Financial Elements

In: Science

Submitted By leighton
Words 1077
Pages 5
A Guide to Writing Scientific Essays These are general points that any good scientific essay should follow. 1. Structure: essays should make an argument: your essay should have a point and reach a conclusion, even if tentative, and you should try to convince the reader that your point is correct. This is the most important single point in writing a good essay. It will help you make it well organized, and well-written. Clarity of thought and argument provide the necessary basis for a clear writing style. Thus, just like making a legal case in the courtroom, you follow a logical progression, using data or evidence to support each step of your argument, until you reach a logical conclusion. What counts as a good argument, or a solid conclusion? There is room for considerable creativity here, depending on the topic. It is easier to say what does not count as a good conclusion. For example, you should never just review a study or studies, and conclude that "more work is necessary". More work is always necessary, and YOUR work in this essay is to reach a more substantive conclusion than that. A recapitulation of some experiments with no substantive conclusions does not constitute a good essay, however accurate. State the point of the essay in the introduction, using the first person (I argue, I believe, etc.). For example: "I will argue here that the frustration/aggression hypothesis is based on an oversimplified and inadequate psychological model, and is thus unable to explain most cases of prejudice that have been analyzed". 2. It is key to back up each crucial point that you make with data. Don't just cite the study, but briefly describe its key result(s) in a sentence or two, and explain, explicitly, why this supports your point. Any statements of nonobvious fact (e.g. "monkeys can follow gaze", or "dopamine is necessary for motor function") should be followed by a…...

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