History Ib Review Notes

In: Film and Music

Submitted By rthyj
Words 32400
Pages 130
Higher Level History Notes
19th Century Russia
The Russian people are descendants of the ‘Rus’ who are thought to be a mixture of
Scandinavian and Slavic origin and settled in that region out of ± 800 AD

Byzantine Empire
A major legacy of the Byzantine Empire for the Russians was the eastern orthodox or Greek
Orthodox Church
With the decline of Byzantium came a wave of conquest from the East, the Mongols until the
15th century (Tatars). To a large extent, the Mongols allowed Russians to maintain their way of life: -

Slavic based languages including writing system (Cyrillic)


Orthodox religion

The Russians adopted much from Asian culture and this led western Europeans to think less of the Russians
Geographically Russia was isolated from the rest of Europe:

Entirely land locked (mostly)


Huge Plains of Eastern Europe prevented overland travel

During these early years there were a series of muscovite princes based in Moscow and called themselves Tsars. By the 17th century the Romanov family became the ruling dynasty:

Alexander I (1801-1825)


Nicholas I (1825-1855)


Alexander II (1855-1881)


Alexander III (1881-1894)


Nicholas II (1894-1917)

Under the rule of Peter the Great (1689-1728) Russia grew greatly in size and entered the
European World


The Russia of 1800 was one of the greatest autocracies in Europe where:

The Tsar’s rule was absolute


There was a small, but powerful landowning elite


The vast majority of the population existed in a state called serfdom

Serfdom: refers to the legal and economic status of peasants (serf).
In Russia Serfdom practically equaled slavery

In 1646, landowners registered peasants living on their land. From then they are considered property of the estate.


Serfs could not leave the estates…...

Similar Documents

World History Test Review

...History Test Review Chapter 1-6 Vikings were the 1st white men to come to America, but not intently Archeological remains were found in Newfoundland and Nova Scotia Christopher Columbus effectively discovered America in 1492 Tried to find a water way to the East Queen gave him 3 ship Spanish completed the Grenada in 1492 “ “ ran the Muslims and Jews out of Spain 3 S’s Silk, Sugar, Spices Conquistadors (Spanish Conquerors)- wanted gold and silver Natives had gold and silver Magellan was the 1st to get around the Cape of Storms 2 Types of Tribes Arawaks Caribe- were cannibals ate arawaks Cortez conquered Aztec- Mexico Pizzaro conquered Incas- Peru 1580s- English made a colony on the outer banks of NC English and Scottish were not merged to British until 1707 Language of ancient Anglos merged with Saxon for Anglo-Saxon Irish- Catholic Scotch/Irish- Protestant Sir Walter Raleigh planted potato in England Leader of Virginia- John White Virginia’s capital was named after the King, Jamestown, in 1607 John Smith found the settlement of Jamestown 1588- Spanish Armada attacked England All colonies were founded with private money John Rolf brought in Tobacco (married Pocahontas) 1st English settlement in America was Virginia 1619 House of Burgesses (1st form of gov’t/ legislature) 1st boat load of women 1st boat load of slaves Grog- half rum and water 1620- Plymouth- settled...

Words: 539 - Pages: 3

History Notes

...History Notes January 17, 2013 Industrial Revolution in the USA * Growing population by the mid-1800s, the population of Europe and North America was on a rise. * The rapidly growing cities of the industrial world attracted people of different/every social class. Also the growing demand for textiles and other mass produced goods. The effects of the American Industrial Revolution ranged from positive, in the form of growing cities, individual wealth, and philanthropy, negative, in the form of child labour, abusive working conditions, and unsanitary living conditions. Positive and Negative impacts of the American Industrial Revolution on the United States Positive * Improve people’s daily lives by diversifying the number and quality of the kinds of products factories could provide, also ordinary Americans learned better, lived better and had more time on their hands as conveniences and efficiencies defined the Industrial Revolution. * Transportation and technology in terms of the expansion of business including the expansion of our transportation network out of necessity and brought US canals, highways and turnpikes. It better connected us together as a society. There was technological innovation such as interchangeable parts (Eli Whitney) and the textile mill (Samuel Slater) which revolutionized Americans lifestyle. * Jobs as factories in the major cities created hundreds of thousands of jobs, expanded the......

