Premium Essay

My Answer

In: Other Topics

Submitted By zialee
Words 774
Pages 4
Chapter 2
REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE

Related Literature
Sleep is a fundamental part of life. It is not just a function of the body, it is an active process. Sleep is so vital to the body’s daily functioning that a prolonged loss of sleep impairs metabolism, immune function, temperature control and can ultimately lead to death (Rechtshaffen & Bergmann, 2002). As with other functions of the body, sleep cannot be localized to just one part of the brain. Its control mechanisms are entrenched at every level, starting with the cells. The same mechanisms that control autonomic functions, cognition, behavior, arousal and motor functions are all involved with the process of sleep. The 24-hour sleep/wake cycles, called circadian rhythms, developed as a response to the 24-hour astronomical cycle that all living things are exposed to (Pace-Schott & Hobson, 2002). The circadian system helpsthe body cycle through these phases. This system includes the retina, suprachiasmatic nuclei (SCN), the retinohypothalamic tract and the pineal gland. The suprachiasmatic nuclei is located in the hypothalamus, above the optic chiasm. It acts as a sort of clock, receiving photic information from the retina (via the retinohypothalamic tract) and regulating the timing and length of sleep (Kotagal & Pianosi, 2006). This “master clock” is so vital to the sleep-wake cycle that if the SCNs in hamsters with normal circadian rhythms are transplanted into those with abnormal rhythms, normal periodicity will be restored (Pace-Schott & Hobson, 2002). Once the SCN has determined that the sleep cycle needs to begin, it signals the pineal gland to secrete melatonin, a sleep-inducing hormone. Melatonin secretion is at its highest level when there is a lack of light. Studies have shown that melatonin secretion levels dramatically decrease when light is shined on the retina (Richardson, 2005). The SCN…...

Similar Documents

Free Essay

Answers

...Answer 1: Allowing personal communication in a business organization can be a hindrance to the productivity of the work force , [ [ in the sense that allowing personal communication means allowing non business related exchanges of information and feelings among the work force which affects the worker's attitude , thus affecting the performance of the workers thus this gives a negative productivity rate. Answer 3: You can format your headings as noun, questions, or gerunds (–ing phrases that function as nouns), [ just make sure you remain consistent. Nouns as Headings Questions as Headings Gerunds as Headings Plan Draft Revise Edit Proofread How Do I Plan an Essay? How Do I Draft an Essay? How Do I Revise an Essay? How Do I Edit an Essay? How Do I Proofread an Essay? Planning Drafting Revising Editing Proofreading Parallelism in headings Close this Share Menu Share this page If you wish to recommend or share this page by e-mail, social bookmarking or social networking, click on the icon of your choice: • [pic]E-mail • [pic]AOL Mail • [pic]Gmail • [pic]Hotmail • [pic]Yahoo! Mail • [pic]Blogger • [pic]Google+ • [pic]Twitter • [pic]Bebo • [pic]Facebook • [pic]LinkedIn • [pic]MySpace • [pic]Delicious • [pic]Digg • [pic]Diigo • [pic]Google Bookmarks • [pic]Reddit [pic] Access to the proposed sites is free, but you must have a user account. Access to these sites may vary depending on your...

Words: 2630 - Pages: 11

Premium Essay

Answer

... 5~7 min, decision making, follow-on questions Ⅱ. BEC Speaking Test 4. Scoring Criteria Interaction Impression Fluency Accuracy Pronunciation Business English Certificate Speaking Course Shanghai NOS 陈文笠 (Henry) Chapter Two Basic Expressions Functions of the Language Fondness Of course, I sure love … Oh, yeah, … is always my favorite. Well, … is a bit too …, but I sure love the … of …. Well, some say that … is a bit too …, but I sure love the … of …. Disfavor No, not at all / absolutely not/ definitely not. I’d rather not. Well, generally speaking, … is fine with me, but I’m not so keen on the … of …. To tell the truth, … To be honest, … Preference I’d much prefer … I’d rather … I enjoy … much more than … Reasoning Well, there are many reasons to this, but the most important one is that … Lengthening the Answers Well, there are many …, but … is always my favorite. Well, it depends. Hesitation Hmm/Er/Well/… Exemplification For example For instance Say Take … as an example Such as Absolute Comparison …, which is definitely/absolutely/by far/by all means/undoubtedly/probably the most … I’ve ever … Prediction It is quite likely that … … will probably … Asking for Repetition I’m sorry, but I didn’t quite catch......

