Inter-Cultural Translatability of the Japanese Horror Movie Ring

In: Film and Music

Submitted By aitolkyn
Words 5256
Pages 22
Inter-Cultural Translatability Of Ring

Ashimova Aitolkyn
East Asian Cinema, Fall 2015
December 18, 2015

Introduction
The effect of 1998's Japanese film Ring can be compared to a big tsunami wave that not only became highest grossing horror film in the country, but also shuddered Taiwanese, Korean, Hong Kong film markets. Following years many publications included it to the numerous symbolic "top 10 most scary films" lists. And when Steven Spielberg bought the rights to make the Hollywood remake it was seen as official evidence that Japanese horror cinema became new trendsetter in this genre and gained cult status in the West. Nowadays with numerous follow-ups within the Ring franchise and triggered a trend of Western remakes "Ring" is viewed as exemplary illustrative Asian horror movie.
I will argue that the wide success of the movie is caused not by its deep cultural ties with Japanese cinema and Japanese horror movies in particular, but because on the contrary "Ring" has little to do with its traditional background. Hideo Nakata deliberately cut off all the cultural traces in order to make cinematic language of the movie universal and cosmopolitan thus giving a way for its intercultural translation and to be easily replicated. In order to do it first I will analyze different Japanese merchandizing strategies and study the film as a media product. Second, I will briefly overlook history and main stylistic traits of Japanese horror movie genre. In my general overlook on Japanese horror cinema, I will focus on two main horror film sub-genres kaidan and ero guro and will give few examples of classical horror films. Then, I will analyze plot and themes of the film and compare them to the Hollywood remake. Finally, I will briefly summarize the cultural influence of Ring.

Ring as a media product and its merchandizing strategy
Nowadays despite the down…...

Similar Documents

Japanese Culture

...you are looking for something different you are sure to find it here! People One people, one race? Japanese people appear at first glance to be one of the most socially and ethnically homogenous groups in the world. It is reasonable to equate Japan’s rapid post-war economic development to the 1990s with social solidarity and conformism. Despite labour shortages since the 1960s, authorities resisted officially sanctioning foreign workers until the 1980s, relying on increased mechanization and an expanded female workforce instead (1).  Until recently, Japanese workers have associated themselves primarily with the company they work for – a businessman will introduce himself as ‘Nissan no Takahashi-san’ (I am Nissan’s Mr Takahashi). By extension, we might get the idea that a Japanese person subordinates the self to the objectives of society. In 2008, however, long-serving Japanese politician Nariaki Nakayama resigned after declaring that Japan is ‘ethnically homogenous’, showing that the old ‘one people, one race’ idea has become politically incorrect. Criticism of Mr Nakayama’s statement focused on its disregard for the indigenous Ryukyukan people of southern Okinawa, and the Ainu people from the north island of Hokkaido colonised by the Japanese in the late nineteenth century. In 1994 the first Ainu politician was elected to the Japanese Diet, suggesting that the Japanese are keen to officially recognise distinct ethnic groups in Japan. Modern Demographic......

Words: 5731 - Pages: 23

Japanese Companies in Germany- a Case Study in Cross-Cultural Management

...Japanese Companies in Germany: A Case Study in Cross-Cultural Management JAMES R. LINCOLN, HAROLD R. KERBO, and ELKE WITT'ENHAGEN* From a series of qualitative interviews with Japanese managers and German managers and workers in thirty-one Japanese-owned companies in the Dusseldorf region of western Germany, this article discusses differences in cultural patterns and organizational styles between the German and Japanese employees and the problems these pose for communication, cooperation, and morale. First, we deal with cultural contrasts: language issues, interpersonal styles (personability and politeness), and norms regarding the taking of responsibility. Second, we examine the impact on cross-nationality relations of established organizational practice: for example, German specialism vs. Japanese generalism; direct and vertical vs. indirect and incremental decision making. We also discuss efforts by these firms to find compromise systems that would meet the needs and interests of both sides. The third focus is the reactions of Japanese companies in North Rhine-Westphalia to German unions, works councils, and codetermination regulations. In the labor view, Japanese firms overall do no better or worse than comparable German firms. Japanese direct investment in Western economies is concentrated in North America and the United Kingdom. In consequence, a rich journalistic and scholarly literature examines the Japanese experience in the Anglo-American countries, the......

