents, they happen naturally regardless of any influence from our environment. John Locke and many other prominent thinkers have promoted the idea of tabula rasa (blank slate), which promotes the idea that when born our minds are like a blank slate ready to be shaped by experience and influence from our environment. (Cherry, 2011, p. 1) The controversy surrounding the nature vs. nurture debate is over whether children develop various attributes based on their genetics known as “nature” or is it more associated to how they are raised which is know as “nurture”. (Sessions & Larson, 2011, expression 1) So why does it matter if we are born intelligent, or become intelligent? There are many reasons the nature vs. nurture debate continues, her are a few reasons: * Parenthood/Relationships: If specific attributes are due to environmental factors (nurture), parents and educators can implement the most effective methods discovered in order to get the best results. If said attributes are determined to be more influenced by genetics......

Words: 1115 - Pages: 5

Nature vs

...Psychology 1000 10/11/12 Nature vs. Nurture In the field of psychology there is a large controversy on whether nature or nurture affect who we are or who we will become. Those who favor nature will argue that our intelligence, personality traits and capacity to achieve goals are largely influenced by genetics. On the other side, people who put forward the idea of nurture will say that it is the environment we live in that shapes who we become. According to John Watson, a strong psychologist who proposed environmental learning as a dominating side, he can be able to train a baby randomly chosen in a group of 12 infants, to become any type of specialist he wants. As of now, we know that both nature and nurture play important parts in molding an individual; however, environmental factors are the real origins of our behavior. There are many examples that can be given to support Watson’s behavioristic views and theories. For instance, identical twins have very remarkable similarities; however when raised in two completely different environments, for example how accessible resources are to each of them, private school versus public school, cause several differences in the way they think and behave. Also, how well a parent takes care of his child and how safe the environment surrounding the family is, affects the child’s behavior and decision-making skills. Also, often children who have been raised in a stable and safe environment, with lots of affection from their parents......

Words: 317 - Pages: 2

Nature vs Nature

...due to evolution these things get embedded in our system. So, in a way, I believe that the Nature aspects are in fact influenced by our environment. The Nurture aspects influence the Nature aspects and vice versa. The skills we are born with influence the things we pick up from our environment. Cause and effect.A big debate in psychology is nature vs nurture. The argument is as to whether a person's gene's (nature) mold them into an individual or whether their environment and how they are raised plays a part. The nature versus nurture debate is one of the oldest issues in psychology. The debate centers on the relative contributions of genetic inheritance and environmental factors to human development. Some philosophers such as Plato and Descartes suggested that certain things are inborn, or that they simply occur naturally regardless of environmental influences. Other well-known thinkers such as John Locke believed in what is known as tabula rasa, which suggests that the mind begins as a blank slate. According to this notion, everything that we are and all of our knowledge is determined by our experience. For example, when a person achieves tremendous academic success, did they do so because they are genetically predisposed to be successful or is it a result of an enriched environment? Today, the majority of experts believe that behavior and development are influenced by both nature and nurture. However, the issue still rages on in many areas such as in the debate on the......

Words: 1226 - Pages: 5

Nature vs. Nurture vs. Tofu

...Nature vs. Nurture vs. Tofu 2 Without conducting any research, I realize that I have never really thought about the subject of nature vs. nurture. By knowing a little of what the controversy is about, I am able to ask myself the right questions to complete my thoughts and come to a proper opinion. Usually I am an extremist by going with one side and not lingering with thoughts in the middle. However, this is a subject that does not deserve one end. By looking and observing those around me, many may notice that people share similar traits. Some traits are the result of nature and others are the result of nurture. There is no 50:50 ratio that is involved in the deciding factor of how much of each side contributes to the individuals we are today. Because biological factors and conformity are two different subjects, there is no scientific way to measure an accurate ratio of nature to nurture. Instead, I believe that each and every person is the product of 100 percent nature as well as 100 percent nurture. As my boyfriend and I are out to lunch, I throw my thoughts at him about nature vs. nurture and he makes me realize that tofu is a great example of both nature and nurture. He asks me how I am able to eat something so bland and tasteless. I tell him that tofu does have sort of a creamy nutty taste to it and is delicious plain uncooked. However, when tofu is cooked, it conforms to and picks up the flavor of the food or sauce that is being cooked......

Words: 1274 - Pages: 6

Nature vs. Nurture

...Running head: NATURE VS. NURTURE/CULTURE The Ongoing Debate of Nature vs. Nurture/Culture Psychology 3520 Social Psychology Abstract In compiling information from our class text and a variety of journals in the Capella library, I have come up with some interest notions on the age old controversy of nature vs. nurture. Biologists declare nature as an innate trait given to all human being (e.g., reflexes and primary needs). Which makes us consider, is this all there is to human development? Is there something else at work? Are there other factors that play a key role in our development? At this turn we must consider nurture/culture. We as human beings are born into societies with all sorts of set norms, social structures and attitudes that manipulate the way in which we develop. The question we will be looking at is which one of these, nature or nurture has the most significant role in our overall development. Or is there yet still something else to add to the pot. Some say there are dimensions that intersect and work in conjunction with one another to form who we are as humans being. Viktor Frankl (1967) noted that the person lives in three interpenetrating dimensions: soma (the physical body), psyche (the emotions and intellect), and the noëtic (the soul). The noëtic dimension includes free will, responsibility, choice, spirituality, and the unique meaning capacity of Homo sapiens. Is it time to reinvent the wheel: Nature, Nurture and Noetic? Introduction......

Words: 1537 - Pages: 7