Examine the Changing Importance of Three Energy Alternatives to Oil

In: Other Topics

Submitted By MarieTK
Words 1005
Pages 5
Examine the changing importance of three energy alternative to oil [15 marks]

In the last decades the demand for oil increased rapidly mainly due to growing population and better and richer standard of living and is the top energy source for the humans. But as the production of oil is not able to keep up with the fast rising demand, the prices started to rise from $10 in 1998 to $130 in 2008 for one barrel of oil and will become even worse as most oil resources will reach their peak in the next years. Through this it is inevitable that at some point the world will run out of energy unless new methods for energy are developed using renewable sources, such as wind, crops or water. These are also known as alternative energy.
Just recently, wind power became the second most successful renewable source, especially after the price decreased by 10 percent the last 20 years. Nowadays, there is a worldwide capacity of 100,000MW. Germany, one of the top producers of wind power, generates 5.6% of its energy from 18,000 wind turbines. It not only gains the advantage of extra energy but also the employment of 64,000 people. Also the United Kingdom increased their amount of turbines from 50 to 6,000 turbines which now produced 6% of the total used energy. Wind power energy has many advantages as it is a free energy source and so does not need any further energy or produces any waste that would affect the environment. Another advantage would also be that it takes much less space than an average power station. Through this winder power is one of the cleanest sources of energy making it very attractive in terms of gaining energy without giving more problems to the environment and might even be a way to gain environmental sustainability.

Another alternative energy source is the usage of biofuels which are produced from biomass. Biofuels provided 1.8% of the world’s…...

Similar Documents

An Alternative to Foreign Oil

...AN ALTERNATIVE TO FOREIGN OIL An Issue Paper Presented to Professor Sheila Christensen Professor of Marketing Utah Valley University For Management 2200 By Greg Gossard July 30, 2012 Executive Summary Over the past few decades, in the United States, oil is the primary fuel consumed by most vehicles on our roads and in our air space today. It is estimated that two-thirds of the oil used is due to the transportation sector. This report will examine the pros and cons of the need for alternate solutions to the ever increasing reliance the United States has on foreign oil. There are practical alternatives and solutions that the United States could implement in the short run, and especially in the long run as well. The idea of domestic drilling, along with natural gas, and plug-in hybrids are definitely worthwhile options to look at for an alternate solution to the dilemma of oil consumption. While some may argue that these other sources are not consistent enough or wouldn’t be efficient resources for alternative energy, there is enough evidence supporting claims to the contrary In financing research projects exploring alternative energy, the U.S. would easily be able to use all of those resources of energy to remove our dependence on foreign oil consumption. On average, the U.S. spends about one billion dollars per day on foreign oil. That adds up to be thirty billion on average per month, and over three hundred and sixty billion annually. This is a gross and......

Words: 2928 - Pages: 12

Alternative Energy

...BIOL 101 Alternative Energy Solar and wind power 10/14/2012 [Type the abstract of the document here. The abstract is typically a short summary of the contents of the document. Type the abstract of the document here. The abstract is typically a short summary of the contents of the document.] Abstract This paper will review solar and wind energy as the alternative energy sources to replace fossil fuels and nuclear energy. Solar and wind energy has experienced phenomenal growth in recent years due to both technological improvements resulting in cost reductions and government policies supportive of renewable energy development and utilization. Fossils fuels and nuclear energy have been the world’s main source of energy for years but, with global warming and with a recent melt down at a Japanese nuclear plant many are questioning is it time to use other alternatives energy sources. Although both alternative energy sources are safer than fossil fuels and nuclear energy the world has been reluctant to switch power sources. The recent severe energy crisis has forced the world to develop new and alternative methods of power generation, which could not be adopted so far due to various reasons. Solar energy represents our largest source of renewable energy supply. The Sun is naturally Earth’s most abundant energy source and will be around for billions of years. This is a resource that essentially human beings won’t be worried about running out of anytime soon. Wind......

