Leadership Styles and Organizational Effectiveness

In: Business and Management

Submitted By rushaan
Words 260
Pages 2
Education is an important determinant of economic and social development of a nation. Quality of education in a country indicates the quality of its human resource development. Expenditure in education is considered as an investment in human resource enrichment.
All the nations especially the developing ones spend a lot of money for the provision of education to its masses. Developing countries provide public education free or at minimal cost to their citizens. Across the third world, public schools enroll 90% of all primary and 70% of all secondary school students. Due to fiscal constraints, a trend to rely on private schooling is increasing.
Public sector alone, especially in developing countries can not meet the needs of quality education for rapidly growing population.
Educating system in Pakistan is largely based on British rule in sub-continent. At the time of independence, both public and private institutions were providing education at primary and secondary levels. Burki (1986) classified educational institutions at the time of independence into following categories:
1. Public schools and colleges run by provincial or local governments
2. Private schools managed by charities/missions
3. Schools and colleges in private sector affiliated with the University of Punjab
All the typs of educational institutions continued functioning after creation of Pakistan. At that time, private sector had an important role in providing education through schools. Private schools were either run by societies motivated by the cause of promoting education or by individuals making living through education.
Prior to 1972, privately managed institutions constituted a sizable portion of the total education…...

Similar Documents

Leadership Style and Perception of Effectiveness:

...Science Leadership Style and Perception of Effectiveness: Enlightening Malaysian Managers Sharmila Jayasingam (Corresponding author) Faculty of Business and Accounting Universiti Malaya 50603, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia Tel: 03-7967-3833 E-mail: sharmila@um.edu.my Moey Yoke Cheng KDU College Sdn. Bhd 32, Jalan Anson 10400 Penang E-mail: ycmoey12@yahoo.com Abstract In the past, the leadership style of Malaysian managers has been different from our Western counterparts due to strong cultural differences. However, with the advent of knowledge economy and the transformation of workforce, leadership style of Malaysian managers is said to be altered. This research explored the current state of leadership style among Malaysian managers and its effect on the perception of effectiveness. A survey method was employed and the data was drawn from subordinates who were working in private and public sectors in the Klang Valley area. When compared to past literature, the results imply that a shift has taken place primarily with regards to autocratic leadership. Respondents attributed leadership effectiveness to the use of participative and nurturant-task leader behavior. Gender differences were not significantly evident. Keywords: Malaysian managers, Leadership, Gender 1. Introduction Reading most Management textbooks would readily reveal that leadership is one of the four management function that needs to be assumed by any manager. Although numerous studies of effective leadership style for......

Words: 6853 - Pages: 28

Organizational Effectiveness

...Organizational Effectiveness Benjamin Dunton CJA/474 February 04, 2013 Kenneth Rosa Organizational Effectiveness Every company has a set of goals designed to lead the organization in a specific direction. To achieve these goals, managers should train employees to follow a specific path or set of rules that will lead to organizational effectiveness. The measurement of effectiveness is achieved through completion of the organization's goals. To understand organizational effectiveness in any setting, one must define it according to the goals of the organization. In a criminal justice environment, managers must apply various organizational effectiveness theories appropriately to measure the effectiveness of the department. Managers must also exert control to a certain degree in organizational settings to achieve maximum effectiveness. Once managers measure and achieve organizational effectiveness, success of the organization is almost certain. Organizational Effectiveness Defined Different definitions of organizational effectiveness exist, mainly because the effectiveness of an organization differs from company to company. Many people would define organizational effectiveness as the output or outcome of the organization and how it affects the desired results. For example, if an organization's goal is to increase sales profits, the organization may use various marketing techniques to bring in more customers to buy their product. If the result is more......

Words: 1250 - Pages: 5

Organizational Effectiveness

...Organizational Effectiveness CJA/474 July 8, 2013 Organizational Effectiveness Organizational effectiveness is far more important than making sure an organization is operating properly. Achieving greater productivity, efficiency and performance is vital for any organization to be successful (Mihalicz, 2012). Defining organizational effectiveness and applying the theories of organizational effectiveness to the management of criminal justice personnel will help the individual establish a better understanding of the relationship that is needed to successful operate a department. Using the methods of prioritizing, feedback and keeping the focus of the specific tasks are useful tools to exert control in an organizational setting. Organizational effectiveness is the concept of how effective an organization is in completing and achieving the greatest outcomes within the organization that will produce the best results, according to Mihalicz, (2012). The short term areas of organizational effectiveness are as important as the sustainability, concerns for others, and the corporate culture of the organization. The management and leadership are the key aspects in demonstrating the communication and strategy methods to lead the organization to greater accomplishments. The effectiveness means different things to each organization that is engaging to innovate and improve the leadership of the organization. Effectiveness is universal in describing that it means survival and a......

