Hegemoni Dalam "Princess"

In: Novels

Submitted By rohmy
Words 3066
Pages 13
HEGEMONI BUDAYA DALAM PRINCESS KARYA JEAN P. SASSON

1. Pendahuluan a. Latar Belakang Apresiasi sastra menurut Damono (2002: 6) adalah penghargaan yang didasarkan pada penghayatan terhadap sastra. Oleh sebab itu, diperlukan upaya membaca dengan cermat dengan maksud memahami kandungan dan cara menyampaikan kandungan itu. Untuk tujuan tersebut, ada dua kecenderungan dalam menganalisa karya sastra yaitu secara tekstual dan politis atau sosiologis. Hal ini dikemukakan oleh Budianta sebagai berikut: Dalam perkembangannya, teori-teori sastra mengikuti dua kecenderungan: yang pertama – kita sebut saja kecenderungan tekstual – adalah yang merespon dan mendobrak teori-teori objektif (new criticism, formalisme, strukturalisme) tetapi tetap memakai sebagai kerangka acuannya konsep-konsep yang digagas oleh strukturalisme.... Yang kedua – kita sebut saja kecenderungan politis/sosiologis – adalah yang menerapkan teori-teori mutakhir dalam wilayah yang lebih luas, yakni yang melihat sastra dalam kaitannya dengan berbagai dinamika sosial, budaya, politik, dan ekonomi. Termasuk didalamnya adalah teori-teori neomarxis, teori postcolonial, new historicism, dan kajian budaya (Budianta, 2002: 41).

Princess merupakan kisah nyata yang menceritakan kehidupan di Arab Saudi dari sudut pandang seorang putri kerajaan Saudi dengan nama samaran Sultana. Sang Putri meminta temannya yang berkewarganegaraan Amerika, Jean P. Sasson, untuk menuliskan kehidupan wanita di Arab Saudi agar diketahui oleh penduduk dunia. Dalam suratnya yang ditulis di bagian awal Princess, Sultana menyatakan tujuannya agar warga dunia membantu perempuan Saudi menjadi lebih bermartabat. Harapan Sultana ini dikarenakan beliau merasa bahwa perempuan di Arab Saudi diperlakukan tidak adil oleh para kaum lelaki Arab. Perempuan merupakan golongan yang tertindas. Akan tetapi, selain masalah…...

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