Lord of the Flies

In: Novels

Submitted By speaktruth1612
Words 1013
Pages 5
AS ENGLISH 91479: Develop an informed understanding of literature and/or using critical lens.
Literature/text: Lord of the Flies
Critical lens: Freudian psychoanalytical criticism
Take away parents and society and you are left with mere children, who have the instinct to only pleasure oneself. This is what Sigmund Freud theorizes in his psychoanalysis. Lord-of-the-Flies by William Golding is a novel that uses Freud’s work. The Lord-of-the-Flies is a novel that depicts a microcosm of society. A plane-full of boys are stranded on a desert island, away from civilisation. Freud’s theory is that if you eliminate rules, “children are completely egoistic” – they only care about themselves. Without any parental guidance, a child relies on its instincts and this is where Freud’s theory of personalities are cleverly conveyed: id, super ego and ego. The use of Freud’s theories exceptionally allows us to have a great depth of understanding of the characters.

The first part is the id. This is the “primitive impulses” of the human being. Golding used the character of ‘Lord-of-the-Flies’ to represent the id. Freud’s theory is that the id is based upon pleasing oneself.1 The Lord-of-the-Flies is the instinct that tells the boys that they do not need civilisation anymore and thus this is when savagery prevails. Golding uses Roger to represent the id. The Lord-of-the-Flies, inside Roger, turned him from a young-civilised boy to a killer, when he violently kills Piggy, as a release of his anger which reveals Freud’s theory of instant release. Similarly with the character Jack, when he kills the pig: "…the terrified squealing became a high-pitched scream." (135.)2 Here, these boys have used their instincts of survival and selfishness, abandoning all law and order, for fun and hunting. As Henningfeld confirms:“…Golding seems to be saying that without the reinforcement of social…...

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