History and Systems

In: Psychology

Submitted By SnuggleBug417
Words 1066
Pages 5
Foundations of Psychology Identifying the major schools of thought in psychology and examining their major underlining assumptions; has been very interesting in many aspects of my research. In researching the branches of psychology, provided to me were different answers regarding how many branches of psychology there are. Using my sense of reason, I chose to use the answer of 10 for my paper in Foundations of Psychology. 1. Abnormal Psychology ~ the study of particular behavioral abnormalities in a person’s psyche. • A young girl with a twin brother who was very close emotionally. The brother passed away because of a sudden accident. The once vicarious, outgoing and lively girl became very introverted and shy. Her once successful existence was facing fast; from failing grades to no social interaction except with her parents, whom she clung to for dear life. This girl showed early signs of fear of abandonment. 2. Behavioral Psychology ~ the studies in behavior of an individual (human or otherwise) go gage the psychological state of that individual. The most common term used for behavioral neuroscience or biopsychology or psychobiology is Behavioral Psychology. • A normal 18-year-old young man who loved partying and spending time with his boyfriend, the young man was gay. This created much heartache for him because of him experiencing constant insults and arguing with his family. The young man found solace in smoking marijuana that he became addicted to and could not function without it. He lived a very short life and died at the age of 20. This was clearly about addiction. 3. Clinical Psychology ~ the scientific study of the prevention, understanding, and the relieving of psychologically based issues. It also stresses a great deal of research in teaching, consultations, forensic…...

Similar Documents

History of Economic System (in Spanish)

...concepto de dinero, empezaron a usar otros objetos como las monedas. Los ganaderos por ejemplo, hacían discos de piel de acuerdo a la cantidad de reses que podían vender al final de la temporada, usaban estos discos para comprar grano para alimentar a las reses, estos funcionaban como una promesa de que de 6 a 12 meses los vendedores del grano podían regresar los discos con los que se les pago a cambio de carne de reses de engorda. Esto fue el inicio del Crédito.5 Es interesante notar que con el inicio de este sistema de crédito, a algún genio del fraude se le ocurrió la emisión de más discos de piel de la cantidad que le correspondían de acuerdo a sus reses. Más sobre esto adelante. 4 5 DAVIES, Glyn. A history of Money from ancient times to the present day. DOUGLAS, C.H. History of Money. Durante un periodo de tiempo los orfebres se ganaron la reputación como los mas confiables custodios de las riquezas portables porque estos siempre han tenido las cajas más fuertes de todos los tiempos. Son los obreros de los metales preciosos, ellos cuidan las placas y todos los objetos valiosos ya que son los más seguros y los mejores custodios. Más y mas gente comenzó a guardar sus objetos de valor con el orfebre. Cuando los orfebres recibían estos tesoros u objetos valiosos, emitían recibos en pergamino y de consecuencia muy durable, con la firma de este. Las firmas con conocidas por todos. Los dueños de las riquezas empezaron a utilizar estos pergaminos y pasarlos de mano......

Words: 7973 - Pages: 32

History

...The rapid growth of the 19th century created some problems for major cities. Population growing at such a fast rate in the cities created some health and environmental issues. Along with the growing cities came an increase in inequality between immigrants, the new middle class, and the wealthy. As the cities were growing so was the need for more transportation. Trolleys and trains were the main mode of transportation. The new rails systems also increased congestion and created new safety hazards for pedestrians (Armitage, Buhle, Czitrom, & Faragher, 2009). Elevated trains were created, but still left the population under the shadow of noisy, rickety wooden platforms, and air pollution increased by unrestricted burning of coal to fuel railroads. Modern water and sewer systems which brought indoor plumbing to most homes were created but they did not eliminate serious environmental or health issues. Cities would continue to dump sewage into nearby bodies of water even after governments established separate clean-water systems. Rivers and streams would still be polluted. Overcrowded conditions and inadequate sanitary facilities bred tuberculosis, smallpox, and scarlet fever, among other contagious diseases. Children’s diseases like whooping cough and measles spread rapidly through poor neighborhoods (Armitage et al., 2009). Many people including immigrants and African Americans would flood major cities looking for a better life. Without much choice of place of residence......