Words: 921 - Pages: 4

Organizational Effectiveness

...TermPaperWarehouse.com - Free Term Papers, Essays and Research Documents The Research Paper Factory * Join * Search * Browse * Saved Papers ------------------------------------------------- Top of Form Bottom of Form * Home Page » * Business and Management Organizational Effectiveness In: Business and Management Organizational Effectiveness Organizational effectiveness is a tool manager’s use to measure how effective they; and their organizations are at achieving outcomes and creating value.   Organizational effectiveness can be very difficult to measure in an organization. Why? The answer is because organizations can be diverse and very large. Also one organization can have multiple goals and perform many activities at the same time. Managers must decide which indicators they want to measure in order to determine the effectiveness of their organization.   There are three approaches managers can use in evaluating effectiveness. They are the external resource approach (Control); the internal systems approach (Innovation); and the technical approach (Efficiency).   Each approach has something to offer but all focus on different parts of the organization. The external resource approach evaluates how much control the organization has over its external environment.   Managers must look at indicators such as stock price, profitability, and returns on investments. These indicators are used by organizations to show them how well they perform in......

Words: 470 - Pages: 2

Organizational Effectiveness

...Organizational Effectiveness Paper Organizational effectiveness is far more important than offering insurability that an organization functioning as it should be. Accomplishing superior efficiency, productivity, and operation is a major component that is needed for any organization to be profitable and successful (Mihalicz, 2012). Describing organizational effectiveness and the application of theories of organizational effectiveness can help in the supervision of criminal justice personnel. Organizational effectiveness can also help individuals in establishing an enhanced perception of the affiliation that needs to be present in order to operate effectively a department. By using methods of feedback, prioritizing, and sustaining emphasis on the particular tasks; the organization will have the valuable tools that are needed in order to make use of control in the organizational environment. Definition of Organizational Effectiveness According to Mihalicz, organizational effectiveness is the belief of how successful an organization can be by fulfilling and attaining the greatest results within the organization that will give the best results (2012). Short-term areas of organizational effectiveness are just as important as the sustainability, concerns for other individuals, and the corporate background and traditions of the organization. The leadership and management are also key features that are needed to demonstrate communication and strategy techniques to guide......

Words: 1086 - Pages: 5

Leadership Styles and Organizational Behavior

...Running head: Relating Leadership Styles to Organizational Behavior 1 By Keta Johnson A Paper Submitted to Dr. Wanda Corner In Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements for BTM7001: Advanced Scholarly WritingError occured in marking Attendance. Some error occurred. Please try again. Error occurred in getting Attendance data. Advanced Scholarly Writingjhkkk Northcentral University Doctor of Philosophy in Business Administration Specialization in Public Administration September 14, 2014 Running head: Relating Leadership Styles to Organizational 2 Relating Leadership Styles to Organizational Behavior Numerous studies have been conducted to demonstrate the various relationships between managers and subordinates. The purpose of this paper is to discuss a critical analysis of peer-reviewed articles in which researchers have addressed various leadership styles and how it affects employees. The literature review section will provide an analysis of the theoretical framework and case studies presented by authors. After analyzing the articles, the discussion and findings section will offer conclusions that can be drawn from the results; and also provide an interpretation of what the findings from the scholarly studies mean. The recommendations section will then identify what organizational leaders can do to address the gaps and/or the organizational leadership issues related to the literature review and discussion. Lastly, the conclusion......

Words: 2423 - Pages: 10

Organizational Effectiveness

...Organizational Effectiveness Dexter Roberts CJA/474 November 11, 2014 Randolph Liverpool Organizational Effectiveness Every organization has specific goals and values that it strides to achieve and to analyze the effectiveness of that organization one must first know and understand what those goals are. The criminal justice system has many moving parts which sometimes make it difficult to ascertain if it is effective at fulfilling its mission. This essay will define what organizational effectiveness is, apply theories of organizational effectiveness to the management of criminal justice personnel, as well as describe methods for exerting control in an organizational setting. Organizational effectiveness can be defined as the proficiency in which an organization achieves its desired goals ("Organizational Effectiveness," n.d.). By creating a more efficient, reliable and productive workforce will help an organization meet its desired goal. However, the meaning of effective has a broad meaning in relation to organizational effectiveness because companies and organizations define effectiveness differently. In the criminal justice system the term effectiveness can mean how well the crime rate is controlled or can measure how many reports are received about certain incidents. There is no universal way of measuring the effectiveness of an organization, however, organizations agree universally that organizational effectiveness is a priority. To achieve organizational......

