Hebrew Word Study: Completion

In: Religion Topics

Submitted By McNutt75
Words 2139
Pages 9


Submitted to Dr. Chet Roden, in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the completion of the course

201540 Fall 2015 OTCL 505-B01 LUO
Hebrew Language Tools


Matthew McNutt
October 11, 2015

Identifying the Word
The word chosen for this word study, from the passage in Genesis 22:1-19, is found in verse 12. It is the Hebrew word ‫ ,אֵרי‬or yare'. One of its possible, and more common, translations
is “fear.” While it appears only once in this particular passage, it is a defining moment in the story, explaining why the Lord instructs Abraham to not sacrifice his son.
“He said, ‘Do not stretch out your hand against the lad, and do nothing to him; for now I know that you fear [emphasis added] God, since you have not withheld your son, your only son, from Me.’” Genesis 22:12 (NASB)
This word appears in its Hebrew root form 402 times in the NASB Old Testament, and is translated in a variety of ways. It is a challenge to fully understand, and as a result is often highlighted in different versions of the Bible with alternate potential translations, or wordings.
It’s Strong’s number H3372.
Some of the various ways that ‫ ,אֵרי‬or yare', is translated in Genesis 22:12 include:

Literal: o NASB, “fear” o ESV, “fear”
Dynamic Equivalent: o NIV, “fear” o NET, “fear”
o NLT, “fear” o NCV, “trust” o TEV, “honor and obey”
o MSG, “fearlessly you fear”

The Free and Paraphrase translations begin to frame the question; what does “fear” in this passage truly mean? While the literal translation of the Hebrew word may be “fear,” as demonstrated in the Literal and Dynamic Equivalent translations cited, even they translate it in


other ways elsewhere in scripture. The Free and Paraphrase versions begin to hint at a deeper…...

Similar Documents

Hebrew Literature

...Hebrew Literature From Classic Encyclopedia 1911 HEBREW LITERATURE. Properly speaking, "Hebrew Literature" denotes all works written in the Hebrew language. In catalogues and bibliographies, however, the expression is now generally used, conveniently if incorrectly, as synonymous with Jewish literature, including all works written by Jews in Hebrew characters, whether the language be Aramaic, Arabic or even some vernacular not related to Hebrew. The literature begins with, as it is almost entirely based upon, the Old Testament. There were no doubt in the earliest times popular songs orally transmitted and perhaps books - of annals and laws, but except in so far as remnants meat- of them are embedded in the biblical books, they have Scrip- entirely disappeared. Thus the Book of the Wars of the Lord is mentioned in Num. xxi. 14; the Book of Jashar in Josh. x. 13, 2. Sam. i. 18; the Song of the Well is quoted in Num. xxi. 17, 18, and the song of Sihon and Moab, ib. 27-30; of Lamech, Gen. iv. 23, 24; of Moses, Exod. xv. As in other literatures, these popular elements form the foundation on which greater works are gradually built, and it is one function of literary criticism to show the way in which the component parts were welded into a uniform whole. The traditional view that Moses was the author of the Pentateuch in its present form, would make this the earliest monument of Hebrew literature. Modern inquiry, however, has arrived at other conclusions (see Bible, Old......

Words: 9933 - Pages: 40

Word Study

...LIBERTY UNIVERSITY Word Study Step 3 SUBMITTED TO ERIC MITCHELL IN PARTIAL FULFILLMENT OF THE REQUIREMENTS FOR THE COMPLETION OF HEBREW LANGUAGE TOOLS OTCL 505 BY RONALD C. WILLIAMS, JR. WINSTON SALEM, NC MAY 8, 2013 Word Study Step 1: Identifying the Word 1. Question to answer: Transgressors found in Isaiah 53:12 It is this word that reminds readers that Jesus was on the cross among transgressors and he took one to paradise with him who recognized whom He was. WSG Figure 1: Comparisons of Versions Literal: KJV Isaiah 53 Isaiah 53 King James Version (KJV) 53 Who hath believed our report? And to whom is the arm of the Lord revealed? 2 For he shall grow up before him as a tender plant, and as a root out of a dry ground: he hath no form or comeliness; and when we shall see him, there is no beauty that we should desire him. 3 He is despised and rejected of men; a man of sorrows, and acquainted with grief: and we hid as it were our faces from him; he was despised, and we esteemed him not. 4 Surely he hath borne our griefs, and carried our sorrows: yet we did esteem him stricken, smitten of God, and afflicted. 5 But he was wounded for our transgressions; he was bruised for our iniquities: the chastisement of our peace was upon him; and with his stripes we are healed. 6 All we like sheep have gone astray; we have turned everyone to his own way; and the Lord hath laid on him the......