Words: 1443 - Pages: 6

Alternative Energy

...Alternative Energy Since hundreds of years oil and gas has been pumped out of the Earth. They are the lifeblood of the modern world and the combustion engine, their heart. The amount being pumped every year is increasing and so is the demand. But how long can this go on for? Oil and gas, the energy lifelines of the world today, will come to an end someday. That someday is not so far, and the world must look for new sources of alternative energy. When we speak of alternative energy, we don’t refer to any which consume fossil fuels or nuclear energy which have undesirable consequences. Alternative energies are energy sources that are renewable and free. As our climate is already suffering from dire consequences of industrialization, we must look for energy sources that release the least amount (if not none) of carbon emissions. These may include Biomass Energy, Wind Energy, Solar Energy, Geothermal Energy, Hydroelectric Energy sources. One of the best choices from environmental perspective could be the use of Solar power which has already been implemented in many countries on test basis. A 1.5 killowatt Pv system will keep more than 110,000 pounds of carbon dioxide, the chief greenhouse gas out of the atmosphere over the next 25years. With solar, there’s no acid rain, no urban smog or pollution of any kind. The energy relies on the nuclear fusion power from the core of the Sun. It can be collected and converted in different ways. Even though solar power is still not......

Words: 526 - Pages: 3

Alternative Energy

...Essay on alternative energy Since hundreds of years oil and gas has been pumped out of the Earth. They are the lifeblood of the modern world and the combustion engine, their heart. The amount being pumped every year is increasing and so is the demand. But how long can this go on for? Oil and gas, the energy lifelines of the world today, will come to an end someday. That someday is not so far, and the world must look for new sources of alternative energy. When we speak of alternative energy, we don’t refer to any which consume fossil fuels or nuclear energy which have undesirable consequences. Alternative energies are energy sources that are renewable and free. As our climate is already suffering from dire consequences of industrialization, we must look for energy sources that release the least amount (if not none) of carbon emissions. These may include Biomass Energy, Wind Energy, Solar Energy, Geothermal Energy, Hydroelectric Energy sources. One of the best choices from environmental perspective could be the use of Solar power which has already been implemented in many countries on test basis. A 1.5 killowatt Pv system will keep more than 110,000 pounds of carbon dioxide, the chief greenhouse gas out of the atmosphere over the next 25years. With solar, there’s no acid rain, no urban smog or pollution of any kind. The energy relies on the nuclear fusion power from the core of the Sun. It can be collected and converted in different ways. Even though solar power is still not......

Words: 341 - Pages: 2

Alternative Energy

...Alternative Energy Alternative Energy Energy is an extremely important resource for people and people can’t live without energy. When energy vanishes from people’s life can cause of paralyzed international institutions. The common energy which people use every day is a fossil fuel such as coal, oil and natural gas. Unfortunately, people face some serious problems with above energy sources such as exhaust resources, greenhouse effect and diverse environment pollution. All of the world barrels of oil reserves have already declined and glaciers are melting. If people don’t invest to find new energy sources, a lot of big problems will come in the future. Tues, creating a new energy could be solutions for the problems which people have so far and in a future. In this respect, the alternative energy sources that have become a hot issue in the world are solar energy, nuclear energy and wind power. Energy Problems People all of world realized energy problems that people face so far. There are not only energy problems but also environmental problems too. The energy sources that people every day use are fossil fuels and oil. Stein and Powers (2011) explained disposal of fossil fuels are cause of environmental problems such as global warming. People need to find out the ways to avoid greenhouse effect. Other kinds of fossil fuels such as coal or oil are also not a perfect energy. They have some toxic. There are some problems about coal. Coal can’t use for mobile applications...

