Lifespan Development

In: Philosophy and Psychology

Submitted By tristetoker1
Words 1516
Pages 7
Lifespan Development and Personality
Luis Cervantes
PSY/103
January 11, 2016
Susanne Nishino

Lifespan Development and Personality Developmental psychology is the study of how human beings age and transform throughout the eight major stages of life. This paper will focus on the physical, cognitive, social, moral, and personality development of individuals found in stage two, (early childhood 1-6 year olds). Through exploring, and examining the countless influences that affect their growth development.
The physical growth transformations infants undergo in stage two of lifespan development range from, brain, motor, to sensory/perceptual development, and infant’s overall body height and weight. During the first two years, brain development and the central nervous system experience the most growth increase of any other infant’s body parts. Brain growth and learning transpire simply because neurons grow in size and the number of axons and dendrites, escalate (Carpenter S, & Huffman K. 2013a. pp. 237, 238). Meanwhile on the outside of the infant’s skull the fontanels or soft spots close off (Bjorklund, D. F., & Bering, J. M. 2002., pp. 272- 275).
Motor skill development fall into two categories fine, and gross motor skills. Fine motor skill development involves the muscular, skeletal, and nervous systems generating precise operations of motions on the infant hands (Fluetsch, K. 2015 p. 9). Example of fine motor skills, a child’s ability to grasp a fork, spoon, pencils, and crayons. Gross motor skill development includes the coordination of the large muscle groups of an infant’s body, (Like the baby’s arms, legs, and trunk). Example of gross motor skills, toddlers running better without falling, and they can easily jump in place.
The sensory and perceptual development in stage two of an infant’s lifespan development, involve taste, touch, smell, body…...

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