Words: 2374 - Pages: 10

Hebrew Israelites

...Hebrew Israelites HUM/130 Dr. John McGinn February 15, 2013 (Your Title Page looks good.) Hebrew Israelites An Israelite is a descendant of the scriptural patriarch Jacob. Jacob was the Grandson of Abraham and the son of Isaac. Jacobs name was changed to Israel (Genesis 32:28) and his descendants were called Israelites which denotes they are the children of Jacob or the Children of Israel. The Suffix “ITE” means a descent from. “ISRAEL-ITE” means a descendant of their father Jacob whose name was changed to Israel, but the question still remains, “Who are the modern day Hebrew Israelites”? How are Christian central beliefs different than an Israelites? (Work on opening paragraph - especially the thesis statement for your paper.) A Hebrew is a Descendant of the scriptural Patriarch Abraham. He is the first to be called Hebrew (Genesis 14:13). The Most High made a Covenant with Abraham and his seed. The Title Hebrew was passed on from Abraham to his Son Isaac and Isaac son Jacob and to Jacobs 12 sons who became the 12 tribes of Israel. The Israelites were known and called Hebrews mainly by outsiders or foreigners. The name means one who crosses over, or wander. It is also derived from Eber, which means "one who emigrates" and "beyond, on the other side." Abraham and his posterity being called Hebrews in order to express a distinction between the races east and west of the Euphrates River. It may also be derived from Heber, one of the ancestors of......

Words: 3013 - Pages: 13

Hebrew Wisdom

...Hebrew Wisdom on Diligence and Laziness Bible 105-B27 LUO: Old Testament Survey 201320 Spring 2013 Xxxxxx Xxxxxxx L33333333 Liberty University February 24, 2013 Hebrew Wisdom on Diligence and Laziness There is a great deal of Hebrew wisdom in the Bible in regards to the subjects of diligence and laziness. Throughout the book of Proverbs the words of lazy and diligence can be found in many different forms. Sluggish, sluggard, and idle describe laziness. The word diligence can also be considered as, thorough, attentive, and persistence. Each of these words, found in the Bible, can reference diligence, and laziness within Hebrew Wisdom in many cases. The book of Proverbs is the Hebrew book of Wisdom. Its purpose is to provide practical instructions to live a wise, well ordered live. The difference between being diligent, wise, lazy, and having folly is knowledge. Proverbs addresses this in its first chapter: “The fear of the Lord is the beginning of knowledge, but fools despise wisdom and instruction” (Proverbs 1:7). This is the most basic ingredient in wisdom. All wisdom depends on knowledge of God and the submission to His will. To think or believe that you know something, but you do not know God negates the value of having knowledge. Wisdom comes from being faithfully diligent in the Word of God. Many positive effects come from being diligent. Some of those are wealth, wisdom, abundance, power, satisfaction, profit, and meaningfulness. Laziness......

Words: 861 - Pages: 4


...Completion: Assignment no. 3 I evaded the vase and heard it crash into the wall behind me. ‘Goddamn hormones’ I thought, and ducked under the attack of a porcelain dog. I had taken cover behind the sofa, while Margaret was bombarding it with the contents of the living room. ‘Honey,’ I said soothingly, ‘I didn’t mean it like that. You look wonderful in that dress. You are glowing!’ I popped up my head to see if the coast was clear, and was rewarded when one of the stuffed animals, we had bought for the baby hit me right in the face. Fortunately, she had run out of china. ‘Glowing?’ Margaret screamed and armed herself with a brown teddy bear. ‘That wasn’t your exact words, was it now, Darling?’ She threw the toy after the sofa, and grabbed another weapon. ‘This isn’t healthy for the baby.’ I thought nervously. Instantly, as though she had heard my thoughts, the assault stopped. After a minute I dared to take a glance, but not before a toy giraffe had secured the area by looking first, taking the possible upcoming damage. After this security check, I slowly stood up behind the piece of furniture and watched my wife: She had gone all pale, contrary to her red grimace when she was shouting at me. ‘Thomas?’ Margaret said, all her anger had left her. ‘Yes my love?’ I was still crouching a bit, ready to throw myself down if this was a trick. But from the look of her face I didn’t thought so. She took a deep breath and said quietly: ‘I think my water just broke.’ I fought down......

