Intro to Psychology

In: Philosophy and Psychology

Submitted By Npshah03
Words 850
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Introduction to Psychology
Chapter 1
The Origins of Psychology
A. What is Psychology? * Psychology is the science of human and animal behavior; the study of the organism in all of its variety and complexity as it response to the flux and flow of the physical and social events that make up the environment. * Psychology is more than common sense * Why is psychology scientific? * Because it is based on empiricism * The notion that all knowledge can be acquired through observation, not on reasoning, tradition or common sense * Psychology is the scientific study of mind and behavior * Mind * The contents of subjective experience * Sensations, thoughts, and emotions * Behavior * Observable actions * Thought and feelings * Activities of cells
B. Roots of Modern Psychology * In the late 1800's both physiologists and philosophers were investigating the mind * Philosophy - "why" * Physiology - "how" * Philosophy - ideas of about the acquisition of knowledge * Physiology - progress in understanding the nervous system, senses, etc. * Both came together to create the idea of applying the methods of science to the study of human behavior
C. The First Schools: Psychology Emerges as a Science * Wilhelm Wundt * Established psychology as an independent science * First psychology lab, in Germany (1879) * Defined psychology as the study of conscious experience * Typical questions * How are sensations turned into mental awareness of the outside world? * What are the basic elements of thought? * Psychology comes to America * Wundt's students start labs across USA (1880 - 1900) * Harvard, Yale, Columbia, Cornell, Stanford * UW-Madison Psychology department…...

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