Words: 2579 - Pages: 11

Alternative Energy

...insight overview Alternative energy M. S. Dresselhaus* & I. L. Thomas *Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 77 Massachusetts Avenue, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02139, USA †Office of Basic Energy Sciences, U.S. Department of Energy, 19901 Germantown Road, Germantown, Maryland 20874-1290, USA Fossil fuels currently supply most of the world’s energy needs, and however unacceptable their long-term consequences, the supplies are likely to remain adequate for the next few generations. Scientists and policy makers must make use of this period of grace to assess alternative sources of energy and determine what is scientifically possible, environmentally acceptable and technologically promising. M odern lifestyles demand a steady, reliable supply of energy: it lies at the heart of our mobility, our prosperity and our daily comfort. But we should not take this energy security for granted. Energy sources can be divided into three broad categories. The first derives from chemical or photophysical energy that relies on oxidizing some reduced substance, usually a hydrocarbon, or absorbing sunlight to generate either heat or electricity. The energy involved is that of a chemical bond or fractions of an electron volt (eV). The second involves nuclear reactions that release energy either by splitting heavy nuclei or by fusing light nuclei. The energy involved in nuclear reactions is in the region of 106 electron volts (MeV) per nuclear reaction. The third is......

Words: 1488 - Pages: 6

Technologies for Alternative Energy

...Technologies for Alternative Energy Climate Change Working Paper No. 7 Ainsley Jolley Climate Change Project Working Paper Series March 2006 Centre for Strategic Economic Studies Victoria University PO Box 14428 Melbourne VIC 8001 AUSTRALIA Telephone +613 9919 1340 Fax +613 9919 1350 Email: csesinfo@vu.edu.au Website: http://www.cfses.com Technologies for Alternative Energy 1. Introduction In Papers 5 and 6 technologies for the main sources of energy consumption were discussed. In Papers 7 and 8 the attention is focussed on technologies that impact on emissions from energy production. Table 1 provides data on the main sources of GHG emissions in the advanced economies for the year 2000. Table 1. Sources of GHG Emissions in the Advanced Economies, 2000 Source of emissions Electricity and heat production Petroleum refining Other energy production (coal and gas transformation) Fugitive emissions (coal, oil and gas) Total energy production All sources of emissions Note: (a) energy production as % of all sources of emissions. Source: CSES (2004). Tg CO2 -e 3831.2 420.7 324.6 441.5 5018.1 13175.3 % of total 76.3 8.4 6.5 8.8 38.1 (a) Papers 7 and 8 focus on emissions from the production of electricity and heat, which represent 76.3% of all emissions related to energy production. The other sources of emissions are not discussed in detail in this report. Coverage of the issues relating to these sources of emissions is given in CSES (2004). Incremental......

Words: 30324 - Pages: 122

Alternative Energy

...Since hundreds of years oil and gas has been pumped out of the Earth. They are the lifeblood of the modern world and the combustion engine, their heart. The amount being pumped every year is increasing and so is the demand. But how long can this go on for? Oil and gas, the energy lifelines of the world today, will come to an end someday. That someday is not so far, and the world must look for new sources of alternative energy. When we speak of alternative energy, we don’t refer to any which consume fossil fuels or nuclear energy which have undesirable consequences. Alternative energies are energy sources that are renewable and free. As our climate is already suffering from dire consequences of industrialization, we must look for energy sources that release the least amount (if not none) of carbon emissions. These may include Biomass Energy, Wind Energy, Solar Energy, Geothermal Energy, Hydroelectric Energy sources. One of the best choices from environmental perspective could be the use of Solar power which has already been implemented in many countries on test basis. A 1.5 killowatt Pv system will keep more than 110,000 pounds of carbon dioxide, the chief greenhouse gas out of the atmosphere over the next 25years. With solar, there’s no acid rain, no urban smog or pollution of any kind. The energy relies on the nuclear fusion power from the core of the Sun. It can be collected and converted in different ways. Even though solar power is still not sufficient to power the modern...

Words: 288 - Pages: 2

Alternative Energy

...Alternative energy – Why is it a game changer? * Compare the difference between old days and now. * How alternative energy influence nowadays life? Introduction (background) http://renewable-solarenergy.com/non-renewable-energy-sources.html What was used before to generate energy? * Fossil fuels(The term ‘fossil fuel’ refers to fuels such as coal, oil and natural gas. ) * Where do it come from? How can it be used? It can be used to produce electricity, heating, cooking, transportation and manufacturing.  85% of the energy used in the industrial processes is form the non-renewable type of energy. * Transportation?... http://renewablegreen.net/?p=124 What limitations or disadvantages does non-renewable energy have? * However, after never-ending mining and ‘drill baby drill,’ we realized that there is was limitation to how much we can use them. Because one day, the mines will be empty and drilling pipes would dry out. Over the years, their demand has been far outstripping their availability. * Pollution created (air, water) => Global warming and greenhouse effect * Increasing oil price (because of limited resources) And with demand overpowering supply, prices will continue to rise dramatically. Combustion of fossil fuels emits harmful gases like sulfur dioxide (causing acid rain) and carbon monoxide (contributing to greenhouse effect). Due to the adverse affects, the globe is heating up and the polar ice caps are melting faster. A......