Words: 860 - Pages: 4

History Notes

...Review up till now WW1 Economic downturn Fear of radicalism Immigrants might be the problem… Let’s go back to the good ole days… Q: Are the old days really better? The Jazz Age (1920s) The Long Nineteenth Century Historians always ignore what everyone else is doing 1789 to 1918-???? Industrial Revolution French Revolution Victorian Ideas and Imperialism Bigger push for imperialism Ends in 1918- why? WW1 is over, Russian Revolution taking place What replaces it? “The Modern Age” parallels “Return to Normalcy” what does that mean? Science better at understanding the world than religion Individuals have the right to choose their own lifestyles Women control their minds and bodies More rights for minorities? Reactions? The New Traditionalists God trumps science Bible is the ONLY source of morality Women are subservient to men Immigrants are subservient to white Anglo-Saxon men 1920s The New Era The Roaring Twenties Rise of automobile, gangsters, rise of the radio & other gadgets and appliances The Jazz Age Clash of old & new values The Economy after the war… Switch from war to peace initially difficult Gets re-cranked up by 1922-1923 United states’ industry still intact after war, unlike Europe Becomes world’s top producer of consumer products Middle class expands greatly What about the lower classes? Same problems as before Too much prosperity for middle class to care!!! Rise of consumer spending on new fangled......

Words: 687 - Pages: 3

History Review

...History 1378: The US Since 1877Dr. BuzzancoExam 1 Review Sheet Fall 2013 Part I: Identification Terms (40 points)Six of the following terms will appear on the exam, of which you will need to address FOUR. Each will be worth 10 points, for a total of 40 points for the whole section. A good ID will be more than a sentence. It usually takes at least 4-5 sentences in order to respond to each ID, or about half a page. Be sure that you use relevant information from both the lectures and the textbook. Each ID should have two parts: a basic definition of the term including who, what, where, when, why, etc. AND the significance of the term, or how it relates to a broader historical theme, event, etc. For example, if Sharecropping were a term, you would want to both define it and also explain the consequences of sharecropping, what it meant for ex-slaves, that it was part of the failure of social reconstruction, etc. Wounded Knee The US government wanted to ban Indian Culture such as the Ghost Dance Freedmen’s Bureau Working Class Dawes Act Open Door Haymarket Emilio Aguinaldo Progressivism Espionage Act The Grange William Jennings Bryan The Great Uprising Pullman Pure Food and Drug Act Mark Twain W. E. B. DuBois Eugene Victor Debs Overproduction Populists V. I. Lenin Surplus Capital Upton Sinclair Federal Reserve Act The Lusitania Part II: From the Readings (20 points) You will be given three terms from the material from As......

Words: 704 - Pages: 3

Russian Notes for History Sl

...Matheus Aug/1/2012 Russia Military Notes Russia’s army 1,200,000 (Brooman, Old Europe ) Advantages The third Largest military (Brooman, Old Europe) Had many to recruit, as they had the largest population of over 159 Million(Brooman, Old Europe) Disadvantages They couldn’t move around very effectively that even Germany had plans to attack France before the six weeks in which it would take for Russia to move their army from the east.(Duffy, firstworldwar) They were far from there allies making there supply demands more complicated Weakened by Japan (Smele, BBC) “Masurian Lakes, in 1914, Russia lost two entire armies (over 250,000 men).” (Smele, BBC) Peasants Lack of communication “Most corps did not have working telephones due to lack of wire and consequently received orders hours too late.” (Murphy, Russia Military) Influence The Russian army did not influence the population very well because the Russian military, something so far apart from what was the day-to-day reality, did not have enough “movement”. There was break out happening and Nicholas couldn’t do anything because The Russian military was also occupied on the east side, since there defeat with japan (Smele, BBC) Russia’s Navy 166 ships Coasts were bad Alliance - Britain and France 5th largest (24/7) Military now a days Sentences 1. The Russian army was the third largest army with......

