Free Essay

From Tribes to Literature

In: English and Literature

Submitted By productionz1
Words 2417
Pages 10
Marek Hullinger
Mike Fiscel
English W132
26 September 2013
From Tribes to Literature The word Goth derives from a German tribe referred to as the Goths. The term Gothic was later used during medieval times for the construction of buildings with pointed arches and vaults (Lad). In my essay, I chose to discuss two pieces of Gothic fiction. The first piece of Gothic fiction I decided to discuss is, “The Cask of Amontillado.” It was published in 1846 by the famous short-story writer and poet, Edgar Allan Poe. The second piece of Gothic fiction I chose to discuss is, “Where Are You Going, Where Have You Been?” It was published in 1966 by Joyce Carol Oates. In Gothic literature there any many characteristics to its writing and famous short-stories such as “The Cask of Amontillado” and “Where Are You Going, Where Have You Been?” contain many of those Gothic fiction characteristics.
Summary
“The Cask of Amontillado” is a short story written by Edgar Allan Poe. Montresor is the main character of the story and also acts as the narrator. The story begins by him vowing his vengeance towards Fortunato for insulting him. Montresor hides his animosity towards Fortunato so he does not expect anything. He maintains a deceiving presence towards Fortunato and plots to exploit Fortunato’s weakness for luxurious wines. Carnival season came upon the city and Montresor finds Fortunato at the carnival. He invites him to try some of his sherry at his home. Montresor doubts Fortunato’s skill with wines which makes him want to prove him wrong. Montresor dresses up in a disguise and leads Fortunato to his home. Once they reach the home of Montresor, he leads Fortunato down to the catacombs. Montresor encourages Fortunato to drink alcoholic beverages, resulting in him becoming intoxicated. Fortunato realizes that Montresor is not who he thinks he is, but being intoxicated, he continues through the catacombs. Montresor leads Fortunato into a deep crypt at the end of the catacomb. He tricks Fortunato into going inside a small niche inside the crypt. Montresor surprises Fortunato from behind and chains him up. Montresor begins to wall Fortunato inside the niche. “Where Are You Going, Where Have You Been?” is a piece of Gothic literature written by Joyce Carol Oates. The story is inspired by three Tucson, Arizona Murders committed by Charles Schmid. Connie, a fifteen year old girl, is the main character of the story. Connie is a typical, selfish teenage girl who does not care to listen to her parents. Her mother is always criticizing her and comparing her to her older sister, June. June is twenty-four, still lives at home, and works as a secretary at Connie’s high school. June can be described as the golden child, and Connie is stuck living in her shadow. Connie’s father is a workaholic who does not have a close relationship with his daughters. This results in Connie only having her mother as a parental figure. She resents her mother. Connie is grateful that June set one good precedent which allows her to be able to go out with her best friend. June is allowed to go out with her girlfriends so Connie is also allowed to. Connie’s best friend’s father drives them to a shopping plaza in town whenever they want. One night, Connie goes out to dinner with a boy named Eddie. As Connie and Eddie are walking through the parking lot that night, a man drives by in a gold convertible and calls out to her, “Gonna get you, baby.” (Poe). Connie ignores it and forgets about the man going and to spend the rest of her summer dreaming about the boys she meets. One Sunday her family leaves her home alone to go to a cookout. Connie relaxes and decides to enjoy the day home alone. While she is lying outside, she hears a car pull up in the driveway. She goes to look and recognizes it’s the man who drives the golden convertible from that night in the parking lot. The man demands Connie to come with him or he will harm her family. Connie is in a panic and grows very scared. She grabs the phone to call for help and tries to find an escape. Before she can come to reality of what is going on in the situation, Arnold is stabbing her repeatedly and Connie ends up leaving with the man.
Genre
Gothic fiction in my opinion is by far the most intriguing genre of literature to read. This genre of literature is also referred to as Gothic horror. This genre of literature is a magnificent combination of both horror and romance. It is believed that this genre was invented in 1764 by Horace Walpole. Characteristics of Gothic fiction include a setting in a dark, mysterious location such as a castle or mansion, an atmosphere full of suspense and mystery, an ancient prophecy, omens and visions, supernatural or surreal events, high or overwrought emotion, women in distress, a tyrannical male, and the metonymy of gloom and horror (Harris) . Nearly everything in “The Cask of Amontillado” has a symbolic meaning. Every detail seems to be encoded and a message we are compelled to decipher. The Montresor’s family coat of arms has a symbolic meaning that stands out in the story. While Fortunato and Montresor took their journey to the vault, that contains the amontillado, Fortunato informs Montresor that he “forgot [his] arms” (Poe). Montresor explain his families’ coat of arms by saying it is, “A huge human d’or, in a field azure; the foot crushes a serpent rampant whose fangs are imbedded in the heel” (Poe). It seems simple and obvious, but it has much more of a symbolic meaning. Fortunato is the serpent in the grass and he “bit”, or insulted, and Montresor’s big foot is now crashing down on top of him as a result. After breaking down the coat of arms we can now understand it is fabricated and it is Montresor’s fantasy of what he wants to happen. Another example of the story being Gothic fiction is the setting. The story occurs at Montresor’s mansion. At the mansion the majority of the story occurs in Montresor’s underground vaults. The vaults are described almost as an underground graveyard. The underground vaults were damp, dark and covered in nitre. The vaults contain the remains of Montresor’s family members giving it a creepy atmosphere. The story “Where Are You Going, Where Have You Been?” contains many characteristics of Gothic fiction. The first example is Arnold. He portrays as the tyrannical male in the story who threatens an innocent, teenage girl. Arnold stalks and threatens a teenage girl named Connie. Arnold commands her to come with him and says to her that she is his lover. In the end, Connie ends up leaving with Arnold after he stabs her. A second example that causes this to be a great example of Gothic literature is Connie acts as the woman in distress. Within the story, Connie readers often find themselves feeling sympathy for her. One night while Connie was present at a date, she had her first encounter with Arnold. This leaves her terrified after Arnold drives by her and says, “Gonna get you, baby” (Oates). As a reader, you also feelt sorrow for Connie when her family leaves her home alone to go to a cookout without her. While Connie is home alone with no one to protect her, Arnold comes over to harass and kidnap her.