Words: 2820 - Pages: 12

Free Essay

My Teacher, My Hero

...“My Teacher, My Hero” "No one saves us but we ourselves-no one can and no one may. We ourselves must walk the path, teachers merely show the way." Gone were the days when we spent our late nights indulging in comic books featuring our generation’s greatest heroes, sneaking past our bedtime to read Superman’s latest issue under the sheets while holding a flashlight, running around the house with our fists in the air and a cape zooming through our backs. Nowadays, all we have our noses stuck on are the not-so-thrilling sagas of Captain Algebra on Planet Geometry, Fantastic Physics and Heinous History, much to our dismay. I never looked forward to closing in on my childhood and waking up to Algebra class in my first year of high school, nor did I find excitement in the then 25-year old Mr. Ongleo who came to class everyday to blab about my least-liked subject ever. He was a new teacher at the Caloocan City Science High School, and being a former disciplinarian in my best friend’s school at St. Mary’s Academy, he daily greeted us with Spartan orders. “Stand straight! Chin up! Hands on the side!” When the door opens to give way for him we had to be in this position already—mouths zipped and bodies stiff as a board. On some accounts he’d add “Be proud of yourself.”, and that would somehow make the corners of our lips slightly curl upward. He’d then check our room’s sanitation, and make remarks concerning it. He hated noise and dirt, and was highly irritated by even tiny pieces of...

Words: 982 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Answer

...2000 to 2003 TAYELOLU MEMORIAL NURSERY AND PRIMARY SCHOOL. Position Held: School Teacher  Managed a class of forty and five students.  Labored to transform their moral and mental wellbeing.  Inculcated discipline and integrity into their moral and mental fibre, both within and outside the classroom. EBENEZER POLYTHENE COMPANY NIGERIA LIMITED Position Held: Production Manager  Supervised the fabrication and design of quality extrusion machineries which attracted the interest of profound buyers.  Sanctioned the quality of polythene products and maintained prime precision in all the details of production, thus maintained the company’s status quo, in all wise. Served the production staff within my jurisdiction and transformed the work environment into a family sphere community through my leadership acumen. 2003 to 2010  2011 to date FREELANCE LECTURING Courses lectured:  System Analysis and Design  Decision Support System  Introduction to Programming  Computer Architecture  Networking Basic with Cisco  Router and Routing Basics  Use of English (Intermediate and Advanced)  Discrete Structures  Wireless Networking SUCCESS WRITERS AND PUBLISHERS, MALAYSIA Position Held: Editor  Specializes in revising, editing, and proofreading research documents.  Satisfactorily ensures the accuracy and impact of written documents to enhance scientific publication bids.  Schooled and well experienced in Manuscript editing, Custom Essay Editing, Term Paper, Thesis......

Words: 793 - Pages: 4

Free Essay

Answers

...System.Web.Creation Points Earned: 1.0/1.0 Correct Answer(s): B 2. An IP address is: A) an internet protocol address B) a set of numbers distinguishing computers C) a value that identifies a server D) All of the above Points Earned: 1.0/1.0 Correct Answer(s): D 3. Web Form files have the extension: A) .wasp B) .wbfm C) .aspx D) .aspc Points Earned: 1.0/1.0 Correct Answer(s): C 4. Microsoft's _________ technology is used for web-based application development. A) ASP .NET B) APM .NET C) PHP .NET D) All of the above Points Earned: 1.0/1.0 Correct Answer(s): A 5. The information tier typically stores data in a(n) ___________. A) DataGrid B) XML document C) relational database management system D) None of the above Points Earned: 1.0/1.0 Correct Answer(s): C 6. When a Web Form object is ready for garbage collection, the _________ event occurs. A) GCollect B) GC C) Unload D) Dispose Points Earned: 1.0/1.0 Correct Answer(s): C 7. _________ C#, ASP.NET is ____________. A) Unlike, case sensitive B) Like, case sensitive C) Unlike, not case sensitive D) Like, not case sensitive Points Earned: 1.0/1.0 Correct Answer(s): C 8. The code-behind file is a(n) _______ class. A) full B) virtual C) partial D) abstract Points Earned: 1.0/1.0 Correct Answer(s): C 9. _________ applications divide functionality into separate logical. A) Internet B) Multi-tier C) Logical D) None of the above Points Earned: 1.0/1.0 Correct Answer(s): B 10. The asp: tag prefix means that:......