Words: 1177 - Pages: 5

Hebrew Teachings of Wisdom

...Teachings of Hebrew Wisdom on Diligence and Laziness By: John Cleveland Throughout the Bible, we see the importance of being diligent in our walk with Christ as oppose to falling asleep and becoming lazy. As followers of Christ, we know that by applying the knowledge given to us from the Bible can have a profound impact on our lives. When we study God's Word, we receive wisdom and we are then able to use this wisdom in our daily lives. However, if we choose to not be diligent in our walk with Christ, then we could possibly backslide as a result of being lazy and falling into deeper sin. In this essay we will look at what the Hebrew teachings say about diligence as oppose to being lazy regarding our following of Christ. In discussing what the Hebrew teachings have to say about diligence and laziness, we will be looking in the Bible from the book of Proverbs. The author of Proverbs, Solomon, asked and received wisdom from the Lord and he teaches us a lot about diligence and how it differs from laziness. He shows us the importance of being diligent. Solomon states that, “a sluggard's appetite is never filled, but the desires of the diligent are fully satisfied.” (Proverbs 13:4) When we are constantly seeking after more wisdom, we are not left empty. Our diligence reaps reward because the knowledge we receive helps us in every aspects of our life. Feeding off of God's Word gives us strength to face the challenges in our lives. Solomon states, “hold on to......

Words: 759 - Pages: 4

Microsoft Word

...Myth and Scripture resources for Biblical Study Susan ackerman, Old testament/hebrew Bible editor number 78 Myth and Scripture conteMporary perSpectiveS on religion, language, and iMagination Edited by dexter e. callender Jr. SBl press atlanta copyright © 2014 by SBl press all rights reserved. no part of this work may be reproduced or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying and recording, or by means of any information storage or retrieval system, except as may be expressly permitted by the 1976 copyright act or in writing from the publisher. requests for permission should be addressed in writing to the rights and permissions office, Society of Biblical literature, 825 houston Mill road, atlanta, ga 30329 uSa. library of congress cataloging-in-publication data Myth and scripture : contemporary perspectives on religion, language, and imagination / Dexter E. Callender, Jr., editor. p. cm. — (Society of Biblical literature resources for biblical study ; number 78) includes bibliographical references and index. iSBn 978-1-58983-961-8 (paper binding : alk. paper) — iSBn 978-1-58983-962-5 (electronic format) — iSBn 978-1-58983-963-2 (hardcover binding : alk. paper) 1. Myth in the Bible. 2. Bible. old testament—criticism, interpretation, etc. i. callender, dexter e., 1962– editor of compilation. ii. callender, dexter e., 1962– author. Myth and Scripture : dissonance and convergence.. BS520.5.M98 2014 220.6'8—dc23......

Words: 5482 - Pages: 22

The Hebrews

...THE HEBREW ISRAELITE AND THE TRANS-ATLANTIC SLAVE TRADE CONNECTION throughput the Bible the Israelites constantly rebelled against the Most High by disobeying his Commandments.In the book of Deuteronomy Moses forewarned the Israelites of the punishments that would befall them if they did not observe His commandments. Part of that punishment was that the Israelites would be scattered throughout the different parts of the Earth. In Deuteronomy 28: 64the Bible says this:‘And The Most High shall scatter thee among all people, from one end of the earth even unto the other…’ASSYRIAIn 721 B.C. Shalmanesser, the King of Assyria conquered theTen Northern Tribes. They were deported out of the land ofIsrael and into the land ofAssyria. In II Kings 18: 11-12 it says this:‘And the king of Assyria did carry away Israel unto Assyria, and put them in Halah and in Habor by the river of Gozan, and in the cities of the Medes. Because they obeyed not the voice of the Most High, but transgressed his covenant, and all that Moses the servant of the Most High commanded, and would not hear nor do them’ BABYLONIn 586 B.C. approximately 200 years later, the same fate happened to the three Southern Tribes when Nebuchadnezzar King of Babylon, destroyedJerusalem and the Temple and lead thousands of Israelites into captivity in Babylon. PERSIANSAfter serving captivity for 70 years in Babylon the Persian King Darius conquered the Babylonians and allowed a remnant of Israelites......