Personal Opinion In the introduction to “The Cask of Amontillado”, Edgar Allan Poe uses conflict as his attention getter. He discusses his hate for Fortunato as his character Montresor. He then vows vengeance upon Fortunato adding some causing you to want to continue reading to find out what Montresor is going to do. The addition of conflict into the intro adds suspenseful thinking of the reader and urges you to continue reading to find out just what is going to be done to Fortunato. The introduction to “Where Are You Going, Where Have You Been?” is a magnificent way to start the story. First of all the author Joyce Oates begins it by dedicating it to the famous musician Bob Dylan. The household name in music adds popularity to the writing and intrigues the readers, but also throws them off by dedicating this Gothic thriller to a music star. Then once you finally begin reading the story it gives you a great understanding background of Connie and her family that is easy to relate to and imagine. The dedication to a famous household music artist and how relatable and imaginable the relationship is of Connie’s family make this a magnificent introduction. In the story “The Cask of Amontillado” the two main characters are Montresor and Fortunato. The main character, Montresor, is also the narrator of the story. He is the sinister character in the story. I think he is a believable character and relatable because everyone has a conscious and Montresor’s reveals his at the end of the story. Throughout the story Montresor seems ruthless, sinister and he acts as if he thinks of murder as necessary. At the end of the story in the last paragraph Montresor says, “My heart grew sick” (Poe). He says that as he is shoving the last piece of the stone in place. This is a sign that he feels guilty but he does not want to admit it and blames the dampness of the catacombs. I think we can all almost agree that everyone has a conscious and that’s what causes Montresor a believable character to me. Fortunato is the other main character in the story and is the victim. It seems easier to relate to Fortunato since he is the victim and feel sorrow for him. The matter of fact is that we barely have any information about Fortunato, because it is told from Montresor’s point of view. Montresor never informs us readers in the story how Fortunato hurt him or insulted him so it is left up to our imagination. We do not understand much about fortunate besides his weaknesses. His weaknesses somewhat mirror our own as individuals. Some of Fortunato’s main weaknesses we can spot are addiction, insensitivity, pride, and trust. His weaknesses being relatable to our own causes him to be a believe character, or victim, to me. Connie and Arnold are the two main characters in “Where Are You Going, Where Have You Been?”. Connie is the main character, and victim of the story you can say. She is the typical snotty, self-centered fifteen year old girl. She is in the stage of her life in which she resents her parents and thinks she is superior to everyone else around her. Connie sneaks around to hang out with older boys. Her dad is never around nor has a relationship with her, which helps us relate to her rebelling and attraction to older men as result in her missing a father figure in her life. I believe everyone can relate to Connie in this story and is completely believable. The second main character in this story is Arnold. Arnold is the bad guy in the story and is Connie’s kidnapper and stalker. He is an older man, but tries to look like a teenager and drives a yellow convertible. With all of the kidnapping stories around the country today we hear the profiles of these kidnappers and Arnold is the stereotypical psychopath kidnapper. As scary as it is to admit Arnold is truly believable. As terribly difficult it is to admit there are people in the world we live in just like Arnold. The conclusion of “The Cask of Amontillado” has a shocking ending because its ending is not exactly defined, which creates a good ending to the story. Fortunato pleads to Montresor to let him go and at some time believes it all is a joke. Fortunato is in denial of his slow death but comes to accept it once the wall is complete. In my opinion as a reader, in the end Montresor’s feelings for remorse surface after he completes the wall. Montresor says, “My heart grew sick-on account of the dampness of the catacombs” (Poe). I believe this is when he expresses his remorse for what he did to Fortunato, but he tries to cover it up by blaming the damp catacombs. The last thing that Montresor says out loud to himself is, “In pace requiescat!”(Poe). In pace requiescat is a phrase priests say after a dying person confesses his sins. It also means, may he rest in peace. I believe this expresses that Montresor feels sorry for what he did and really wants Fortunato to rest in peace. In the conclusion of “Where Are You Going, Where Have You Been?” the ending creeps up abruptly. The ending is pretty surreal and as a reader it lost me. We never learn what happens to Connie and so many questions are left unanswered. We are left to interpret everything leading up to the ending ourselves and for me it was not clearly understandable. When Connie steps out to join Arnold, she no longer can see the driveway or her neighborhood, but just "vast sunlit reaches of the land behind him and on all sides of him" (Oates). In conclusion to my essay over the Gothic fiction genre, I hope you have a better understanding as a reader to of what Gothic fiction is. “The Cask of Amontillado” is a daunting horror story that contains many elements, such as symbolism, of what a Gothic fiction novel should contain. “Where Are You Going, Where Have You Been?” is a classic Gothic novel that was created into a movie, that contains many of the popular elements are good Gothic fiction novel should have. In Gothic literature there any many characteristics to its writing and famous short-stories such as “The Cask of Amontillado” and “Where Are You Going, Where Have You Been?” contain many of those Gothic fiction characteristics.