Words: 10081 - Pages: 41

The Importance of Inter Cultural Skills

...be important to know that when working with one culture they are family oriented and prefer to do business only after spending time chit chatting about family and friends. With another culture it will be important to eat whatever food is served to avoid insulting the host. In short, learning the mistakes of the past with help one learn what to do in the future, as well as what not to do. “Culture is the coherent, learned, shared view of a group of people about life’s concerns, expressed in symbols and activities, that ranks what is important, furnishes attitudes about what things are appropriate, and dictates behavior” (Varner & Beamer, 2010). With the definition of culture being so open, one would think that gaining needed cultural skills would be easy. However, they are quite difficult. In addition to language barriers, there are vast barriers regarding family, business, free time, and many others. References Varner, I., & Beamer, L. (2010). Intercultural communication in the global workplace. (5th ed.). New York, New York: McGraw-Hill/Irwin. ....

Words: 490 - Pages: 2

Horror

...Horror Movies Krystal Brown South University Horror films have been around for over 100 years. They have made many appearances in movie theaters and on television sets, but only the cinema made depiction of fear as real and graphical as to make people actually see it. Over the course of the century horror movies of all kinds, from crudely primitive to rather intellectual have been extremely popular; But why? The first horror movie was made in 1896 and was called Le Manoir du Diable. It was directed by a pioneer of early cinema named Georges Melies. Since then, a countless number of horror movies have been made. Early horror movies were mostly about zombies and supernatural killers. For example, but later horror movies became more about bad things happening to real people. This made horror films even scarier because they were no longer about vampires and zombies; they were about real people that audiences could relate to. When I was a little girl I watched Nightmare on Elm Street. I was swallowed by fear and anticipation. I found myself entertained by quite a few parts of the movie that made me view myself differently for the moment. I wondered how cool it would be to enter a person dream for the mere thrill ride. The fear that I once felt had somehow taken another form, I felt emotionally stronger as I continued to watch the movie I did so with an open mind. Becoming move familiar with the next move of the movie, I was able to prepare myself for what appeared......

Words: 653 - Pages: 3

Asian Horror

...death, leaving her to fight against the stepmother alone. However, the later confrontation of the real Eun-ji, led to the final twist that Su-mi was in fact fighting her own guilt which was projected on the figure of Eun-ji. 2) Although Ring and A Tale of Two Sisters are of a completely different storyline and background, they both share some similarities in their plot. Firstly, they are both adaptations of their local traditional folklore and thus allowing their local audience to easily relate to the horror. The slight difference is that Ring displayed a richer cultural relation as the director constantly made references to the Japan’s cultural past such as the eruption of volcano and the distraught of wartimes in the viral video. Secondly, in both films, females are portrayed as the strong and powerful figures yet also the source of the films’ horror. In Ring, Reiko was a strong divorced career woman who had to juggle between work and her role as a single parent to her son. She later then became the cause of the widespread of the curse on the viral video (unleashing Sadako, an even more aggressive figure of horror) which exposed her son to a death curse and eventually killed her ex-husband. In A Tale of Two Sisters, the horror revolved around the tension between the two strong female protagonists, Su-mi and Eun-ji, in which violence from the two female characters eventually led to deaths such as the death of Eun-ji’s pet bird and the death of Su-yeon. In the film,......