Words: 671 - Pages: 3

Review Report Doctor Notes

...nutritionists may fantasise in public that any critic is somehow a pawn of big pharma, in private they would do well to remember that, like many my age who work in the public sector, I don’t own a flat. The Guardian generously paid for the lawyers, and in September 2008 Rath dropped his case, which had cost in excess of £500,000 to defend. Rath has paid £220,000 already, and the rest will hopefully follow. Nobody will ever repay me for the endless meetings, the time off work, or the days spent poring over tables filled with endlessly cross-referenced court documents. On this last point there is, however, one small consolation, and I will spell it out as a cautionary tale: I now know more about Matthias Rath than almost any other person alive. My notes, references and witness statements, boxed up in the room where I am sitting right now, make a pile as tall as the man himself, and what I will write here is only a tiny fraction of the fuller story that is waiting to be told about him. This chapter, I Bad Science should also mention, is available free online for anyone who wishes to see it. Matthias Rath takes us rudely outside the contained, almost academic distance of this book. For the most part we’ve been interested in the intellectual and cultural consequences of bad science, the made-up facts in national newspapers, dubious academic practices in universities, some foolish pill-peddling, and so on. But what happens if we take these sleights of hand, these......

Words: 5366 - Pages: 22

History Notes 1302

...Under the leadership of the American Secretary of State Charles Evans Hughes the representatives of the USA, Great Britain, France, Italy, and Japan pledge not to exceed the designated sizes of their respective naval fleets. America First Committee – AFC was established September 4, 1940, by Yale Law School student R. Douglas Stuart, Jr., along with other students, including future President Gerald Ford, future Peace Corps director Sargent Shriver, and future U.S. Supreme Court justice Potter Stewart.[The America First Committee (AFC) was the foremost non-interventionist pressure group against the American entry into World War II. Peaking at 800,000 paid members in 650 chapters, it was one of the largest anti-war organization in American history.[1][2] Started in 1940, it shut down after the attack on Pearl Harbor in December 1941. Recent organizations with similar names are not in any way connected to this historic group. The “Black Market” – The Nye Committee – officially known as the Special Committee on Investigation of the Munitions Industry, was a committee of the United States Senate which studied the causes of United States' involvement in World War I. It was a significant factor in heightening public and political support for neutrality in the early stages of World War II. Nye created headlines by drawing connections between the wartime profits of the banking and munitions industries to America's involvement in World War I. Many Americans felt betrayed and......

Words: 1114 - Pages: 5

Microsoft Midterm Review Notes

...MICROSOFT MIDTERM REVIEW 1. What tool do you use for scripting in windows 7? 2. In the virtual machine, they believe that they have one of these? Know what is contained in a virtual machine. 3. Know the versions of windows 7. What is available for home, what is available for volumes ,ect.? 4. What is the thing in the OS that interprets and carries out commands? 5. What should you do if you want to upgrade from windows xp to windows 7? 6. What is the AIK? 7. What do libraries do in windows 7? 8. How do you migrate all of your user settings from one windows 7 machine to another windows 7 machine? What type of migration is this? Hint: a migration is not a program. 9. What is the program that allows you to move user profile data? 10. What are the different versions of windows 7? 11. Answer: virtual machine 12. Know the executable files: ping, tracer, ect. 13. Windows 7 has multiple search utilities, what are the different names for the different methods of searching in windows 7. 14. If your disk starts to run low on storage space, how do you fix it? 15. What allows you to move an entire virtual machine from on machine to another? 16. Know the difference between FAT, FAT32, XFAT, AND NTFS. 17. What is the CMD line utility to manage a disk? 18. What is the quickest way to access the disk management console? 19. What does GUI stand for? What does it do? 20. Whats...

Words: 318 - Pages: 2

Ib Notes

...IBUS%3100%–%TEXTBOOK%NOTES% CHAPTER%1%–%GLOBALIZATION% WHAT%IS%GLOBALIZATION?% • Globalization:+ shift% towards% a% more% integrated% and% independent% world% economy% –% away% from% distinct% national% economic%units,%towards%one%huge%global%market% Merging%of%historically%distinct%and%separate%national%markets%into%one%huge%global%marketplace% Argument%–%tastes/preferences%of%consumers%in%different%nations%beginning%to%converge%to%some%global%norm%% Standardized%products%such%as%CocaTCola,%McDonald’s%and%iPods%help%create%a%global%market%% Significant%differences%still%exist%between%national%markets%along%many%dimensions,%i.e.%tastes/preferences,%distribution% channels,%value%and%business%systems,%and%legal%regulation% Most%global%markets%–%markets%for%industrial%goods%and%materials%that%serve%universal%need% Sourcing%of%goods/services%from%locations%around%the%globe%to%take%advantage%of%national%differences%in%cost%and%quality% of%factors%of%production%+ Aim%is%to%lower%overall%cost%structure%of%an%entity%and/or%improve%quality/functionality%of%product%offering%+ Impediments% to% global% production% include% –% formal/informal% barriers% to% trade,% barriers% to% foreign% direct% investment,% transportation%costs,%and%issues%associated%with%economic%+%political%risk+ Regulation,%management,%and%policing%of%global%marketplace%necessary%as%markets%globalize%further%......