Works Cited

Harris, Robert. Elements of the Gothic Novel. 22 November 2011. Web. 25 October 2013.
Oates, Carol Joyce. Where Are You Going, Where Have You Been? Ed. Gwynn. Seventh. Glenview: Pearson Education, 2012. Print. 25 October 2013.
Poe, Allen Edgar. The Cask of Amontillado. Ed. Gwynn. Seventh. Glenview: Pearson Education, 2012. Print. 25 October 2013.
Lad, Kashmira. "Gothic Literature." Buzzle.com. Buzzle.com, 10 Jan. 2013. Web. 25 Sept. 2013.…...

Similar Documents

Premium Essay

Zulu Tribe

...The Zulu Tribe Of Africa KwaZulu-Natal is the smallest province in South Africa, yet it contains the remnants of the once powerful Zulu tribe. The history of the Zulu people is rather short in comparison to other tribes in Africa. In this essay I hope to briefly discuss the Zulu history, what makes them unique, the Zulu religion, the interaction with the British colonial groups, how the Zulu nation came to come into power, and where the present day Zulu people stand in society today. It is not known exactly when or how the Zulu tribe came into existence, but it is thought it originated around the 1620’s. Because there is no real evidence that describes the origin of the Zulu people, one has to filter through some of the local folklore of the native people of what is now Natal. It is said that a man named Malandela and his wife, Nozinja, are said to have lived a nomadic life in the Babanango which is located in the northern part of Natal. In their search for grazing land for their cattle and better hunting grounds, Malandela and Nozinja eventually came upon an area of Natal where thy discovered the Mandawe Hill. This hill lies a few miles outside the present day town of Eshowe and provided an excellent view of his grazing cattle and an incredible amount of wild game. This legend continues with Malandela leaving the Mandawe Hill and going back to the Babanango to “join his ancestors.” 1 After Malandela’s death, Nozinja decided to immigrate north and take......