Words: 1456 - Pages: 6

Horror Themes

...A famous scene from one of the first notable horror films, Nosferatu (1922) Horror is a film genre seeking to elicit a negative emotional reaction from viewers by playing on the audience's primal fears. Horror films often feature scenes that startle the viewer; the macabre and the supernatural are frequent themes. Thus they may overlap with the fantasy, supernatural, and thriller genres.[1] Horror films often deal with the viewer's nightmares, hidden fears, revulsions and terror of the unknown. Plots within the horror genre often involve the intrusion of an evil force, event, or personage, commonly of supernatural origin, into the everyday world. Prevalent elements include ghosts, aliens, vampires, werewolves, curses, satanism, demons, gore, torture, vicious animals, monsters, zombies, cannibals, and serial killers. Conversely, movies about the supernatural are not necessarily always horrific.[2] Contents [hide] 1 History 1.1 1890s–1920s 1.2 1930s–1940s 1.3 1950s–1960s 1.4 1970s–1980s 1.5 1990s 1.6 2000s 2 Sub-genres 3 Influences 3.1 Influences on society 3.2 Influences internationally 4 See also 5 References 6 Further reading 7 External links [edit]History [edit]1890s–1920s See also: List of horror films of the 1890s, List of horror films of the 1900s, List of horror films of the 1910s, and List of horror films of the 1920s Lon Chaney, Sr. in The Phantom of the Opera The first depictions of supernatural events appear in several of the silent......

Words: 4774 - Pages: 20

Cultural Clash in the Movie Gua Sha

...Culture Clash in the Movie Gua Sha Analysis A Chinese immigrant (Datong Xu) has great accomplishment in his career and a loving family, however, just because of a trivial matter, his life has gone differently. His father has come along to America to visit him. Dennis, who is the child of Datong, feels sick and undergoes a traditional Chinese treatment- Gua Sha by his grandfather. The treatment leaves marks on the child’s back and it is found accidentally by doctors and so, Datong is accused of child abuse. A number of culture clashes have been brought up in the movie. It is not the clash between Gua Sha and Western culture, it is the cultural values of Chinese and Westerners that clash. First of all, the clash between Americans and Chinese is conspicuous, particularly, their different perspective towards the concept of hitting children. At the beginning of the movie, Dennis gets in a fight with an American child who is the son of John (Datong’s boss). Datong is really angry and he hits Dennis in front of his boss publicly. In the middle of the movie, Datong quarrels with John. John says ‘I don’t understand why you hit your son.’ Datong replies ‘I hit him to give respect to you! To give you face!’ However, it is totally inconceivable to a Westerner because a westerner would never hit his/her children just to please the boss. That is why John replies furiously ‘What a twisted Chinese logic!’ In Chinese, there is a saying that goes ‘fighting is petting, scolding is loving.’......

Words: 1186 - Pages: 5

Japanese Cultural Changes

...For the second question, firstly we need to consider how traditional Japanese culture benefited Matsushita during the period from the 1950s to the 1980s. And secondly we try to understand whether these traditional values became more of a liability during the 1990s and early 2000s. Japanese traditional Confucian culture helped Matsushita become a major economic power during the post-war years and through the 1980s. Just as my group-mate Donald has mentioned, Matsushita agreed to take care of its employees for life by providing many benefits, such as subsidized housing, retirement bonuses, and guaranteed lifetime employment. These benefits have been seen as a motivation for employees’ loyalty and commitment to the corporate. Therefore this traditional culture has built up a good industrial relationship in which the employees worked hard and Matsushita reciprocated by fulfilling their needs and wants. However, the prolonged economic slump that began in the 1990s made these commitments difficult to keep. Matsushita was saddled with high expenses and decided to cut the number of employees, in order words, abandon the lifetime employment. And this decision made many employees lose their confidence and loyalty to Matsushita. However, personally speaking, I don’t agree with the saying that traditional culture is a liability for Matsushita at that time. To better understand, I would like to share with you a video clip from Matsushita’s CEO defining about culture. According......