Words: 355 - Pages: 2

History of the Criminal Court System

...History of the U.S. Criminal Court System CJA/491 Amy Miller 5-27-2013 Professor Angela Bradrick Introduction This paper will examine the historic development of the American courts. It will define common law heritage and discuss the evolution of American law. It will also discuss, compare, and contrast the evolution of the United States courts, including state vs. federal, and trial vs. appellate courts. Common Law Heritage and the Evolution of American Law Back in the time of medieval England, common law heritage was established.  Because of the unwritten laws of this time, judges used customs and societal norms to determine what laws were sufficient for what crimes.  These were considered judge made laws.  Judges would decide cases by using past rulings and sentencing to determine current similar cases; this was called stare decisis (Meyer & Grant, 2003).  It was important for judges to use this procedure, making it a less difficult to prosecute each case independently.  According to Meyer and Grant (2003), common law was un-codified, meaning these were unwritten laws.  As stated earlier, judges used previous verdicts to identify what forms of prosecution and sentencing of law-breaking acts would be implemented in current cases.  Codified laws, or written laws were also defined by pre-existing customs, but they were written statutes in which society could familiarize with and recognize as a law.  The changes came about, when the common laws were......

Words: 1086 - Pages: 5

Brief History of Indian Monetary System

...A Brief History of the International Monetary System Kenneth N. Matziorinis 1. Introduction The international monetary system is the structure of financial payments, settlements, practices, institutions and relations that govern international trade and investment around the world. To understand the international monetary system, we can start by looking at how a domestic monetary system is structured. The Canadian financial system, for instance, is composed of a) a currency; b) a central bank which issues that currency; c) financial deposit-taking and lending institutions such as commercial banks and d) the Canadian Payments Association. The currency used in Canada is the Canadian dollar. It is the means of payment, store of value and unit of account for all transactions conducted within Canada. It is the currency in which all assets and liabilities are measured. As such, exchange rates are not an issue in our domestic transactions. The country’s central bank, is the Bank of Canada. Its role is to issue the currency of the land, the Canadian dollar, to manage the supply of money to ensure that there is neither too much of it that could cause inflation, nor too little that could cause recession and to oversee the financial system, acting as a lender of last resort when the need arises. Commercial banks and other non-bank financial institutions are the main players in the financial system. They engage in the process of financial intermediation, which is the taking of......

Words: 12586 - Pages: 51

History of Court System

...According to the Article Three of the US Constitution, jurisdictional authority of the United States, intend to be conferred on the Supreme Court and also on lower Courts as the Congress may well regularly decree and start. The initial activities of the freshly formed Congress stood to permit the Judiciary Act of 1789 that completed requirements for the Supreme Court. It specified that it will contain of five Associate Justices who would come across in the country's capital and a Chief Justice. In the beginning, Chief Justice chosen was John Jay by George Washington who functioned from 1789 to 1795. The Judiciary Act (1789) moreover specified that the authority of the Supreme Court will comprise appellate authority in superior public cases and in which government judges administrated on centralized decrees. Additionally, the Supreme Court justices were obligatory to function on the U.S. circuit judges. The cause for this was to ensure that adjudicators from the uppermost court will be associated with the prime trial law court study about the processes of the state court of law. Additionally, in the primary years of the Supreme Court, the judges had diminutive regulation over which cases they got. Until 1891 they were unable to examine progressions by certiorari and discarded the right of involuntary petition. Although the Supreme Court is the uppermost court of law in the country, it has incomplete administrative right over the federal courts but it wasn't given the......