Words: 1848 - Pages: 8

Free Essay

Kotas Tribe

...be a tribe or an ethnic group. Kotas have their own unique language that belongs to the Dravidian language family but diverged from South Dravidian sub family at some time in BCE. Their language was studied in detail by Murray Barnson Emeneau, a pioneer in the field of Dravidian linguistics. Their social institutions were distinct from mainstream Indian cultural norms and had some similarities to Todas and other tribal people in neighbouring Kerala and the prominentNair caste. It was informed by a fraternal polyandry and polygyny where possible. Kota religion was unlike mainstream Hinduism and believed in non-anthropormorphic male deities and a female deity. Since the 1940s, many mainstream Hindu deities also have been adopted into the Kota pantheon and temples of Tamil style have been built to accommodate their worship. They’ve had specialized groups of priests to propitiate their deities on behalf of the group. |Contents | |  [hide]  | |1 Identity | |2 History | |3 Society | |3.1 Women’s position | |3.2 Food | |3.3 Governance | |4 Religion | |5 Language | |5.1 Kota kinship terms | |6 See also | |7 Notes | |8 Cited literature ......

Words: 2202 - Pages: 9

Free Essay

Tribes Summary

...or characteristic of Tribes, Good to Great, the Butler article, and the videos we watched in class? Well there is one key ingredient that each of these sources highlighted and that was a strong culture. A company’s, a group’s, or an association’s core values were essential to its culture and those values would dictate whether or not they would be successful. So how do successful organizations create core values? First, in the book Tribes, Seth Godin explained that there need to be a group of people, who are all connected to each other, a leader to which they are all connected to and an idea that connects them all together. However, in Good to Great, Jim Collins shows that an organization’s tribe must be filled with the right people. The tribe must not only be connected through a shared interest and communication, but from a passion within each person that is for a greater cause. Therefore, the wrong people within an organization should be let go, while the right people should be brought in and put into the right seats. Getting a tribe together that has these core values is easier said then done. In Good to Great, it explains that there needs to be a leader in place that decides the direction in which the bus is going. Nevertheless, a highly capable leader cannot do this. Instead, a tribal leader that endures personal humility and personal will can. When a tribal leader possesses a strong personal humility and a strong personal will, a tribe is committed to a......

Words: 645 - Pages: 3

Free Essay

The Lost Tribe

...The Lost Tribe of Antiquity An explorer named Abel Cookman had finished his adventure and discovered a lost ancient tribe which he called ‘Antiquity’. He felt amazed by the language of this tribe, and so he made a lot of notes about this lost civilization. Unfortunately, he died, but he left the notes for an investigation of this mysterious tribe. This essay will discuss the geography and location, family, political, economic and trade and culture of Antiquity. Geography and location In the notes, Abel mentioned three dominant geographical terms, designating ‘undulating hills’, ‘dry river bed’, ‘expansive sand dunes’. However, there were no words for ‘snow’ and ‘ice’. What’s more, ‘no terms for fish, pork or veal.’ It suggests that the tribe might have been located in the desert. There are lots of sand dunes in the desert and they might be unable to see the end of the desert. In addition, he mentioned that there were no words for ‘ocean’, but several for fresh water were ‘spring’, ‘oasis’ and ‘water hole’. They didn’t have ‘ocean’ in their language. So, it is likely that they had never seen the ocean. The word ‘water diviner’ stood for praise, therefore it is possible this person would be respected by the people of the tribe as they could find water. Also, palm trees appeared in the notes. Palm trees usually live in a desert and they are important plants and fruits in sub-tropical and arid regions. What’s more, ‘camel’, ‘rat’, ‘goat’, ‘heat’ and ‘dryness’ appeared in the...