Words: 27152 - Pages: 109

Premium Essay

Answer

...Dear students, These are answers and guidance to the homework, and I hope that it will be useful to you. If you have any problems or there is something wrong with the answers, you can contact me by Email. hanjijiayou@gmail.com. Yours, HanJi Uniervsity of International Business and Economics IMBAProgram Managerial Economics Problem set #1 March 12, 2011 1. Suppose Carl and John lived on an island. Initially, there were unaware of each other. So each was forced to be self-sufficient. Carl found that it took him 1 hour to pick a kilogram of fruits or catch one fish. John found that it took him 1.5 hours to pick a kilogram of fruits or 3 hours to catch one fish. The productivities of the two individuals are shown in the table below. Labor requirements for fruits and fish |Labor required for: | | |1 kilogram of fruits |1 fish | |Carl |1 hour |1 hour | |John |1.5 hours |3 hours | 1) What is the absolute advantage in production. Who has the absolute advantage of producing both goods, Carl or John? Define the absolute advantage,as we can see from the......

Words: 1446 - Pages: 6

Premium Essay

Answer

...Answers Diploma in International Financial Reporting 1 (a) 1. Consolidated income statement for the year ended 30 September 2005 Revenue (W1) Cost of sales (balancing figure) Gross profit (W2) Distribution costs (7,000 + 6,000 + (6,000 x 35% x 4/12)) Administrative expenses (8,000 + 7,000 + (7,200 x 35% x 4/12)) Operating profit Investment income (W3) Finance cost (W4) Profit before tax Income tax expense (7,000 + 1,800 + (3,600 x 35% x 4/12)) Profit for the period Attributable to Minority interest (4,200 x 20%) Alpha shareholders (balance) Net profit for the period $’000 241,200 (176,068) ––––––––– 65,132 (13,700) (15,840) ––––––––– 35,592 1,000 (6,890) ––––––––– 29,702 (9,220) ––––––––– 20,482 ––––––––– 840 19,642 ––––––––– 20,482 ––––––––– Parent $’000 194,400 19,642 (6,500) –––––––– 207,542 –––––––– Minority $’000 18,200 840 (500) ––––––– 18,540 ––––––– $’000 250,000 11,200 (20,000) –––––––– 241,200 –––––––– $’000 62,000 3,500 (200) (168) ––––––– 65,132 ––––––– $’000 6,280 (2,000) (1,680) (1,600) –––––– 1,000 –––––– $’000 8,000 490 (1,600) –––––– 6,890 –––––– Total $’000 212,600 20,482 (7,000) –––––––– 226,082 –––––––– December 2005 Answers 2. Consolidated statement of changes in equity for the year ended 30 September 2005 Balance at 1 October 2004 (W5) Net profit for the period Dividends Balance at 30 September 2005 Working 1 – revenue Alpha + Beta Gamma (96,000 x 35% x 4/12) Sales from Alpha–Beta Working 2 – gross profit Alpha + Beta Gamma (30,000 x 35%...

Words: 5147 - Pages: 21

Premium Essay

Answers

...Answer 1. It means that IT need to provide security for its data and it can’t be changed by anyone that does not belong and that same person can’t view it as well, and the data will be there when need by the CEO or whoever needs it. And if anything that is changed or moved it will be reported to management as soon as possible. 2. Richard Scrushy is the owner and founder of HealthSouth Corp he was the first CEO charged with violating the Sarbanes-Oxley act. 3. CEO and CFO of company 4. 10K is for reporting annual results and 10Q is for reporting quarterly results and it would be the CEO or CFO 5. Companies with a public float of $700 million or more and the deadline will be 40 days. 6. It would be in the SEC Edgar Database 7. Microsoft - Frank H. Brod; Nike - Mark G. Parker; Cisco - John T. Chambers 8. In section 1519 violators will be fined and imprisoned for no more than 20 years, 1520 section A (a) of the securities Exchange Act of the 1934 (the “34 Act”) to maintain all audit or review work papers for a period of 5 years from the end of the fiscal period in which the audit or review was conclude. 9. It was the J-SOX compliance Management Software Solution and Services based on Council of the Japanese Financial Services Agency provided final Implementation 10. Convicted of looting more than $600 million from their company, both were convicted of grand larceny. 11. Researchers have noted that information security in implicit in the requirements of SOX , and......

