Hiv: Prevention

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Submitted By sunshine2
Words 281
Pages 2
In order to prevent transmission of HIV to health care workers in the workplace, they should assume that the blood and other body fluids from all patients are potentially infectious. They should also follow infection control precautions at all times. These precautions include Routinely using barriers (such as gloves and/or goggles) when anticipating contact with blood or body fluids. Immediately washing hands and other skin surfaces after contact with blood or body fluids. Carefully handling and disposing of sharp instruments during and after use.
Safety devices have been developed to help prevent needlestick injuries. If used correctly, these types of devices may reduce the risk of exposure to HIV. Many transdermal injuries, such as needlesticks and cuts, are related to the disposal of sharp-ended medical devices. All used syringes or other sharp instruments should be routinely placed in “sharps” containers for proper disposal to prevent accidental injuries and risk of HIV transmission.Effective and competitively priced devices engineered to prevent sharps injuries should continue to be developed for health care workers who frequently come into contact with potentially HIV-infected blood. Proper and consistent use of such safety devices should be continuously evaluated.
Although the most important strategy for reducing the risk of occupational HIV transmission is to prevent occupational exposures, plans for postexposure management of health care personnel should be in place. The CDC issued guidelines in 2005 for the management of health care worker exposures to HIV and recommendations for postexposure prophylaxis (PEP). All health care organizations should train health care workers in infection control procedures and the importance of reporting occupational exposures. Organizations should develop and distribute written policies for the management of occupational…...

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