Words: 1243 - Pages: 5

Free Essay

Different Tribes

...Masai Tribes The Masai people are a Nilotic ethnic group residing in Kenya and Northern Tanzania. They are the most well known tribe of the African ethnic groups. Their elaborate dress sense and array of colours that are distributed amongst the tribes clothing, is memorable for their expression through what they wear. The language spoken by the Masai people is Maa and they are also educated in the official languages of Kenya and Northern Tanzania, which are English and Swahili. Despite often being encouraged by Kenyan and Tanzanian governments to abandon their faiths and traditional semi-nomadic lifestyle, the Masai people are true to their culture and continue to live in the way they wish. History Originating from the lower Nile Valley north of Lake Turkana, the Masai people began to migrate south in the 15th century. Ethnic groups that resided in these areas were forced and pushed aside by the Masai people where they remain to live their life of rich culture and belief. Cushitic groups which were settled in these places when the Masai made their way inwards, were brought into their teachings and from then on the mixture of Cushitic and Nilotic populations were referred to as Nilo-Hamitic peoples. Beliefs and lifestyle The Masai people are well known for being fearless and having the reputation of being warriors and cattle-rustlers. Cushitic groups have inspired the Masai people to take teachings and use them as their own, such as circumcision, vocabulary terms and......

Words: 1261 - Pages: 6

Free Essay

Tribes

...Ojibwe Tribe form part of the Algonquian family. They are known to be the biggest and the most widespread but besides this point they are also known for their cultural beliefs and arts. The Chippewa originally comes from Ojibewa Tribe. In 1660 The Ojibewa Tribe migrated westward and divided into three groups and Chippewa being one of the groups. They are called Anishabeg as well meaning the “first” or “original people”. The Chippewa are located near the shore of Lake Superior while the other two groups Potawatomi and Ottawa are located near Lake Michigan and Lake Huron. The Chippewa Tribe had many contact with Europeans which they picked up different things from the Europeans. This isn’t the only thing that changes them from other tribes though. The Chippewa are differed from many other tribes nearby because having a “puckered” style. They would all use a moccasin style that is different from many tribes. Due to them having contacts with the French they became more known for their beadworks. The way they would do the beadwork was just like how they learned from the French but varied a little. The women and young ladies started making beadworks at a mid-age of the time the Chippewa were all together. The women would use a needle and put beads on clothing or other fabrics. They would also make jewelry out of this. Their beadworks were different style because of their “puckered”. While the women did this of course the men and the young boys went hunting like any tribe would.......

Words: 482 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Lost Tribe

... Francis Lagueu Fogang Professor C. Somin English 1C - 6412 4 June 2014 Culture and Civilization of the Massaii tribe Famous American anthropologist and social theorist Clyde Kluckholm , claims in one of his publication that “Every language is also a special way of looking at the world and interpreting experience concealed in the structure of language are a whole set of unconscious assumptions about the world and the life in it”(Writing logically, Thinking critically 7th edition P 35). Based on this theory, we can learn more about the culture and civilization of a group of people by studying the characteristics of their language. My recent interest into different cultures and languages has led me to the discovery of an amazing group of people called the Massaii tribe. The Massaii tribe is an ancient tribe who lived in the eastern part of what is now called Central Africa. Through the recent discovery of the Massaii language, anthropologists and linguists have been able to infer the following traits about the Massaii civilization: they live in a welcoming environment and sustain themselves by practicing agriculture and breeding, value art and culture, are family-based and are a peaceful society. Amazingly, the Massaii tribe has different terms for the environment surrounding them. They have three words to designate the physical makeup of the terrain which are: “absolutely flat”, “rolling”, and......

Words: 1182 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Grasia Tribe

...------------------------------------------------- 2Samudragupta From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Samudraguptas | Gupta Emperor | Coin of Gupta period depicting Samudragupta playing the veena. | Reign | c. 335–c. 375 CE | Full name | Samudragupta Asokaditya Priyadashin | Titles | Vikramank, Kaviraaj, Ashwamedhkarta | Predecessor | Chandragupta I | Successor | Ramagupta | Consort | Dattadevi | Royal House | Gupta dynasty | Father | Chandragupta Vijayaditya | Religious beliefs | Hinduism | Samudragupta[citation needed], ruler of the Gupta Empire (c. 335 – c. 375 CE), and successor to Chandragupta I, is considered to be one of the greatest military geniuses in Indian history according to Historian V. A. Smith. He was called the Napoleon of India because he wanted to conquer more and more. The Allahabad inscriptions or the Prayag Prashashti composed by his court poet. He was the second ruler of the Gupta Dynasty, who ushered in the Golden Age of India. He was perhaps the greatest king of Gupta dynasty. He was a benevolent ruler, a great warrior and a patron of arts. His name appears in the Javanese text `Tantrikamandaka'.[1] His name is taken to be a title acquired by his conquests (samudra referring to the 'oceans'). Samudragupta the Great is believed to have been his father's chosen successor even though he had several elder brothers. Therefore, some believe that after the death of Chandragupta I, there was a struggle for succession in which......