Words: 362 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

My Max My Story

...My Max My Story --- February 2, 1984 – January 4. 2014 Day 1 -You really can live when your heart has exploded into a million pieces January 4, 2014 ~ I missed a called from Monya getting a call from her is the norm. We had been on vacation for the holiday and were just heading down 101 heading for the 5 back to Sacramento. Well I tried to return Monya’s call and it was busy. So I was calling my voice mail, when her calls comes in so switched over. My world as I know is forever changed. She is distraught crying and telling me you are gone, as in you’re dead. You need to understand Max; this is not how it is supposed to be. I could accept it when my dad died back in 2001. I was devastated because I loved him and thought I would have him in my life forever. But he was the dad and he had lived a good long life. I still miss him, but the pain is minimal. But my son nothing about your dying makes any sense to me. You were 29 years old. You were brilliant, you were such a kind, generous soul, you were beautiful and you were loved so much by so many. Life went downhill from that moment in time, first I had to break this to your dad. You well know we are the kind of couple that reacts to any given situation with more hostility then love. Driving 75 hours a mile down a 4 lane freeway is not the place to destroy someone’s life. So it is my first thought that we have to get off the freeway, so I started yelling for him to get off the freeway. You know your dad......

Words: 1348 - Pages: 6

Premium Essay

Answer

...Autobiography My name is LaQuinta Walker and I was born in the Spring of April 4, 1987 in Atlanta, Georgia. I was born to, high school sweethearts, Sharon and John Walker from a small town called Aliquippa, PA. My parents are currently still alive and has been married over 35 years. I am the youngest of five children, and whose name means "The Fifth" in Spanish. Some cool facts about my birthday are that I share it with the late poet, Maya Angelou. April 4th occasionally falls on Easter and is the anniversary of Martin Luther King Jr.'s assassination in 1968. These cool facts help reminds me that Greatness was born and ended on my great birthday and I have been passed a torch that will burn on. Soon after I was born, my family uprooted to Phoenix, Arizona, where my mother's family migrated too. My early childhood was pleasant growing up in the late 1980's. We were an average middle class family. My father enlisted in the Air Force Reserve, while working at Crystal Bottle Water Company. My mother was a Register Nurse most my life. Arizona was a good time! The climate there was great or could be extreme heat. Every house appeared to have a pool, which was really cool to own. We owned a golden retriever, who we adopted into our family and named Sassy Frassy Goldy Walker. She was my dog! Sassy had two set of litters prior to coming to live with us, she had a very protective, motherly instinct and I loved her. Sassy was a very good dog, until we made pound cake.......

Words: 1689 - Pages: 7

Premium Essay

Answer

...Ch 3 Critical Thinking and Discussion Questions 1. Outline why the culture of a country might influence the costs of doing business in that country. Illustrate your answer with examples. Answer: Since in a sense the entire chapter is about this question, there can be numerous reasons and examples of how culture influences the costs of doing business. Several are highlighted in the following sentences, but there could be numerous others. When there are simply different norms between how individuals from different countries interact, the costs of doing business rise as people grapple with unfamiliar ways of doing business. For example, while in the US we may get down to business first, and then get to know each other socially later, in many South American countries it is important develop a good social relationship before trying to discuss business issues. Different class structures and social mobility also raise the costs of doing business. If there are inhibitions against working with people from different classes, then the efficiency with which information can flow may be limited and the cost of running a business increased. A country's religion can also affect the costs of business, as religious values can affect attitudes towards work, entrepreneurship, honesty, fairness, and social responsibility. In Hindu societies where the pursuit of material well-being can be viewed as making spiritual well being less likely, worker productivity may be lower than in nations......

