Midnight’s Children – Parable of a Nation

In: English and Literature

Submitted By alialialiali
Words 2035
Pages 9
Aliasgar Hussain
Ms. Pugliese
ENG4U
27/05/2016
Midnight’s Children – Parable of a Nation Salman Rushdie’s post-colonial dictation of historical fiction is enriched by thematic adaptations of magical realism, metaphysics, and a miraculous perception to refract India’s struggle as truly a birth which establishes a shift in age. Rushdie’s satirical literary approach is stylistically equivalent to Voltaire’s Candide, and Marquez’s One Hundred Years of Solitude, but it implements particular abstract concepts through an allegorical structure. By using a diverse variety of characters, Rushdie is able to feature ciphers or metaphors for qualities, sins, behaviors, and specifically historical events which are materialised through character actions, appearances, and speech. The synchronized birth of Saleem Sinai and the nation of India, sets off a relation between the two, as the events that proceed are concurrent to both. Saleem’s encounters are magnified at a larger scale to re-enact post-colonial Indian history. Rushdie's allegory is not of the country as that might be imagined to subsist beyond the world of texts, but of the nation as already mediated by the pretext of national history. This is Indian history in its canonical form. Significant Indian historical events which shaped the nation’s cultural, political, and social position are all materialised, such as the violent process of secularization/partition, India’s genealogy, and the national emergency of 1975. To clearly understand the topical and historical references embedded in text, it is essential to be familiar with pre/post-colonial and post-partition history of the Indian sub-continent. The novel is in first-person past tense unreliable narration, as Saleem reflects upon the details of his life, in his account of the Free Islam Convocation opposed to the Muslim League and the Partition of India;…...

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