Words: 2556 - Pages: 11

Free Essay

Filipino Tribes

...Ifugao is a landlocked province of the Philippines in the Cordillera Administrative Region in Luzon. Covering a total land area of 2,628.2 km², the province of Ifugao is located in a mountainous region characterized by rugged terrain, river valleys, and massive forests. Its capital is Lagawe and borders Benguet to the west, Mountain Province to the north, Isabela to the east, and Nueva Vizcaya to the south. It is named after the term "i-pugo" which means "i" (from/people) and "pugo" (hill), thus it means people of the hill. The Rice Terraces of the Philippine Cordilleras and Banaue Rice Terraces are the main tourist attractions in the province. These 2000-year-old terraces were carved into the mountains, without the aid of machinery, they used their "bare" hands to provide level steps where the natives can plant rice. In 1995, they were declared as a UNESCO World Heritage Site. ------------------------------------------------- History During Spanish occupation, government was established in Kiangan. The Spanish occupation ended with the outbreak of the Philippine Revolution. Ifugao used to be part of the former Mountain Province prior to its split into four separate and independent provinces. In 1905, Ifugao was made a sub-province of the old Mountain Province. Captain Pedro Bulan became the first native to become the first provincial governor. Ifugao became the center of warfare in the last year of World War II when Gen. Yamashita launched his last stand against the......

Words: 3188 - Pages: 13

Free Essay

The Dogon Tribe

...The African Dogon Tribe NAME: DATE: Table of Contents |1 |Introduction |3 | |2 |Brief History |3 | |3 |Education |4 | | | | | |4 |Religion |4 | |5 |Art & Social Norms |5 | |6 |Economy |6 | |7 |Conclusion |6 | |8 |References |7 | Introduction: In this paper, I will discuss the brief history of the Dogon tribe which is located in the western......

Words: 1680 - Pages: 7

Premium Essay

Integrating Differentiated Instruction and Tribes

...Integrating Differentiated Instruction and TRIBES Table of contents Inspiration for Inquiry 1 Inquiry 1 Hypothesis 2 Tribes® 2 Evidence from Literature 4 Critical Analysis 7 Conclusion 9 Application 10 Reflection 11 References 14 Integrating Differentiated Instruction and Tribes® Inspiration for Inquiry Ventana Ranch Elementary School is completing its second full year of existence in the Albuquerque Public School system. An educational model known as Tribes TLC®: A New Way of Learning and Being Together was selected for the school by the principal (Gibbs, 2001). One of the conditions for employment at this school was to attend a twenty-four hour basic training course and then implement the process daily in the classroom. This process centers around four tenants known as agreements: Mutual Respect, Attentive Listening, Appreciations/No Put-downs, and The Right to Pass. These agreements are not only applicable to the classroom; they are also applicable school wide. The outcome of the process “is to develop a positive environment that promotes human growth and learning” (Gibbs, 2001, p. 21). The Albuquerque Public School District (APS), responding to President Bush’s No Child Left Behind Act (NCLB), is mandating that all teachers differentiate instruction in their classrooms in order to help all students learn and succeed in their school careers. . Even with this......

Words: 3586 - Pages: 15

Premium Essay

Tribe Project

...Carnival Band TRIBE was launched in 2004, after several section leaders joined forces to take all-inclusive mas to a higher level, one which no masquerader had experienced before. For too long Trinidad Carnival had been void of options for masqueraders. Many were desperate for a change while other had simply ceased from getting involved in the Carnival parade because of a need for a unique and professional approach to Carnival. TRIBE was inundated with calls and emails from masqueraders seeking to be part of its fresh and vibrant 'Carnival Revolution' and they responded. TRIBE is now a Carnival Promotion Company with a team that has been involved in event planning and event-management for over 15 years. PRODUCT AND SERVICE (FEATURES AND BENEFITS) The TRIBE team is made up of a fusion of ‘Mas-makers’, designers and experienced carnival people who are focused on providing the 'Ultimate Carnival Experience' for Masqueraders by producing a superior product. * Premium bars with an unlimited supply of alcoholic & non-alcoholic drinks * Lunch on both days * Breakfast and Snack on Tuesday * Private security team * On-site paramedics * Mobile restrooms * TRIBE Cool Zone * Complimentary shuttle service to the band * Roaming photographers * TRIBE Goody Bags with souvenirs and carnival essentials * First Class Customer Service * And of course the ready-made costume. MODIFICATIONS OVER THE YEARS TRIBE has......