Words: 557 - Pages: 3

History of the Prison System

...Francisco Lara CJR 240 March 1, 2011 History of the Prison System Prison is an institution for the confinement of persons convicted of criminal offenses. Throughout history, most societies have built places in which to hold persons accused of criminal acts pending some form of trial. The idea of confining persons after a trial as punishment for their crimes is relatively new. During the 15th century in Europe, the penalties for crimes were some form of corporal punishment like whippings for less serious crimes and execution or enslavement for more serious offenses. In early 16th century England, vagrants and petty offenders were committed to correctional institutions known as workhouses. During the reign of Queen Elizabeth I, the government transported convicted felons to the English colonies. The punishment was thought of as the hard labor to which the prisoners were consigned. It wasn't until the 17th century that the idea that persons convicted of crimes could be punished by confinement and released after a period of time. During the 17th century, England and other European countries like Italy, Germany, and the Netherlands began imprisoning debtors, delinquent juveniles, minor misdemeanant, and felons. Early jails were mostly dark, overcrowded, and filthy. Prisoners were herded together indiscriminately, with no separation of men and women, the ...

Words: 3246 - Pages: 13

History of Juvenile Justice System

...History of Juvenile Justice System Roger King University of Mount Olive Juvenile Justice Systems and Processes CJC 310 Timothy Malfitano February 7, 2015 Abstract This paper will discuss the history of the juvenile justice system. I started this paper by looking at the history of the juvenile justice system, which showed how laws and legal measures involving juvenile offenders have an extensive history. There were no isolated courts or laws, and no services for juveniles, up till the 19th century, children who committed serious offenses were punished and restrained in prison the same way as adults. The changes in legislation rose the age at which individuals officially became adults. This change helped many juveniles escape the cruel treatment in the adult prisons. These changes were based on new understanding of the relationship between physical, mental maturity and acknowledgment. The American juvenile justice system has evolved over the past century with variation that embellished from the adult criminal justice process. The first juvenile's court was acknowledged in 1899, in Chicago, Illinois, and by1945, all states had juvenile courts. The juvenile crime rates particularly homicide rose during the 1980s and 1990s. Therefor the system faces a vast of questions about whether young offenders should be tried and sentenced in a different way than adult offenders (Lawrence & Hemmens, 2008, Chapter 1). The juvenile courts wanted to turn young felons into...

Words: 3409 - Pages: 14

12a - History of Public Health Systems P1, P2, M1

...Unit 12 – Historical Perspectives of the Health System P1: Describe key aspects of public health strategies P2: Describe the origins of public health policy in the UK from the 19th century to the present day Public Health is about helping everyone to stay healthy rather than focusing specifically on the individual, with the aim to promote health, protecting individuals from threats to their health and preventing ill-health. Public health policies have made a significant impact in increasing a person's overall life expectancy and improving health. (Public Health) PUBLIC HEALTH STRATEGIES: Public health strategies are devised in order to prevent the spread of diseases, prolong life and promote health. This can be done through the use of monitoring, identifying, developing programmes etc. Monitoring the health status of the community – Is a key aspect of health strategies that are in place within the UK. This health strategy helps to monitor any changes that occur in the health of the population, along with alerting individuals to any potential problems. Health throughout the UK is monitored by quality of life, infant mortality rates and life expectancy (Baker L, 2008, BTEC National Health and Social Care Book 2, page 2) The monitoring of health throughout the country allows for advanced planning of local services within the community that may be at risk of certain health problems. The monitoring of health at a local level allows for information to be......

Words: 2629 - Pages: 11

History of Prison System

...History of State and Federal Prisons Kamiah Merchant CJS/230 6/21/2015 Both federal and state prisons are different in their own way. They also share some of the same values such as crowdiness in both prisons. Both prisons basically share the same purpose and that is to incarcerate those that have done wrong. Prisons confine felons serving sentences of longer than a year. They are operated primarily by state governments, although the Federal Bureau of Prisons confines federal offenders, three large cities operate their own prisons, county jails in several states now hold felons serving long sentences alongside pretrial defendants and sentenced misdemeanants, and private prisons hold contracts to house state and federal prisoners. Since they are both ran by the federal government they all are considered by one name and that is the Department of Corrections. It was established as an office within the federal Justice Department, where it remains today. Some time ago there were not too many federal crimes and very few criminals doing federal prison time. When the Civil War ended both offenses and offenders began to climb at a high. Once many crimes were starting to be committed, our prisons started to overcrowd rapidly. Not only the prisons took on the crowdiness but the local jails did as well. In the federal prison system there were many levels of security. These levels ranged from minimum to administrative security. Depending on the crime you would commit then this......