Words: 1056 - Pages: 5

Examine the Changing Importance of Three Energy Alternatives to Oil

...Salt Crystals Experiment We did this experiment to be able to find out and observe what happens when you mix acids and alkalis together. This experiments were design to see the crystals formed, (since mixing acids and bases create salt) and then to be able to calculate the percentage yield. Question: What are the results when acids and bases react together? Hypothesis: I believe that the percentage yield will be lower than 100% because I think that there will be some human mistakes, and as we are going to heat our solution, I also believe that the solution makes water, that will then be evaporating. As well as that, in class we have learned that when you mix a alkali and an acid they form cubic crystals (salt). List of Materials Experiment 1: -Hydrochloric Acid -Sodium Hydroxide Solution -Universal Indicator -Charcoal Powder -Two Flasks -Pipette -Beaker -Filter -Funnel Paper -Bunsen Burner Experiment 2: -Hydrochloric Acid -Copper Carbonate -Beaker -Spatula -Glass Rod -Filter -Funnel Paper -Bunsen Burner Method Experiment 1: 1. Put 10ml of hydrochloric acid into a beaker. 2. Add 5 drops of universal indicator. 3. Add 9ml of sodium hydroxide. 4. Use a dropper to add sodium hydroxide one drop at a time, swirling the flask after each drop. 5. Stop when the solution turns green. 6. Add a spatula of charcoal powder to the flask and swirl it. 7. Filter the solution. 8. Heat the new solution onto a Bunsen burner......

Words: 828 - Pages: 4

Oil Alternatives

...Oil Alternatives Examine the changing importance of three energy alternatives to oil [20 Marks] 1200 words. Correct citations. Oil has been an important resource for humanity for centuries. It is easily accessible and efficient and over time has been extremely versatile in its uses. Today oil is used for fueling cars, cooking food, cosmetics, lubricants, paintings, organic chemistry, etc. For a long time oil has been the primary and main provider of energy, but due to increasing environmental effects, scarcity, and global inflation, it seems as if it will not last much longer. This essay will highlight the growing importance of three alternatives of oil that may rise to prominence in the future: algae biofuel, nuclear energy, and hydroelectric power. The first alternative that will be discussed is algae biofuel. In essence algae biofuels are the same as normal fuels except that the components of the fuel are organic and biological rather than fossil fuel based. Production is caused through a series of chemical reactions and is nontoxic and renewable. Algae sources can be re-replaced through more farming. The standard production method consists of planting lots of algae pods and letting them interact with the sun and bacteria to create oil. (Howstuffworks) Although this method releases a lot of CO2 it is all taken back again through growing more algae. This is of the many advantages of algae biofuel. Firstly its production yield far surpasses that of other......

Words: 1436 - Pages: 6

Alternative Energy for Energy Security in Kajiado

... AN ASSESSMENT OF ALTERNATIVE ENERGY SOURCES IN ACHIEVING ENERGY SECURITY FOR EFFECTIVE OPERATION OF HOMES, SCHOOLS AND HEALTH FACILITIES IN KAJIADO COUNTY, KENYA BY ONYANCHA MORARA GEORGE A Research Project Submitted to the Graduate School in Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements for the Conferment of the Degree of Master of Business Administration DEPARTMENT OF BUSINESS FACULTY OF COMMERCE KISII UNIVERSITY 2014 DECLARATION DECLARATION BY CANDIDATE This research project is my original work and has not been submitted for the award of a diploma or degree in this or any other institution/university. Signature……………………………….. Date…………………………… Onyancha Morara George CBM12/10003/10 DECLARATION BY SUPERVISORS This research project has been submitted for examination with our approval as University Supervisors. Signature:………………………………… Date:………………………… Dr. Nemwel N. Bosire Lecturer, Department of Business Signature:………………………………… Date:…………………………. Mr. Martin O. Lumumba Lecturer, Department of Business COPYRIGHT All rights reserved. No part of this report may be reproduced or transmitted in any form by means of mechanical reproduction including photocopying, recording or retrieval from systems without express permission of the researcher or Kisii University on his behalf. ©2014 DEDICATION This research project is dedicated to my father, the late Onyancha Michieka and......