Words: 492 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

From Literature to Film

...From Literature to Film Film adaptation is transferring the written work, such as novel, short story comic books and etc., into a film as a whole. The most common form being used to make a film adaptation is the novel. According to George, “between 1994 and 2013, 58% of the top grossing films in the world were adaptations. (Bluestone, George)” According to Linda Cahir, there are three types of adaptations. The first one is “literal”, “which reproduces the plot and all its attending details as closely as possible to the letter of the book. (Linda, Cahir, p16) The second one is traditional, which maintains the overall traits of the book (its plots, settings, and stylistic convention) but revamps particular details in those particular ways that the filmmakers see as necessary and fitting. The third one is radical, which reshapes the book in extreme and revolutionary ways both as a means of interpreting the literature and of making the film a more fully independent work. (Linda Cahir, p17) Traditional adaptation and radical adaptation are considered to be the top two types of film adaptations to discuss since traditional adaptation and radical adaptation are mostly seen in films. In order to examine the effectiveness of both traditional adaptation and radical adaptation in films, Pride and Prejudice (both novel and film), Heart of Darkness (novella) and the film adaptation of this novella Apocalypse Now are going to be discussed here. According to Linda Cahir, “Traditional......

Words: 2845 - Pages: 12

Free Essay

Tribes

...Tribes: The Study of an Online Community Tribes is an online multiplayer game where different missions, worlds, weapons, and players combine to create a defend and destroy kind of gaming experience. Players use mouse, key, and voice commands to target and destroy the enemy as they sneak around trying to capture the other team’s flag and return it to their own base. But it is more than just a game that these players have created with. They have created a whole with an interactive website leading to discussion forums and chat rooms, where the action really takes place. Call it a behind the scenes look at Tribes. Teams are put together, players are taught and assisted, and even more so, long-lasting friendships are made. I studied the discussion forums of Tribalwar.com and continually entered the Tribal war chat room hosted by the server irc.dynamix.com for a period of two weeks. I found an online community full of life constantly being infested with anything from small talk to serious gaming talk. In the article “Log on and Shoot,” Katie Hafner discusses online gaming becoming a sort of addiction. She claims it is turning into a “virtual party” and that oftentimes the game becomes the underdog when conversation takes over (Hafner 75). And this, Hafner says, is the kind of stuff that gaming networks want. They want to have the it takes to create an online type of community for gamers in order to keep their clients and players devoted (Hafner 75). T ribalwar.com...

Words: 712 - Pages: 3

Free Essay

Literature

...INTRODUCTION Oral literature of folk literature refers to the heritage of imaginative verbal creations, stories, folk believes and songs of pre-literate societies have been evolved and passed on through the spoken word from one generation to the other. As a relatively new field of study. The African literature is a produce within an environment in the predominant of mode of communication is oral. African writers have also been falling back on the rich oral tradition of their people. The extent to see a writer uses the oral tradition is always often determined by his closeness to the Africa oral tradition. The influence of African oral tradition on African poetry helps to authenticate or establish the authencity of Africa literary tradition Orality in Modern African poetry manifest itself in a number of ways. It has to do with both the content as well as the form of African poetry. The most obvious prove that contemporary African poets are indebted to the indigenous poetic tradition of their people is in their interest in rehabilitating and excavating traditional poetic forms. For instance Wole Soyinka ‘IDANRE’ is best understood within the Ijala poetic traditions among the Yoruba culture. The poem in a sense is a form of Ijala as it celebrates Ogun- the god of Iron Kofi Awoonor also models his poem on the traditional poems of abuse among the Ewe of Ghana. Niyi Osundare has also admitted at many of his poems are written in form of ‘oriki’. Each of these poets has......

Words: 3813 - Pages: 16