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Hpv Research

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Submitted By sknight27
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Our class exercise was focused on the subject of Human papillomavirus (HPV). It has been defined as: ‘one of the most common sexually transmitted infections (STIs), with the highest rates of infection observed among individuals aged 15 to 24 years’. HPV types 16 and 18 can ‘cause cervical, penile, and anal cancers’; whereas non cancer causing ‘HPV types 6 and 11 can cause genital warts. Some of the risk factors for HPV infections in men include: having multiple sexual partners, smoking and using condoms infrequently’ (Gerend & Barley, 2009, p. 58). However, according to the National Cancer Institute HPV can still be transmitted even when using condoms but ‘condom usage is associated with lower risks for cervical cancer’ (National Cancer Institute, 2010). ‘Genital warts are the most common viral sexually transmitted disease in the UK with 81,000 new diagnoses in 2005, and a 30% increase in the last ten years. HPV types 6 and 11 are also responsible for virtually all cases of recurrent respiratory papillomatosis (RRP)’ (Szarewski, 2009, p. 81). For the class research exercise my group carried out was to first find out the knowledge and understanding males had of HPV and assess their perceived risk of acquiring the disease. This question was chosen because we felt that there has been a lot of media attention given to HPV by the vaccine program aimed at only females. For example, a misleading article in the BBC was titled, ‘Gay men seek “female cancer” jab’ (Roberts, 2007). We wondered if males felt there were any risks to them or if they perceived that HPV only cause’s cervical cancer therefore not an issue for males. There are two types of vaccinations for HPV, Cervarix protects from HPV types 16 and 18 while Gardasil protects from HPV types 6, 11, 16 and 18. Currently the NHS in the United Kingdom (UK) is offering Cervarix to females at no cost and Gardasil to…...

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