Words: 409 - Pages: 2

Operating Systems History

...Linus Benedict Torvalds – (born December 28, 1969) is a Finnish American software engineer, who was the principal force behind the development of the Linux kernel. He later became the chief architect of the Linux kernel, and now acts as the project's coordinator. He also created the revision control system Git as well as the diving log software Subsurface. He was honored, along with Shinya Yamanaka, with the 2012 Millennium Technology Prize by the Technology Academy Finland "in recognition of his creation of a new open source operating system for computers leading to the widely used Linux kernel". Paul Gardner Allen - (born January 21, 1953) is an American business magnate, investor and philanthropist, best known as the co-founder, with Bill Gates, of Microsoft Corporation. As of March 2013, he was estimated to be the 53rd-richest person in the world, with an estimated wealth of $15 billion. He is the founder and chairman of Vulcan Inc., which manages his various business and philanthropic efforts. Allen also has a multi-billion dollar investment portfolio including technology companies, real estate holdings, and stakes in other technology, media, and content companies. Allen also owns two professional sports teams, the Seattle Seahawks of the National Football League (NFL), and the Portland Trail Blazers of the National Basketball Association (NBA). He is also part-owner of the Seattle Sounders FC, which joined Major League Soccer (MLS) in 2009. Allen's memoir Idea Man: A...

Words: 1567 - Pages: 7

History of Minority Population in the Child Welfare System

...History of Minority Population in the Child Welfare La'Trice Moore BSHS/ Introduction to Human Service October 10, 2011 Anie Sklar History of Minority Population in the Child Welfare (Dettlaff & Rycraft, Nov/) Authors of this journal paint a very vivid picture for the child welfare system. Due to the recent increase in the Latino population the issue of maltreatment has also risen. Maltreatment in the Latino Population has risen from 10% in 1995 to 17.4% in 2005 (U.S. Department of Health and Human Service [USDHHS], 1997, 2000, 2007). Originators here focused on the need for child welfare agencies to provide the appropriate services for these families. Studies showed that it was “imperative for child welfare workers to understand the impact of immigration and acculturation in order to implement competent, community based service for this population”. In an attempt to inform child welfare workers, many networks customized a plan in order to educate workers on how to assist in an effective manner with this population. Findings were positive. Workers admitted to having known little about the cultural background of Latino clients. However after educating child welfare workers culturally, this allowed for worker to better understand the Latino population, as well as how to implement a treatment that will be effective for this population. (Lundgren, Schilling, & Peloquin, 2005) Authors here are evaluating the use MM as an effective treatment with......

Words: 607 - Pages: 3

Bshs 302 Week 2 Individual History of Minority Populations in the Child Welfare System Article Reviews

...BSHS 302 Week 2 Individual History of Minority Populations in the Child Welfare System Article Reviews To Buy This material Click below link http://www.uoptutors.com/BSHS-302/BSHS-302-Week-2-Individual-History-of-Minority-Populations-in-the-Child-Welfare-System-Article-Reviews Use the academic databases in the University Library to find three articles that depict current issues affecting the U.S. child welfare system. Summarize each article in an annotated bibliography. ·         Visit the University Library and locate the EBSCOhost, Gale PowerSearch, and ProQuest academic databases by clicking General Resources. ·          Search for peer-reviewed articles and studies in each academic database. o    EBSCOhost 1.     Go to EBSCOhost. 2.     Click Advanced. 3.     Check Full-text and Peer-reviewed. 4.     Search for the following keywords: child welfare. 5.     Search for a minority population (i.e., “African American”, “Native American”, “Latino”, etc.. 6.     Select one article to review. o    Gale PowerSearch 1.       Go to Gale PowerSearch. 2.       Click on Advanced Search. 3.       Check documents with full text and peer-reviewed publications. 4.       Search for the following keywords: child welfare and drug abuse or for the names of specific drugs, such as methamphetamine. 5.       Select one article to review o    ProQuest 1.       Go to ProQuest. 2.       Click the Advanced tab. 3.       Check Full Text and Scholarly journals; include......