Words: 25065 - Pages: 101

421 Review Note

...)”相反的含义;空格2填入一个形容词,修饰“富有成 | |效的方法(productiveapproaches)”,所以空格2应该体现负面评价。A注重实效的,实用的……投机的,推测的;B粗俗的……有效的;C解释性的……直觉的;D顽固的……会聚的, | |收敛的;E过分简单的……难以定义和描述的。只有E符合推理。 | |翻译:我们的新的系统分析工具尽管非常强大,但是却导致了过分简单的理论,并且可以预见的是,这种现象在经济和政治科学中尤其如此,在这些学科中,富有成效的方法 | |长期以来都是非常难以定义和描述的。 | |扩展:本题讨论的是关于研究方法的问题,在很多领域,尤其是研究模型相对复杂的领域,找到有效的方法不是容易的事情,理论和实践也会存在矛盾,有效的手段不一定能 | |得到有效的理论。我们可以从经济学和政治学中积累具体的例子,来说明这种现象。 | The ______questions that consistently structure the study of history must be distinguished from merely______questions, which have their day and then pass into oblivion. (A) recurrent...practical (B) instinctive...factual (C) ingrained...discriminating (D) philosophical...random (E) perennial...ephemeral   |分析:两个空格都是修饰同样的名词,且用distinguishedfrom连接,说明两者的性质相反,填一组反义词。同时,按照解释模式,名词后面的定语从句重复其前面的定语, | |因此分别填入空格中。A周期性的发生的……实际的;B本能的……实际的;C根深蒂固的……有差别的;D哲学的……随机的;E永久的……短命的。E是正确答案。 | |翻译:长期存在的那些持续构建的关于历史研究的问题必须和暂时性的问题区分开来,这些暂时的问题曾经如日中天,之后就逐渐被人遗忘了。 | |扩展:本题涉及到关于“长远”和“暂时”的关系,我们生活中有很多问题都与之相关。比如很多科学研究,可能需要持续很长时间,并且在短期内没有明显的现实意义,但是它| |们的价值也是很大的;而有一些研究则是昙花一现的,可能会一度很热,但是逐渐就被人遗忘了。我们可以积累这方面的例子,并分析它们的特点和出现的原因。 | 《GRE填空教程》分析(17) It was a war......

Words: 16117 - Pages: 65

American History Notes

...American History {Chapter 1} The First People of the Americas People Migrate to the Americas * Paleo-Indians – first humans to live in the Americas (believed to have come from Siberia) * Ice Age – a time lasting thousands of years during which the Earth was covered with ice and glaciers * The Paleo-Indian hunters had a favored prey of immense mammals such as mammoths, mastodons, and giant bison * The first people to arrive in the Americas arrived in small boats Paleo-Indians Adapt to Climate Change * The warming climate and the spread of the skilled Paleo-Indian hunters killed off the mammoths and other large mammals * Paleo-Indians adapted to the climate change by relying less on hunting large mammals and more in fishing and gathering nuts, berries, and roots * Developed tracking techniques needed for hunting small, mobile animals such as deer, antelope, moose, elk, and caribou * More food sources led to population growth Diverse Culture Emerge * Indians became culturally diverse as they adapted to their varying local climates and environments * Over time, languages, rituals, mythic stories, and kinship systems became more complex and varied * By 1492, American Indians spoke at least 375 distinct languages (Athapaskan, Alogonquian, Caddoan, Siouan, Shoshonean, and Iroquoian) * Each language group divided into many ethnic groups called tribes or nations (subdivided into many smaller groups that identified with a particular......