Words: 667 - Pages: 3

Analytical Book Review of Hebrews

...Hebrews Book Review Michael L. Smith Oklahoma Wesleyan University November 27, 2014 Professor Devon Smith Abstract This is an analytical book review of Hebrews. This book review is includes a synopsis of the content of the book as well the purpose and the historical context of the book with indications of why this book was included in the canon of scriptures. This review will explore significant passages and the key verses of the book, as well as concluding the book review with writer’s personal commentary on Hebrews. Synopsis The writer of Hebrews neither identifies himself nor does he clearly identify his audience. In addition to not identifying himself or the writer of letters, the writer does not give us the destination of the letter. Martin Luther suggest that Apollos is the writer of Hebrews based on Luke’s account of Apollos in Acts 18:24-28, identifying Apollos as being a well-read, well-educated Hellenistic Jew from Alexandria (The Hebrew-Greek Key Word Study Bible, 2008). It was Clement of Alexandria that argued that Paul authored the book in Hebrew but someone like Luke or Apollos came along and translated it into Greek. Traditionally, the title of the letter is “to the Hebrews” with the possibility of those Hebrews being in Rome. The origin of the book of Hebrews is a mystery but the one thing we do know is that Hebrews is the oldest Greek manuscript (Zondervan, 2009). What is more puzzling is......

Words: 1640 - Pages: 7


...Essay 3Hebrew poetry is used to express various things in the Bible. Hebrew poetry is used to “express emotion, facilitate worship, and to instruct in wisdom” (Hindson, 2012). God uses Hebrew poetry to teach us how we can better live our lives. Within Hebrews the terms laziness, diligence, folly and wisdom are utilized. God’s plan for us to apply some of these terms and to give terminology to the way we should be living against.  The Essence of the Old Testament: A Survey is very clear about laziness, “Lazy behavior results in poverty while diligence results in wealth” (Hindson, 2012). Hindson (2012) describes laziness as being produced by talking and not working toward earning wealth. This description is also described as having lazy people lead   into poverty. Proverbs 13:4 (English Standard Version) explains God’s desire to not be lazy, “The soul of the sluggard craves and gets nothing, while the soul of the diligent is richly supplied”.  Obviously by this description God desires us to be diligent. Hindson (2012) describes the diligent as becoming wealthy by their work. We are reminded that we should not be taken over by the yearning for this wealth and that the wealth we gain must not be corrupt. God states that those who gain wealth this way will be judged. “Whoever oppresses the poor to increase his own wealth, or gives to the rich, will only come to poverty” (Proverbs 22:16, ESV). Hindson (2012) nicely words this, “some are rich because of greed and corruption while......

Words: 346 - Pages: 2

Tesla Case Study (4,000 Words)

...is the strict environmental protection laws currently in place. In the UK all new vehicles are required to meet strict CO2 emission standards that carry a penalty if not met, which has caused an increase in the production of more eco-friendly vehicles (e.g. Electric, Plug-in, and Hybrid). In addition the government offer financial incentives to people who drive cars with low emissions such as lower Vehicle Excise Duty (VED) in the UK, resulting in increased demand for eco-friendly vehicles (Environmental Protection UK, 2014). Similarly in the US in 2013 the government gave a $7,500 tax credit to consumers for the purchase of an electronic vehicle (EV), which shows us that this factor also affects the industry on a global level (TESLA case study, 2014). Economic The UK economy is set to grow by 2.7% in 2015 according to the British Chambers of Commerce (2014). This is likely to have a positive effect on consumer confidence meaning consumers are more likely to purchase cars. Another factor to note is the recent drop in fuel prices, as fuel prices fall people are more inclined to use cars as they become cheaper to operate (BBC, 2015). These factors are likely to stimulate growth in the UK and global automotive industry. Social and Environmental As people become more environmentally aware they are moving towards more eco-friendly lifestyles, such as driving electric or hybrid cars and consuming less fuel. Furthermore, it is now becoming fashionable to drive eco-friendly......

Words: 4468 - Pages: 18


...Introduction The book of Hebrews may have been the most profound book written in the New Testament period. It is also one of the most difficult books for modern people to understand. A recent commentary described Hebrews as "a delight for the person who enjoys puzzles" (Lane, WB, xlvii). The literary form of the book is uncertain. The author and time of writing are unknown. The logic and flow of thought are unusual for most modern people. Despite the many areas of uncertainty the book of Hebrews yields rich results to the person who will study it patiently and carefully. It is a rich resource for Christology and practical Christian guidance. It breathes the air of the Old Testament, but blows the fresh wind of the Spirit making all things new. Hebrews is a study in pastoral care for a church under pressure. It is the rich literary and theological testimony of an author who has found Christ to be the fulfillment of all the hopes of the Old Testament. Hebrews leads a pilgrim people down the path of faithfulness and confident trust. The traditional method by which modern Biblical scholarship studies a book leads to frequent frustration for those studying Hebrews. Normally, a student seeks to learn all that can be determined about the author, the date, the place of writing, the audience, the literary form, and the purpose of the book. Most of these areas lead scholars to dead ends. Though clear answers to these questions are not always available, the process of asking......