Words: 373 - Pages: 2

Appalachias History and System Properities

...to remember" In this paper I am going to discuss the various controversial issues pertaining the two sources I read titled Crimes Against Nature and A walk in the woods. I will be discussing and diagnosing the transformation of landscapes and communities within Appalachia from an ecological, economic, and geographic view points. In correlation with the different systems and properties practiced by the communities within Appalachia, I will delve deeper into the more specific subcategories with the intention of making the information easier to understand. The primary ecological impacts that will be addressed are exploitists, mountaintop removal and its repercussions, annihilation of wildlife and endangered species, and the destruction of the surrounding natural environments driven by human goals. On the economic side of things the primary topics of discussion will be income, living conditions, isolationism, homogeneity, maximization of overall utility, timber and natural resources exploitation without resilience. Geographic view points, the final topic of discussion will pertain to environmental monitoring systems, human habitation, evolving spatial patterns, and the outcome of relative location isolation. A major issue behind the driving force of Appalachia's ecological impacts starts with the exploitation of natural resources. Timber is one of the primary resources Appalachia has to offer and it began being harvested in the very early ages. Around 1930 the federal......

Words: 1582 - Pages: 7

History

...most of U.S. history in most locations, what race has been the majority? What is the common ancestral background of most members of this group? Throughout most of U.S. history the white race has been the majority. This race is majority because of the social standards they have not just because of the population. The white race was the first settlers in the new land. As known, the most common ancestral background of most members of this group is European. Europeans came to this land for new life opportunities. They were able to come together and form their own country and boundaries because they broke ties off with their European rulers. • What are some of the larger racial minorities in U.S. history? What have been the common ancestral backgrounds of each of these groups? When did each become a significant or notable minority group? The white race, which is made up of both Hispanic Americans and the Non-Hispanic is the larger racial minorities. Hispanic Americans make up 85% of the population and Non-Hispanics make 79%. White people are categorized as people who have very light skin pigmentation. • In what ways have laws been used to enforce discrimination? Provide examples. These laws were intended against which racial minorities? Affirmative action was one way that was supposed to help enforce discrimination. This action is intended to improve the arrangement of minorities directed to past prejudice and discrimination. Quota systems by employers...

Words: 598 - Pages: 3

History of Minority Population in the Child Welfare System

...History of Minority Population in the Child Welfare System Victoria Chatman BSHS 301 July 2, 2012 Pamela Hardy History of Minority Population in the Child Welfare System The United States has more children living in poverty than any other industrialized nation. It comes as no surprise that out of the 20% of poverty stricken children in America, African American, and Latino children exceed 40%. In fact, children of color are overrepresented in the foster care system and are the least likely to be reunited with their families. This overrepresentation is driven by, racial discrimination, social oppression, negative social conditions, and economic injustice. But this is not to exclude racism within the child welfare system in itself. The child welfare specialists are encouraged to respond with familiarity and compassion to individuals from a wide diversity of cultural backgrounds. “… Social welfare systems do not arise in a vacuum; they stem from the customs, statutes, and practices of the past. Therefore, one cannot understand current efforts to help the needy without first comprehending the foundations on which they were built.” --Walter I. Trattner History of African Americans Social welfare developed from both communal and secluded services in the United States and North America. Most social welfare policy experts take the place before 1932 and the formation of governmentally supported programs. Even the most exclusive services were provided under segregated......

Words: 1010 - Pages: 5