Words: 594 - Pages: 3

Ancient History Notes

...a Tasnima Bhuiyan Ancient History HSC notes Core study; Cities of Vesuvius- Pompeii & Herculaneum 1. Geographical context Physical environment: geographical setting, natural features and resources of Pompeii and Herculaneum Geographical setting Pompeii and Herculaneum were located in Campania, southwest Italy near Bay of Naples. Herculaneum was a waterfront town situated on the coast of Bay of Naples 7km west of Mt Vesuvius, while Pompeii was slightly inland on the Sarno river, 9km southeast of Mt Vesuvius. Both towns were linked to Rome through sea and land routes. Natural features Campania was a fertile plain with two main rivers. Nearby there was a 15km wide series of craters, where pools were filled with boiling mud and vents, from which sulphur and steam could escape. The towns were popular because of their rich volcanic soil, coastal area for fishing and trading area. Resources of Campania The production of olive oil was used for cooking, and as the basic ingredient for perfume. Wine, wool and textile productions took place, along with the fishing industries including the production of fish sauce. There were fruits such as peaches, apricots, lemons & vegetables like cabbages and onions, and volcanic material was used for building and paving roads. Plans and streetscapes of Pompeii and Herculaneum ▪ streets of Pompeii vary greatly in width from 2.4m to roughly 7m ▪ streets & roads divide towns into neat......

Words: 8796 - Pages: 36

History Notes

...and now sending marines to take over * In order to avoid bloodshed, she steps down from power * Plantation owners set up a government (1893) * Dole is the first president * Their first goal is to get the US to annex Hawaii * Reasons why the us should annex Hawaii * Raw resources – pineapple, sugar, lots of money to be made * Perfect place for a naval base * America starts to dip toe into asia * Starting to industrialize, needs a lot of resources. So perfect base between US and asia * A.T. Mahan * Every world leader at the time read this guys’ book – “the influence of sea power upon history * “With every single world power throughout history, the reason they were able to be so dominant and powerful is because they had a great navy.” * Everyone becomes obsessed with building up a navy * So US thinks Hawaii will be great for their navy * If US didn’t annex it, someone else would * Annexation of guano islands * Good for nothing else but bird poop, which people used for fertilizer * Cuba and Spanish-American War (1898) * Last remaining vestige of Spanish colonialism * Cuba revolts against spain (1895) * Destruction of sugar plantations * Basically the idea was to wreck cuba so spain wouldn’t want to deal with it anymore * Spain’s......

Words: 4829 - Pages: 20

History Book Review

...XXX Dr xxxx History 2020 1 May 20xx Book Review of Confederates in the Attic As a child who innocently enters an attic only to stumble upon ancient heirlooms and artifacts of a time period long past, Jeff Horwitz delves into the past via an expedition into the heart of the South as he unearths mysteries of the Confederacy within the pages of his book entitled, Confederates in the Attic. The heart of the content found within the book was an accidental and somewhat ironic discovery. Horwitz was no stranger to Civil War history. In fact, his childhood memories were imbedded in Civil War books owned by both his great-grandfather and father. As a Russian immigrant, Horwitz’s great-grandfather continuously perused over a Civil War book filled with graphic pictures. His obsession soon passed to Horwitz who spent many of his childhood days analyzing pictures of soldiers on a battlefield as well as pictures of explicit causalities left to decay after a bitter confrontation. As years progressed, Horwitz’s interests expanded beyond his boyhood obsession with the war. In fact, he did not revisit these boyhood memories until 25 years later when he settled into a new home in Virginia with his Australian wife after nine years spent abroad as a journalist. While settling into his new house, he made a discovery about the unique culture hidden away at the foothills of the Blue Ridge Mountains. He was abruptly awoken one morning to sounds of war; however, it was no current......

Words: 930 - Pages: 4

Accounting Review Notes

...ACCOUNTING REVIEW NOTES Chapter 13 Corporations: Organization and Share Capital Transactions Page 688 Questions and Answers 1. Corporations can be classified in different ways. For example, they may be classified by purpose (e.g., profit, not-for-profit, or income trust) or by ownership (e.g., public or private). Explain the difference between each of these types of classifications. Ans. Corporations can be classified: • By Purpose -Profit: such as Tim Hortons’ -Not-For-Profit: such as Canadian Cancer Society -Income Trust: such as Yellow Pages • By Ownership -Publicly Held Corporation: –may have thousand of shareholders. -shares exchanged in TSX -e.g. Sears, Bombardier -Privately Held Corporation:-few shareholders -shares are not sold to the public -e.g. McCain Foods 2. Pat Kabza, a student, ask for your help in understanding the following characteristics of a corporation: (a) limited liability of shareholders, (b) transferable ownership rights, and (c) ability to acquire capital. Explain how these characteristics work together to create a significant advantage for the corporate form of organization. Ans. (a) Limited liability of shareholders: liability is limited to the amount invested on the......

Words: 631 - Pages: 3