Words: 1103 - Pages: 5

Leadership Styles

...Introduction Every organization and its employees are only as good as its leadership. Consequently, this is the reason why there is an overwhelming plethora of books, academic journals, periodicals, and scientific studies dedicated to this very topic seeking to understand the makings of an effective leader. Research performed in the late 70’s by leadership expert, James M. Burns, moved the institution of leadership beyond the flawed wisdom of identifying leaders based solely upon those who seemingly possessed the ‘traits of effective leaders’. In actuality there are a specific integration of concepts that need to be in play beyond the archaic characters traits to be deemed an effective leader. For this reason organizations should seek to understand what makes a leader effective such as the leader’s level of power and more importantly his ability to wield that power to influence and motivate fellow employees. This paper serves to discuss the difference between the highly effective leader and the less effective leader, beginning with endorsements from respected leadership experts, followed by my personal leadership experience, and concluding with Scholarly Framework The plethora of research on studies seeking to discover the specificity of what makes an effective leader has given rise to the discovery of distinct behavioral characteristics that collectively form an effective leader. One doesn’t automatically become an effective leader because of a promotion to a......

Words: 907 - Pages: 4

Leadership Styles

...Leadership Styles and School Effectiveness Labels: Change Management Research Proposals, Leadership Research Proposals, Strategic Management Research Proposals, Travel Research Proposals Introduction The human mind is like a mine bestowed with billions of innovative seeds, and every one of those seeds can grow a fruitful tree of new inventions. At home, the education of a newly born child starts from the lap of a mother, for whom it is an obligatory privilege to look after her child. Education starting in the dark-age has been transformed as it has passed from mind to mind and race to race, based on spiritually traditional ways of learning, observations, and experiences. The acquisition of knowledge began with the informal learning process at home to formal learning in institutions or schools. In this way, knowledge was progressively traveling down different paths and in different ways through human minds. In recent years, the advent of new technologies from photocopying machines to computer programs, optical scanners, and telecommunication networks has contributed to knowledge transformation. Moreover, today, the dominance of digital technologies and distorted media information has set the stage for the human mind to be idle. It can be thought that the idleness of mind is not due to insufficient or a lack of information and ideas for knowledge development but rather the inevitability of creating multiple choices and overloading us with information. Here, the......

Words: 1095 - Pages: 5

Leadership Styles

...Leadership Styles paper Introduction Leadership is the process through which a person, in this case the leader, influences a group of people towards the realization of a common goal. The effectiveness of leadership depends on the style of leadership that the leader adopts, and usually depends on the context of leadership. This implies that different leadership styles are effective in different situations (Tittemore, 2003). Therefore, effective leaders are supposed to know the context through which a particular approach of leadership will be effective. In addition, the leadership approaches can be used for defining the personal leadership style that a person is likely to put into practice (Kippenberger, 2002). This paper discusses two leadership styles and identifies the most effective leadership that suits the philosophy of nursing leadership. In addition, the paper compares and contrasts leadership and management. The two main leadership styles discussed in this paper are autocratic and democratic leadership styles. Autocratic leadership style is whereby the leader has much power and makes use of the authority vested on him/her to initiate leadership actions such as decision-making (Marquis & Huston, 2008). Autocratic leadership style bases on the transactional theory, which lays more emphasis on the significance of the relationship that exists between the leader and the followers. The followers are supposed to obey the orders from their leaders (Marquis & Huston,...

Words: 724 - Pages: 3

Organizational Effectiveness

...Organizational Effectiveness Theories surrounding the model of leadership have been one of the most significant areas of interest within the field of management. When it comes to the theory of management, Adairs Action-Centered Leadership Model (1973) was recognized as one of the iconic model, which provided a clear scheme for leadership, teamwork and management and can easily be adopted universally. The model was generally presented by three overlapping circles, each circle clarify each essential aspects included task, team and individual. It delivered the idea that the content leaders or managers should have ability to obligate all three main aspects of the Action-Centered Leadership model. The accentuation on each circle can be various and depends much on the given situation (Adair, 1973). This essay critically discuses and analyzes several number of events relating team performance during camp at Fairthorne Manor within the framework of John Adair diagram and illustrates the development of team members association to those conducts. One of the outstanding event that can be use to demonstrate the framework of Action-Centered leadership is the assignment which direct the team to go and investigate a crime. The given task was shared out among the member of the team before we were introduced to the model and clear flows can be found within the body of 3 circles. When the brief was read out, the task was interpreted differently by all members due to their own perceptions...