Words: 294 - Pages: 2

Cultural Thought Pattern in Inter-Cultural Education

...Cultural thought patterns in inter-cultural education In this article by the renowned Professor Emeritus of applied linguistics, he seeks to emphasize the need to have a different teaching approach to reading and composition for foreign students and a different way for American students due to the cultural differences and nature of rhetoric. Although babies do not learn languages through grammar books or dictionaries, it is a subconscious process, and they learn through exposure to the language and surrounding environment. Learners of a language are subjected to a conscious process, and have to learn the language through memorizing alphabets, grammar rules and memorizing vocabulary and common phrases. Contrastive rhetoric as described in the article has three assumptions that; each language has a set of rules for writing unique to it that linguistic and rhetorical conventions of a first language interfere with the learning of a second language and that spoken word and written words are cultural phenomena. As rhetoric concerns itself with what goes on in the mind rather than what comes out of the mouth, we have to realize that diversity affects not only the languages, but also the culture. Language, in turn, is the effect and the expression of a certain world view that is manifested by a culture. Language presents a kind of destiny, so far as human thought is concerned, this diversity of languages leads to a radical relativism and thoughts. Rhetoric being a means......

Words: 574 - Pages: 3

Japanese Cultural Evaluation

...Japanese Cultural Evaluation XBCOM 275 Mr. Abel March 05, 2014 Japan is a country full of cultural differences, some of which are long practiced traditions that affect the business aspects of the country’s economy. Taking the practiced traditions into consideration means that business presentations or arguments must be changed and conveyed accordingly. First we look at some of the culture differences within the country and then we will look at the different ways that presentations or arguments would need to be changed based on those differences. The people of Japan still practice traditions in such a way that may appear unfamiliar to most. Most of the country holds value dimensions, in this order, to be very important to their survival in the country. The first and foremost important aspect of the value of the Japanese is power distance. This is simply a well respected superior who looks out for his company and his employees (Onken, 2014). The second aspect of value in the Japanese culture is uncertainty avoidance. The Japanese people must know what is going to happen next, at all times. There are even specific laws and procedures in place to help keep a sense of nationalism. The country is very important to the people. Thirdly, there is collectivism. The people have a very strong sense of dependence and a very strong sense of belonging to “the organization” (Onken, 2014). According to a Japanese culture website, due to the social pressures and fear of humiliation,......

Words: 662 - Pages: 3

Horror Movie

...Trend of Horror Movie in Malaysia. Abstract This research is about the trend of horror movie in Malaysian cinema industry. This study will show why movie that were produced in Malaysia diverting to horror comedy genre. This study also will show that why demand of horror comedy genre increased. The objective to know whether this movie genre are giving impact on Malaysian social economy and to know to what extent of the trend of horror film. The research will be done by using survey techniques and will be given to 100 participants among the student population in UiTM Shah Alam. This study will show that horror comedy genre demand are more than horror genre. 1.Introduction In my opinion, horror film is a genre that aims to create a sense of fear, panic, alarm, and dread for the audience. These films are often unsettling and rely on scaring the audience through a portrayal of their worst fears and nightmares. Horror films usually center on the arrival of an evil force, person, or event. Horror film may become as an adventures to some people. This is because the film may play with the viewer emotions. According to Danielle Braff on his article about Movies may cause special effects on the body, he stated that the people who are fascinated by horror movies tend to be the same people who love to sky-dive, go rock climbing and try extreme skiing adventures. The horror genre allows them the opportunity to experience events and people......

Words: 4908 - Pages: 20

Flord of the Flies Movie Review

...Lord of the Flies is a 1963 British film directed by Peter Brook based on the 1954 novel by William Golding. Both the book and movie of Lord of the Flies represent popular culture in the fact that the book started out being popularized by the working class and would later become a best seller and even move into the category of high culture by becoming required reading in many schools across the world as well as wining the Nobel Prize. The Lord of the Flies and book and movie demonstrate many of the traits that are often reproduced in various form media and often imitated in other works of film, television, and reading. Lord of the Flies was remade into another film in 1990 but the 1963 film is considered to be closer to the book and is the one that is used by this paper. The 1963 Lord of the Flies film is a black and white British film that is presented in the form of a third person narrative in which the audience is a outside party looking in on the cast of the film. The film is about a group of young pre-teen to teenage boys who crash land on an island somewhere is the specific ocean as a result of their plane being shoot down. In the background of the movie there is some type of war but the film never mentioned which war is taking place. With the film being based on a book from the 1950s and the film taking place in the 1960 it can be assumed that the war in question is either World War II or perhaps a future war. In the film the overall theme is that violence and......

