Factors Contribute to Shortage in Nursing

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Nursing is one of the most honorable professions and nurses are the true care givers and the backbone of our health care system. As the largest healthcare occupation, registered nurses held about 2.6 million jobs in 2008 (Bureau of Labor, 2009). Employment of registered nurses is expected to grow by 22 percent from 2008 to 2018, much faster as compared to all other health care professions (Bureau of Labor, 2009). Growth will be driven by advanced technology in patient care, which allows for a greater number of health problems to be treated and by an increasing importance on preventive care. In the United States and other industrialized countries, just as the population of older and sicker people is about to explode, we have a major shortage of nurses in Texas.


Even though the nursing profession is in demand, more than 73 percent of RNs reported that they changed positions or employers due to workplace issues; or chose another profession for improved pay or benefits (U. S. Department, 2010). Why are so many skilled RNs dropping out of health care’s largest profession? What factors contribute to the nursing shortage in Texas? These are some of the questions that arise in the world of health care. Many factors contribute to the current nursing shortage in Texas, including healthcare cost budgeting, an aging work force, shortage of faculty nursing, heavy work load, rising legal responsibilities, occupational health risks, troubled workplace relationship between RNs and physician, and inadequate long term pay incentives. A Lack of qualified nurses has been present in the health care system for so long that the term nursing shortage has become a truism.

The origins of the current nursing shortage can be traced directly back to the implementation of managed care in the 1990s as a method of controlling…...

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