Words: 16385 - Pages: 66

Alternative Energy or Alternative Future

...Alternative Energy or Alternative Future Throughout the course of history, technological breakthroughs have paved the way for human advancement in all areas. Civilization has advanced so fast that the results from the breakthroughs are now having an impending damaging effect on the environment. Environmental degradation has long been a threat but presently this threat is exponentially greater since it has been compounding within the last century. These threats have forced the hand in researching and developing alternative technologies to maximize the potential of renewable energy sources. The requirement to reduce harmful emissions, toxins and pollutants needs to be a main concern. The ongoing change of this world deserves a modified stance on how it needs to be guarded. This world needs to shift priorities in order to develop alternative energy sources further so reliance on fossil fuels will decrease to prevent any additional environmental ruin. A key approach to alleviating the process of the evolving global warming issue is to reduce the GHG (greenhouse gas) emissions released in to the environment. Global warming causes a slow increase in the temperature worldwide. The continued temperature increase will cause drastic ecological changes affecting the world. According to Mckibben from Sojourners Magazine, “Global warming isn't happening slowly, and it's not a problem (just) for the future. We've already burned enough coal and gas and oil to increase the......

Words: 1423 - Pages: 6

Alternative Energy

...Alternative Energy With the world economy growing at a fast pace, energy demand too has been witnessing a sharp rise in the past few decades, with demand mainly originating from the big developing economies of Asia, namely, India and China. Factors such as high population growth, growing urbanisation and changing lifestyles in these developing nations are behind the increase in demand for energy. According to International Energy Agency (IEA) estimates, during 1990-2008, while world population increased by around 27%, energy use increased by around 39%. Consequently, average per person consumption of energy has seen a rise of 10% for the same period. The year 2010 has seen a further increase of around 5% in the world energy consumption levels. Most of the countries in the world use coal, oil and natural gas as their primary sources of energy. Around 90% of the total global energy requirement is met through these non-renewable energy sources. This heavy reliance on fossil fuels poses certain major concerns. Most importantly, these sources are limited. So, it is only a matter of time before these resources are exhausted completely. Another important factor that works against the heavy use of fossil fuels is that they are detrimental to the environment. The use of fossil fuels leads to emission of greenhouse gases which causes global warming. Also, these fuels are a major source of air, water and soil pollution. All these factors have created a need for alternative energy......

Words: 2265 - Pages: 10

Alternative Energy

...In the “Alternative energy” video the first energy resource they talk about wind generators is about wind generators. These wind generators are pretty much tall towers with enormous fan blades which rotate using the wind force. These generators create electricity when the wind, forces the blades to rotate. Wind generators are currently in use in the United States and Europe, and it’s proving to be an efficient method to create electricity. Another source mentioned in the video is solar power. Solar power is generated when solar panels collect sun light beams which turn gears in a generator providing energy. The video also mentions the production of bio fuels like ethanol which it has been in use since the gas crisis of the 70’s. The ethanol fuel is basically made out of the corn, but, according to the video scientists is experimenting with the material that is left behind by the farmers after they collect the corn and other harvest leftovers. One of the challenges of using this renewable energy sources is the amount of maintenance required to operate efficiently and the costs of the equipment like for example, the solar panels in the private residence are efficient but to people of limited resources this solar panels are sometimes hard to acquire. A renewable energy source not mentioned in the video is water. Hydroelectric plants use the water to move some engines to create power. This source of energy has been used to generate electricity for many years. I......

Words: 362 - Pages: 2