Words: 1593 - Pages: 7

A Movie

...original layout sketches and the fine storytelling. The 1300 layouts of films contain the cut of camera work, camera speed and space relation between characters and backgrounds; it gives me an insight of the process of animation making. Hence, I would like to comprehend more about the film produced by animation powerhouse-Studio Ghibli, especially the masterpiece-“Spirited Away”, which helps to promote Japanese animation to worldwide audience. “Spirited Away” is an animated film written and directed by the director of Studio Ghibli, Hayao Miyazaki (Cavallaro 2004) in 2001, which have won awards in a number of international film festivals, including Academy Award for Best Animated Feature Film and a Golden Bear at the Berlin International Festival (Reider 2005), and become the top-grossing movie in Japanese history. In the following, the film’s themes based on the plot, use of photography and camera angle and aesthetic symbols and motifs will be analyzed throughout the essay to understand the key of success of this fantasy adventure film, which was set in a traditional Japanese bathhouse. A. Overview of “Spirited Away” The story begins with Chihiro, a spoiled ten years old girl and her families accidentally enter a spirit world and she is warned by a young boy-Haku to leave here before sunset while wandering off into the park. However, it is too late that her parents have already transformed......

Words: 2272 - Pages: 10

Broklyn Movie Cultural Inteligence

...Brooklyn In the movie Irish girl named Eilis moved to United States, to find a better life, and lived in an Irish boarding house with other irish girls and traditionalist houseowner. She started going ot with an Italian guy named Tony and fell in love with him. After deadth of her sister in Ireland she went back home, but before leaving she got maried. In Ireland she fell in love with another man, buti n the end returned to US. She represents Irish culture, where she was used to life in small irish town. She had problems fitting in US culture at first, but after time, and with advice from woman she traveled to Us together, she started to feel more like home. After Eilis went back to Ireland she found that her family and friends tried to keep her from returning to US, for example by having her friends wedding week after she had to leave and her mother already accepted invitation. She also remebers that in small town in Ireland there are no secrets when Miss Kelly finds out about her marrage to Tony. Tony was italian guy was more like usual italians in New York at that time, who liked baseball and had high value for his family, but he was not as expresive about these thing as other intalians as said by Eilis’s employer in shop. While meeting with Tony’s family Eilis finds Tony’s younger brother saying that italian people dont like irish people. Tony shows how important for italian people their family is as he is close with them and plans to start a company with his......

Words: 329 - Pages: 2

A Comparison of the Tale of “Aladdin and the Enchanted Lamp” and the Disney Movie Aladdin: a Cultural Study

...A Comparison of the tale of “Aladdin and the Enchanted Lamp” and the Disney Movie Aladdin: A Cultural Study According to N. J. Dawood, the translator of The Thousand and One Nights, “Aladdin has been retold or presented to so many different generations all over the world that it can perhaps be rightly described as the most renowned story invented by man”. Interestingly enough, “Aladdin and the Enchanted Lamp” was not part of the original collection of stories that composed The Arabian Nights. No one knows exactly when a given story is originated, but it is obvious that some stories circulated orally for centuries before they actually were collected or written down. The story of Aladdin appeared for the first time in Antoine Galland’s (1646-1715) translation of the Thousand and One Nights, the first major European version. Before Galland, there was no known Arabic version of Aladdin and his lamp. The first Arabic version showed up after Galland’s version and very well could have been translations of Galland’s French version. One of the more recent and most popular versions of “Aladdin” was an animated feature produced in 1992 by Walt Disney Pictures. Aladdin made over $217 million in revenue in the United States, and over $504 million worldwide. Even though the American film and the medieval Arabian tale share common elements and are both plotted around a young impoverished boy named Aladdin, the moral lessons they offer differ in ways that can be described through the......

Words: 3922 - Pages: 16