Hebrew Word Study: Completion

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LIBERTY UNIVERSITY BAPTIST THEOLOGICAL SEMINARY

WORD STUDY: COMPLETION

Submitted to Dr. Chet Roden, in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the completion of the course

201540 Fall 2015 OTCL 505-B01 LUO
Hebrew Language Tools

by

Matthew McNutt
October 11, 2015

Identifying the Word
The word chosen for this word study, from the passage in Genesis 22:1-19, is found in verse 12. It is the Hebrew word ‫ ,אֵרי‬or yare'. One of its possible, and more common, translations
ָ
is “fear.” While it appears only once in this particular passage, it is a defining moment in the story, explaining why the Lord instructs Abraham to not sacrifice his son.
“He said, ‘Do not stretch out your hand against the lad, and do nothing to him; for now I know that you fear [emphasis added] God, since you have not withheld your son, your only son, from Me.’” Genesis 22:12 (NASB)
This word appears in its Hebrew root form 402 times in the NASB Old Testament, and is translated in a variety of ways. It is a challenge to fully understand, and as a result is often highlighted in different versions of the Bible with alternate potential translations, or wordings.
It’s Strong’s number H3372.
Some of the various ways that ‫ ,אֵרי‬or yare', is translated in Genesis 22:12 include:
ָ






Literal: o NASB, “fear” o ESV, “fear”
Dynamic Equivalent: o NIV, “fear” o NET, “fear”
Free:
o NLT, “fear” o NCV, “trust” o TEV, “honor and obey”
Paraphrase:
o MSG, “fearlessly you fear”

The Free and Paraphrase translations begin to frame the question; what does “fear” in this passage truly mean? While the literal translation of the Hebrew word may be “fear,” as demonstrated in the Literal and Dynamic Equivalent translations cited, even they translate it in

1

other ways elsewhere in scripture. The Free and Paraphrase versions begin to hint at a deeper…...

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