Words: 266 - Pages: 2

Old Testament Hebrew Teachings

...The entire Holy Bible is full of God’s Word and instructions for our lives. We are to be obedient and diligent in seeking God’s Will for our lives, and not to allow ourselves to become lazy or foolish in our walk with God. As to the Hebrew teachings on the subject of diligence and laziness, and on wisdom and folly, we find in the Old Testament Books of Proverbs and Ecclesiastes hold many teachings on these issues and how we should conduct ourselves, accordingly. In Proverbs 6:6-8 we read, “Take a lesson from the ants, you lazybones. Learn from their ways and become wise! Though they have no prince or governor or ruler to make them work, they labor hard all summer, gathering food for the winter.” (NLT). God’s point is that we should work ahead, prepare ourselves for the days to come, not to be lazy and wait on others to care for us. The book of Proverbs is a book of wisdom, or as Hindson & Yates referred to as “teacher’s manual of wise sayings”. We find the theme or motto of this book in chapter 1:7, “Fear of the LORD is the foundation of true knowledge, but fools despise wisdom and discipline.” The first nine chapters of the book of Proverbs tells us that wisdom is treasured and that we should seek it. These chapters reflect on Solomon’s wisdom and practical applications, such as: warnings about being foolish and lazy; direction and balance in our lives; the benefits of being faithful; just to mention a few of the topics. Chapters 10 through 20 remind us that wisdom is......

Words: 912 - Pages: 4

Hebrew Literature

...Masterpieces of Hebrew Literature At the end of the lesson, students should be able to: 1. Enumerate some of the masterpieces of the Hebrew Literature 2. Know the characters, the plot, and the moral that is enclosed with every literary masterpiece. 3. Demystify the hidden messages of every literary masterpieces. Duties of the Heart Author: Chovot HaLevavot * Chovot HaLevavot, or Ḥobot HaLebabot (Hebrew: חובות הלבבות, English: Duties of the Heart), is the primary work of the Jewish philosopher Bahya ibn Paquda, full name Bahya ben Joseph ibn Pakuda. Ibn Paquda was a Jewish philosopher and  is believed to have lived in Saragossa, Spain, in the first half of the eleventh century. * It was written in Judeo-Arabic (but in Hebrew characters) approximately in 1040 under the title Kitab al-Hidāya ilā Fara'id al-Qulūb, Book of Direction to the Duties of the Heart, sometimes titled as Guide to the Duties of the Heart, and translated into Hebrew by Judah ibn Tibbon in the years 1161-80 under the title Chovot HaLevavot. There was another contemporary translation by Joseph Kimhi, but its complete text did not endure the test of time. * The Duties of the Heart is divided into ten sections termed (she'arim) "gates", corresponding to the ten fundamental principles which, according to Bahya's view, constitute human spiritual life. This treatise on the inner spiritual life makes numerous references to both Biblical and Talmudic texts. It draws on the......

Words: 1546 - Pages: 7

Hebrew Israelites

...Black Hebrew Israelites Regina Hoosier Education Corporation of America Virginia College ENG 1020-A June 14, 2016 Some people say Black Hebrew Israelites is a religion. Black Hebrews is a faith. In this essay I will be discussing Hebrew Israelites and why blacks believe they are the descendants of the ancient Israelites. I will also talk about why our people serve a white god and have not waken up to the truth. I will also discuss when Sabbath Day is and why Yah is not praised on a Sunday. I have done a lot of research over the year. I also joined in on a conference call to listen to the Sabbath on Saturdays because I haven’t found an establishment in Baton Rouge. The fact that our people’s minds have been enslaved for centuries, praising a white God the same people who enslaved our ancestors, and yet they still worship this false God but my brothers and sister or waking up. So I chose to do my research on Black Hebrew Israelites and give my brothers and sisters an insight on what Yah wants from his people. Black Hebrew Israelites believe they are decedents of Ahayah, we were the common ancestors of different nations. Hosea (Hoshea 4:6) my people are destroyed for lack of knowledge: because thou hast rejected knowledge. I will also reject thee, that thou shalt be no priest to me: seeing thou hast forgotten the law of thy Elohim, I will also forget thy children. The true Hebrews identity has been hijacked by posers best described as Appropiation: The action of taking......

Words: 957 - Pages: 4