Words: 1507 - Pages: 7

Organizational Behavior, Leadership and Effectiveness

...QUESTION 1. The actions, reactions and interactions of people that constitute organizational behavior are influenced by factors. Critically evaluate five such factors. FACTORS INFLUENCING ORGANIZATIONAL BEHAVIOUR. INTRODUCTION. Organizational behavior is a misnomer, it is not the study of how organizations behave, but rather the study of individual behavior in an organizational setting. This includes the study of how individuals behave on their own as well as how they behave in groups. The purpose of organizational behavior is to gain a greater understanding of those factors that influence group and individual dynamics in an organizational setting so that the individuals and the groups and the organizations to which they belong may become more efficient and effective. This field also includes the analysis of organizational factors that may have an influence upon individual and group behavior. There are several internal as well as external factors affecting employee behavior. Below is a critical evaluation of five such factors: Leadership Generally, leadership is the ability of a superior to influence the behavior of his subordinates to strive willingly towards achievement of set goals and objectives. Due to the involving nature of leadership as regards reconciliation of organizational goals and individual goals, Managers and leaders play an important role in influencing the behavior of individuals at workplace. It is the responsibility of leaders to set a direction...

Words: 3660 - Pages: 15

Organizational Effectiveness

...Organizational Effectiveness Willie jackson CJA 474 April 28, 2014 William Nelson Barnes Organizational Effectiveness Every company has a set of goals designed to lead the organization in a specific direction. To achieve these goals, managers should train employees to follow a specific path or set of rules that will lead to organizational effectiveness. The measurement of effectiveness is achieved through completion of the organization's goals. To understand organizational effectiveness in any setting, one must define it according to the goals of the organization. In a criminal justice environment, managers must apply various organizational effectiveness theories appropriately to measure the effectiveness of the department. Managers must also exert control to a certain degree in organizational settings to achieve maximum effectiveness. Once managers measure and achieve organizational effectiveness, success of the organization is almost certain. Organizational Effectiveness Defined Different definitions of organizational effectiveness exist, mainly because the effectiveness of an organization differs from company to company. Many people would define organizational effectiveness as the output or outcome of the organization and how it affects the desired results. For example, if an organization's goal is to increase sales profits, the organization may use various marketing techniques to bring in more customers to buy their product. If the result is more customers......

Words: 1246 - Pages: 5

Leadership Style

...Leadership Styles and Theories LDR 531 October 31, 2011 Leadership Styles and Theories Changing market conditions, reducing product demand, and less trade barriers among nations forcing organizations to rethink business strategies in terms of new acquisitions, restructuring, change in funding methods and mergers. Successful organizations regularly review the change in market conditions and social-political environments and build core competencies to mitigate the risk of competition and reducing product demand. Staffing competent individual at correct position is a critical task for building core competence and leadership in the organization. Leaders help in visualize innovating methods of production and facilitate changes in the organization to empower employees and organization fight competition and adopting new market conditions. The leadership role is critical at every level of the organization structure and understanding best suiting leadership style for the organization and using the right one for the situation makes the difference between success and the failure of the organization. Researchers are reviewing many leadership theories and styles to provide understanding on how organizations can use this concept for the success of the organization. Researchers developed Behavioral theories, contingency theories, trait theories, and power influence theories to gain understanding on the concept of leadership.......

Words: 1565 - Pages: 7

Leadership Style

...Leadership Style It is important to note what leadership is defined as and what elements make up successful leadership. There’s no doubt that leaders influence others through a variety of skills and methods but are leaders intelligent, self-confidence and flexible enough to adjust to and consider the situation, task, personnel and themselves to utilize the right influence for organizational accomplishment. As stated by (Kinicki & Kreitner, 2009) Leadership is defined as “a social influence process in which the leader seeks voluntary participation of subordinates in an effort to reach organizational goals.” This definition implies that leadership involves more than wielding power and exercising authority and is exhibited at different levels. At the individual level, for example leadership involves mentoring, coaching, inspiring, and motivating. Leaders build teams create cohesion and resolve conflict at the group level. Finally, leaders build culture and create change at the organizational level. What motivates a leader, what are the key elements that drive a leader to operate from a mode of personalized or socialized power? What’s the most important factor in developing a leader’s behavior/style? Noted by (Kinicki & Kreitner, 2009) the thrust of early behavioral leadership theory was to focus on leader behavior, instead of on personality traits. It was believed that leader behavior directly affected work group effectiveness. This lead researchers to identify......

Words: 1157 - Pages: 5