Words: 960 - Pages: 4

Free Essay

Answer

...Which among the 17 goals is your primary focus of interest? Ensure inclusive and equitable quality education and promote lifelong learning opportunities for all Please explain why. (Please limit your answer to 300 characters.) Although every afghan family suffers financial difficulties at some point due to the increasing rate of unemployment (which is mainly caused by lack of education and specialization) and my family was no exception regarding the issue, when compared to most of my friends and relatives, I was fortunate and privileged. My father earned enough for me to study without ever having to stop to support my family financially, but there were so many of my friends that despite being gifted, ambitious and outstanding students were in pursuit of better employment opportunities and faced financial difficulties constantly. Very often they had to give up their dreams of pursuing higher education and simply take care of their family’s needs, being the sole breadwinner in the family. I always felt their pain and could see have helpless they felt, but could not do anything to help. It is time for that to change. I hope youth assembly gives me a better sense of how I can help those who have the desire but not the means to follow their education. I believe to change the future for good, we shouldn’t focus on material realities of today but the mental realities, and by that I mean the perception and the mind-set of the current and coming generations. What would you like......

Words: 701 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Answers

...data collection/storage is one piece of the puzzle, organizing & analyzing this data is where rubber hits the road. While AWS made storage possible through flexible and efficient AWS infrastructure that is both dynamic and cost efficient, platforms like easy map reduce in Hadoop helped Razorfish to organize and analyze the data. Razorfish is a good example of how to use cloud based web services to keep your operational cost in check, and pay as you use. And the best part of having this data on a cloud infrastructure like AWS is that it makes sharing the data easy. Vogel’s example of sensors placed under the ocean sending the data directly to AWS infrastructure is definitely ground-breaking. Having said that most of the firms, esp in my industry, Banking, have an established infrastructure tied very close to the processes. So, getting banks to move their information from their private/secure infrastructure to a platform like AWS could be a hard sell. However, new startups like Razorfish can definitely take advantage of public/private clouds available out there instead of building an infrastructure in-house, and which, Razorfish really did well. All-in-All, building an in-house infrastructure to support big data or using a readymade solution like AWS infrastructure is a dilemma that most firms need to deal with. Sources: http://www.slideshare.net/AmazonWebServices/aws-customer-presentation-razorfish  http://aws.amazon.com/solutions/case-studies/razorfish/...

Words: 385 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Answer

...Answering Exam Questions Many of the semester exams allow you to choose 2 or 3 questions to answer from a list. The first thing to do once you have made your choice of questions to answer is to see how much time this gives you per question – and stick to it. If you overrun badly on the first answer it means that you have less time to answer other questions well. It is also probable that you are not writing a clear answer either! Leave space to come back to it at the end if you have time and go on to the next question. For each question….. 1. Re state the question in your own words at the top. This shows the examiner your basic understanding and how you are thinking. It also helps you to frame your answer and focus your mind. 2. Write your answer plan. Choose the key words in the question and from these plan your answer. E.g. does it ask for examples, does it ask you to critically evaluate rather than discuss? What are the areas that you need to concentrate on? Use these key words and themes to form the basis of the answer plan. 3. Use your plan to write out the answer in full. Use theory and frameworks and cite references where appropriate. From an examiner’s viewpoint it is always good to see frameworks applied in context as it shows understanding. 4. Stick to the time you have allowed yourself!...

Words: 252 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

The Answers

...The Answers When presented with the question “What is religion?” my argument can go several different ways. I have my own opinion of religion based off my upbringing and how I was raised to think about it, but at the same time this course allowed me to see a different perspective of religion and what it does for people. The official definition of religion is “The belief in and reverence for a supernatural power or powers, regarded as creating and governing the universe”. The first thing that comes to mind when thinking about religion is the following of one or more Gods to seek guidance in life. People feel like they need to follow something or someone and that is known meaning for religion. In my opinion that following is the act of religion, the meaning and purpose of religion is different. After examining the the material throughout this semester I have concluded that religion is a structure that was put in place millions of years ago to provide guidance and an explanation for some of the things we will never know. We do not know how or why we ended up on this Earth, so people use religion as an explanation for that. It's comforting knowing that there is a God or Gods that put us here for a certain reason, and that is what religion gives us.There a lot of things in this world that are unexplained and we will never actually know why or how they happened, so people use religion and mystical experiences to try and become enlightened. The different beliefs and practices in......

Words: 1537 - Pages: 7